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IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone
IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone
IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone
IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone
IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone
IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone
IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone
IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone
IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone
IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone
IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone
IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone
IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone
IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone
IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone
IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone
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IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone

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Richard Boulderstone gives first keynote - Strategic Digital Overview at the BL

Richard Boulderstone gives first keynote - Strategic Digital Overview at the BL

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  • Intro to British Library. Facts.
  • Transcript

    • 1. IMPACT Conference 2011 Richard Boulderstone Director, eStrategy & Programmes October 2011
    • 2. Fantastic Project! <ul><ul><li>Highly collaborative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Addressing common set of issues across Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will have multi-year benefits for organisations that do digitisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will result in much richer and more value-added applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will benefits the citizens of Europe for many years to come </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could finish here,…However, would like to talk about: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My views on print, digitisation, OCR, apps and the future….. </li></ul></ul>
    • 3. The British Library <ul><li>Exists for everyone who wants to do research – for academic, personal, and commercial purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>Covers all subject areas – sciences, technology, medicine, arts, humanities, social sciences… </li></ul><ul><li>Receives a copy of every item published in the UK. </li></ul><ul><li>Holds over 150 million items , with 3 million items added each year. </li></ul><ul><li>Used by over 16,000 people each day (on site and online). </li></ul>
    • 4. 2020 Mission &amp; Vision Digitisation provides long-lasting digital copy Digital content can Support advanced analysis Digital is easier to access Digital content has much greater reach We can only accomplish these objectives with partners
    • 5. Physical Collections <ul><ul><li>British Library has 150M Items in Collection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimated Number Of Pages 5,000M </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Therefore Average Number of Pages per Item = 33 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CENL (Conference Of European National Libraries) Survey 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>400M Items in National Libraries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Estimate 13,200M pages (33 * 400M) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lots to Digitise! </li></ul></ul></ul>Physical Item
    • 6. Digital not Digitalis <ul><ul><li>Born-Digital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Normally contemporary material that we acquire in digital-form (eJournals, eBooks, Web Sites, &amp;etc). </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digitised </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digital image of physical collection item (Newspapers, Books, Manuscript, Journals, Audio, &amp;etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not….Digitalization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The administration of digitalis (fox glove) or one of its active constituents to a patient or an animal so that the required physiological changes occur in the body; also, the state of the body resulting from this. ( Oxford English Dictionary ) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    • 7. Digitisation – Create Images <ul><ul><li>BL has digitised 57M Objects, around 1% of physical collection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>However, partnership with Brightsolid - digitising newspaper collection (fee service) – Up to an additional 40M pages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google to digitise 250,000 books (80M pages) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost to digitise, initially much more than £1 per page, more recently less than £1 per page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For entire BL collection – estimated storage required @10Mbytes / page is 50 Petabytes (5 * 10^16) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CENL Survey 2006: 4.8M Items; 2012 Projection: 17M Items (~4%) </li></ul></ul>Physical Item Digitised Item Digitisation
    • 8. OCR – Gateway to Advanced Digital Functionality <ul><ul><li>OCR Works very well for modern collections with high accuracy rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However, some way to go for older material ( Going Grey? Comparing the OCR Accuracy Levels of Bitonal and Greyscale Images, Tracy Powell &amp; Gordon Paynter NLNZ ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vital for Advanced Digital Functionality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact has made significant progress in this area </li></ul></ul>Physical Item <ul><ul><li>How good can it get? Rose Holley NLA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Require high accuracy for researchers to trust. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good 98-99% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor below 90% </li></ul></ul>Digitised Item Digitisation &lt;?xml version=&amp;quot;1.0&amp;quot; encoding=&amp;quot;UTF-8&amp;quot; ?&gt; - &lt;mets:mets xmlns:xsi=&amp;quot; http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance &amp;quot; xmlns:mets=&amp;quot; http://www.loc.gov/METS/ &amp;quot; xsi:schemaLocation=&amp;quot; http://www.loc.gov/METS/ http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/version18/mets.xsd info:lc/xmlns/premis-v2 Digital Item Optical Character Recognition
    • 9. Adding Value To Collection Items <ul><ul><li>Do we need all these applications? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are they value for money? </li></ul></ul>Physical Item Digitised Item Digitisation &lt;?xml version=&amp;quot;1.0&amp;quot; encoding=&amp;quot;UTF-8&amp;quot; ?&gt; - &lt;mets:mets xmlns:xsi=&amp;quot; http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance &amp;quot; xmlns:mets=&amp;quot; http://www.loc.gov/METS/ &amp;quot; xsi:schemaLocation=&amp;quot; http://www.loc.gov/METS/ http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/version18/mets.xsd info:lc/xmlns/premis-v2 Digital Item Optical Character Recognition Indexing Basic Search &amp; Discovery Text Analysis Text Mining Image Comparison Specialist Applications Application Programming Interface (API) Social Networking Collect &amp; Store: Comments, Annotations, Additions
    • 10. Commercial Break…..
    • 11. Value of Digitisation <ul><li>Splashes and Ripples: Synthesizing the Evidence on the Impact of Digital Resources, 2011 - Eric T. Meyer, Oxford Internet Institute </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>JISC Funded Review of the Value of Digitisation Projects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examined 12 JISC-Funded Digitisation Projects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Various Types of Benefits Analysed: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quantitative </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Analytics </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Log Files </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scientometrics </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Surveys </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Webometrics </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Qualitative </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Content Analysis </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Feedback </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focus Groups </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Referrer </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    • 12. Webometrics for 12 JISC-funded Digitisation Projects Monthly statistics for 12 JISC-funded Digitisation Projects Does this tell us whether we should do these projects?....
    • 13. Print vs Digital Digital Wins!!! Factor Print Digital Winner Durability Good (some not so good – newspapers) but eventually destroyed through use Requires specialist system to retain for ever – but possible Tie Look &amp; Feel Original Item Good simulations possible – also multi-layer digitisation; electronic comparisons provide additional utility Tie Search Only catalogue With good ocr - Full Text Digital Distribution Slow, expensive &amp; cumbersome Fast, cheap, entire internet Digital Linking, Text mining, social networking Not Possible Potentially Digital Revenue Very limited opportunities Already have a number of revenue generating apps Digital
    • 14. CENL Survey Digitised Items: Potential <ul><li>Enormous Potential for digitisation </li></ul><ul><li>“ If we match the total physical holdings national libraries against digital holdings (objects) of a library it becomes clear that content digitisation still in its infancy and how enormous the potential for digitisation of content in National Libraries is.” </li></ul>
    • 15. My Vision <ul><li>Cost reductions in storage technologies, mass digitisation processes and application development make it possible for the first time to imagine digitising the entire holdings of major Libraries. </li></ul><ul><li>This creates the opportunity to allow all citizens to experience, enjoy, learn from and build on the World’s Knowledge. </li></ul>
    • 16. Concluding Comments <ul><ul><li>Digitisation projects have created a fantastic resource for scholars, researchers and the public </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European National Libraries, including the British Library, will have digitised around 4% of their collections by 2012 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Funding, standards, copyright, technology and interoperability will remain major issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However these programmes have the potential to radically improve the access to collections across Europe and beyond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We will need to work together to unleash the potential of these resources….. </li></ul></ul>is a great example of this collaboration

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