Digital Textbook in Korea    Technology’s Role in Improving  Access and Quality <ul><li>New Skills for a Global Innovation...
Contents <ul><li>Need for a change </li></ul><ul><li>Definition of digital textbook </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot school of DT <...
I.  Need for a change   <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.teachertube.com/view_video.php?viewkey=6f2c2eba77f39993d118...
2.  Printed Textbook  <ul><li>Strength of printed textbooks  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ubiquitous : easy to carry, small to br...
3.  Why Digital Textbook (DT) ?   <ul><li>Need for new textbooks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To cope with the fast changing worl...
1. The concept of digital textbook Ⅱ .  Definition of digital textbook Connection to national knowledge DB Connection of c...
1. Concept of DT Definition of DT by MOE 2007 (Ministry of Education, 2007) Can be looked up whether at  schools or homes ...
2. Components of DT   MM contents Instructional content OS XMLbased functions viewer server DB Network terminal Related sy...
3. Functions of DT Printed textbook Integrate tools for Instructional Management & authoring  Interaction design (teacher,...
3. Functions of DT functions Sub-function Technology description and its applications contents provider textbook What the ...
6. S/W Structure & Service Plan  <ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of XML based viewer and update program...
Content Management System 7.  DT System Structure   Web Server Content SVR DB SVR Upload Content Creator <ul><li>Metadata ...
8. DT Content management System Download 4 Complement 5 Textbook Images and Texts Multimedia Content Data Content Metadata...
9.  Main Functions and Benefits   Spontaneous interaction between  the teacher and student to set the higher goal of learn...
III. Pilot school of DT
III. Pilot school of DT <ul><li>Self directed instruction ( participation, instructional motivation, collaboration) </li><...
 
 
 
 
 
Speech recognition skills  implied in English  Case studies of content development
3D video contents in Social studies Case studies of content development
Result of DT : Project at Sanowi primary school academic achievement  Satisfaction level  (usability & classroom use) Lowe...
IV.  DT project for 2008
1.  Roadmap of DT project   Expected budget : 66 M US$ (2007-2011)
2.  Vision and objectives The cultivation of the talented leaders of the future Need for cultivating the future human reso...
3.  Master plan <ul><li>First stage (2002-2006) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic study of DT </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Second stag...
4. Details of the second stage in detail 1  <ul><li>Distribution plan for DT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning for 2007-2012 ...
4. Details of the second stage in detail 2  <ul><li>Pilot testing schools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20 schools : infrastructur...
V. Challenges & Issues
1. High cost for infrastructure & equipments V.  Challenges & Issues <ul><li>Now, high cost of a Tablet PC : 1,680 US$ </l...
2. Academic achievement  <ul><li>Do students learn better with the digital textbook? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After more expo...
3. Developing Instructional Models with DT <ul><li>Students to become self directed learner to make decisions on their own...
4.  Contents development   <ul><li>Contents development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Activate the potential of DT creatively </li...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Digital Textbook in Korea

3,034 views

Published on

by Okhwa Lee

Published in: Education
0 Comments
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,034
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
6
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Digital Textbook in Korea

