Open access for researchers, research managers and libraries

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Presented at “Open Access: Maximising Research Impact” workshop, May 25 2009,
Birzeit University Library, Palestine

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Open access for researchers, research managers and libraries

  1. 1. Open access for researchers, research managers and libraries Iryna Kuchma, eIFL Open Access program manager, eIFL.net Presented at “ Open Access: Maximising Research Impact ” wor kshop, May 25 2009, Birzeit University Library, Palestine
  2. 2. Why Open Access (OA)? <ul><li>OA for researchers: </li></ul><ul><li>enlarged audience </li></ul><ul><li>citation impact </li></ul><ul><li>tenure </li></ul><ul><li>and promotion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why OA? <ul><li>OA for policy makers </li></ul><ul><li>and research managers: </li></ul><ul><li>new tools </li></ul><ul><li>to manage </li></ul><ul><li>a university’s image and impact </li></ul>
  4. 4. eIFL.net – 4 0 00 libraries in 46 countries
  5. 6. eIFL.net programs <ul><li>1. Open access </li></ul><ul><li>2. Advocacy for access to knowledge: </li></ul><ul><li>copyright and libraries </li></ul><ul><li>3. Promoting free and open source software </li></ul><ul><li>for libraries </li></ul>
  6. 7. eIFL.net programs 2 <ul><li>4. 1+1=More and better. </li></ul><ul><li>The benefits of library consortia </li></ul><ul><li>5. Promoting a culture of cooperation: knowledge and information sharing </li></ul><ul><li>6. Advocating for affordable and fair access to commercially produced scholarly resources </li></ul>
  7. 8. CC BY-NC by mollyali : http :// www . flickr . com / photos / mollyali /2924209043/
  8. 9. eIFL Open Access <ul><li>OA </li></ul><ul><li>open repositories </li></ul><ul><li>OA journals </li></ul><ul><li>open educational sources </li></ul><ul><li>open data </li></ul><ul><li>OA policies </li></ul><ul><li>trainings and consultations </li></ul>
  9. 10. eIFL Open Access <ul><li>OA </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building </li></ul>
  10. 11. eIFL Open Access <ul><li>seeks to enhance access to research </li></ul><ul><li>thereby accelerating innovation </li></ul><ul><li>and economic development in the countries </li></ul>
  11. 12. OA for academics
  12. 13. What do scientists want?
  13. 14. What do scientists want? http :// wwmm . ch . cam . ac . uk / blogs / murrayrust /?p=1502
  14. 15. Story #1 : arXiv.org
  15. 17. Open Access Impact <ul><li>Open access brings more rapid and </li></ul><ul><li>more efficient progress for scholarly research </li></ul><ul><li>http:// arxiv .org/ </li></ul><ul><li>“ Brody has looked at the pattern of citations </li></ul><ul><li>to articles deposited in arXiv, specifically </li></ul><ul><li>at the length of the delay between </li></ul><ul><li>when an article is deposited and when it is cited, </li></ul><ul><li>and has published the aggregated data </li></ul><ul><li>for each year from 1991.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brody, Tim; Harnad, Stevan; Carr, Leslie. Earlier web usage statistics as predictors of later citation impact. Journal of the American Association for Information Science and Technology (JASIST), 2005, Vol. 57 no. 8 pp. 1060-1072. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/10713/01/timcorr.htm (accessed 30 October 2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Access: What is it and why should we have it? - ECS EPrints ...Open Access: What is it and why should we have it? Swan, A. (2006) Open Access: What is it and why should we have it? http:// eprints . ecs . soton .ac. uk /13028/ </li></ul></ul>
