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The Archives Forum - The National Archives - 02 March 2011

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The Archives Forum - The National Archives - 02 March 2011

  1. 1. Presenter or main title… Session Title or subtitle… 2 March 2011, The National Archives What lies between archives and the future… David F. Flanders Digital Infrastructure Innovation Team Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC)
  2. 2. <ul><li>Learning Objectives (by the end of this presentation you will want to ask questions about...) </li></ul><ul><li>...how has JISC allocated its budgets in the past and how is this applicable to archives (e.g. how could you get involved in a JISC funded project?) </li></ul><ul><li>...how does JISC know what future technologies are coming down the pipeline? </li></ul><ul><li>... what innovations can archives achieve in the next 2-3 years with a zero or minus budget change? </li></ul><ul><li>... what innovations can archives start to prep so they are ready to bounce back once the economy recovers in 3-5 years? </li></ul><ul><li>... what innovations are on the horizon in 5-10 years that will inevitably change the way we do everything?! </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Easy and widespread access to information and resources, anytime, anywhere; a vision with technology and information management at the heart of research and education. </li></ul><ul><li>Cost effective infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient and effective institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced learning experience </li></ul><ul><li>Research quality, impact & productivity </li></ul>JISC Vision & Strategy
  4. 4. JISC Budget 2010-11 Partner with an HEI and Bid!
  5. 5. <ul><li>What has JISC invested in Archives over the years? </li></ul>Follett Review = eLib Programme Special collections & Archives £45M Archives Hub Collection Description ISAD(G) aka DACS EAD Z39.50 for Archives Digitisation SEO Semantic Web / Linked Data AIM 25 RDTF – 2010 - 2012 OAI-PMH Repositories & Preservation Programme £14m Semantic Infrastructure £??
  6. 6. But what makes *good* technology? <ul><li>The technology will fail if not directly motivated by users. </li></ul><ul><li>“ There is a significant difference between what users actually do versus what they should do; in short, the web is not a science… At best the Web is a social science and even then it is subject to very disturbing psychological flaws!” </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment Time! </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>archives </li></ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul><ul><li>google </li></ul>Users and trust http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/briefingpapers/2010/bpdigitalinfoseekerv1
  8. 8. <ul><li>good info later </li></ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul><ul><li>bad info now </li></ul>Users and patience http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/briefingpapers/2010/bpdigitalinfoseekerv1
  9. 9. <ul><li>browse </li></ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul><ul><li>search </li></ul>Users and search http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/briefingpapers/2010/bpdigitalinfoseekerv1
  10. 10. <ul><li>full text </li></ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul><ul><li>chunks of text </li></ul>Users and completness http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/briefingpapers/2010/bpdigitalinfoseekerv1
  11. 11. <ul><li>text </li></ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul><ul><li>video </li></ul>Users and media http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/briefingpapers/2010/bpdigitalinfoseekerv1
  12. 12. <ul><li>natural lang </li></ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul><ul><li>specific bits </li></ul>Users and media http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/briefingpapers/2010/bpdigitalinfoseekerv1
  13. 13. <ul><li>friends </li></ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul><ul><li>experts </li></ul>Users and thinking http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/briefingpapers/2010/bpdigitalinfoseekerv1
  14. 14. <ul><li>authoritative </li></ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul><ul><li>communal </li></ul>Users and wisdom http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/briefingpapers/2010/bpdigitalinfoseekerv1
  15. 15. <ul><li>essay </li></ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul><ul><li>blog </li></ul>Users and expression http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/briefingpapers/2010/bpdigitalinfoseekerv1
  16. 16. <ul><li>delivery </li></ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul><ul><li>discovery </li></ul>Users and finding stuff http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/briefingpapers/2010/bpdigitalinfoseekerv1
  17. 17. <ul><li>praise </li></ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul><ul><li>criticise </li></ul>Users and opinion http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/briefingpapers/2010/bpdigitalinfoseekerv1
  18. 18. <ul><li>Experiment Conclusion: </li></ul><ul><li>You are NOT your user! </li></ul><ul><li>The archive of the future must begin to embrace technologies that engage users in any given web situation: </li></ul><ul><li>Go to them wherever they are… </li></ul><ul><li>Work at “Web Scale”, not as a 19 th century established institution. </li></ul><ul><li>Dig into the data you do have – especially user activity data </li></ul><ul><li>Embrace all content available to you – especially user content </li></ul><ul><li>Approaching real time is approaching success. </li></ul><ul><li>Above from ‘Thrive or Survive’ workshop </li></ul>If you are not the user how do you choose technology for users? <ul><li>=SKILL-UP! </li></ul>
  19. 19. Skills for how Archives become &quot;of the web&quot; not just “on it”? JISC Advance JISC TechDis OSS Watch JISC Infokits Strategic Content Alliance (SCA) UKOLN & CETIS Resource Discovery Taskforce
  20. 20. Short term innovation (next 1-3 years) What innovation archives can do for free or with a zero cost spend “ efficient innovation”
