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GPON Basics, Simply More Sustainable


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This is the 6th grade version of GPON for non-technologists. This document provides a basic comparison of traditional switched copper based network technology to the GPON all fiber multiservice …

This is the 6th grade version of GPON for non-technologists. This document provides a basic comparison of traditional switched copper based network technology to the GPON all fiber multiservice technology. There is something here for everyone.

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  • 1. IP UtiliNETDavid QuinnManaging Directorsales@iputilinet.comAduro, The PhotonMarch 2012 You cannot expect to win in today’s environment using yesterdays technology IP UtiliNET 2011
  • 2. * Aduro is a photon of light. He is a marathon runner that travels long distances in Single Mode Fiber and has a glowing personality. He zips along with his brothers who travel back and forth at the speed of light.* Aduro travels in MultiMode Fiber too. Aduro has to let his cousin Eddie run in traditional Copper Cable. The Multimode Fiber is connected to switches that give Aduro motion sickness and bruises from toll plazas every 1200 feet. Eddie is hardened because he is slower and can only go 300 feet before encountering another switch.* Aduro likes to race his cousin, Eddie the Electron. Eddie is aging today and quite a lot thicker around the middle. He never beats Aduro and can only run short distances without paying a toll.* Aduro likes to travel fast and deliver all of the same information that he started with. He prefers to travel in Single Mode Fiber cables. He travels 20KM or end to end in 1/15000 of a second. He bounces less and travels without friction which keeps him from burning out over that long trip. 2 7/22/2012
  • 3. Impervious to Solar RadiationAduro is a marathoner and prefers and EMP 12.4 MilesSingle Mode Fiber because he can Single Mode Fibertravel 12.4 miles without stopping.When he runs in Multimode Fiber he Network Switchoften has to stop every 300 feet,just like his cousin Eddie theElectron. 1200 FeetHis cousin Eddie the Electron canonly run in copper cable. When he Destroyed by Solar Radiation 300 Feetdoes, he runs from switch to switch and EMP300 feet at a time, gets a boost and 300 Feetmoves to the next switch. 300 FeetMultimode fiber and copper cableare more brittle than Single Modefiber cable. They are part of themature cable plants that are It takes 218 traditional copper network switches toinstalled today. equal the distance limitation of an individual Single Mode Fiber Cable 3 7/22/2012 “Eddie the Electron”, by; Melissa B. Rooney
  • 4. Single Mode Fiber Networks Traditional Structured Cabling Networks 12.4 1200 Feet Mile 300 Feet Radius 300 Feet Network Distribution 300 Feet Switch 360,000 square feet of coverage , before adding additional core network 483.05 square MILES of indoor /outdoor or WAN services – Distribution switches coverage ,before adding additional core only – does not show core switch or WAN ServicesTraditional copper and Multimode networks that we use today were designed 25 years ago and areapproaching their natural end of life. Connectivity demands from mobile, voice, video, and sensors acrossthe campus are shortening life cycles for cable and switch which means that total spending is increasingexponentially. These cable plants are mature and not capable of providing the cost reductions, services,and areas of coverage that single mode in-plant can provide. 4 7/22/2012
  • 5. Traditional Single Mode Fiber Structured Cabling Networks Networks 1200 Feet 12.4 300 Feet Miles 300 Feet Network Switch 300 Feet A comparative single mode fiber cable plant Using switches with 128 ports each, installed offers the ability to “grid” core chassis. Using a every 300 feet, we arrive at 218 switches to maximum value of 50 chassis which is limited by compare to a single strand of Single Mode the management workstation, the maximum Fiber. This maximum configuration allows for configuration allows for service ports to service ports to 27,686 data and voice 358,400 data, voice, video, sensors, security, users. A/V and other services.Traditional copper and Multimode networks that we use today were designed for data. Complimentary andoverlapping cable plants that consist of coax for video, twisted pair for legacy telephone systems andeither type for sensors have been installed and add to the fire and toxic hazard inside campus facilitiestoday. 5 7/22/2012
  • 6. Traditional Single Mode Fiber Structured Cabling Networks Networks 1200 Feet 12.4 300 Feet Miles 300 Feet Network Switch 300 Feet A comparative single mode fiber network chassis Using 128 port switches operating at 1 provides 25,000 GigaBits and services 7168 service GigaBit per port, the total throughput in ports. Using the maximum capacity model from the 12.4 miles is 27 TERAbits prior slide, 25 switches offers 1,250 TERAbits of throughput.Traditional copper and Multimode networks that we use today were designed for data. We are stuffingthem with more demands and that causes switch and cable migrations to occur more frequently. TheTraditional Structured Cabling Networks model requires power hungry switches that offer managed orunmanaged 1GigaBit / GIGe or less capacity per port. By contrast, each of the Single Mode controller portsis manageable at the bit and port level. This improves security and management capability beyond what isavailable in the traditional network environments that are in place today. 6 7/22/2012