  16. 18. Open Access Impact <ul><li>“ As more papers are deposited and </li></ul><ul><li>more scientists use the repository, </li></ul><ul><li>the time between an article being deposited </li></ul><ul><li>and being cited has been shrinking dramatically, </li></ul><ul><li>year upon year. </li></ul><ul><li>Brody, Tim; Harnad, Stevan; Carr, Leslie. Earlier web usage statistics as predictors of later citation impact. Journal of the American Association for Information Science and Technology (JASIST), 2005, Vol. 57 no. 8 pp. 1060-1072. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/10713/01/timcorr.htm (accessed 30 October 2006) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Access: What is it and why should we have it? - ECS EPrints ...Open Access: What is it and why should we have it? Swan, A. (2006) Open Access: What is it and why should we have it? http:// eprints . ecs . soton .ac. uk /13028/ </li></ul></ul>
  17. 20. Open Access Impact <ul><li>“ This is important </li></ul><ul><li>for research uptake and progress, </li></ul><ul><li>because it means that in this area of research, </li></ul><ul><li>where articles are made available at – </li></ul><ul><li>or frequently before – publication, </li></ul><ul><li>the research cycle is accelerating . </li></ul><ul><li>Brody, Tim; Harnad, Stevan; Carr, Leslie. Earlier web usage statistics as predictors of later citation impact. Journal of the American Association for Information Science and Technology (JASIST), 2005, Vol. 57 no. 8 pp. 1060-1072. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/10713/01/timcorr.htm (accessed 30 October 2006) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Access: What is it and why should we have it? - ECS EPrints ...Open Access: What is it and why should we have it? Swan, A. (2006) Open Access: What is it and why should we have it? http:// eprints . ecs . soton .ac. uk /13028/ </li></ul></ul>
  18. 21. Open Access Impact <ul><li>T he research cycle in high energy physics </li></ul><ul><li>is approaching maximum efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>as a result of the early and free availability </li></ul><ul><li>of articles that scientists in the field </li></ul><ul><li>can use and build upon rapidly.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brody, Tim; Harnad, Stevan; Carr, Leslie. Earlier web usage statistics as predictors of later citation impact. Journal of the American Association for Information Science and Technology (JASIST), 2005, Vol. 57 no. 8 pp. 1060-1072. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/10713/01/timcorr.htm (accessed 30 October 2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Access: What is it and why should we have it? - ECS EPrints ...Open Access: What is it and why should we have it? Swan, A. (2006) Open Access: What is it and why should we have it? http:// eprints . ecs . soton .ac. uk /13028/ </li></ul></ul>
  19. 22. Story #2 : research article by cogdogblog http :// www . flickr . com / photos / cogdog /1635259272/
  20. 23. Scientific Publication Packages - Jane Hunter - Autumn 2006 “ Enhanced publications (what are they, why are they important)” by Dr.Leo Waaijers , http://www. eifl .net/cps/sections/services/ eifl - oa /training/2008- chisinau /12
  21. 24. Scientific Publication Packages - Jane Hunter - Autumn 2006 “ Enhanced publications (what are they, why are they important)” by Dr.Leo Waaijers , http://www. eifl .net/cps/sections/services/ eifl - oa /training/2008- chisinau /12
  22. 28. OA <ul><li>is the free online availability </li></ul><ul><li>of peer reviewed literature </li></ul><ul><li>permitting any user to read , </li></ul><ul><li>download, copy, distribute, </li></ul><ul><li>print, search, or link </li></ul><ul><li>to the full texts of articles </li></ul>
  23. 29. OA <ul><li>“ It is important to stress here </li></ul><ul><li>that publishing is a fundamental part </li></ul><ul><li>of the process of doing science . </li></ul><ul><li>Moreover, as a scientist I am not writing for money — </li></ul><ul><li>like my wife, who was a professional writer at one time — </li></ul><ul><li>but I am writing for fame: </li></ul><ul><li>I want everyone to read what I write… </li></ul><ul><li>For that reason we volunteer our services, </li></ul><ul><li>and we don’t get paid. </li></ul><ul><li>That is what makes Open Access </li></ul><ul><li>a powerful concept for scientists. ” </li></ul><ul><li>The Basement Interviews Freeing the scientific literature Harold Varmus, Nobel laureate, former director of the US National Institutes of Health, and co-founder of open access publisher Public Library of Science, talks to Richard Poynder. Published on June 5th 2006 http:// poynder . blogspot .com/2006/06/interview-with- harold - varmus .html </li></ul>
