Introduction To Facebook
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Introduction To Facebook Document Transcript

  • 1. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion TEAM SUPREMACY INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK A beginner's guide | Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan Jamal, Nick Dhillion 1
  • 2. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion Table of Contents Attribution ............................................................................................................................ 4 Our Contribution ................................................................................................................... 4 Wikipeda ............................................................................................................................... 5 Creative Commons ................................................................................................................ 5 Facebook ................................................................................................................................... 6 Facemash .............................................................................................................................. 6 The Facebook ........................................................................................................................ 7 Financials............................................................................................................................... 8 Website ............................................................................................................................... 10 Interface evolution.............................................................................................................. 11 Facebook Lite ...................................................................................................................... 11 Features .............................................................................................................................. 11 Platform .............................................................................................................................. 13 iPhone App .......................................................................................................................... 15 Downtime and outages ....................................................................................................... 15 Reception ............................................................................................................................ 16 Use by courts ...................................................................................................................... 16 Criticism .............................................................................................................................. 17 Children under 13 ............................................................................................................... 17 First local cases ................................................................................................................... 17 Banned by governments ..................................................................................................... 17 Africa and Middle East ........................................................................................................ 18 Far east................................................................................................................................ 18 Beacon ................................................................................................................................ 18 Privacy ................................................................................................................................. 19 Teen suicide and relationships ........................................................................................... 20 Pro-mafia groups' case........................................................................................................ 20 Phishing ............................................................................................................................... 20 Holocaust denial groups ..................................................................................................... 20 Lamebook............................................................................................................................ 21 2
  • 3. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion Litigation ............................................................................................................................. 21 ConnectU ........................................................................................................................ 21 StudiVZ ................................................................................................................................ 21 Grant Raphael ..................................................................................................................... 22 Adam Guerbuez .................................................................................................................. 23 Alessandro Del Piero ........................................................................................................... 23 Jack Thompson.................................................................................................................... 23 3
  • 4. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion Attribution All the content in this report, except for the Top Web Links section is from Wikipedia, licensed under the Creative Commons Share-Alike 3.0 Unported License (see below for an overview of both Wikipedia and the Creative Commons). The following picture shows the full license below (it is also set up as a hyperlink to the original web source for this license). (Figure 1 – Wikipedia Creative Commons License, 2009) Our Contribution We have attempted to add extra value to the content by structuring it in an easy to read, business report format and to add an informative “Top Web Links” section. We have also added an index to help you find what you are looking for. We hope you find it useful and worth the $1 purchase price. We have prepared this report as part of a MS Word 2007 4
  • 5. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion assignment for BSYS 1000 – Computer Applications I that we are taking at the British Columbia Institute of Technology (BCIT). All proceeds will go to student clubs within the School of Business at BCIT. Wikipeda Wikipedia is a multilingual, Web-based, free-content encyclopedia project based mostly on anonymous contributions. The name “Wikipedia” is a portmanteau of the words wiki (a type of collaborative Web site) and encyclopedia. Wikipedia’s articles provide links to guide the user to related pages with additional information. Wikipedia is written collaboratively by an international (and mostly anonymous) group of volunteers. Anyone with internet access can write and make changes to Wikipedia articles. There are no requirements to provide one’s real name when contributing; rather, each writer’s privacy is protected unless they choose to reveal their identity themselves. Since its creation in 2001, Wikipedia has grown rapidly into one of the largest reference web sites, attracting around 65 million visitors monthly as of 2009. There are more than 75,000 active contributors working on more than 14,000,000 articles in more than 260 languages. As of today, there are 3,062,069 articles in English. Every day, hundreds of thousands of visitors from around the world collectively make tens of thousands of edits and create thousands of new articles to augment the knowledge held by the Wikipedia encyclopedia. (See also: Wikipedia:Statistics.) Creative Commons Creative Commons (CC) is a non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share. The organization has released several copyright-licenses known as Creative Commons licenses. These licenses allow creators to communicate which rights they reserve, and which rights they waive for the benefit of recipients or other creators. 5
