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Historical places in sri lanka

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Historical places in sri lanka

  1. 1. Presentation By – Shalina Tharuka Kulathunge
  2. 2. Tamil Hindus consider it as thefootprint of Lord Shiva. It is also fabled that themountain is the legendary mount Trikuta thecapital of Ravana during the Ramayana timesfrom where he ruled Lanka.Muslims and Christians in Sri Lankaascribe it to where Adam, the first Ancestor,set foot as he was exiled from the Garden ofEden. The legends of Adam are connected tothe idea that Sri Lanka was the original Eden,and in the Muslim tradition that Adam was30 ft tall.
  3. 3. Sri Pada (also Adams peak;Sinhalese Samanalakanda - "butterflymountain", Tamil Sivanolipatha Malai ), is a2,243 meters (7,359 ft) tall conical mountainlocated in central Sri Lanka. It is well knownfor the Sri Pada "sacred footprint", a 1.8meters (5 ft 11 in) rock formation near thesummit, in Buddhist tradition it is held to bethe footprint of the Buddha, in Hindutradition that of Shiva and in Muslim andChristian tradition that of Adam.
  4. 4. The Ruwanmalisaya is a stupa in SriLanka, considered a marvel for its architecturalqualities and sacred to many Buddhists allover the world.It was built by King Dutugemunu c.140 B.C., who became lord of all Sri Lankaafter a war in which the Chola King Elara, wasdefeated. It is also known as Mahathupa,Swarnamali Chaitya, Suvarnamali Mahaceti (inPali) and Rathnamali Dagaba.
  5. 5. , Anuradhapura was t he cradl e of gl ori ous Si nhal eseBuddhi st ci vi l i zat i on. The pri de of pl ace i nAnuradhapura was t aken by t he anci ent st upas andanci ent reservoi rs. Toweri ng st upas (dagobas) ofst upendous domes, t he marvel s of anci ent ci vi lengi neeri ng, were bui l t havi ng t aken i nt o t heaccount t he ef f ect s of l i ght eni ng on hi gh ri seconst ruct i ons, among numerous ot her engi neeri ngf act ors. The vast rai nwat er reservoi rs bui l t bycrossi ng ri vers wi t h enormous dams and cont rol l i ngt he out l et s wi t h "Bi sokot uwa" (Si nhal a: QTheanci ent ci t y of Anuradhapura i s surrounded by t hree
  6. 6. Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi is a scared figftree inAnuradaha pura,Sri lanka. It is said to be thesouthern branch from the historical Bodhitree Sri Maha Bodhi at Bodho gaya inIndia.under which Lord Buddha attainedEnlightmentIt was planted in 288 BC, and isthe oldest living human-planted tree in theworld with a known planting date. Today it isone of the most sacred relics of the Buddhstin Sri Lanka and respected by Buddhists allover the world.In 249 BC, it was planted by King Devanampiya Tissa on ahigh terrace about 6.5 m (21.3 ft) above the groundin the and surrounded by railings.
  7. 7. The Samadhi Statue is a statue situated atMahamevnāwa Park in Anuradhapura, SriLanka. The Buddha is depicted in the position ofthe Dhyana Mudra, the posture of meditationassociated with his first Enlightenment, alsocalled Nirvana. Whether the BuddhasEnlightenment was the experience technicallycalled Samadhi, or some other phenomenon,may depend upon the philosophical allegianceof the believer.In the Dhyana Mudra the Buddha sitscross - legged with his upturned palms placedone over the other on his lap. This position isuniversally known throughout the Buddhistworld, and this statue is therefore one of themost typical pieces of Buddhist sculpture.
  8. 8. Abhayagiri vihāra is situated inAnuradhapura, Sri Lanka. It is one of themost extensive ruins in the world and oneof the most sacred Buddhist pilgrimagecities in the nation. Historically it was agreat monastic centre as well as a royalcapital, with magnificent monasteriesrising to many stories, roofed with giltbronze or tiles of burnt clay glazed inbrilliant colors.
  9. 9. The term "Abhayagiri Vihara" means notonly a complex of monastic buildings, butalso a fraternity of Buddhist monks,or Sangha, which maintains its own historicalrecords, traditions and way of life. Foundedin the 2nd centuryBC, it had grown into an internationalinstitution bythe 1st century AD, attracting scholars fromall overthe world and encompassing all shades ofBuddhistphilosophy.
  10. 10. The Kuttam PokunaThe faces of the pools were cut granite slabs whichincludes the bottom and the sides of the pool. A wallwas also built around the pool which encloses thecompound. Flights of steps are seen on both ends of thepool decorated with punkalas, or pots ofabundance and scroll design. Embankments wereconstructed toenable monks to bathe using pots or other utensils.Water to thepools were transferred through underground ductsandfiltered before flowing to the pool and in a similarfashionthe water was emptied. A garden was landscapedwhicheparatesthe two ponds which long is 18½ ft. The largerpool of thetwo is 132 ft by 51 ft, while the smaller pool is 91 ftby 51 ft.