  24. 30. 2 complementary strategies: Gold by Vitó http :// www . flickr . com / photos / janeladeimagens /192943825/
  25. 31. www. doaj .org
  26. 32. www. doaj .org
  27. 33. www. doaj .org
  28. 35. Hindawi Publishing Corporation <ul><li>is a commercial publisher of STM literature. </li></ul><ul><li>On February 21, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>the Hindawi Publishing Corporation, Egypt, </li></ul><ul><li>converted the last of its subscription-based journals </li></ul><ul><li>to an open access model. </li></ul><ul><li>Hindawi currently employs more than 250 people, </li></ul><ul><li>and publishes more than 100 peer-reviewed journals. </li></ul>
  29. 36. Hindawi Publishing Corporation <ul><li>since its full conversion to Open Access </li></ul><ul><li>Hindawi's growth has continued to accelerate, </li></ul><ul><li>with monthly submission levels </li></ul><ul><li>growing by more than 100% during 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>an increase of more than 40% per year </li></ul><ul><li>in the number of submitted manuscripts </li></ul><ul><li>annual impact factor growth more than 14% </li></ul>
  30. 38. First Monday (Thank you Edward J. Valauskas !) <ul><li>Contributions to First Monday </li></ul><ul><li>have routinely been expanded </li></ul><ul><li>into book form </li></ul><ul><li>by their authors </li></ul><ul><li>after initial publication in First Monday </li></ul>
  31. 39. Here are a few examples: <ul><li>&quot;The social life of documents&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>by John Seely Brown and Paul Duguid </li></ul><ul><li>First Monday, volume 1, number 1 (May 1996) </li></ul><ul><li>was expanded into the book entitled </li></ul><ul><li>The social life of information </li></ul><ul><li>Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>(reprinted by Harvard Business School Press in 2002 and 2006; Dutch translation &quot;De waarde van informatie&quot; published in 2000; Chinese translation &quot;Zi xun ge ming le shen me?&quot; in 2001; Korean translation &quot;Bit`u eso ingan uro&quot; in 2001; Portuguese translation &quot;A vida social da informação&quot; in 2001; Spanish translation &quot;La vida social de la información&quot; in 2001; Turkish translation &quot;Enformasyonun sosyal yasami&quot; in 2001; Japanese translation &quot;Naze aiti wa shakai o kaenainoka&quot; in 2002). </li></ul>
  32. 40. Here are a few examples: <ul><li>&quot;Digital diploma mills: </li></ul><ul><li>The automation of higher education&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>by David F. Noble </li></ul><ul><li>First Monday, volume 3, number 1 (January 1998) </li></ul><ul><li>was expanded into the book entitled </li></ul><ul><li>Digital diploma mills: The automation of higher education </li></ul><ul><li>New York: Monthly Review Press, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>(reprinted 2002 with new afterward by the author) </li></ul>
  33. 41. Here are a few examples: <ul><li>&quot;The cathedral and the bazaar&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>by Eric S. Raymond </li></ul><ul><li>First Monday, volume 3, number 3 (March 1998) </li></ul><ul><li>was expanded into the book entitled </li></ul><ul><li>The cathedral and the bazaar </li></ul><ul><li>Cambridge, Mass.: O'Reilly, 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>(Revised edition 2001) </li></ul>
  34. 42. First Monday <ul><li>has cooperated with MIT Press </li></ul><ul><li>in publishing excerpts </li></ul><ul><li>from new </li></ul><ul><li>books </li></ul><ul><li>in the virtual pages of the journal </li></ul>