  21. 21. <ul><li>Your URLs are the coat hooks by which your organisation can hang future digital content, get the slashes “/” right and your content will be found, e.g. what/is/the/address/on/the/envelop? </li></ul><ul><li>http://linkingyou.blogs.lincoln.ac.uk/ </li></ul>Short term innovation (2-3 years): Build user pathways w/ URIs A ‘Cool URI’ will mean your message will have a chance of finding its user.
  22. 22. <ul><li>Make your website appear 10 years younger! </li></ul><ul><li>http://sca.jiscinvolve.org/wp/2010/01/16/download-new-seo-report-with-case-studies/ / </li></ul><ul><li>Register with Google Webmaster </li></ul><ul><li>Install Google analytics </li></ul><ul><li>Set Google Alerts </li></ul><ul><li>Read all the advice on the web re “SEO” </li></ul><ul><li>Know thy keywords and their placement. </li></ul>Short term innovation (2-3 years): Search Engine Optimisation (SEO)
  23. 23. SEO+ build it and they will come? – Nope, users need to be actively engaged if they are to use a resource The Freeze Frame project went through every UK undergraduate course, identifying which would be interested in their collection of polar images – geology, geography, fashion, health, nutrition, history, etc. ...and tagged them with those keywords accordingly! http://www.freezeframe.ac.uk/
  24. 24. <ul><li>The coolest thing to do with your data will be thought of by someone else... </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/groups/greatwararchive/ </li></ul><ul><li>APIs are now free: </li></ul><ul><li>Flickr </li></ul><ul><li>Google Docs </li></ul><ul><li>CSV via Dropbox </li></ul><ul><li>Delicious </li></ul><ul><li>RSS/ATOM via Blogs and Wikis! </li></ul>Short term innovation (2-3 years): Application Profile Interfaces (APIs) the First World War Poetry Archive asked members of the public to digitise and comment on their own collections – the pool of content and expertise was hugely increased. Plus a whole trench recreated in Second Life
  25. 25. <ul><li>Do you have a strategy for enabling your content to be easily discovered and delivered (i.e. URIs, APIs & SEO), if not check out the Resource Discovery TaskForce (RDTF). </li></ul>http://rdtf.jiscpress.org
  26. 26. <ul><li>PS ‘digitisation’ is a bottomless pit </li></ul>
  27. 27. Medium term innovation (next 3-5 years) What can you do to prepare for when budgets are on the increase?
  28. 28. <ul><li>Building up your community so you can utilise their skills *is* a worthwhile investment. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.digitalnz.org </li></ul><ul><li>Worrying about the metadata later and focusing in on engaging users participation so they both create, modify and consume. </li></ul><ul><li>See also Scottish Wills and Testaments & Australia Newspapers Online. </li></ul>Medium term innovation (3-5 years): Crowdsourcing content
  29. 29. <ul><li>Community is the new Empire Building... </li></ul><ul><li>http://sounds.bl.uk </li></ul><ul><li>The Archival Sound Recordings has over 44,000 audio files on wildlife, oral history, the Holocaust, artist’s testimonies, lectures. Each recording is scrupulously catalogued, so the rights are clearly labelled, and the recordings findable via Google . </li></ul>Medium term innovation (3-5 years): Crowdsourcing metadata
  30. 30. <ul><li>#Locah Project </li></ul><ul><li>http://blogs.ukoln.ac.uk/locah/ </li></ul><ul><li>Exposing Archives Hub Data as LoD </li></ul><ul><li>Creating an EAD to RDF transform (crosswalk model) </li></ul><ul><li>Prototype Demonstrator due July 2011 </li></ul>Medium term innovation (3-5 years): Linkeddata
  31. 31. +Linked Data... Real world experimentation in doing the full “5 Stars of Linkeddata”: Library & Archives Data, Humanities Data, Music Data, Geography Data & Science Data http://code.google.com/p/jiscexpo/
  32. 32. <ul><li>PS ‘digitisation’ is a bottomless pit </li></ul>
  33. 33. Long term innovation (next 5-10 years) What disruptive innovation is going to change everything all over again!?
  34. 34. <ul><li>Lorum ipsum doler </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2007/03/10/business/11archive.chart.ready.html </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritisation... </li></ul><ul><li>Cost options... </li></ul><ul><li>... </li></ul>Long term innovation (5-10 years): Why is Digitisation a Bottomless Pit?
  35. 35. <ul><li>The biggest problem with the web at the moment is that there is no way to know the spacetime context of the things you are looking at... </li></ul><ul><li>Spacetime Camp </li></ul><ul><li>Geospatial Working Group (GWG) </li></ul><ul><li>Geospatial Programme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>12 Projects (8 months – Products in Nov 2011) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>£1 million investment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>#jiscGECO Community </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://code.google.com/p/jiscgeo </li></ul>Long term innovation (5-10 years): Are there constants in an ever changing world?
  36. 36. <ul><li>In a world where change is constant the only way to not continually loose the capability of reusing content due to near sighted licensing is by licensing it as open. </li></ul><ul><li>The Open Agenda: </li></ul><ul><li>Open Social Scholarship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Bibliography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Citation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Bibliogrpahy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open Education Resources (OER) </li></ul>Long term innovation (5-10 years): Open as a business model for change?
  37. 37. <ul><li>Augmented Reality </li></ul><ul><li>3D Printing </li></ul>Long term innovation (5-10 years): Are you ready for the next change? #streetmuseum #reprap #pif3D
  38. 38. In Summary... Ok what should I remember about this presentation?
  39. 39. <ul><li>Now : put your data on the web using “hooks” (URIs, APIs, SEO) </li></ul><ul><li>Soon : create community, link your data and license everything! </li></ul><ul><li>Anon : invest in skills that enable you to work with your user so you will choose the right technologies . </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation can be the most productive thing you do during times of economic down turn. </li></ul><ul><li>Subscribe to JISCs Funding Roadmap! </li></ul>
  40. 40. Questions? @dfflanders Google: “David F. Flanders”

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