Country Profile: Geography Sri Lanka (Ceylon) is an island situated in the Indian ocean, at the base of the Indian sub-continent latitude: - 6 – 10 o N longitude:- 80 – 82 o E (880 km north of the equator)
Country Profile: Geography Area: 25,332 miles 2 ( 1/3 of Kansas and slightly larger than West Virginia ) Average Temperature: Low land along the coast: 80 0 F Hill country : 67 o F Capital: Colombo (Business) Sri Jayawardhana (Legislative) Highest Elevation 8281 ft MSL
Country Profile: Government Country Name - Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Government Type - Republic Chief of State - President Legal System - Mixture of English common law, Roman-Dutch, Muslim, Sinhalese, and customary law Suffrage – 18 years First Female Prime Minister in the World ( 1960-65, 1970-77 and 1994-00) Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike
National Flag National Emblem National Flower ( Blue Water Lily ) National Tree ( Mesua Nagassarium )
Country Profile: People The Sri Lankan Society is rich with Ethnic and Religious diversity Ethnicity - Sinhalese 74%, Tamil 18%, Muslim 7%, Other 1% Population - 20 million Population / Area = 790 people/ miles 2 (34 in Kansas) Languages - Sinhala, Tamil, English
Nature & Attractions Sri Lanka is one of the biodiversity hot spots in the world. Sinharaja rain forest, a primeval forest over 15 million years old is a world heritage site More than 50% of the flora & fauna of the Sinharaja forest are endemic.
Economy Sri Lanka's economy mainly depends on agricultural products, garment exports and tourism. GDP : $80.58 billion (2004 est.) Population below poverty line: - 22% (1997 est.) Unemployment rate: - 7.8% (2004 est.) Currency: Sri Lanka Rupee (US$ 1 = 102 Rupees) per capita : - $4,000 (2004 est.) composition by sector : -
Economy: Agriculture Sri Lanka is one of the largest Tea Producer in the World - Ceylon Tea has achieved a reputation as being the best tea in the world. Other agricultural exports include spices, rubber, coconuts, foliage plants & flowers.
Economy: Industries Sri Lanka supplies 1.2% of US Garment needs and Apparel Industry accounts for 71% of Sri Lanka’s Industrial Exports Sri Lanka is a Leading exporter of high-grade graphite & rich in Mineral deposits such as Illemanite, Rutile & Apatite. Sri Lankan Ceramics are some of the finest in the world. Large deposits of precious stones can be found in and around Ratnapura, the city of gems.
Economy: Tourism Sri Lanka is a tropical gateway for thousands of visitors all around the World Every year more than 0.5 million tourists visit Sri Lanka