<ul><li>Visit of the Secretary of State for International Development  </li></ul><ul><li>to the  </li></ul><ul><li>Institu...
<ul><li>How IDS Makes a Difference </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Growth and Local Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change...
How IDS Makes a Difference Relevance  + Quality  + Engagement  =  Impact This means Asking the right questions Using cutti...
How IDS Makes a Difference Relevance  + Quality  + Engagement  =  Impact This means Asking the right questions Using cutti...
<ul><li>Local Governance and  </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Neil McCulloch and Hubert Schmitz </li><...
Growth varies dramatically  within  countries
The Political Economy of Local Investment <ul><li>Much donor effort focuses on creating transparent and impartial rules--p...
<ul><li>Key   Findings </li></ul><ul><li>Large variations in the quality of economic governance at the local level </li></...
Does local governance drive local growth? <ul><li>Variations in local growth rates matter because we want growth to be inc...
Measuring the quality of local economic governance  – the TAF Economic Governance Index
Climate Change and Development Tom Mitchell
Climate Change and Development Centre <ul><li>40+ researchers and knowledge sharing experts  </li></ul><ul><li>Research ex...
Social Protection to help Adaptation to Climate Change <ul><li>Climate change community has not considered social protecti...
What is Adaptive Social Protection? <ul><li>Focus on </li></ul><ul><li>people, regions, sectors vulnerable to climate chan...
The Management of Insecurity and Conflict Anna Schmidt David Leonard
Participation in overseas peacekeeping promotes domestic Security Sector Reform <ul><li>Overseas participation of African ...
Elections and Youth Violence: always with us? <ul><li>Electoral violence by young unemployed males has been a problem in A...
Leveraging humanitarian norms for improved global governance <ul><li>Global standards setting on refugees and IDPs increas...
tasks and organisations in Kibondo, Tanzania Methodology: Networks as the real policy environment
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

IDS Presentation to Secretary of State for International Development

1,048 views
1,014 views

Published on

Douglas Alexander MP, Secretary of State for International Development visited IDS on the 23 October. This was the presentation by IDS Researchers.

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,048
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • enrich the quantitative analysis with further analysis of the political economy of investment to identify what types of governance frameworks create the right incentives for private investment e.g. in compare Vietnam and Indonesia
  • We are keen to: use the Asia Foundation’s remarkable new data to explore quantitatively the link between sub-national governance and growth 2. extend the Economic Governance Index to Africa
  • Hiliary Benn announced launch of the Climate Change and Development Centre at Sussex in his visit earlier this year Centre draws together people from across IDS and University of Sussex around 5 core areas: Low Carbon Growth, Intl Climate Policy, Poverty/Adaptation, Knowledge Sharing, Capacity Building. Development expertise on climate change problems (40 people working directly on CC) Work on research in partnership with Southern Civil Society and research organisation – currently work going on in India, China, Bang, Philippines, Malawi, El Salvador, Brazil, Niger, Indonesia, African KS Network for the CCAA programme Multi-track research – longer term empirical and shorter-term policy analysis New Bulletin Launched ‘Poverty in a Changing Climate’ – intl. development focus – key part of bulletin on SP (chapters from NGOs/DFID – see Tamsin chapter).
  • Work funded by DFID – from SP and RNRAT teams Adaptive social protection – term coined by IDS researchers. Already presented to DFID, Swedish Commission on CC, to the DAC (OECD) Work initiated by linking “climate change and development centre” to the “centre for social protection” – only place in world where this sort of expertise is together in same research organization Important because countries will be responsible to spending their adaptation finance money. Follow-up planned with DFID staff in 10 days to decide next steps: International workshop, more dedicated country studies, increasing visibility of SP in climate change negotiations
  • Work funded by DFID – from SP and RNRAT teams Adaptive social protection – term coined by IDS researchers. Already presented to DFID, Swedish Commission on CC, to the DAC (OECD) Work initiated by linking “climate change and development centre” to the “centre for social protection” – only place in world where this sort of expertise is together in same research organization Important because countries will be responsible to spending their adaptation finance money. Follow-up planned with DFID staff in 10 days to decide next steps: International workshop, more dedicated country studies, increasing visibility of SP in climate change negotiations
  • The following graphs show two district-level networks in which actors are linked to the range of both functional (‘water’, ‘health’) and normative (‘human rights’, ‘development’) tasks which they saw themselves engaged in (based on survey). this highlights points of task-overlap and convergence (or not) on priorities. image are very different from the formal/contractual division of tasks, suggesting lack of consensus over division of labour, the very identification of tasks and over priorities/goals. The tasks that actors self-identified with differed widely, as did the relative attention given to them. What drives this difference? Even UNHCR offices saw themselves as playing very different roles in different districts, even where these seemed ‘structurally’ similar. To pick an obvious example: in some district the organisations saw themselves involved in Human Rights issues, in others not at all.
  • IDS Presentation to Secretary of State for International Development