    1. 1. Digital Textbook in Korea Technology’s Role in Improving Access and Quality <ul><li>New Skills for a Global Innovation Society: </li></ul><ul><li>Asia-Pacific Leaders Forum on Secondary Education </li></ul><ul><li>March 24-26, 2008, New Delhi, India </li></ul><ul><li>Prof. Okhwa Lee </li></ul><ul><li>Chungbuk National University </li></ul><ul><li>忠北大學校 Korea </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
    2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Need for a change </li></ul><ul><li>Definition of digital textbook </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot school of DT </li></ul><ul><li>DT project for 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Issues and challenges </li></ul>
    3. 3. I. Need for a change <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.teachertube.com/view_video.php?viewkey=6f2c2eba77f39993d118 </li></ul><ul><li>http://shifthappens.wikispaces.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Micro approach </li></ul><ul><li>Spill over effect hoping to have educational paradigm shift </li></ul>
    4. 4. 2. Printed Textbook <ul><li>Strength of printed textbooks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ubiquitous : easy to carry, small to bring, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy access : no need for electricity, peripheral devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relatively cheap </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Limits of printed textbooks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contents : easily out dated in the rapidly changing world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limits to the richness of contents due to the printing cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Textbook price is controlled by government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>more pages means higher cost, leads to high living cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not reusable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No multi media,… </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. 3. Why Digital Textbook (DT) ? <ul><li>Need for new textbooks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To cope with the fast changing world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy and quick update of new contents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia contents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One source, many uses : textbook, reference book, dictionary, notebook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two way interaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate on-task feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for anywhere, anytime, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regaining the trust of formal education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for the formal education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Schools are recognized a place to get grades, not to get educated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lessening the bipolarization, private tutoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing quality learning opportunity regardless location, socio-economic status </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. 1. The concept of digital textbook Ⅱ . Definition of digital textbook Connection to national knowledge DB Connection of contents owned by political / economical / social / cultural institutions Learning Management System Evaluation Tool Authoring Tool Multi-media Textbook Dictionary Hyperlink Data Searching Handbook / Exercise book
    7. 7. 1. Concept of DT Definition of DT by MOE 2007 (Ministry of Education, 2007) Can be looked up whether at schools or homes regardless of time and space Integrates all the contents in pre-existing textbooks, references, workbooks, dictionaries and provides a multimedia learning environment including videos, animations and virtual world A student-centered textbook which is designed to promote various types of interaction and allows students to work according to their needs and levels
    8. 8. 2. Components of DT MM contents Instructional content OS XMLbased functions viewer server DB Network terminal Related systems platform
    9. 9. 3. Functions of DT Printed textbook Integrate tools for Instructional Management & authoring Interaction design (teacher, SS, contents) Contents development & DB design Integration of HW, SW, viewer Distribution, maintenance, Quality control strategy reference book multimedia dictionary Hyper link searching evaluation Instructional l management authoring Connect to the national knowledge DB Connect to contents from other social sectors
    10. 10. 3. Functions of DT functions Sub-function Technology description and its applications contents provider textbook What the printed textbook can offer -> to accomplish through the printed book function (note taking, memo, storing pages etc) Instructional support module Multi-media Multimedia materials accessed by embedded / hyperlinks (image, pictures, video, animation, audio/sound, 3D etc) Reference book Supporting materials for the self guided instruction Dictionary Academic definition in Korean, English, Chinese, Encyclopedia, etc Access to the data search Easy access to the search (same subject in different grade, different subject, text/mm search) Hyperlink Various instructional materials provided (tutorial, simulation, game, Drill & Practice, etc) Expert’s help through interaction with the world (e-mail, Web BBS, hyperlink to the web site) Instructional management module Instruction’l managmt Students’ progress, Academic level, E-portfolio Tool for the access Connect to the world : evaluation sheet Providing individual contents Authoring tool Students driven contents development : text, image, graphics, Connect to the various digital textbooks Connect to the existing printed materials, Connect to various sectors,
    11. 11. 6. S/W Structure & Service Plan <ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of XML based viewer and update program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of web programs, server programs and content management system using JAVA & JSP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Viewer supporting window XP/Vista, Linux </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web programs supporting IE 6.0/7.0 and Mozilla Firefox 1.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online and offline mode conversion according to the N/W environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Details of learning activities on the viewer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal data transfer to the server to trace where & when </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different displays for teachers and students after Login </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Content Management System 7. DT System Structure Web Server Content SVR DB SVR Upload Content Creator <ul><li>Metadata Mgmt. </li></ul><ul><li>Content File Mgmt. </li></ul><ul><li>Content Packaging </li></ul>ON-Line OFF-Line <ul><li>Automatic Updating of Contents and Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Interactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Functions Except Interactivity Implement </li></ul><ul><li>Personal History Saved in the Storage Media </li></ul>Learner Digital Textbook Textbook XML File Video Image Flash XML and Multimedia Content File
    13. 13. 8. DT Content management System Download 4 Complement 5 Textbook Images and Texts Multimedia Content Data Content Metadata Textbook XML Production Program Platform Related Content Mgmt, System Textbook XML and Multimedia Content File Upload Registered Data Verification / Error File Correction Metadata Registration / Change / Removal 1 Upload 3 Digital Textbook Platform Content Packaging Program Textbook XML File Video Image Flash 2