  • 6. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion Facebook Facebook is a global social networking website that is operated and privately owned by Facebook, Inc.[1] Users can add friends and send them messages, and update their personal profiles to notify friends about themselves. Additionally, users can join networks organized by city, workplace, school, and region. The website's name stems from the colloquial name of books given at the start of the academic year by university administrations with the intention of helping students get to know each other better. Mark Zuckerberg founded Facebook with his college roommates and fellow computer science students Eduardo Saverin, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes while he was a student at Harvard University.[5] The website's membership was initially limited to Harvard students, but was expanded to other colleges in the Boston area, the Ivy League, and Stanford University. It later expanded further to include any university student, then high school students, and, finally, to anyone aged 13 and over. The website currently has more than 300 million active users worldwide.[6] Facebook has met with some controversy. It has been blocked intermittently in several countries including Syria,[7] China[8] and Iran,[9] although Iran later unblocked Facebook in 2009. It has also been banned at many places of work to discourage employees from wasting time using the service.[10] Privacy has also been an issue, and it has been compromised several times. Facebook is also facing several lawsuits from a number of Zuckerberg's former classmates, who claim that Facebook had stolen their source code and other intellectual property. A January 2009 Compete.com study has ranked Facebook as the most used social network by worldwide monthly active users, followed by MySpace.[11] Facemash The advent of Facebook came about as a spin-off of a Harvard University version of Hot or Not called Facemash.[12] Mark Zuckerberg, while attending Harvard as a sophomore, concocted Facemash on October 28, 2003. That night, Zuckerberg was blogging about a girl who had dumped him and trying to think of something to do to get her off his mind:[13][14][15] 6
  • 7. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion I'm a little intoxicated, not gonna lie. So what if it's not even 10 p.m. and it's a Tuesday night? What? The Kirkland [dorm] facebook is open on my desktop and some of these people have pretty horrendous facebook pics. I almost want to put some of these faces next to pictures of farm animals and have people vote on which is more attractive. —9:48 pm Yea, it's on. I'm not exactly sure how the farm animals are going to fit into this whole thing (you can't really ever be sure with farm animals . . .), but I like the idea of comparing two people together. —11:09 pm Let the hacking begin. —12:58 am According to The Harvard Crimson, Facemash "used photos compiled from the online facebooks of nine Houses, placing two next to each other at a time and asking users to choose the 'hotter' person." To accomplish this, Zuckerberg hacked into the protected areas of Harvard's computer network and copied the houses' private dormitory ID images. "Perhaps Harvard will squelch it for legal reasons without realizing its value as a venture that could possibly be expanded to other schools (maybe even ones with good-looking people ... )," Zuckerberg wrote in his personal blog. "But one thing is certain, and it’s that I’m a jerk for making this site. Oh well. Someone had to do it eventually ... "[16] The site was quickly forwarded to several campus group list-servers but was shut down a few days later by the Harvard administration. Zuckerberg was charged by the administration with breach of security, violating copyrights and violating individual privacy and faced expulsion, but ultimately the charges were dropped.[17] The Facebook The Facebook on February 12, 2004The following semester, Zuckerberg began writing code for a new website in January 2004. He was inspired, he said, by an editorial in The Harvard Crimson about the Facemash incident. "It is clear that the technology needed to create a centralized Website is readily available," the paper observed. "The benefits are many."[13] On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg launched The Facebook, originally located at thefacebook.com.*18+ “Everyone’s been talking a lot about a universal face book within Harvard,” Zuckerberg told The Harvard Crimson. “I think it’s kind of silly that it would take the University a couple of years to get around to it. I can do it better than they can, and I can 7
  • 8. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion do it in a week.”*19+ "When Mark finished the site, he told a couple of friends. And then one of them suggested putting it on the Kirkland House online mailing list, which was, like, three hundred people," according to roommate Dustin Moskovitz. "And, once they did that, several dozen people joined, and then they were telling people at the other houses. By the end of the night, we were, like, actively watching the registration process. Within twenty- four hours, we had somewhere between twelve hundred and fifteen hundred registrants."[20] Membership was initially restricted to students of Harvard College, and within the first month, more than half the undergraduate population at Harvard was registered on the service.[21] Eduardo Saverin (business aspects), Dustin Moskovitz (programmer), Andrew McCollum (graphic artist), and Chris Hughes soon joined Zuckerberg to help promote the website. In March 2004, Facebook expanded to Stanford, Columbia, and Yale.[22] This expansion continued when it opened to all Ivy League and Boston area schools, and gradually most universities in Canada and the United States.[23] Facebook incorporated in the summer of 2004 and the entrepreneur Sean Parker, who had been informally advising Zuckerberg, became the company's president.[24] In June 2004, Facebook moved its base of operations to Palo Alto, California.[22] The company dropped The from its name after purchasing the domain name facebook.com in 2005 for $200,000.[25] Facebook launched a high school version in September 2005, which Zuckerberg called the next logical step.[26] At that time, high school networks required an invitation to join.[27] Facebook later expanded membership eligibility to employees of several companies, including Apple Inc. and Microsoft.[28] Facebook was then opened on September 26, 2006 to everyone of ages 13 and older with a valid e-mail address.[29][30] In October 2008, Facebook announced that it was to set up its international headquarters in Dublin, Ireland.[31] Financials Entrance to Facebook's current headquarters in the Stanford Research Park, Palo Alto, California Another view of Facebook's current headquartersFacebook received its first investment of US$500,000 in June 2004 from PayPal co-founder Peter Thiel.[32] This was followed a year later by $12.7 million in venture capital from Accel Partners, and then $27.5 million more 8
  • 9. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion from Greylock Partners.[32][33] A leaked cash flow statement showed that during the 2005 fiscal year, Facebook had a net loss of $3.63 million.[34] With the sale of social networking website MySpace to News Corp on July 19, 2005, rumors surfaced about the possible sale of Facebook to a larger media company.[35] Zuckerberg had already said he did not want to sell the company, and denied rumors to the contrary.[36] On March 28, 2006, BusinessWeek reported that a potential acquisition of Facebook was under negotiation. Facebook reportedly declined an offer of $750 million from an unknown bidder, and it was rumored the asking price rose as high as $2 billion.[37] In September 2006, serious talks between Facebook and Yahoo! took place concerning acquisition of Facebook, with prices reaching as high as $1 billion.[38] Thiel, by then a board member of Facebook, indicated that Facebook's internal valuation was around $8 billion based on their projected revenues of $1 billion by 2015, comparable to Viacom's MTV brand, a company with a shared target demographic audience.[39] On July 17, 2007, Zuckerberg said that selling Facebook was unlikely because he wanted to keep it independent, saying "We're not really looking to sell the company... We're not looking to IPO anytime soon. It's just not the core focus of the company."[40] In September 2007, Microsoft approached Facebook, proposing an investment in return for a 5% stake in the company, offering an estimated $300–500 million.[41] That month, other companies, including Google, expressed interest in buying a portion of Facebook.[42] On October 24, 2007 Microsoft announced that it had purchased a 1.6% share of Facebook for $240 million, giving Facebook a total implied value of around $15 billion.[43] However, Microsoft bought preferred stock that carried special rights, such as "liquidation preferences" that meant Microsoft would get paid before common stockholders if the company is sold. Microsoft's purchase also included rights to place international ads on Facebook.[44] In November 2007, Hong Kong billionaire Li Ka-shing invested $60 million in Facebook.[45] 9
  • 10. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion In August 2008, BusinessWeek reported that private sales by employees, as well as purchases by venture capital firms, had and were being done at share prices that put the company's total valuation at between $3.75 billion and $5 billion.[44] In October 2008, Zuckerberg said "I don't think social networks can be monetized in the same way that search did... In three years from now we have to figure out what the optimum model is. But that is not our primary focus today."[46] In August 2009 Facebook acquired social media real-time news aggregator FriendFeed,[47] a startup created by the former Google employee and Gmail's first engineer Paul Buchheit who, while at Google, coined the phrase "Don't be evil".[48][49][50] In September 2009, Facebook claimed that it had turned cash flow positive for the first time.[51] Website Facebook's homepage features a login form on the top right for existing users and a registration form directly underneath for new visitors.Users can join and create up to 200 groups according to their interests or areas of expertise.[52] It will appear in the search results of Facebook if the group is on public.[53] Users can choose fan pages according to their interests to connect and interact with other strangers.[54] Users can set their profiles on private so as to prevent acquaintances from contacting them. Users can also set their profiles on public.[55] This allows close friends to send messages and add the user as a friend. It lets users update their personal profiles to notify their close friends about themselves. They can also join networks organized by city, workplace, school, and region to connect and interact with their close friends.[56] Public profiles also allow any stranger or acquaintance to contact the user which results in lack of privacy. Public profiles can be blocked by any user but private profiles cannot. 10
