IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone

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Richard Boulderstone gives first keynote - Strategic Digital Overview at the BL

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  • Intro to British Library. Facts.
  • IMPACT Final Conference - Richard Boulderstone

    1. 1. IMPACT Conference 2011 Richard Boulderstone Director, eStrategy & Programmes October 2011
    2. 2. Fantastic Project! <ul><ul><li>Highly collaborative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Addressing common set of issues across Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will have multi-year benefits for organisations that do digitisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will result in much richer and more value-added applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will benefits the citizens of Europe for many years to come </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could finish here,…However, would like to talk about: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My views on print, digitisation, OCR, apps and the future….. </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. The British Library <ul><li>Exists for everyone who wants to do research – for academic, personal, and commercial purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>Covers all subject areas – sciences, technology, medicine, arts, humanities, social sciences… </li></ul><ul><li>Receives a copy of every item published in the UK. </li></ul><ul><li>Holds over 150 million items , with 3 million items added each year. </li></ul><ul><li>Used by over 16,000 people each day (on site and online). </li></ul>
    4. 4. 2020 Mission & Vision Digitisation provides long-lasting digital copy Digital content can Support advanced analysis Digital is easier to access Digital content has much greater reach We can only accomplish these objectives with partners
    5. 5. Physical Collections <ul><ul><li>British Library has 150M Items in Collection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimated Number Of Pages 5,000M </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Therefore Average Number of Pages per Item = 33 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CENL (Conference Of European National Libraries) Survey 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>400M Items in National Libraries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Estimate 13,200M pages (33 * 400M) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lots to Digitise! </li></ul></ul></ul>Physical Item
    6. 6. Digital not Digitalis <ul><ul><li>Born-Digital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Normally contemporary material that we acquire in digital-form (eJournals, eBooks, Web Sites, &etc). </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digitised </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digital image of physical collection item (Newspapers, Books, Manuscript, Journals, Audio, &etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not….Digitalization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The administration of digitalis (fox glove) or one of its active constituents to a patient or an animal so that the required physiological changes occur in the body; also, the state of the body resulting from this. ( Oxford English Dictionary ) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Digitisation – Create Images <ul><ul><li>BL has digitised 57M Objects, around 1% of physical collection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>However, partnership with Brightsolid - digitising newspaper collection (fee service) – Up to an additional 40M pages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google to digitise 250,000 books (80M pages) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost to digitise, initially much more than £1 per page, more recently less than £1 per page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For entire BL collection – estimated storage required @10Mbytes / page is 50 Petabytes (5 * 10^16) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CENL Survey 2006: 4.8M Items; 2012 Projection: 17M Items (~4%) </li></ul></ul>Physical Item Digitised Item Digitisation
    8. 8. OCR – Gateway to Advanced Digital Functionality <ul><ul><li>OCR Works very well for modern collections with high accuracy rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However, some way to go for older material ( Going Grey? Comparing the OCR Accuracy Levels of Bitonal and Greyscale Images, Tracy Powell & Gordon Paynter NLNZ ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vital for Advanced Digital Functionality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact has made significant progress in this area </li></ul></ul>Physical Item <ul><ul><li>How good can it get? Rose Holley NLA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Require high accuracy for researchers to trust. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good 98-99% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor below 90% </li></ul></ul>Digitised Item Digitisation <?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot; encoding=&quot;UTF-8&quot; ?> - <mets:mets xmlns:xsi=&quot; http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance &quot; xmlns:mets=&quot; http://www.loc.gov/METS/ &quot; xsi:schemaLocation=&quot; http://www.loc.gov/METS/ http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/version18/mets.xsd info:lc/xmlns/premis-v2 Digital Item Optical Character Recognition
    9. 9. Adding Value To Collection Items <ul><ul><li>Do we need all these applications? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are they value for money? </li></ul></ul>Physical Item Digitised Item Digitisation <?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot; encoding=&quot;UTF-8&quot; ?> - <mets:mets xmlns:xsi=&quot; http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance &quot; xmlns:mets=&quot; http://www.loc.gov/METS/ &quot; xsi:schemaLocation=&quot; http://www.loc.gov/METS/ http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/version18/mets.xsd info:lc/xmlns/premis-v2 Digital Item Optical Character Recognition Indexing Basic Search & Discovery Text Analysis Text Mining Image Comparison Specialist Applications Application Programming Interface (API) Social Networking Collect & Store: Comments, Annotations, Additions
    10. 10. Commercial Break…..
    11. 11. Value of Digitisation <ul><li>Splashes and Ripples: Synthesizing the Evidence on the Impact of Digital Resources, 2011 - Eric T. Meyer, Oxford Internet Institute </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>JISC Funded Review of the Value of Digitisation Projects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examined 12 JISC-Funded Digitisation Projects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Various Types of Benefits Analysed: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quantitative </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Analytics </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Log Files </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scientometrics </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Surveys </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Webometrics </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Qualitative </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Content Analysis </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Feedback </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focus Groups </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Referrer </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Webometrics for 12 JISC-funded Digitisation Projects Monthly statistics for 12 JISC-funded Digitisation Projects Does this tell us whether we should do these projects?....
    13. 13. Print vs Digital Digital Wins!!! Factor Print Digital Winner Durability Good (some not so good – newspapers) but eventually destroyed through use Requires specialist system to retain for ever – but possible Tie Look & Feel Original Item Good simulations possible – also multi-layer digitisation; electronic comparisons provide additional utility Tie Search Only catalogue With good ocr - Full Text Digital Distribution Slow, expensive & cumbersome Fast, cheap, entire internet Digital Linking, Text mining, social networking Not Possible Potentially Digital Revenue Very limited opportunities Already have a number of revenue generating apps Digital
    14. 14. CENL Survey Digitised Items: Potential <ul><li>Enormous Potential for digitisation </li></ul><ul><li>“ If we match the total physical holdings national libraries against digital holdings (objects) of a library it becomes clear that content digitisation still in its infancy and how enormous the potential for digitisation of content in National Libraries is.” </li></ul>
    15. 15. My Vision <ul><li>Cost reductions in storage technologies, mass digitisation processes and application development make it possible for the first time to imagine digitising the entire holdings of major Libraries. </li></ul><ul><li>This creates the opportunity to allow all citizens to experience, enjoy, learn from and build on the World’s Knowledge. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Concluding Comments <ul><ul><li>Digitisation projects have created a fantastic resource for scholars, researchers and the public </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European National Libraries, including the British Library, will have digitised around 4% of their collections by 2012 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Funding, standards, copyright, technology and interoperability will remain major issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However these programmes have the potential to radically improve the access to collections across Europe and beyond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We will need to work together to unleash the potential of these resources….. </li></ul></ul>is a great example of this collaboration

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