  11. 11. Polonnaruwa is a town andvaluble kindom in sri lankanHistory. Its the main town ofPolonnaruwa District in theNorth Central Province, SriLanka. Kaduruwela area is thePolonnaruwa New Town and theother part of Polonnaruwa,remains as the royal ancient cityof polonnaru kingdom.The second most ancient of SriLankas kingdoms, Polonnaruwawas first declared the capitalcity by King Vijayabahu I, who
  12. 12. The Gal Vihara , also known as Gal Viharaya, is a rocktemple of theBuddha situated in the ancient city of Polonnaruwa innorth-centralSri Lanka. It was constructed in the 12th century byParakramabahu I.The central feature of the shrine are four images of theBuddha, whichhave been carved into the face of a large granite rock.The images consist of a large seated figure, another, smallerseated figure Inside an artificial cavern, and standingfigure and a reclining figure.These are considered to be some of the best examples ofancient Sinhalesesculpting and carving arts, and have made the Gal Viharaone of themost visited monuments in Polonnaruwa
  13. 13. Surface area 22,600,000 m2Average depth 5 m (Mean)Max. depth 12.7 mSurface elevation 58.5 mParakrama Samudra (or Parakramas sea orthe Sea of King Parakrama) is a shallowreservoir, consisting of three separatereservoirs connected by narrow channels inPolonnaruwa, Sri Lanka.parakkrama samudrya is the main waterresorse in Sri Lanka. it is most useful to SriLankan agricultural and Sri Lankan economy.every year number of visitors visit this tank for
  14. 14. The Polonnaruwa Vatadage is an ancient structuredating back to the Polonnaruwa period of SriLanka. It is believed to have been built during thereign of Parakramabahu I to hold the tooth relicof the Buddha, or during the reign of NissankaMalla to hold the alms bowl used by theBuddha.Both These venerated relics would have given thestructure a great significance and importance athe“ time. Located within the ancient city ofPolonnaruwa, it is the best preserved example of avatadage in the country, and has been described athe"ultimate development" of this type of architecture.
  15. 15. The Polonnaruwa Vatadage is located in aquadrangular area known as the DaladaMaluva in the ancient city of Polonnaruwa.The Dalada Maluva contains some of theoldestand most sacred monuments of the city.[ ThePolonnaruwa Vatadage, which occupies mostofthe south western area of it, is a prominentstructure among them.It is the best preserved example of a Vatadagein the country, and is somewhat similar indesign to those belonging to the Anuradhapuraperiod, especially Thuparamaya andLankaramaya.
  16. 16. Sri Dalada Maligawa or the Templeof the SacredTooth Relic is a Buddhist temple inthe city ofKandy, Sri Lanka. It is located in theroyalpalace complex which houses the relicof thetooth of Buddha. Since ancient times,the relichas played an important role in localpoliticsbecauseit is believed that whoeverholds the relicholds the governance of the country.
  17. 17. Sri Lanka Kandy, the Historic and Romantic hillcapital of Sri Lanka Kandy is situated 115 kilometersinland from Colombo. Sri Lanka Kandy The road toKandy is enchanting and exciting revealing the full glory-of the tropics. Sri Lanka Kandy Everything is in the mosteffulgent luxuriance, Sri Lanka Kandy throbbing withsilver and green.Kingdom of Kandy was an importantindependent monarchy of the island of Lanka, located inthe central and easter Sri Lanka Kandy city establishedin the 15th century was the last royal Sri Lanka Kandycapital where 2500 years of royal rule ended. Sri LankaKandy This bustling market town is Sri Lanka Kandy richin cultural diversity has plenty of iteneries to offer to thetourists n portion of the island. It was founded in late 15thcentury and endured until the early 19th century.
  18. 18. In AD477, prince Kashyapa seized the thronefrom King Dhatusena, following a coupassisted by Migara, the king’s nephew andarmy commander. Kashyapa, the king’s sonby a non-royal consort, usurped the thronefrom the rightful heir, Moggallana, who fled toSouth India.Fearing an attack from Moggallana, Kashyapamoved the capital and his residence from thetraditional capital of Anuradhapura to themore secure Sigiriya. During King Kashyapa’sreign (477 to 495), Sigiriya was developedinto a complex city and fortress] Most of theelaborate constructions on the rock summitand around it, including defensive structures,"
  19. 19. Sinharaja Forest Reserve is a national parkand a biodiversity hotspot in Sri Lanka. It is ofinternational significance and has beendesignated a Biosphere Reserve and WorldHeritage Site by UNESCO.The hilly virgin rainforest, part of the Sri Lankalowland rain forests ecoregion, was saved fromthe worst of commercial logging by itsinaccessibility, and was designated a WorldBiosphere Reserve in 1978 and a WorldHeritage Site in 1988. The reserves nametranslates as Kingdom of the Lion.
  20. 20. The reserve is only 21 km (13 mi) from east towest, and a maximumof 7 km (4.3 mi) from north to south, but it isa treasure trove of endemic species, includingtrees, insects, amphibians, reptiles,birds and mammals.Because of the dense vegetation, wildlife isnot as easily seenas at dry-zone national parks such as Yala.There are about3 elephants and the 15 or so leopards arerarely seen. Themost common larger mammal is the endemicPurple-facedLangur.
  21. 21. Thank you,………………Shalina