  • 11. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion The website is free to users and generates revenue from advertising including banner ads.[57] Users can create profiles including photos and lists of personal interests, exchange private or public messages, and join groups of friends.[58] By default, the viewing of detailed profile data is restricted to users from the same network and "reasonable community limitations".[59] Microsoft is Facebook's exclusive partner for serving banner advertising,[60] and as such Facebook only serves advertisements that exist in Microsoft's advertisement inventory. According to comScore, an internet marketing research company, Facebook collects as much data from its visitors as Google and Microsoft, but considerably less than Yahoo!.[61] Interface evolution (The) Facebook profile circa 2004–2005. Facebook profile circa 2006. Facebook profile circa 2007. Facebook Lite circa 2009. Facebook Lite In August 2009, Facebook announced the rollout of a "lite" version of the site, optimized for users on slower or intermittent internet connections. Facebook Lite offered fewer services, excluded most third-party applications and required less bandwidth.[62] A beta version of the slimmed-down interface was released first to invited testers,[63] before a broader rollout across users in the USA, Canada, and India.[62] Features Main article: Facebook features The media often compare Facebook to MySpace, but one significant difference between the two websites is the level of customization.[64] MySpace allows users to decorate their profiles using HTML and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), while Facebook only allows plain text.[65] 11
  • 12. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion Facebook has a number of features with which users may interact. They include the Wall, a space on every user's profile page that allows friends to post messages for the user to see,[66] Pokes, which allows users to send a virtual "poke" to each other (a notification then tells a user that they have been poked),[67] Photos, where users can upload albums and photos,[68] and Status, which allows users to inform their friends of their whereabouts and actions.[69] A user's Wall is visible to anyone who is able to see that user's profile, depending on privacy settings. In July 2007, Facebook began allowing users to post attachments to the Wall, whereas the Wall was previously limited to textual content only.[66] Over time, Facebook has added several new features to its website. On September 6, 2006, a News Feed was announced, which appears on every user's homepage and highlights information including profile changes, upcoming events, and birthdays of the user's friends.[70] Initially, the News Feed caused dissatisfaction among Facebook users; some complained it was too cluttered and full of undesired information, while others were concerned it made it too easy for other people to track down individual activities (such as changes in relationship status, events, and conversations with other users).[71] In response to this dissatisfaction, Zuckerberg issued an apology for the site's failure to include appropriate customizable privacy features. Since then, users have been able to control what types of information are shared automatically with friends. Users are now able to prevent friends from seeing updates about certain types of activities, including profile changes, Wall posts, and newly added friends.[72] One of the most popular applications on Facebook is the Photos application, where users can upload albums and photos.[73] Facebook allows users to upload an unlimited number of photos, compared with other image hosting services such as Photobucket and Flickr, which apply limits to the number of photos that a user is allowed to upload. In the past, all users were limited to 60 photos per album. However, some users report that they are able to create albums with a new limit of 200 photos. It remains unclear why some members have a 200-photo limit while others do not.[74][75][76] Privacy settings can be set for individual albums, limiting the groups of users that can see an album. For example, the privacy of an album can be set so that only the user's friends can see the album, while the privacy of another album can be set so that all Facebook users can see it. Another feature of the Photos applications is the ability to "tag", or label users in a photo. For instance, if a photo contains a user's friend, then the user can tag the friend in the photo. This sends a 12
  • 13. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion notification to the friend that they have been tagged, and provides them a link to see the photo.[77] Facebook Notes was introduced on August 22, 2006, a blogging feature that allowed tags and embeddable images. Users were later able to import blogs from Xanga, LiveJournal, Blogger, and other blogging services.[29] During the week of April 7, 2008, Facebook released a Comet-based[78] instant messaging application called "Chat" to several networks,[79] which allows users to communicate with friends and is similar in functionality to desktop-based instant messengers. Facebook launched Gifts on February 8, 2007, which allows users to send virtual gifts to their friends that appear on the recipient's profile. Gifts cost $1.00 each to purchase, and a personalized message can be attached to each gift.[80][81] On May 14, 2007, Facebook launched Marketplace, which lets users post free classified ads.[82] Marketplace has been compared to Craigslist by CNET, which points out that the major difference between the two is that listings posted by a user on Marketplace are only seen by users that are in the same network as that user, whereas listings posted on Craigslist can be seen by anyone.[83] On July 20, 2008, Facebook introduced "Facebook Beta", a significant redesign of its user interface on selected networks. The Mini-Feed and Wall were consolidated, profiles were separated into tabbed sections, and an effort was made to create a "cleaner" look.[84] After initially giving users a choice to switch, Facebook began migrating all users to the new version beginning September, 2008.[85] On December 11, 2008, it was announced that Facebook is testing out a new simpler signup process.[86] On June 13, 2009, Facebook introduced a 'usernames' feature, whereby pages can be linked with simpler URLs such as http://www.facebook.com/facebook, as opposed to http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=20531316728.[87] Platform This article may need to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information, and remove this template when finished. Please see the talk page for more information. 13
  • 14. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion Facebook mobile graphical user interface Facebook's former headquarters in downtown Palo Alto, CaliforniaFacebook launched the Facebook Platform on May 24, 2007, providing a framework for software developers to create applications that interact with core Facebook features.[88][89] A markup language called Facebook Markup Language was introduced simultaneously; it is used to customize the "look and feel" of applications that developers create. Using the Platform, Facebook launched several new applications,[88][89] including Gifts, allowing users to send virtual gifts to each other, Marketplace, allowing users to post free classified ads, Events, giving users a method of informing their friends about upcoming events, and Video, letting users share homemade videos with one another.[90][91] Applications that have been created on the Platform include chess and Scrabble, which both allow users to play games with their friends.[92][93] These games are asynchronous, meaning that a user's moves are saved on the website, allowing the next move to be made at any time rather than immediately after the previous move.[94] By November 3, 2007, seven thousand applications had been developed on the Facebook Platform, with another hundred created every day.[95] By the second annual f8 developers conference on July 23, 2008, the number of applications had grown to 33,000,[96] and the number of registered developers had exceeded 400,000.[97] Within a few months of launching the Facebook Platform, issues arose regarding "application spam", which involves Facebook applications "spamming" users to request it be installed.[98] Application spam has been considered one of the possible causes to the drop in visitors to Facebook starting from the beginning of 2008, when its growth had fallen from December 2007 to January 2008, its first drop since its launch in 2004. Facebook Connect was announced for the Xbox 360 and Nintendo DSi on June 1 at E3.[99] 14