  35. 43. Here are a few examples: <ul><li>- Information ecologies: Using technology with heart by Bonnie A Nardi and Vicki O'Day </li></ul><ul><li>Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>excerpts in First Monday, volume 4, number 5 (May 1999) </li></ul><ul><li>-  Change of state: Information, policy and power by Sandra Braman </li></ul><ul><li>Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>excerpts in First Monday, volume 12, number 4 (April 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>  - Acting with technology: Activity theory and interaction design by Victor Kaptelinin and Bonnie Nardi </li></ul><ul><li>Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>excerpts in First Monday, volume 12, number 4 (April 2007) </li></ul>
  36. 44. First Monday <ul><li>Content from First Monday </li></ul><ul><li>has re-appeared in a variety of newspapers, </li></ul><ul><li>magazines, and journals around the world : </li></ul><ul><li>Business Week, </li></ul><ul><li>Los Angeles Times, </li></ul><ul><li>New York Times, </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific American, </li></ul><ul><li>Washington Post, </li></ul><ul><li>and Wired, among others </li></ul>
  37. 48. https :// wiki . library . jhu . edu / display / epubs / Home ? showChildren = false
  38. 49. 2 complementary strategies - Green by Jim Frazier http :// www . flickr . com / photos / jimfrazier /140042827/
  39. 50. http :// www . opendoar . org /
  40. 52. Open repositories <ul><li>A digital repository is defined as </li></ul><ul><li>containing research output, </li></ul><ul><li>institutional or thematic </li></ul><ul><li>and OAI compliant ( http://www. openarchives .org/OAI/ openarchivesprotocol .html ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(From The European Repository Landscape Inventory Study into the Present Type and Level of OAI-Compliant Digital Repository Activities in the EU by Maurits van der Graaf and Kwame van Eijndhoven) </li></ul></ul>
  41. 53. Content <ul><li>Peer-reviewed articles </li></ul><ul><li>Conference presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>Course packs </li></ul><ul><li>Annotated images </li></ul><ul><li>Audio and video clips </li></ul><ul><li>Research data </li></ul>
  42. 54. Content <ul><li>Gray literature : </li></ul><ul><li>Preprints / working materials / </li></ul><ul><li>theses and dissertations / reports / </li></ul><ul><li>conference materials / bulletins / </li></ul><ul><li>grant applications / reports to the donors / memorandums / statistical reports / </li></ul><ul><li>technical documentation / questionnaires… </li></ul>
  43. 55. http :// oad . simmons . edu / oadwiki / Disciplinary _ repositories
  44. 56. http ://search3. driver .research- infrastructures . eu / webInterface / simpleSearch . do ; jsessionid =30E69E7F5FDBD7BB9CB5AC829852074B? action = load
  45. 57. OA for students <ul><li>Moving from print to electronic </li></ul><ul><li>– usage growth 145% </li></ul><ul><li>The most popular theses and dissertations </li></ul><ul><li>were downloaded 37,501 times (history ) </li></ul><ul><li>and 33,752 times (engineering); </li></ul><ul><li>history one was published and was a long seller </li></ul><ul><li>(John Hagen, West Virginia University ) </li></ul>
  46. 58. OA for students <ul><li>69% of students </li></ul><ul><li>from the creative writing department </li></ul><ul><li>had more successful careers </li></ul><ul><li>if they went OA with their dissertations – </li></ul><ul><li>a good marketing tool for them </li></ul><ul><li>(John Hagen, West Virginia University ) </li></ul>
  47. 59. Open Access Impact <ul><li>increased citation rates : </li></ul><ul><li>For 72% of papers </li></ul><ul><li>published in the Astrophysical Journal, </li></ul><ul><li>free versions of the paper are available </li></ul><ul><li>(mainly through ArXiv). </li></ul><ul><li>These 72% of papers are, on average, </li></ul><ul><li>cited more than twice as often </li></ul><ul><li>as the remaining 28% </li></ul><ul><li>that do not have free versions. </li></ul><ul><li>Schwarz, G. and Kennicutt Jr., R. C. (2004): Demographic and Citation Trends in Astrophysical Journal Papers and Preprints (pdf 14pp), arxiv.org/pdf/astro-ph/0411275, 10 November 2004, Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, Vol. 36, 1654-1663 </li></ul>
