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6B Approach for toilet promotion
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6B Approach for toilet promotion

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  • 1. 6B Approach for toilet promotion Rajendra Shrestha 31st Jan 2011-2nd Feb 2012SOUTH ASIA REGIONAL SANITATION AND HYGIENE PRACTIONERS WORKSHOP, Rajendrapur, Bangladesh
  • 2. Background : Toilet growth trend in Nepal 3.2% National sanitation target : 100% by 2017 Sanitation coverage : 43% (2010) Average toilet growth rate : 1.9% per year Toiletgrowth 1.8% 1.6%rate (%) 0.8% • People under poverty level: 65% (Source : SHM Plan 2011 • Toilet access : poor (12%) and rich (80%) SOUTH ASIA REGIONAL SANITATION AND HYGIENE PRACTIONERS WORKSHOP, Rajendrapur, Bangladesh
  • 3. Background : Reason for poor growth• Misperception : Toilet is expensive Toilet Cost $80 to 300 Cost up to pan level $60 • Expensive toilet means expensive superstructure SOUTH ASIA REGIONAL SANITATION AND HYGIENE PRACTIONERS WORKSHOP, Rajendrapur, Bangladesh
  • 4. Case study : SWASHTHA Project• Strengthening Water Air Sanitation and Hygiene Treasuring Health (SWASHTHA) Project.• Project Area : Gulariya and Tikapur municipality• Duration : 2009-2012• Beneficiaries : Urban poor SOUTH ASIA REGIONAL SANITATION AND HYGIENE PRACTIONERS WORKSHOP, Rajendrapur, Bangladesh
  • 5. 6B Approach for toilet superstructurePrinciples adopted :• hygienically separate excreta from human contact• financially affordable toilet• Provide no subsidy or low subsidy.• Enhance capacity to utilize locally available materials properly.• Upgrade toilet as per financial status SOUTH ASIA REGIONAL SANITATION AND HYGIENE PRACTIONERS WORKSHOP, Rajendrapur, Bangladesh
  • 6. 6B Approach : Types of superstructuresB – BrickB – BlockB – Boulder B – Bamboo Upgrade B – Bush B – Bag SOUTH ASIA REGIONAL SANITATION AND HYGIENE PRACTIONERS WORKSHOP, Rajendrapur, Bangladesh
  • 7. Promotional phases• Preparatory phase• Awareness and Ignition Phase• Demand and Selection phase• Implementation phase• Follow-up phase SOUTH ASIA REGIONAL SANITATION AND HYGIENE PRACTIONERS WORKSHOP, Rajendrapur, Bangladesh
  • 8. Major Achievement• Around 1200 toilets constructed within 1.5 yrs in poor cluster• Reduced subsidy (US$217 to US$38) by municipalities• Municipality institutionalised the approach - toilets for poor• Sanitation Card (Certificate of having toilet) has been distributed to people• Self initiatives to upgrade toilet superstructures Through informed choices SOUTH ASIA REGIONAL SANITATION AND HYGIENE PRACTIONERS WORKSHOP, Rajendrapur, Bangladesh
  • 9. LearningNeed to• first understand that feaces should be separated hygienically from human contact• provide different affordable options of superstructure• Provide training on proper use of locally available materials• follow up regular and motivate for updgrading the superstructure• Project should be followed by sludge management while promoting toilet in poor community SOUTH ASIA REGIONAL SANITATION AND HYGIENE PRACTIONERS WORKSHOP, Rajendrapur, Bangladesh
  • 10. Challenges• Subsidy is a barrier : Message to wait for toilet• Natural incidents (flood and storm) posses hindrance to this initiatives• Frequent maintenance SOUTH ASIA REGIONAL SANITATION AND HYGIENE PRACTIONERS WORKSHOP, Rajendrapur, Bangladesh
  • 11. Now wehave toilet ! Suggestion Please !

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