  • 15. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion iPhone App The Facebook iPhone website was launched August 2007 and as of July 2008 over 1.5 million people use it regularly.[100] A free application for the iPhone and iPod Touch named "Facebook for iPhone" was launched July 2008.[100] Version 2.0 of this app was released in September 2008 and featured improved services such as being able to respond to friend requests and notifications.[101] Version 3.0 was released in August 2009 and added features such as events, and uploading video with a iPhone 3GS.[102] Facebook on other devices Many new smartphones offer access to the Facebook services either through their web- browsers or applications. Nokia offers a facebook app on its Ovi Store for Nokia S60 devices such as the N97 and contains most of the functionality of the full website.[103] Google's Android OS does not as yet have an official Facebook application due to apparent disputes between the two companies.[104] However, "wrapper" applications such as fBook were introduced, although these ran as an enhanced version of the mobile website.[105] Eventually, some third party applications such as Bloo and Blabber were created. These supported Facebook natively using the Facebook API.[106] RIM also offer a Facebook application for their BlackBerry device range. It offers a range of functions, including an ability to integrate Facebook events into the BlackBerry calendar, and using Facebook profile pictures for Caller ID.[107] Downtime and outages Facebook has had a number of outages and downtime large enough to draw some media attention. A 2007 outage resulted in a security hole that enabled some users to read other users' personal mail.[108] In 2008, the site was inaccessible for about a day, from many locations in many countries.[109] In spite of these occurrences, a report issued by Pingdom found that Facebook had less downtime in 2008 than most social networking websites.[110] On September 16, 2009, Facebook started having major problems with loading when people signed in. On September 18, 2009, Facebook went down for the second time in 2009, the first time being when a group of hackers were deliberately trying to drown out a political speaker who had social networking problems from continuously speaking against the Iranian election results.[citation needed] In October 2009, an unspecified number of Facebook users were unable to access their accounts for over three weeks.[111][112][113][114][115] 15
  • 16. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion Reception According to comScore, Facebook is the leading social networking site based on monthly unique visitors, having overtaken main competitor MySpace in April 2008.[116] ComScore reports that Facebook attracted 132.1 million unique visitors in June 2008, compared to MySpace, which attracted 117.6 million.[117] According to Alexa, the website's ranking among all websites increased from 60th to 7th in terms of worldwide traffic, from September 2006 to September 2007, and is currently 2nd.[118] Quantcast ranks the website 4th in the U.S. in terms of traffic,[119] and Compete.com ranks it 2nd in the U.S.[120] The website is the most popular for uploading photos, with 14 million uploaded daily.[121] Facebook is the most popular social networking site in several English-speaking countries, including Canada[122] the United Kingdom,[123] and the United States.[124][125][126][127] The website has won awards such as placement into the "Top 100 Classic Websites" by PC Magazine in 2007,[128] and winning the "People's Voice Award" from the Webby Awards in 2008.[129] In a 2006 study conducted by Student Monitor, a New Jersey-based company specializing in research concerning the college student market, Facebook was named the second most popular thing among undergraduates, tied with beer and only ranked lower than the iPod.[130] By 2005, the use of Facebook had already become so ubiquitous that the generic verb "facebooking" had come into use to describe the process of browsing others' profiles or updating one's own.[131] Use by courts In December 2008, the Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory ruled that Facebook is a valid protocol to serve court notices to defendants. It is believed to be the world's first legal judgement that defines a summons posted on Facebook as legally binding.[132] In March 2009, the New Zealand High Court associate justice David Glendall allowed for the serving of legal papers on Craig Axe by the company Axe Market Garden via Facebook.[133] 16
  • 17. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion Criticism Main article: Criticism of Facebook See also: Use of social network websites in investigations Facebook has met with some controversy over the past few years. Children under 13 Facebook does not actively enforce the age limit resulting in children under the age of 13 to use it.[134] It has raised concerns in regard to the safety of children.[135] First local cases In October 2005, the University of New Mexico blocked access to Facebook from its campus computers and networks.[136] It cited a violation of the university's Acceptable Use Policy for abusing computer resources as the reason, stating the website forces use of the university's credentials for activity not related to the university. The school later unblocked Facebook after the website rectified the situation by displaying a notice on the login page stating the credentials used on the website are separate from the ones used for their school accounts.[137] The Ontario government also blocked access to Facebook for its employees in May 2007, stating the website was "not directly related to the workplace".[138] On January 1, 2008, a memorial group on Facebook posted the identity of murdered Toronto teenager Stefanie Rengel, whose family had not yet given the Toronto Police Service their consent to release her name to the media, as well as the identities of her accused killers (Melissa Todorovic[139] and D.B.) — despite the fact that under Canada's Youth Criminal Justice Act, it is illegal to publish the name of an underage criminal.[140] While police and Facebook staff attempted to comply with the privacy regulations by deleting posts mentioning her name, they noted it was difficult to effectively police individual users who repeatedly republished the deleted information.[141] Banned by governments Due to the open nature of Facebook, several countries have banned access to it including Syria,[142] China[8] and Iran.[143] 17
  • 18. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion Africa and Middle East The Syrian government cited the ban was on the premise that the website promoted attacks on authorities.[142][144] The government also feared Israeli infiltration of Syrian social networks on Facebook.[142] Facebook was also used by Syrian citizens to criticize the government, and public criticism of the Syrian government is punishable by imprisonment.[142] On February 5, 2008, Fouad Mourtada, a citizen of Morocco, was arrested for the alleged creation of a faked Facebook profile of Prince Moulay Rachid of Morocco.[145][146][147][148][149][150][151] In Iran, the website was banned because of fears that opposition movements were being organized on the website; although access has since been reinstated.[143] Far east In China, Facebook was blocked following the July 2009 Ürümqi riots.[8] Huanqi.com had asserted that "Xinjiang Independence" activists were using Facebook as part of their communications network.[152] Beacon Main article: Facebook Beacon Facebook announced Facebook Beacon on November 7, 2007, a marketing initiative that allows websites to publish a user's activities to their Facebook profile as "Social Ads" and promote products.[153] When launching Beacon, Facebook stated "no personally identifiable information is shared with an advertiser in creating a Social Ad", and that "Facebook users will only see Social Ads to the extent their friends are sharing information with them."[154] After Facebook was criticized for collecting more user information for advertisers than was previously stated, Zuckerberg publicly apologized on December 5, 2007 for the way Facebook launched Beacon, saying, "The problem with our initial approach of making it an opt-out system instead of opt-in was that if someone forgot to decline to share something, Beacon still went ahead and shared it with their friends."[155][156] 18
