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  1. 1. 自由資訊 - 開放式學術文獻資源之營運模式研究 Open Access 具紙本與電子式期刊的 Open Access 出版模式,開放近用(open access)的相反詞是付 費近用(toll access) 開放近用係指不需要作者或出版社授權,即可自由使用及散布經同儕評閱的學術資訊。著作權 屬於作者。 是一條「橘色大道(Orange Road)」 怕自由祗好用開放,開放的目的,還是自由。 四種開放層面: open devices [開放設備], open applications [開放應用], open services [開放服務], open networks[開放網路] 以無著作權爭議的中英文資訊為對象 學術期刊/專書 - 五千種以上 公版著作 - 十萬種以上 均已完成數位化 建立入口網站,供各圖書館連結 全國有 5189 所圖書館,平均每館每年收取一萬元服務費 共五千壹佰捌拾玖萬元 Open Access Family of Boards and Software [pdf] Knowledge Distribution [知識散布] ��.1工具 - 語言 文字 圖像 ��.2識字 ��.3授權 - Public Domain, Open Access
  2. 2. ��.A討論 a. A new report published today prescribes openness in medicine, including open-access publishing of research data, as a means for improving the healthcare system (pdf). Published by the Committee for Economic Development, a nonprofit, nonpartisan thinktank, was released today in San Francisco. The researchers, led by Eliot Maxwell, see openness as transformative lens for the healthcare field. b. The effect of open access and downloads ('hits') on citation impact: a bibliography of studies c. The SPARC Open Access Newsletter / by Peter Suber, Formerly, The Free Online Scholarship (FOS) Newsletter.  Open Access Overview. My introduction to OA for those new to the concept.  Newsletter archive. Read or search back issues.  Open Access News blog. Daily news postings, sometimes with comments.  Discussion forum archive. Read or search messages  SPARC home page for the newsletter and forum. Basic info and links  Timeline of the Open-Access Movement. Chronology of major events in the movement.  Conferences. Conferences and workshops related to the open-access movement.  Lists. Clusters of OA-related sites and information  What you can do to promote open access. A list for researchers, librarians, administrators, students, publishers, foundation managers, learned society officers, government officials, and citizens.  Feedback form. Send me your thoughts and comments. d. Archives of American Scientist Open Access Forum e. Open Access superior than Toll Access i. The Impact of Open Access Journals A Citation Study from Thomson ISI, http://www.thomsonscientific.com/media/presentrep/acropdf/impact-oa- journals.pdf ii. Open Access (free subscription for readers) Advantages and the Fees / Dr. Shu- Kun Lin, Publisher of MDPI journals f. Open Access Archivangelism / by Stevan Harnad, http://www.eprints.org/community/blog/index.php?/ archives/93-Open-Access-Key-Strategic-Technical-and-Economic-Aspects.html g. Open Access: Key Strategic, Technical and Economic Aspects / ed. by Neil Jacobs; Oxford, Chandos Publishing, July 3, 2006, ISBN-10: 1843342030, ISBN-13: 978-1843342038, 264 pages h. Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography [電子學術出版目錄], 年刊, 且隨時更新 ��.B宣言與相關團體 a. 畢士大開放近用出版宣言 = Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing, Released June 20, 2003 b. Riyadh Declaration on Free Access to Scientific and Technological Information, February 25-26, 2006
  3. 3. c. Public Knowledge is a Washington DC based public interest group working to defend your rights in the emerging digital culture d. Open Access Wiki wants to become the place to be to read about and discuss open access in scientific communities e. RePEc (Research Papers in Economics) is a collaborative effort of over 100 volunteers in 62 countries to enhance the dissemination of research in economics. The heart of the project is a decentralized database of working papers, journal articles and software components. All RePEc material is freely available. ��.C開放近用典藏所(OA archives or repositories), 玉律[green road], BOAI-1 ("Green"): 收費 學刊(toll-access journal)同意作者另行典藏 a. 