  48. 60. Open Access Impact <ul><li>Open access PNAS papers </li></ul><ul><li>have 50% more full-text downloads </li></ul><ul><li>than non-open access papers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.library. yale . edu /~ llicense / ListArchives /0505/msg01580.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>… and are on average </li></ul><ul><li>twice as likely to be cited </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://biology. plosjournals .org/ perlserv /?request=get-document& doi =10.1371/journal. pbio .0040157 </li></ul></ul>
  49. 61. http :// opcit . eprints . org /oacitation- biblio . html
  50. 62. http :// repinf . pbworks . com
  51. 63. http :// repinf . pbworks . com /Citation- services
  52. 65. http :// repinf . pbworks . com /Usage-reporting-and- metrics
  53. 67. Leverage by L es C arr : http :// www . slideshare . net / lescarr / leverage ? type = powerpoint The Repository has made a splash page, with previews and usage stats ( Example from EPrints at University of Southampton)
  54. 68. Leverage by L es C arr : http :// www . slideshare . net / lescarr / leverage ? type = powerpoint The repository has made a bibliography for you …( Example from DSpace at Universiteit Hasselt, Belgium)
  55. 69. Leverage by L es C arr : http :// www . slideshare . net / lescarr / leverage ? type = powerpoint …maybe personalised it with other information about you… ( Example from DSpace at University of Chicago, Illinois)
  56. 70. Leverage by L es C arr : http :// www . slideshare . net / lescarr / leverage ? type = powerpoint …set up a mailing list for you… Example from Digital Commons at Cal Poly
  57. 71. Leverage by L es C arr : http :// www . slideshare . net / lescarr / leverage ? type = powerpoint Automatically updated your research group web pages (Example from IAM web site at University of Southampton, UK)
  58. 72. Leverage by L es C arr : http :// www . slideshare . net / lescarr / leverage ? type = powerpoint Less Administration: Management will use the information for the admin forms you would otherwise have to complete
  59. 73. Leverage by L es C arr : http :// www . slideshare . net / lescarr / leverage ? type = powerpoint Update your Teaching Pages
  60. 74. OA for research managers
  61. 75. Why open repositories? <ul><li>Opening up the outputs </li></ul><ul><li>of the institution to the world </li></ul><ul><li>Maximizing the visibility and impact </li></ul><ul><li>of these outputs </li></ul><ul><li>Showcasing the quality of the research </li></ul><ul><li>in the institution </li></ul>
  62. 76. Why open repositories? <ul><li>Collecting and curating </li></ul><ul><li>the digital outputs of the institution </li></ul><ul><li>Managing and measuring </li></ul><ul><li>research and teaching activities </li></ul><ul><li>Providing a workspace for work-in-progress </li></ul><ul><li>and for collaborative and large-scale projects </li></ul>
  63. 77. Why open repositories? <ul><li>Enabling and encouraging </li></ul><ul><li>interdisciplinary approaches to research </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitating the development and sharing </li></ul><ul><li>of digital teaching materials and aids </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting student endeavours , </li></ul><ul><li>providing access to theses and dissertations </li></ul><ul><li>and a location for the development of e-portfolios </li></ul>
  64. 78. Why open repositories? <ul><li>Institutional and national level </li></ul><ul><li>research assessment and research management , bringing together research expertise </li></ul><ul><li>across the institution and country </li></ul><ul><li>Information rich collaboration , </li></ul><ul><li>effective decision-making </li></ul><ul><li>and successful research activity </li></ul><ul><li>Improved governmental policy </li></ul><ul><li>and public health care outcomes </li></ul>