  • 19. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion Privacy Several concerns have emerged regarding the use of Facebook as a means of surveillance and data mining.[157] Two MIT students were able to download over 70,000 Facebook profiles from four schools (MIT, New York University, the University of Oklahoma, and Harvard University) using an automated shell script, as part of a research project on Facebook privacy published on December 14, 2005.[158] The possibility of data mining remains open, as evidenced in May 2008, when the BBC technology program "Click" demonstrated that personal details of Facebook users and their friends could be stolen by submitting malicious applications.[159] Privacy proponents have criticized the site's privacy agreement, which states: "We may use information about you that we collect from other sources, including but not limited to newspapers and Internet sources such as blogs, instant messaging services, Facebook Platform developers and other users of Facebook, to supplement your profile."[160] Another clause that received criticism concerned Facebook's right to sell a user's data to private companies, stating: "We may share your information with third parties, including responsible companies with which we have a relationship."[161] This concern was addressed by Facebook spokesman Chris Hughes who said, "Simply put, we have never provided our users' information to third party companies, nor do we intend to."[162] Concerns have also been raised regarding the difficulty of deleting user accounts. Previously, Facebook only allowed users to "deactivate" their accounts so that their profile was no longer visible. However, any information the user had entered into the website and on their profile remained on the website's servers. This outraged many users who wished to remove their accounts permanently, citing reasons such as the inability to erase "embarrassing or overly-personal online profiles from their student days as they entered the job market, for fear employers would locate the profiles".[163] Facebook changed its account deletion policies on February 29, 2008, allowing users to contact the website to request that their accounts be permanently deleted.[164] On May 7, 2009 it was revealed by the New York Times that a bug allowed personal e-mail addresses of Facebook users to be easily accessible. The bug was fixed "within hours of it being reported to us."[165] In July 2009 it came to light that there are concerns by the Canadian Privacy Commission that Facebook is breaching several Canadian privacy laws by not deleting a user's information when their account is deactivated and by giving "confusing or incomplete" information to subscribers. Facebook's Chief Privacy Officer Chris Kelly was quoted as saying 19
  • 20. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion that "[Facebook] was working with the commission to resolve the issues". The CPC have given Facebook 30 days before they make a further review and recommendations. If Facebook do not comply with the Canadian statutes, it is possible that the issue could be taken to the federal courts.[166] Teen suicide and relationships The head of the Roman Catholic Church in England Vincent Nichols placed a warning that Facebook and other social networking sites may lead teens to commit suicide. Nichols warned that social networking sites can damage intimate relationships and leave teenagers without strong social ties.[167] Pro-mafia groups' case In Italy, the discovery of pro-mafia groups[168] caused an alert in the country[169][170][171] and brought the government, after a short debate,[172] to rapidly issue a law which will force ISPs to deny access to entire sites in case of refused removal of illegal contents; the removal can be requested by a prosecutor in any case there is a suspicion that criminal speech (apology or incitement to crime) is published on a website. The amendment was passed by the Senate on February 5, 2008, and now needs to be passed unchanged[173] by the Chamber of Deputies to become immediately effective. Facebook and other websites, Google included,[174] criticized the amendment emphasizing the eventual effects on the freedom of speech of those users who do not violate any law. Phishing In May 2009, Facebook users all over the world suffered a massive phishing campaign, launched by Russian hackers from servers in Latvia and China, that led to thousands of accounts being hijacked.[175] Facebook was criticized for its late reaction to this issue and the fact that initially it merely tried to block the attack, rather than notifying users of the situation. Holocaust denial groups JIDF, an activist group fighting Antisemitism, has criticized Facebook for condoning and hosting Holocaust denial groups on its network, which are in violation of Facebook TOS. 20
  • 21. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion David Appletree, the founder of JIDF states, “Holocaust denial is hate speech and Antisemitism.”*176+*177+*178+ Prominent technology bloggers are also joining in to criticize Facebook. Brian Cuban, the brother of Mark Cuban, the owner of Dallas Mavericks, in his blog post says, “Holocaust denial is repulsive and ignorant”*179+ and calling Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg to remove the groups.[180] Techcrunch CEO Michael Arrington says that Facebook’s stubbornness on not removing the groups is wrong and offensive.[181] Lamebook In April 2009, two Austin graphic designers created Lamebook which is a blog where Facebook users can submit funny entries from the social networking site. The site averages about a million hits a day.[citation needed] Litigation ConnectU Main article: Criticism of Facebook#Connectu.com lawsuit In 2004 ConnectU, a company founded by classmates of Zuckerberg, filed a lawsuit against Facebook, claiming that Zuckerberg had broken an oral contract for them to build the Facebook site, copied their idea,[182] and used source code that belonged to them.[183][184][185][186] The parties reached a confidential settlement agreement in February 2008.[187] In 2008 they attempted unsuccessfully to rescind the settlement, claiming that Facebook had understated its valuation in connection with its settlement negotiations.[188][189][190][191][192] Despite the confidentiality agreement, a law firm that represented ConnectU inadvertently disclosed the $65 million settlement amount.[193] StudiVZ On 18 July 2008, Facebook sued StudiVZ in a California federal court, alleging that StudiVZ copied its look, feel, features and services. StudiVZ denied the claims, and asked for declaratory judgment at the District Court in Stuttgart, Germany.[194] On 10 September 2009, a settlement was reached resulting in StuioVZ paying an undisclosed sum to Facebook and both companies continuing business as usual.[195] 21
  • 22. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion Grant Raphael 22
  • 23. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion On July 24, 2008 the High Court in London ordered Grant Raphael to pay GBP £22,000 (about USD $43,700 at the then-current exchange rate) for breach of privacy and libel. Raphael had posted a fake Facebook page purporting to be that of a former schoolfriend and business colleague, Mathew Firsht, with whom Raphael had fallen out in 2000. The fake page claimed that Firsht was homosexual and untrustworthy. The case is believed to be the first successful invasion of privacy and defamation verdict against someone over an entry on a social networking site.[196][197][198][199][200][201] Adam Guerbuez Facebook won a lawsuit against Canadian Adam Guerbuez, of Montreal, worth $873 million. Guerbuez had spammed the website with various advertisements including penis enhancements and marijuana. Guerbuez founded Atlantis Blue Capital.[202] Alessandro Del Piero On February 9, 2009 it was reported that Juventus football (soccer) player Alessandro Del Piero was suing Facebook over a fake profile bearing his name that links to Nazi propaganda sites. The Italian footballer was said to be aggrieved that the bogus account, which carries his picture, implies neo-Nazi sympathies. Del Piero stated he's never had a Facebook profile.[203] Jack Thompson See also: Jack Thompson (activist)#Facebook_lawsuit On the 29th of September 2009, Jack Thompson filed a law suit for $40 million against Facebook at U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida. He said that the social networking site had harmed him by not removing angry postings made by Facebook users. He said that several groups caused him great harm and distress.[204] 23
  • 24. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion Table 1‐ Top Web Sources Resources Top Web Source Source URL Video introduction Tool kit http://www.facebook.com/video/video.php?v=1052704311266 To facebook websites An Introduction to Associated http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/1922118/an_introduction_to_facebook_some_of.html Facebook: Some of Content the Best Facebook Articles on AC 10 Key SEO Inside http://www.insidefacebook.com/2009/07/13/seo-facebook-pages-10-key-strategies/ Strategies Every Facebook Facebook Page Owner Should Know Join the Top 5 Planet Green http://planetgreen.discovery.com/work-connect/green-facebook-groups.html Green Facebook Groups Facebook Groups Suite 101 http://www.suite101.com/reference/facebook_groups Facebook Best Slide share http://www.slideshare.net/worksmartemarketing/facebook-best-practices-for-educators- Practices for emarketing-techniques Educators - eMarketing Techniques The Dangers of Medscape http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/585744 Facebook Today The Top 75 Blog Spotlight http://www.spotlightideas.co.uk/?p=1144 Posts Facebook, Ideas LinkedIn, and more. Using Facebook Information http://www.ucalgary.ca/it/help/articles/security/awareness/facebook securely Technologies Reliable source to Rootzoo http://rootzoo.com/articles/view/Poker/General/Facebook-poker-chips---Best-website-to-buy- buy Facebook poker facebook-poker-chips_16937 chips 24