  • 7. The very latest in “Mission Critical Networking” Closets – Expensive and With Single Mode Fiber, you can use totally unnecessary your closets …… as closetsWe looked at a 12 story hospital – 31 telco closets in 1 building. Imagine how many you will find in an areaof 483 square miles? In 2011 Energy Star is migrating telco closets away from data center space andforcing property owners to account for them as office space that is operational 24/7. This will lower yourscore, perhaps below your tenant contract. Are you prepared for that?This one is Simple: Use your closets as closets. Get your space back. 7 7/22/2012
  • 8. Traditional Structured Cabling Single Mode Fiber Networks Networks 1200 Feet 1200 Feet 300 Feet 300 Feet 12.4 Miles 300 Feet 300 Feet 300 Feet Network 300 Feet Switch A comparative single mode fiber network switch provides services to ports as far away as 20KM. It Core Switch can be set up in a grid and does not require an air conditioned room. The Single Mode Fiber Traditional networks are limited to 4 repeaters. Plant is PASSIVE meaning that it consumes; This means that every 5th power hungry switch seeks additional core services or WAN  NO POWER connections. A core switch and many of the  NO COOLING repeater switches require an Air Conditioned  NO MAINTENANCE FEES. Room.Traditional copper and Multimode networks that we use today were designed for data. We are stuffingthem with more demands and that causes switch and cable migrations to occur more frequently. As servicedemands continue to increase, more core and distributed services are needed. We see this in theincreasing pace of migrations for traditional switch and8cable networks. 7/22/2012
  • 9. The business case below compares the legacy cable plant to the emerging Passive OpticalLAN or Single Mode Fiber plants. A single Passive Optical LAN cable can run up to 20 KMwithout switches, repeaters, or additional core technologies. 20 KM is equal to 12.4 miles or65,472 feet. This differs from CATx which is limited to 300 feet and then a switchconnection. Switches with 128 ports have been selected as each PON cable can support up to128 port connections. Element Traditional Emerging CommentSwitches 218.24 0 17.6x12.4=218.24Cost EA ($14,732.20 EA) 0 MOT RFS7000 128 $3,215,155.33 port switchHardware Service $170,764.30 0 Using $687.90 perCost PER YEAR yearSoftware Service $ 290,796.30 0 Using $550.00 perCost PER YEAR yearCombined Services $290,796.30 0 Does not accountPER YEAR for 2-3 year 9 average 7/22/2012 migrations
  • 10. Element Traditional Emerging CommentSwitches (3,215,155.33) 0 Initial Investment3 Year Technology $12,860,620 0 Does not accountupgrades for inflationServices $ 4,071,148 0 Yearly Service Renewals15 YEAR TCO Includes Year 1-3 $20,437,719 0 purchasesInternal Support $ 6,750,000 0 150K burdenedTeam – 3 cost per FTEThe business case above compares the legacy cable plant to the emerging Passive Optical LAN or SingleMode Fiber plants. The Cable Plant is expected to have a lifetime of 25 years, but we use 15 yearsbecause the lasers and cards in the chassis will most likely need to undergo an upgrade at around 15 years.It is important to note that the emerging PON cable plant and connected elements are likely to stay inplace through an entire 25 year or more lifespan.This comparison is specific to data and voice services, not video using COAX, not sensors connected viatwisted pair, not DAS systems which use single mode in most cases. PON offers the capability to include 10 7/22/2012all of these additional services, manage bit level traffic, and manage individual port security
  • 11. Element CAT 6 Single Mode Fiber CommentWeight 39 lbs / 1K feet 4 lbs / 1K feet 1 Mile = 5280 feetWeight PER MILE 2,059 LBS / Mile 211.20 LBS / MILE 52.8 1K Segments per mileTotal Weight 25,534.08 LBS 2,618.88 LBS 1 Ton = 2000 lbsTotal Weight 12.76 TONS 1.309 Tons Includes Year 1-3 purchasesLifetime Weight 63.8 TONS NO TEAROUT Assume 5x in a 25 year periodWe advocate the addition of services that mean something to constituents, not wasteful expenditures,especially when they are repetitive. Globally, mankind is struggling with ongoing decreases in preciousmetals availability, cost spikes, and increased transportation costs. The reality of structured cabling is thatit has approached its maturity point. It needs to sunset and enjoy what it has given us while the emergingsingle mode fiber takes on more responsibility. 11 7/22/2012