  65. 83. The Power of Open Access <ul><li>There are considerable </li></ul><ul><li>economic, social and educational benefits </li></ul><ul><li>to making research and other outputs available without financial, legal and technical </li></ul><ul><li>barriers to access </li></ul>
  66. 85. http://www. jisc .ac. uk /publications/publications/ economicpublishingmodelsfinalreport . aspx <ul><li>“… open access publishing </li></ul><ul><li>for journal articles </li></ul><ul><li>might bring system savings </li></ul><ul><li>of around £215 million per annum </li></ul><ul><li>nationally in the UK </li></ul><ul><li>(at 2007 prices and levels of publishing activity), of which around £165 million </li></ul><ul><li>would accrue in higher education. </li></ul>
  67. 86. http://www. jisc .ac. uk /publications/publications/ economicpublishingmodelsfinalreport . aspx <ul><li>“… a repositories and overlay services model may well produce greater cost savings </li></ul><ul><li>than open access publishing – </li></ul><ul><li>with our estimates suggesting system </li></ul><ul><li>savings of perhaps £260 million nationally, </li></ul><ul><li>of which around £205 might accrue in higher education.” </li></ul><ul><li>And the increase in returns to R&D resulting from enhanced access may be substantial.” </li></ul>
  68. 88. OA mandates
  69. 89. OA & libraries
  70. 90. http :// www . arl . org / bm ~ doc /transformational- times . pdf
  71. 91. Common Themes <ul><li>“ Libraries need to change their practices </li></ul><ul><li>for managing traditional content </li></ul><ul><li>and develop new capabilities </li></ul><ul><li>for dealing with digital materials of all types, </li></ul><ul><li>but especially new forms of scholarship, teaching and learning resources, </li></ul><ul><li>special collections </li></ul><ul><li>(particularly hidden collections), </li></ul><ul><li>and research data.” </li></ul>
  72. 92. Common Themes <ul><li>“ Content industries </li></ul><ul><li>inevitably seek to extend control over the copyright regime and over content, in general, while libraries, authors, and research institutions endeavor to provide more access to and active management </li></ul><ul><li>of the intellectual assets produced by the academy.” </li></ul>
  73. 93. Common Themes <ul><li>“ Radical reconfiguration of research library organizations and services is needed </li></ul><ul><li>coupled with an increasingly diverse and talented staff </li></ul><ul><li>to provide needed leadership </li></ul><ul><li>and technical skills </li></ul><ul><li>to respond to the rapidly changing environment.” </li></ul>
  74. 94. Common Themes <ul><li>“ New relationships </li></ul><ul><li>must be formed with library users </li></ul><ul><li>to support rapid shifts </li></ul><ul><li>in research and teaching practices.” </li></ul>
  75. 95. Trends in Scholarly Communication <ul><li>Transformations in scholarly communication practices are driving development and re-engineering </li></ul><ul><li>of library services: </li></ul><ul><li>• Libraries are moving into new service areas </li></ul><ul><li>like publishing support and repository services. </li></ul><ul><li>Repository services are moving beyond pre-print and post-print dissemination to include a wide range of content types, clients, and service needs. </li></ul>
  76. 96. Trends in Scholarly Communication <ul><li>Library services increasingly are developed </li></ul><ul><li>in collaboration with other units on campus </li></ul><ul><li>and with partners at other institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries will be developing new partnerships and strategies for cooperatively collecting new materials and managing existing collections. </li></ul>
  77. 97. Trends in Scholarly Communication <ul><li>“ the economic situation </li></ul><ul><li>could be favourable </li></ul><ul><li>to the further development </li></ul><ul><li>of open access publishing …” </li></ul>