  • 25. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion Index A I T Adam Guerbuez · 23 Alessandro Del Piero · 23 In November 2007, Hong Kong The media often compare billionaire Li Ka-shing Facebook to MySpace, but invested $60 million in one significant difference F Facebook · 10 between the two websites is the level of Facebook · 6 customization.[64] Facebook is a global social J MySpace allows users to networking website that is decorate their profiles using operated and privately Jack Thompson · 23 HTML and Cascading Style owned by Facebook · 6 Sheets (CSS), while Facebook only allows plain M text. · 12 G Membership · 8 Grant Raphael · 23 W Wikipeda · 5 25
  • 26. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion References a b Eldon, Eric. (2008-12-18). "2008 Growth Puts Facebook In Better Position to Make Money". VentureBeat. http://venturebeat.com/2008/12/18/2008-growth-puts-facebook-in- better-position-to-make-money/. Retrieved 2008-12-19. "By The Numbers: Billionaire Bachelors". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/2008/09/16/billionaire-bachelors-single-lists- cx_mm_0916bachelor_slide_11.html?thisSpeed=30000. Retrieved 2008-09-20. "Press Info", Facebook. Retrieved August 31, 2009. "facebook.com - Traffic Details from Alexa". Alexa Internet, Inc. http://www.alexa.com/siteinfo/facebook.com. Retrieved 2009-10-17. "Founder Bios", Facebook. Retrieved July 31, 2009. "Facebook Statistics". Retrieved September 18, 2009. "Red lines that cannot be crossed", The Economist, July 24, 2008. Retrieved August 17, 2008. a b c "China's Facebook Status: Blocked". ABC News. July 8, 2009. http://blogs.abcnews.com/theworldnewser/2009/07/chinas-facebook-status-blocked.html. Retrieved 13 July 2009. Shahi, Afshin. "Iran's Digital War", Daily News Egypt, July 27, 2008. Retrieved August 16, 2008. Benzie, Robert."Facebook banned for Ontario staffers", TheStar.com, May 3, 2007. Retrieved August 16, 2008. Kazeniac, Andy (2009-02-09). "Social Networks: Facebook Takes Over Top Spot, Twitter Climbs". Compete.com. http://blog.compete.com/2009/02/09/facebook-myspace-twitter- social-network/. Retrieved 2009-02-17. Tabak, Alan J. (February 9, 2004). "Hundreds Register for New Facebook Website". Harvard Crimson. http://web.archive.org/web/20050403215543/www.thecrimson.com/article.aspx?ref=3572 92. Retrieved 2008-11-07. a b Hoffman, Claire (2008-06-28). "The Battle for Facebook". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/21129674/the_battle_for_facebook/. Retrieved 2009-02-05. 26
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  • 28. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion Dempsey, Laura (2006-08-03). "Facebook is the go-to Web site for students looking to hook up". Dayton Daily News. Lerer, Lisa (2007-01-25). "Why MySpace Doesn't Card". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/security/2007/01/25/myspace-security-identity-tech-security- cx_ll_0124myspaceage.html. Retrieved 2008-06-13. Lacy, Sarah (2006-09-12). "Facebook: Opening the Doors Wider". BusinessWeek. http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/sep2006/tc20060912_682123.htm?cha n=top+news_top+news+index_technology. Retrieved 2008-03-09. a b Abram, Carolyn (2006-09-26). "Welcome to Facebook, everyone". Facebook. http://blog.facebook.com/blog.php?post=2210227130. Retrieved 2008-03-08. "Terms of Use". Facebook. 2007-11-15. http://www.facebook.com/terms.php. Retrieved 2008-03-05. "Press Releases". Facebook. 2008-11-30. http://www.facebook.com/press/releases.php?p=59042. Retrieved 2008-11-30. a b "Why you should beware of Facebook". The Age. 2008-01-20. http://www.theage.com.au/news/general/beware- facebook/2008/01/18/1200620184398.html?page=fullpage#contentSwap2. Retrieved 2008- 04-30. Teller, Sam (2006-04-25). "Investors Add $25M to Facebook’s Coffers". The Harvard Crimson. Archived from the original on 2006-04-25. http://web.archive.org/web/20070818200839/http://www.thecrimson.com/article.aspx?re f=503336. Retrieved 2008-03-08. "Statement of Cash Flows". 02138. http://www.02138mag.com/asset/1138.html. Retrieved 2008-04-30. "News Corp in $580 m internet buy". BBC News. 2005-07-19. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/4695495.stm. Retrieved 2008-03-07. Zuckerberg, Mark (2006-09-08). "Free Flow of Information on the Internet discussions". Facebook. http://facebook.com/topic.php?uid=2208601394&topic=1841&start=500#post5339. Retrieved 2006-09-13. Rosenbush, Steve (2006-03-28). "Facebook's on the Block". BusinessWeek. http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/mar2006/tc20060327_215976.htm. Retrieved 2006-04-03. 28
  • 29. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion Delaney, Kevin (2006-09-21). "Facebook, Riding a Web Trend, Flirts With a Big-Money Deal". Dow Jones. p. 1. Sullivan, Brian (2006-12-15). "Facebook, Courted By Yahoo, Won't Sell, Director Says (Update3)". Bloomberg L.P.. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601204&sid=aqwoCAVu._zA. Retrieved 2008-04-30. Sakuma, Paul (2007-06-17). "The Future of Facebook". Time. http://www.time.com/time/business/article/0,8599,1644040,00.html. Retrieved 2008-03- 05. Swartz, Jon (2007-10-02). "Tech giants poke around Facebook". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/tech/techinvestor/corporatenews/2007-10-02-facebook- suitors_N.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-30. Delaney, Kevin (2007-09-25). "Microsoft Fires Volley At Google in Ad Battle". The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB119065193646437586.html?mod=hps_us_whats_news. Retrieved 2008-03-05. "Facebook and Microsoft Expand Strategic Alliance". Microsoft. 2007-10-24. http://www.microsoft.com/Presspass/press/2007/oct07/10-24FacebookPR.mspx. Retrieved 2007-11-08. a b "Facebook Stock For Sale". BusinessWeek. http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_33/b4096000952343.htm?chan=rss_ topEmailedStories_ssi_5. Retrieved 2008-08-06. "Li Ka-shing invests 60 million dollars in Facebook: report". Tehran Times. 2007-12-03. http://www.tehrantimes.com/index_View.asp?code=158391. Retrieved 2008-04-30. Peter Kafka (October 10, 2008). "Zuckerberg: Facebook Will Have A Business Plan In Three Years". Silicon Alley Insider. http://www.alleyinsider.com/2008/10/zuckerberg-facebook- will-have-a-business-plan-in-three-years. Facebook Acquires FriendFeed Techcrunch Paul Buchheit on Gmail, AdSense and More Google Blogoscoped Don't Be Evil, a Trigger for Ethical Questions Google Operating System Blog Small Talk with Mr. Paul Buchheit – Creator of Gmail, Adsense & FriendFeed! CrazyEngineers 29
  • 30. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion Facebook 'cash flow positive,' signs 300M users Facebook.com, accessed August 17, 2009 Facebook.com, accessed August 16, 2009 "Fan pages". Facebook. http://www.facebook.com/pages/?browse. Retrieved 2009-06-13. "Search Privacy". Facebook. http://www.facebook.com/privacy/?view=search. Retrieved 2009-06-13. "Facebook—My Account". Facebook. http://www.facebook.com/editaccount.php?networks. Retrieved 2008-03-07. Barton, Zoe (2006-04-28). "Facebook goes corporate". ZDNet. http://news.zdnet.com/2100-9588_22-6066533.html. Retrieved 2008-03-09. "Edit Your Profile". Facebook. http://www.facebook.com/sitetour/profile.php. Retrieved 2008-03-07. "Facebook Principles". Facebook. http://www.facebook.com/policy.php?ref=pf. Retrieved 2009-01-14. "Product Overview FAQ: Facebook Ads". Facebook. http://www.facebook.com/press/faq.php#Facebook+Ads. Retrieved 2008-03-10. Story, Louise (2008-03-10). "To Aim Ads, Web Is Keeping Closer Eye on You". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/10/technology/10privacy.html. Retrieved 2008- 03-09. a b "Facebook slims down to Facebook Lite". BBC. 11 September 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/8249835.stm. Retrieved 12 September 2009. Facebook Lite: The Early Details and Screenshots Stone, Brad (2007-05-25). "Facebook Expands Into MySpace’s Territory". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/25/technology/25social.html. Retrieved 2008-03- 08. Sullivan, Mark (2007-07-24). "Is Facebook the New MySpace?". PC World. http://www.pcworld.com/article/id,134635-c,categories/article.html. Retrieved 2008-04-30. a b Der, Kevin. "Facebook is off-the-wall". Facebook. http://blog.facebook.com/blog.php?post=3532972130. Retrieved 2007-07-30. 30