  • 12. Element CAT 6 Single Mode Fiber CommentPrecious Metals YES NO Do you return scrap value?Cooling YES / Managed NO Elimination ofRequirements Switch Cooling requirementsTensile Strength 25 lbf 48 lbf SM is 2X StrongerBTU / HR 1,340,342 0 Passive middle btu/hrCarrying Bit Rate 10/100/GIG E Up to 69 Pon is burstable at Terabits GIG ELets face it, Buggy Whips are no longer needed because people do use horse and buggy any longer. 25years or so ago, we began the process of replacing the cables that connected VTxx in shop floor and officeenvironments as the ETHERNET came into being. That technology has served data connection needs quitewell. As with any technology, emerging technology will come along to replace it at some point. StructuredCabling networks, as we know them today will yield to Single Mode Fiber and allow the owners to take onnet new services faster, more securely, and with more management capabilities than previously possible. 12 7/22/2012
  • 13. Structured Cabling = $118,320.00 Single Mode Fiber - $11,748.905 year lifetime 25 year lifetime[25y @pv=$591,600.00] [ 25y @pv=11,735 ]Copper Cable Core and Distribution HCC to Splitter 3236 feet“The CAT 6A was about 220,000 ft,which is a skewed number as each Splitter to NSTdrop by specifications has to have 75,000 feet50’ of service loops (25’ on bothends).The coax was estimated at Feet of Single Mode Fiber12,000 ft.” Experienced Estimator RET Cost: .15c/ft wholesale$ 112,200.00 - Just for Data/Voice $ 11,748.90 Fiber PlantCabling ( .51c/ft wholesale ) 600000$ 6,120.00 - 12,000 Feet of Coax 400000 Initial( .51c/ft wholesale ) 200000 25 YearRG59 Siamese Solid Coaxial Cable + 18/2 (18AWG 130 7/22/20122C) Power, White, 1000 ft, Spool Copper Fiber Simply More Sustainable
  • 14. “There is not an electedofficial or budgetarydecision maker that canjustifiably ignore thenumbers that are on thischart” REDUCTIONS BY SERVICE CAN IT REDUCE TODAY AND FUTURE COST? - YES WILL IT ALLOW ME TO CONSOLIDATE OTHER SERVICES ? - YES 14 7/22/2012
  • 15. *Freedom The Power to ChooseAmong the most important rights that we possess as Americans is the right to CHOOSE when,where, and how an action is taken. For generations, “we, the people” have taken on initiativesthat have continued to redefine and shape a future that enhances competitiveness and leadershipon the worldwide stage.The time is now to light up an uncertain future. Take a leadership position that results in newabilities to reduce overall costs without sacrificing security and services . The time is now to startplanning and take the action steps that are required for these next generation networks. CHOOSEto move forward with Operational Services Networks versus costly, power-hungry, overlapping,constrained, and fragmented networks that were originally designed for data. 15 7/22/2012
  • 16. *Freedom  The Power to Protect As Americans, we rely upon our Judicial, Legislative, and Enforcement branches to keep our way of life as safe as possible. Terrorists have attacked us in our homeland and our fragmented communications systems failed. Thousands died as a result. Single Mode Fiber plants survive power outages, offering internal battery back-up to critical emergency loads such as IP Phones, Video Cameras, and Wireless access points that can be used to augment public safety visual and communication capabilities. Had a single mode fiber network been in place when the World Trade Centers were attacked, public safety might have been able to assess whichNow Available: emergency exits were available using battery backed surveillance cameras, and potentially saved hundreds who chose to jump instead of burning to death. This is the power of non- fragmented single mode networks. The time is now to gain new levels of public safety capability. First Responders, can light up an uncertain future by carrying the lamp that leads to new abilities to choose how to best respond to a public safety incident. 16 7/22/2012
  • 17.  The Power to ServeAmerican history and leadership is based oninnovation, creativity, and the courage to lead. *FreedomPeople are demanding more from electedofficials who in some cases are giving backpolitical posturing, not true leadership.Leadership is the courage to create a vision andfollow it through. Fiber Optics, not copper isthe way of the future and the US is fallingbehind many emerging countries.All Property, All IP Single Mode fiber “utility”plants are the way of the future. The ability tochoose when and how to apply fixed, mobile,and security services that are meaningful, costeffective, and environmentally responsible canonly lead to a better future for yourconstituents and the future leaders of ourcountry. Stop wasting money on networkadaptations that only result in more long termcosts and more environmental risks. Startchoosing to implement services without havingto stop and adapt or replace parts of yournetworked systems. A Declaration of Light, “I hereby choose to move beyond the financial andThe time is now to make lasting changes that technological constraints that networks, originallyare fiscally responsible, conservation minded, designed for data, have placed upon my budget andand morally imperative to the future and the deliver at reduced cost, the services that mycontinuation of our way of life. constituents are demanding” 17 7/22/2012
  • 18. *“See your LAN in a whole new light”FREE Next Generation Network Consultation IP UtiliNET, 1-877-901-6947 (MYIP) 18 7/22/2012