    1. 1. <ul><li>Visit of the Secretary of State for International Development </li></ul><ul><li>to the </li></ul><ul><li>Institute of Development Studies </li></ul><ul><li>October 23, 2008 </li></ul>
    2. 2. <ul><li>How IDS Makes a Difference </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Growth and Local Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change and Social Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Management of Insecurity and Conflict </li></ul>Outline
    3. 3. How IDS Makes a Difference Relevance + Quality + Engagement = Impact This means Asking the right questions Using cutting edge methods and data Working with others to bring results to key opportunities Influencing policy, practice and thinking
    4. 4. How IDS Makes a Difference Relevance + Quality + Engagement = Impact This means Asking the right questions Using cutting edge methods and data Working with others to bring results to key opportunities Influencing policy, practice and thinking Examples <ul><li>Global consultations </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki Annual Report </li></ul><ul><li>YouDev &WFP </li></ul><ul><li>Data on quality of local governance </li></ul><ul><li>Global/local data on security </li></ul><ul><li>IPCC and adaptive social protection </li></ul><ul><li>DFID-India and nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Gates and agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Tax, state building and the African Tax Forum </li></ul>Relies on <ul><li>Strong networks with Southern partners </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching and Alumni </li></ul><ul><li>Seed funding for innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to co-fund Research Council grants </li></ul><ul><li>Committed researchers </li></ul><ul><li>World class Knowledge Services & Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to aggregate </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to investigate research impacts </li></ul><ul><li>IDS Impact Audit </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Local Governance and </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Neil McCulloch and Hubert Schmitz </li></ul>
    6. 6. Growth varies dramatically within countries
    7. 7. The Political Economy of Local Investment <ul><li>Much donor effort focuses on creating transparent and impartial rules--property rights, licensing, access to land etc </li></ul><ul><li>But often investment depends on personal connections between senior officials and investors tackling specific problems and risks </li></ul><ul><li>IDS is working with local researchers in Egypt, Pakistan, Indonesia, Brazil and China, to explore the political economy of investment through the DFID funded Public Action and Private Investment program </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Key Findings </li></ul><ul><li>Large variations in the quality of economic governance at the local level </li></ul><ul><li>Building a coalition of interest between key public and private sector actors is key to boosting investment </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing uncertainty matters more than reducing costs </li></ul><ul><li>Implications for DFID </li></ul><ul><li>Focus capacity building efforts on bringing the worst performing regions up to the standard of their peers </li></ul><ul><li>Support frameworks that encourage constructive public-private relations </li></ul><ul><li>Pragmatism to build trust rather than ‘best practice’ reform </li></ul>
    9. 9. Does local governance drive local growth? <ul><li>Variations in local growth rates matter because we want growth to be inclusive </li></ul><ul><li>Growth variation is not just driven by differences in natural resources, location, population etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Do variations in the quality of local governance explain the variations in local growth? </li></ul><ul><li>Measure the quality of local economic governance at the sub-national level. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Measuring the quality of local economic governance – the TAF Economic Governance Index
    11. 11. Climate Change and Development Tom Mitchell
    12. 12. Climate Change and Development Centre <ul><li>40+ researchers and knowledge sharing experts </li></ul><ul><li>Research expertise on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low carbon growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intl climate policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty and adaptation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development perspectives to climate change problems </li></ul><ul><li>Centre embedded with research, policy & civil society networks in BRICs and LICs </li></ul><ul><li>World class knowledge services </li></ul>
    13. 13. Social Protection to help Adaptation to Climate Change <ul><li>Climate change community has not considered social protection as insufficient focus on social dimensions and differentiated nature of adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Social protection generally reactive and insufficient focus on longer-term transformational approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Social protection designed to protect, promote and transform livelihoods can help people adapt to climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Without considering climate change, social protection programmes will not address the multiple risk and vulnerabilities the poor and excluded face </li></ul>
    14. 14. What is Adaptive Social Protection? <ul><li>Focus on </li></ul><ul><li>people, regions, sectors vulnerable to climate change </li></ul><ul><li>promoting asset mixes that increase adaptive capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Weather-indexed insurance (payouts on thresholds) </li></ul><ul><li>Asset transfers based on replacement/diversification (ducks for hens, seed fairs) </li></ul><ul><li>Further research needed on what works and improved understanding of the policy process around implementation </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    15. 15. The Management of Insecurity and Conflict Anna Schmidt David Leonard
    16. 16. Participation in overseas peacekeeping promotes domestic Security Sector Reform <ul><li>Overseas participation of African forces in peacekeeping missions and training contributes to the democratization of African security apparatuses in their domestic roles </li></ul><ul><li>Peacekeeping positively influences </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The relationships between the state, civil society and military agencies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Officer and soldier behaviour </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The organisational structure of the military </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The ways the military is funded </li></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Elections and Youth Violence: always with us? <ul><li>Electoral violence by young unemployed males has been a problem in Africa for 60 years </li></ul><ul><li>There is an urgent need to promote methods of conducting and managing conflict that do not involve the current bi-modal choices of doing nothing or fighting about it </li></ul><ul><li>It also is time to revisit the employment generating development strategies pioneered in the early 1970s to deal with this same set of problems </li></ul>
    18. 18. Leveraging humanitarian norms for improved global governance <ul><li>Global standards setting on refugees and IDPs increase the leverage of implementation networks of NGO and Government actors </li></ul><ul><li>If not recognised  policy failure (e.g. refugee security) </li></ul><ul><li>If recognised  leverage to strengthen relational networks (e.g.info re IDP abuse) </li></ul><ul><li>If leveraged  stronger forms of global governance (e.g. address UN cluster reform) </li></ul>
    19. 19. tasks and organisations in Kibondo, Tanzania Methodology: Networks as the real policy environment

    ×