  • 31. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion "Inbox, Messages and Pokes". Facebook. http://www.facebook.com/help.php?page=20. Retrieved 2008-03-09. "The Facebook Gifts". Facebook. http://blog.facebook.com/blog.php?post=2406207130. Retrieved 2008-03-05. "Facebook is... reconsidering the word "is"". News Limited. http://www.news.com.au/technology/story/0,25642,22822400-5014108,00.html. Retrieved 2008-03-08. Sanghvi, Ruchi (2006-09-06). "Facebook Gets a Facelift". Facebook. http://blog.facebook.com/blog.php?post=2207967130. Retrieved 2008-02-11. Lacy, Sarah (2006-09-08). "Facebook Learns from Its Fumble". BusinessWeek. http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/sep2006/tc20060908_536553.htm?ca mpaign_id=rss_tech. Retrieved 2008-06-28. Gonsalves, Antone (2006-09-08). "Facebook Founder Apologizes In Privacy Flap; Users Given More Control". InformationWeek. http://www.informationweek.com/news/internet/ebusiness/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=1 92700574. Retrieved 2008-06-28. Arrington, Michael (2007-05-24). "Facebook Launches Facebook Platform; They are the Anti-MySpace". TechCrunch. http://www.techcrunch.com/2007/05/24/facebook-launches- facebook-platform-they-are-the-anti-myspace/. Retrieved 2008-06-28. "Upload: 60 or 200 photos in the same album?". http://www.facebook.com/topic.php?uid=2305272732&topic=7363. Retrieved 2009-01-25. "How can I add more than 60 photos to an album?". http://www.facebook.com/topic.php?uid=2305272732&topic=4947. Retrieved 2009-01-25. "Example of album from a regular user with a 200-photo limit". http://www.facebook.com/album.php?aid=2003726&l=5f3c8&id=1352160452. Retrieved 2009-01-25. "Photos". Facebook. http://www.facebook.com/help.php?page=7. Retrieved 2008-03-15. Eugene (2008-05-14). "Facebook Chat". Facebook. http://www.facebook.com/note.php?note_id=14218138919&id=9445547199&index=0. Retrieved 2008-06-02. Facebook (2008-04-06). "April 6, 2008 Press Release". Press release. http://www.facebook.com/press/releases.php?p=27681. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 31
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  • 33. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion "Mountain View startup Meebo aims to revolutionize instant messaging". San Francisco Chronicle. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi- bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2007/11/20/BU5LTFF6N.DTL&type=business. Retrieved 2008-03-15. Rampell, Catherine (2007-11-03). "Widgets Become Coins of the Social Realm". The Washington Post: p. D01. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp- dyn/content/article/2007/11/02/AR2007110201894_pf.html. Retrieved 2008-05-07. Ustinova, Anastasia (2008-07-23). "Developers compete at Facebook conference". San Francisco Chronicle. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi- bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2008/07/23/BU7C11TAES.DTL. Retrieved 2008-08-14. "Facebook Expands Power of Platform Across the Web and Around the World". Facebook. 2008-07-23. http://www.facebook.com/press/releases.php?p=48242. Retrieved 2008-08- 14. "Facebook cracks down on developer spam". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp- dyn/content/article/2007/08/29/AR2007082900041_pf.html. Retrieved 2008-03-15. Microsoft E3 Announcement a b Facebook for iPhone | Facebook "Hoffman, Harrison" (2008-09-30). "Facebook delivers version 2.0 of its iPhone App"". http://news.cnet.com/8301-13515_3-10054221-26.html?tag=mncol. Retrieved 2009-08-28. "Dolcourt, Jessica" (2008-08-27). "Facebook 3.0 for iPhone pours on the features"". http://news.cnet.com/8301-17939_109-10319772-2.html?tag=mncol. Retrieved 2009-08- 28. "Facebook for Nokia N97 and Nokia 5800". 2009-07-08. http://www.themobileblog.in/2009/07/08/facebook-for-nokia-n97-and-nokia-5800/. Retrieved 2009-08-28. Arrington, Michael. "Don't hold your breath for the Facebook Android App". http://www.techcrunch.com/2008/10/22/dont-hold-your-breathe-for-the-facebook- android-app/. "Android gets Facebook application after all". 2008-11-13. http://androidcommunity.com/android-gets-facebook-application-after-all-20081113/. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 33
  • 34. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion "Bloo, Babbler Bring Native Facebook Apps to Android Phones". 2009-07-06. http://www.insidefacebook.com/2009/07/06/bloo-babbler-bring-native-facebook-apps-to- android-phones/. Retrieved 2009-08-28. "accessdate=2009-08-28 BlackBerry – Facebook for BlackBerrySmartphones". http://www.na.blackberry.com/eng/devices/features/social/facebook.jsp#tab_tab_overvie w accessdate=2009-08-28. Caroline McCarthy, "Facebook outage draws more security questions", CNET News.com, ZDNet Asia, August 2, 2007. David Hamilton, "Facebook Outage Hits Some Countries", Web Host Industry Review, Jun. 26, 2008. K.C. Jones, "Facebook, MySpace More Reliable Than Peers ", Information Week, Feb. 19, 2009. http://news.cnet.com/8301-13577_3-10370788-36.html http://news.cnet.com/8301-13577_3-10372417-36.html http://facebooklogin.net/news/facebookaccount-unavailable/ http://www.pcworld.com/article/173550/facebook_outage_silences_150000_users.html http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9139311/Facebook_deals_with_missing_account s_150_000_angry_users Techtree News Staff (2008-08-13). "Facebook: Largest, Fastest Growing Social Network". Techtree.com. ITNation. http://www.techtree.com/India/News/Facebook_Largest_Fastest_Growing_Social_Network /551-92134-643.html. Retrieved 2008-08-14. "Social Networking Explodes Worldwide as Sites Increase their Focus on Cultural Relevance". comScore. 2008-08-12. http://www.comscore.com/press/release.asp?press=2396. Retrieved 2008-08-14. "Related info for: facebook.com/". Alexa Internet. http://www.alexa.com/data/details/traffic_details/facebook.com?q=facebook. Retrieved 2008-03-08. "facebook.com Web Site Audience Profile". Quantcast. http://www.quantcast.com/facebook.com. Retrieved 2008-08-14. 34
  • 35. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion "Snapshot of facebook.com". Compete.com. http://siteanalytics.compete.com/facebook.com/?metric=uv. Retrieved 2008-05-07. Sorensen, Chris (2008-03-07). "Has Facebook fatigue arrived?". Toronto Star. http://www.thestar.com/printArticle/310272. Retrieved 2008-06-28. Yum, Kenny (2007-05-18). "Facebook says 'Thanks, Canada'". National Post. http://network.nationalpost.com/np/blogs/posted/archive/2007/05/18/facebook-says- thanks-canada.aspx. Retrieved 2008-04-30. Malkin, Bonnie (2007-09-26). "Facebook is UK's biggest networking site". The Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2007/09/25/nface125.xml. Retrieved 2008-04-30. Caverly, Doug (16 June 2009). "comScore: Facebook Catches MySpace in U.S.". WebProNews. iEntry Network. http://www.webpronews.com/topnews/2009/06/16/comscore-facebook-catches-myspace- in-us. Retrieved 24 September 2009. "Facebook grows as MySpace cuts back". Atlanta Business Chronicle. 17 June 2009. http://atlanta.bizjournals.com/atlanta/stories/2009/06/15/daily47.html. Retrieved 24 September 2009. "The Conference Board report on first quarter online users in the U.S. showed Facebook with an even larger lead, with 78 percent of social network participants, followed by MySpace (42 percent), LinkedIn (17 percent) and Twitter (10 percent)." Hasselback, Drew (17 June 2009). "Comscore says Facebook has surpassed MySpace for U.S. users". FP Posted. The National Post Company. http://network.nationalpost.com/np/blogs/fpposted/archive/2009/06/17/comscore-says- facebook-has-surpassed-myspace-for-u-s-users.aspx. Retrieved 24 September 2009. "Comscore says Facebook surpassed MySpace among U.S. users in May, while Nielsen figures that actually happened back in January." Wood, Cara (31 August 2009). "Keeping pace with mainstream social media". DMNews. Haymarket Media. http://www.dmnews.com/keeping-pace-with-mainstream-social- media/article/147429/. Retrieved 24 September 2009. "The giant in the space remains Facebook, which gets 87.7 million unique viewers per month, according to ComScore. MySpace, with nearly 70 million unique monthly visitors, has seen growth stagnate over the past year." "Social Networking". PC Magazine. 2007-08-13. http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2169354,00.asp. Retrieved 2008-05-09. 35
  • 36. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion "12th Annual Webby Awards Nominees". International Academy of Digital Arts and Sciences. http://www.webbyawards.com/webbys/current.php?season=12. Retrieved 2008- 05-06. "Survey: College Kids Like IPods Better Than Beer". Fox News. 2006-06-08. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,198632,00.html. Retrieved 2008-03-10. Soraya Nadia McDonald (July 4, 2005). "Facebooking, the rage on college campuses". The Seattle Times. http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/?date=20050704&slug=btfacebook0 4. Retrieved September 14, 2009. The Age article on the world's first court documents to be served via Facebook The Age article on NZ also using Facebook to issue court orders; "Facebook trap criminals in its web". BBC NEWS | Technology | Children flock to social networks [1] MySpace, Facebook attract online predators – Nightly News with Brian Williams- msnbc.com. Retrieved 2009-10-14-09. Fort, Caleb (2005-10-12). "CIRT blocks access to Facebook.com". University of New Mexico. http://www.dailylobo.com/news/2005/10/12/News/Cirt-Blocks.Access.To.Facebook.com- 1017983.shtml. Retrieved 2006-04-03. "Popular website, Facebook.com, back online at UNM". University of New Mexico. 2006-01- 19. http://www.unm.edu/~market/cgi-bin/archives/001003.html. Retrieved 2007-04-15. "Organizations blocking facebook". CTV Television Network. 2007-05-03. http://toronto.ctv.ca/servlet/an/local/CTVNews/20070503/facebook_ontario_070503?hub =TorontoHome. Retrieved 2008-03-05. "Rengel's murderer sentenced to life". CBC. 2009-07-28. http://www.cbc.ca/canada/toronto/story/2009/07/28/rengel-sentence.html. Retrieved 2009-07-28. Drudi, Cassandra (2008-01-05). "Facebook proves problematic for police". The Globe and Mail. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/Page/document/v5/content/subscribe?user_URL =http://www.theglobeandmail.com%2Fservlet%2Fstory%2FLAC.20080105.STAB05%2FTPSto ry%2FTPNational%2FOntario%2F&ord=2107530&brand=theglobeandmail&force_login=true . Retrieved 2008-03-05. 36