  78. 98. Trends in Scholarly Communication <ul><li>“ Open Access publication mandates </li></ul><ul><li>may well be adopted by the funding councils… </li></ul><ul><li>Data preservation will also likely be more widely mandated . </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic enforcement of the mandates </li></ul><ul><li>will depend on the development </li></ul><ul><li>of appropriate repositories, </li></ul><ul><li>whether disciplinary or institutional .” </li></ul>
  79. 99. OA & libraries <ul><li>OA </li></ul><ul><li>has permanently changed </li></ul><ul><li>the field of scholarly communication </li></ul>
  80. 100. OA & libraries <ul><li>OA has changed </li></ul><ul><li>the profile of academic and research libraries </li></ul><ul><li>– more and more they have become partners </li></ul><ul><li>in research, data-curation and education, </li></ul><ul><li>ensuring the quality of digital resources </li></ul><ul><li>is maintained, and openly sharing these resources with their users </li></ul>
  81. 101. OA & libraries <ul><li>OA has changed </li></ul><ul><li>the profile of academic and research libraries </li></ul><ul><li>– more and more they have become partners </li></ul><ul><li>in research, data-curation and education, </li></ul><ul><li>ensuring the quality of digital resources </li></ul><ul><li>is maintained, and openly sharing these resources with their users </li></ul>
  82. 102. OA & libraries <ul><li>Academic and research libraries </li></ul><ul><li>are also developing </li></ul><ul><li>advanced and enhanced metrics </li></ul><ul><li>– a new range of standardized indicators based on reader (rather than author-facing) metrics </li></ul><ul><li>and much more still remains to be explored </li></ul>
  83. 103. Map of science
  84. 104. Changing landscape <ul><li>In this changing environment </li></ul><ul><li>for scholarly communication </li></ul><ul><li>academic and research libraries </li></ul><ul><li>need to be </li></ul><ul><li>agile, </li></ul><ul><li>creative, </li></ul><ul><li>risk-taking </li></ul><ul><li>and innovative </li></ul><ul><li>in order to respond to the needs </li></ul><ul><li>of a new generation of faculty and students </li></ul>
  85. 105. Changing landscape <ul><li>Science is dynamic </li></ul><ul><li>and collaborative </li></ul><ul><li>and it is important </li></ul><ul><li>to sustain the communication processes, </li></ul><ul><li>rather than to simply archive research results </li></ul><ul><li>in the form of a single journal article </li></ul>
  86. 106. Changing landscape <ul><li>Librarians and information specialists </li></ul><ul><li>need to be involved in the early planning </li></ul><ul><li>and data-modelling phases </li></ul><ul><li>of research </li></ul><ul><li>in order to accelerate learning </li></ul><ul><li>and discovery, </li></ul><ul><li>and libraries will need </li></ul><ul><li>to become core collaborators on campus, </li></ul><ul><li>using technology </li></ul><ul><li>to advance scholarly communication </li></ul><ul><li>and enable a climate of openness </li></ul>
  87. 107. http :// www . arl . org / bm ~ doc /repository-services- report . pdf
  88. 109. Next steps – researchers and students <ul><li>Publish articles in OA journals </li></ul><ul><li>Self-archive in open repositories </li></ul><ul><li>Spread a word about OA </li></ul>
  89. 110. Next steps – researcher managers <ul><li>Introduce OA polices </li></ul><ul><li>Transform the journals into OA journals </li></ul><ul><li>Set-up open repositories </li></ul><ul><li>Spread a word about OA </li></ul>
  90. 111. Next steps – libraries <ul><li>Set-up open repositories </li></ul><ul><li>Help researchers and students to self-archive </li></ul><ul><li>Help to publish OA journals and create open educational resources </li></ul>
  91. 112. Next steps – libraries 2 <ul><li>Help in data curation and sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Spread a word about OA </li></ul>
  92. 114. Thank you ! Questions ? Iryna Kuchma iryna.kuchma[at]eifl.net; www. eifl .net The presentation is licensed with Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

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