建置機構學術成果典藏計畫 / 執行單位 :國立臺灣大學圖書館, 計畫時程 :民國 九十五年五月至九十六年四月, 計畫主持人:項潔 國立臺灣大學資工系教授暨圖 書館館長,2006 年 4 月 10 頁,期末報告(初稿) 2005 年 10 月 131 頁 b. 建置典藏所的自由軟體  EPrints, EPrints for Digital Repositories, http://www.eprints.org  DSpace, MIT's online institutional repository : built to save, share, and search MIT's digital research materials [宗旨 ], http://dspace.mit.edu/  Fedora c. Journal Policies - Self-Archiving Policy By Journal [收費學刊同意作者另行典藏], http://romeo.eprints.org/ d. OpenDOAR - Home Page - Directory of Open Access Repositories [開放近用典藏所名 錄] - 1012 個典藏所建立開放近用典藏所的理由, http://www.opendoar.org/  The Immediate-Deposit/Optional Access (ID/OA) Mandate: Rationale and Model [立即典藏], Monday, March 13. 2006  Optimizing OA Self-Archiving Mandates: What? Where? When? Why? How?, September 27. 2006  in BOTH cases self-archive a supplementary version of your article in your own institutional repository [機構典藏]. http://www.eprints.org/self-faq/ http://roar.eprints.org/ http://openaccess.eprints.org/ e. 圖書館的新服務 OA, IR and wiki [pdf] f. ROAR (Registry of Open Access Repositories), Created and maintained by Dr. Tim Brody at U. Southampton, http://roar.eprints.org/  ROARMAP (Registry of Open Access Repository Material Archiving Policies), Green OA Self-Archiving Mandates, http://www.eprints.org/openaccess/policysignup/ g. DRIVER II : Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research, http://www.driver-support.eu  Stimulating the Population of Repositories: A Research Project, http://www.tilburguniversity.nl/services/lis/driver-population.html
  4. 4. ��.D開放近用學刊(OA journals), 金科(gold road), , BOAI-2 ("Gold"): Publish your article in an open-access journal if/when a suitable one exists. a. Developing Open Access Journals: A practical guide / David J. Solomo, http://www.developing-oa-journals.org/ b. Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) [開放近用學刊目錄] - Currently 969 journals are searchable at article level. As of today 164307 articles are included in the DOAJ service, http://www.doaj.org/ c. Libertas Academica [學術自由出版社]- Open Access journals and text books, 出版開 放近用學刊的出版社 d. Open Content Alliance - http://www.opencontentalliance.org/ e. The Open Knowledge Foundation : Protecting and Promoting Open Knowledge in a Digital Age, http://www.okfn.org/ f. Open source books, http://www.archive.org/details/opensource g. Converting Scanned Images of the Print History of the World to Knowledge: A Reference Model and Research Strategy h. David Bearman, Jennifer Trant, Russian Digital Libraries Journal , Volume 8 - Issue 5, 2005, http://www.elbib.ru/index.phtml?page=elbib/eng/journal/2005/part5/BT; 2005 年 UNESCO 在聖彼得堡開會,主張"Open Source Print image",並在 2006 年夏天於突 尼斯的資訊社會世界高峰會議提出報告,但沒有行動 ��.E影響系數 a. "The Impact of Open Access Journals: A Citation Study from Thomson ISI," 2004, - Thomson ISI 持續針對所收錄之近 200 種 Open Access 期刊作影響系數調查,其中 以自然科學類佔絕大部分,顯示該影響系數大抵穩定成長之勢。 available at http:// www.isinet.com/media/presentrep/acropdf/impact-oa-journals.pdf ��.FPublic Domain a. 美國圖書館抵制"網路大鱷" 讀者難獲"免費午餐", December 12, 2007 b. Internet Archive - Universal Access to Human Knowledge, provide free access to researchers, historians, scholars, and the general public., http://www.archive.org i. Moving Images - 65,492 movies ii. Live Music Archive - 39,113 concerts iii. Audio - 137,092 recordings iv. Texts - 194,296 texts c. Project Gutenberg, http://www.gutenberg.org/ d. Million Books, http://www.archive.org/details/millionbooks