    14. 14. 9. Main Functions and Benefits Spontaneous interaction between the teacher and student to set the higher goal of learning improvement. The teacher can restructure the course. Various functions to support the self-managed learning and individual creative learning. Teacher Functions Lecture Material Upload Reference Library Note Attachment Learning Support & Encouragement Functions Search (Dictionary & Web) Hyperlink Authoring Tool Note Taking Self-Evaluation Voice Recording Interactive Functions Note Memo Bulletin Board & Discussion Room Real-time Evaluation
    15. 15. III. Pilot school of DT
    16. 16. III. Pilot school of DT <ul><li>Self directed instruction ( participation, instructional motivation, collaboration) </li></ul><ul><li>5,6 graders : DT use (math & science) </li></ul>Sanui primary school in Chungbuk (2006-2007) small rural school with 288 students, 6 classes
    17. 22. Speech recognition skills implied in English Case studies of content development
    18. 23. 3D video contents in Social studies Case studies of content development
    19. 24. Result of DT : Project at Sanowi primary school academic achievement Satisfaction level (usability & classroom use) Lower middle level (25~50%) students got the highest increase A school: tablet PC B school : desk top PC at computer lab beneficial to the lower middle and lower achiever promotes students participation for instructional activities
    20. 25. IV. DT project for 2008
    21. 26. 1. Roadmap of DT project Expected budget : 66 M US$ (2007-2011)
    22. 27. 2. Vision and objectives The cultivation of the talented leaders of the future Need for cultivating the future human resources Need for developing future-oriented learning materials Basis for future-oriented, advanced education system <ul><li>Today’s young children are the new human resources who will play the leading role in Korea’s future </li></ul><ul><li>It is necessary to build up a learning environment where learners can be more independent and creative by utilizing new information and communication technology (ICT). </li></ul>Create the best practices Encourage cooperation from related ministries and businesses to add value. Take the initiative in establishing the standard for technologies related to the digital textbook <ul><li>In order to enhance the quality of teaching and learning, we need future-oriented materials that transcend the limitation of paper textbooks. </li></ul><ul><li>We need to improve the textbook system and introduce the digital textbook that is appropriate for the future learning environment. </li></ul>Participatory learning Active classrooms No discrimination In terms of receiving education
    23. 28. 3. Master plan <ul><li>First stage (2002-2006) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic study of DT </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Second stage (2007-2011) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of digital textbooks (25 kinds) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management of pilot-testing schools (100 schools) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis of effectiveness & side effects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation for distribution/improvement in system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Third stage (2013 ~ ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distribution of DT </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This plan is in progress, adopting the changes of the environment </li></ul>
    24. 29. 4. Details of the second stage in detail 1 <ul><li>Distribution plan for DT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning for 2007-2012 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of DT and Pilot test schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finishing the second stage by 2012 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DT prototype development project (‘07.6~10) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6 subjects from 5 th & 6 th at primary school level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Korea/ESL/Math/Science/Music/Social Science </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subjects physical exercise, fine art are limited for its priority </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>evaluation study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptation of the result from the pilot test schools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National platform development (‘07.12 ~ ‘08) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diverse platform : Windows, Linux, other standardized ones </li></ul></ul>
    25. 30. 4. Details of the second stage in detail 2 <ul><li>Pilot testing schools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20 schools : infrastructure establishment : ‘07.12 ~ ‘08.3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipped with E-board, TPC, NW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expanding pilot schools gradually </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extending school level to secondary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More contents development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For the secondary curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 subjects from 7 th grade </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 subjects from 10 th grade </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Including other subjects into DT project : 2009 </li></ul></ul>
    26. 31. V. Challenges & Issues
    27. 32. 1. High cost for infrastructure & equipments V. Challenges & Issues <ul><li>Now, high cost of a Tablet PC : 1,680 US$ </li></ul><ul><li>Possibility of a learning device under 200$ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bench marking MIT OLPC, XO EEE PC by Asus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using open source software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Using Linux can encourage the cost down </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Industries coming with solution for high power at low price </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When the quantity is guaranteed, industries can develop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open source software adaptation can press MS Windows price policy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DT can be equivalent to Printing textbooks </li></ul>
    28. 33. 2. Academic achievement <ul><li>Do students learn better with the digital textbook? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After more exposure, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If so, how would you know? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Methodology to prove the effectiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contents quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to do the quality assurance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How to assure the pedagogy quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits of using media : instructional activities embedded </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible? As fun as, as active as ones of social networking community in the cyber space? </li></ul></ul>
    29. 34. 3. Developing Instructional Models with DT <ul><li>Students to become self directed learner to make decisions on their own lessons appropriate to their levels </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers to be an advisor and facilitator to guide the students </li></ul><ul><li>role of national curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment for soft skills required in 21 st C, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>unique competencies learned from ICT application </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes instructional roles of students & teachers </li></ul></ul>
    30. 35. 4. Contents development <ul><li>Contents development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Activate the potential of DT creatively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to cope with the diverse applications of DT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meaning of the national curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of teaching, teacher training is important </li></ul></ul>

    ×