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  • 38. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion "80 pct of netizens agree China should punish Facebook". The People's Daily Online. July 10, 2009. http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90776/90882/6697993.html. Retrieved 13 July 2009. Facebook (2007-11-06). "Leading Websites Offer Facebook Beacon for Social Distribution". Press release. http://www.facebook.com/press/releases.php?p=9166. Retrieved 2007-11- 09. Facebook (2007-11-06). "Facebook Unveils Facebook Ads". Press release. http://www.facebook.com/press/releases.php?p=9176. Retrieved 2007-11-09. Perez, Juan Carlos (2007-11-30). "Facebook's Beacon More Intrusive Than Previously Thought". PC World. http://www.pcworld.com/article/id,140182- c,onlineprivacy/article.html. Retrieved 2008-03-14. Zuckerberg, Mark (2007-12-05). "Thoughts on Beacon". Facebook. http://blog.facebook.com/blog.php?post=7584397130. Retrieved 2007-11-06. Rampell, Catherine (2008-02-23). "What Facebook Knows That You Don't". The Washington Post: p. A15. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp- dyn/content/article/2008/02/22/AR2008022202630.html. Retrieved 2008-05-06. Jones, Harvey; Soltren, José Hiram (2005) (PDF). Facebook: Threats to Privacy. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. http://www.swiss.ai.mit.edu/6095/student- papers/fall05-papers/facebook.pdf. Retrieved 2008-04-30. (PDF) "Identity 'at risk' on Facebook". BBC. 2008-05-01. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/click_online/7375772.stm. Retrieved 2008-05-01. "Facebook Privacy Policy". Facebook. 2007-08-12. http://www.facebook.com/policy.php. Retrieved 2008-05-06. Roper, Eric (2005-11-14). "Employers, marketers and parents accessing Facebook database". GW Hatchet. http://www.gwhatchet.com/home/index.cfm?event=displayArticle&ustory_id=65d53002- d568-4511-ade8-0d40866e6406. Retrieved 2008-06-28. Peterson, Chris (2006-02-13). "Who's Reading Your Facebook?". The Virginia Informer. Ramasastry, Anita (2008-02-29). "On Facebook Forever? Why the Networking Site was Right to Change its Deletion Policies, And Why Its Current Policies Still Pose Privacy Risks". FindLaw. http://writ.news.findlaw.com/ramasastry/20080229.html. Retrieved 2008-03-15. "Privacy and Security". Facebook via Internet Archive. Archived from the original on 2007- 08-30. 38
  • 39. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion http://web.archive.org/web/20070830164535/http://www.facebook.com/help.php?page=9 . Retrieved 2008-03-15. Richmond, Rita (2009-05-07). "A Facebook "Bug" Revealed Personal E-mail Addresses". New York Times. http://gadgetwise.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/05/07/a-facebook-bug-revealed- personal-e-mail-addresses/. Retrieved 2009-05-07. "Facebook 'breaches Canadian law'". BBC News Online. 2009-07-17. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/8155367.stm. Retrieved 2009-07-18. Wynne-Jones, Jonathan (2009-08-01). "Facebook and MySpace can lead children to commit suicide, warns Archbishop Nichols". Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/religion/5956719/Facebook-and-MySpace- can-lead-children-to-commit-suicide-warns-Archbishop-Nichols.html. Retrieved 2009-08-21. Some of the pro-mafia groups; one of them claims for Bernardo Provenzano's sainthood. "Anger at pro-Mafia groups on Facebook". 2009-01-09. http://www.france24.com/en/20090109-anger-mafia-groups-facebook-internet-italy. Retrieved 2009-02-14. "Italian authorities wary of Facebook tributes to Mafia". 2009-01-20. http://www.iht.com/articles/2009/01/20/europe/mafia.1-411653.php. Retrieved 2009-02- 14. "Italy Troubled Over Mafia On Facebook". 2009-01-12. http://www.webpronews.com/topnews/2009/01/12/italy-troubled-over-mafia-on- facebook. Retrieved 2009-02-14. "Italy Debates Law That May Block Access to Facebook". 2009-02-11. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601204&sid=aTVfRMcum1Qk. Retrieved 2009-02-14. (Italian) The text approved by the Senate "Google criticizes Italian Internet legislation". 2009-02-13. http://www.networkworld.com/news/2009/021309-google-criticizes-italian-internet.html. Retrieved 2009-02-14. "Phishing attacks on Facebook". 2009-05-19. http://facebook.of- cour.se/2009/05/19/phishing-attacks-on-facebook-afoiru-arepsat-bestsat-bestspacebe- brungaat-indigolinebe-kirgoat-nutpicat-picobandbe-ponbonim-redbuddybe-redfriendbe- sweeterbe-et-al/. Retrieved 2009-05-24. The rise of Hate 2.0 39
  • 40. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion JIDF Letter to Facebook Regarding Illegal Content Holocaust Denial on Facebook is just the Tip of the Iceberg Facebook: Holocaust Denial Should Be Discussed Openly Open Letter To Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg Facebook Remains Stubbornly Proud Of Position On Holocaust Denial Michael Levenson (2008-06-27). "Facebook, ConnectU settle dispute:Case an intellectual property kerfuffle". Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/business/technology/articles/2008/06/27/facebook_connectu_set tle_dispute/. Retrieved 2009-03-23. O'Brien, Luke (November/December 2007). "Poking Facebook". 02138: p. 66. http://www.02138mag.com/magazine/article/1724.html. Retrieved 2008-06-26. McGinn, Timothy J. (2004-09-13). "Lawsuit Threatens To Close Facebook". Harvard Crimson. Archived from the original on 2004-09-13. http://web.archive.org/web/20070815192011/http://www.thecrimson.com/article.aspx?re f=513007. Retrieved 2008-03-08. Maugeri, Alexander (2004-09-20). "TheFacebook.com faces lawsuit". The Daily Princetonian. http://www.dailyprincetonian.com/archives/2004/09/20/news/10767.shtml. Retrieved 2008-03-08. Tryhorn, Chris (2007-07-25). "Facebook in court over ownership". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2007/jul/25/digitalmedia.usnews. Retrieved 2008-03-15. Brad Stone (2008-06-28). "Judge Ends Facebook’s Feud With ConnectU". New York Times. http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/06/26/judge-ends-facebooks-feud-with- connectu/index.html. Retrieved 2009-03-23. Jagadeesh, Namitha (2008-03-11). "Getting the start-up documentation right". The Wall Street Journal. http://www.livemint.com/2008/03/11000507/Getting-the-startup- documenta.html. Retrieved 2008-03-15. "Facebook Got Its $15 Billion Valuation — Now What?". http://www.wired.com/techbiz/startups/news/2007/10/facebook_future. Retrieved 2008- 07-07. "Internal Facebook valuation points to strategic merit – Valuation is far below the $15 billion cited at time of Microsoft investment". Wall Street Journal. http://www.marketwatch.com/news/story/internal-facebook-valuation-points- 40
  • 41. By: Rick Mehendiratta, Zeshan INTRODUCTION TO FACEBOOK Jamal, Nick Dhillion strategic/story.aspx?guid=E0ED3368-7496-4854-8440- 6DB6FFDBA4A8&dist=SecEditorsPicks. Retrieved 2008-07-07. "Advertisers disappointed with Facebook's CTR". http://www.bizreport.com/2007/07/advertisers_disappointed_with_facebooks_ctr.html. Retrieved 2008-07-07. Dan Slater (June 27, 2008). "Facebook Wins ConnectU Appeal, Blames Fee Dispute". Wall Street Journal. http://blogs.wsj.com/law/2008/06/27/facebook-wins-connectu-appeal- blames-fee-dispute/. Retrieved 2009-03-23. Zusha Elinson (2009-02-10). "Quinn Spills Value of Facebook Deal". The Recorder. http://www.law.com/jsp/ca/PubArticleCA.jsp?id=1202428139731. Retrieved 2009-02-10. .reuters.com, German site sued by Facebook says claims without merit TechCrunch.com, "Facebook and StudiVZ end legal dispute" Libel: Ex-friend's Facebook revenge costs £22,000 in damages at high court | UK news | The Guardian. Retrieved August 13, 2008. BBC NEWS | UK | Payout for false Facebook profile. Retrieved August 13, 2008. Businessman awarded £22,000 in landmark libel ruling over malicious fake Facebook profile| News | This is London. Retrieved August 13, 2008. Facebook Libel Case Won In High Court By Mathew Firsht Against His Former Friend Grant Raphael | Technology | Sky News. Retrieved August 13, 2008. Victim of fake Facebook profile wins thousands in damages – International Herald Tribune. Retrieved August 13, 2008. Businessman awarded £22,000 damages over fake Facebook site – Telegraph. Retrieved August 13, 2008. "Facebook wins lawsuit against Montreal spammer". CTV.ca. http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20081124/facebook_spam_081124 /20081124?hub=TopStories. Retrieved 2008-11-24. Leyden, John (2009-02-09). Footy star sues Facebook over fake fascist profile. The Register. Retrieved 2009-07-20. Jack Thompson sues Facebook for $40M 41