The Atomic Bomb Hiroshima and Nagasaki August 6 th and August 9 th 1945 Austin Jackson 3 rd period Mrs. Crowder
B-29 These planes were designed specifically for bombing. This type of plane dropped the atomic bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki. 12 (usually 10) Crew: 3,250 miles Loaded Range: 125 mph Stalling Speed: 360 mph at 25,000 ft. Maximum Speed: 16 ft. 7 in. Propellers: 29 ft. 7 in. Height: 141 ft. 3 in. Wingspan: 2,200 hp/engine Horsepower:
Paul Tibbets Born on February 23,1915 Flew the plane that dropped the bomb over Hiroshima Awarded the purple heart and other awards. Died November 1 st , 2007
<ul><li>The Japanese made military groups of women and children. They were not about to give up. So the U.S. ordered the bomb in order to make the death tolls of Americans to a minimum. The Japanese were going to fight to the death that is why the bomb was used. </li></ul>Why did it happen?
The Enola Gay The “Enola Gay” was the B-29 bomber that dropped "Little Boy“ which was the first atomic bomb ever used in war. They attacked the city of Hiroshima on Japan on August 6 th, 1945, this was just before the end of World War II. It was named after Enola Gay Tibbets, she was the mother of the pilot named Paul Tibbets. In 1995 the Enola Gay gained national attention when the cockpit and nose section of the aircraft was placed at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C.
<ul><li>On August 2, 1939, right before the beginning of World War II, Albert Einstein wrote to the president which was Franklin D. Roosevelt at the time. Einstein and several other scientists told Roosevelt of Germany making strong efforts to purify “uranium-235.” That can make an atom bomb. It was shortly thereafter that the U.S. began to get serious about this nuclear threat so they started the “Manhattan Project.” </li></ul><ul><li>Over a length of six years, from 1939 to 1945, more than two billion dollars was spent during the history of the Manhattan Project. The formulas for creating uranium and putting together a working atomic bomb were created by some of the greatest minds of our time. Chief among the people, Robert Oppenheimer, who oversaw the project from start to finish was one of those people. </li></ul>Manhattan Project
<ul><li>Born on April 22, 1904 </li></ul><ul><li>American theoretical physicist </li></ul><ul><li>Called the “father of the atomic bomb.” </li></ul><ul><li>President JFK awarded him with the Enrico Fermi Award for his work. </li></ul><ul><li>Director of the Manhattan Project and atomic bomb. </li></ul><ul><li>Died on February 18, 1967. </li></ul>Robert Oppenheimer
Little boy was the codename used for the atomic bomb dropped over Hiroshima on August 6 th, 1945. The bomb killed over 70,000 thousand people instantly. It was created by “The Manhattan Project.” Little Boy
<ul><li>Wind force- 980 miles per hour </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature- 7,000 degrees F </li></ul><ul><li>Killed immediately- 70,000 people </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings destroyed- 62,000 buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Total deaths related to A-bomb- 210,000 people </li></ul>Hiroshima: “Day of Fire”
Fat Man <ul><li>On August 9 th, 1945 The Fat Man cloud that came from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rose up to 11 miles or 60,000 ft into the air. It killed almost 80,000 thousand people. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Born on May 8 th , 1884 </li></ul><ul><li>Truman was the 33 rd president of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>He had a tremendous role with the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. </li></ul><ul><li>He ordered the bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima in order to end the war because the Japanese were not about to give up. </li></ul><ul><li>Died on December 26 th, 1972. </li></ul>Harry S. Truman
Nagasaki: Day of fire <ul><li>At 11:02 a.m. on August 9, 1945, the atomic bomb called “fat man” devastated Nagasaki. </li></ul><ul><li>11,574 house were burnt to the ground </li></ul><ul><li>The blazing heat and blast killed many of its civilians. Even the people who managed to survive continue to suffer from late effects. </li></ul>Nagasaki: Day of fire Ground Zero
<ul><li>The atomic bombings made Japan surrender to the Allied powers in 1945. </li></ul><ul><li>Let everyone know that America was a dominant world power. </li></ul><ul><li>Ended World War Two. </li></ul>Effects of the bombings
Timeline WWII started 1939 Hiroshima was bombed August 6 th 1945 August 9 th 1945 Nagasaki was bombed 1939-1945 The Manhattan Project
The United States still continues to be a dominant world power. America still has a lot of nuclear powers also. Hiroshima and Nagasaki are not in ruins anymore but it is still remembered as the place where America settled the war. September 2 nd, 1945 Japan surrenders to the allied powers September 2 nd 1945 - present
<ul><li>Paccheco, Diego R. "Nagasaki." Wikipedia . 4 June 2005. 3 Dec. 2007 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nagasaki>. </li></ul><ul><li>Hersey, John. Hiroshima. New York: First Vintage,1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Hein, Laura. "Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki." Wikipedia. 17 Feb. 2000. 3 Dec. 2007 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atomic_bombings_of_Hiroshima_and_Nagasaki>. </li></ul><ul><li>Turnpike, Sherman. World War Two. Connecticut. 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>The atomic bombings of Nagasaki. The Manhattan Project. The U.S. office of energy. December 3 rd . http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/manhattan/hiroshima.htm http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/manhattan/hiroshima.htm </li></ul>Bibliography
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