They believed they discovered an inevitable pattern
Stage 1: Primitive Communism
This is how humans lived together before the emergence of large-scale agriculture.
Small hunting and gathering tribes
Everything was shared amongst the tribe-food, jobs, belongings.
No one owned land and no one is exploited for their labor.
Eventually one group comes to power which leads to Feudalism …
Stage 2: Primitive Communism - Feudalism
Under feudalism, a king becomes ruler over all the people. Exploitation begins.
The people are kept uneducated and told that god chose the king to rule. (?)
The king gives land and privileges to nobles who rule the people for him (?)
As trade develops, some people get richer. This leads to Capitalism …
Stage 3: Feudalism - Capitalism
Business owners or capitalists get richer while the workers do the work.
Capitalists get more power to serve their own interests.
Capitalism creates a large working-class of people who organize, create unions, and demand changes. This leads to Socialism …
Stage 4: Capitalism-Socialism
In the Socialist revolution all the rulers lose power, wealth, and privilege.
Workers take control of the country to produce things for everyone. No one is exploited.
Nothing is made for profit therefore all people benefit.
These ideas spread across the world to create Communism …
Stage 5: Socialism-Communism
Capitalists will put up a fight but the will of the people will always win.
Everyone now works together, war eliminated, and armies are obsolete.
Everything is provided by the people so $ becomes a thing of the past.
All human activity goes towards benefiting each other-allowing all to live their lives to the fullest.
Communism/Socialism: What’s the difference?
Socialism is, “from each according to their ability, to each according to their DEEDS.”
Socialism is the stage between Capitalism and Communism. It builds upon the previous system (Capitalism) by nationalizing the “means of production” (i.e. corporations, resources, banks, etc.), but not by making everyone equal. People are paid wages based on several factors (social need, difficulty, amount of schooling required, etc.), so not everyone will make the same wage.
Communism is “from each according to their ability to each according to their NEEDS.”
What’s good about communism?
Security, basic needs met.
Everyone would have a job, house, health care, etc.
What’s bad about communism?
Lack of choice
No reward for being a better worker or punishment for being a slacker.
Everyone expected to be the same.
How’s this related to the IndRev?
Adam Smith’s capitalism dominated the IndRev. Led to bad working conditions.
Karl Marx wrote about communism as solution to capitalism’s problems.
Marx said the workers would get fed up and overthrow their governments and start communism.