SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 7
Sri Lanka: An Introduction
Josh Gellers, PhD
October 12, 2016
Geography
2
Vital Statistics
• Population: 20 million (2015)
• GDP per capita: $3,912 (2015)
• Life expectancy: 75 (2014)
• % with access to electricity: 89% (2012)
• Adult literacy rate: 91% (2010)
• Human Development Index: 73/188 (2015)
• Diversity: 4 major ethnic groups
(Sinhalese, Tamils, Muslims, Burghers)
3
Modern History
• Three Kingdoms (1500s-1800)
– Portuguese, Dutch, and British all vie for supremacy on
the island, which consisted of 3 kingdoms: Jaffna
(north), Kotte (west), and Kandy (central)
• Ceylon: A British Colony (1802-1947)
– British led a wave of reforms, including administrative
centralization and establishing branches of
government
• Independence and Conflict (1948-present)
– Ceylon becomes independent member of British
commonwealth, and renamed Sri Lanka in 1972
– Civil war between Tamils and Sinhalese raged from
1983-2009
4
The Sri Lankan Conflict
• British favored the Tamils over the Sinhalese, and once
the British left Sinhala was made the national language,
Buddhism named state religion
• 1972: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) formed
• 1997: State Department lists LTTE on terrorist list
• 2002: Norway brokers a cease-fire
• 2005: Sri Lankan foreign minister assassinated, conflict
reignites
• 2009: Sri Lankan government defeat LTTE after 70,000+
are killed in the struggle
5
Sri Lanka Today:
Reform, Reconciliation, Regionalism
• New president, new constitution in the works
• Addressing Tamil displacement, disappearance
• Balancing development assistance and trade
with China, India, Pakistan, and the US
6
Colombo
Financial
City
Thank You!
Questions?
7

More Related Content

What's hot

Places to Visit in Sri Lanka
Places to Visit in Sri LankaPlaces to Visit in Sri Lanka
Places to Visit in Sri Lanka
Sarah Jennifer
 

What's hot (20)

The Pearl Island... Sri Lanka (Ceylon)
The Pearl Island... Sri Lanka (Ceylon)The Pearl Island... Sri Lanka (Ceylon)
The Pearl Island... Sri Lanka (Ceylon)
 
Sri lanka
Sri lankaSri lanka
Sri lanka
 
Sri lanka
Sri lankaSri lanka
Sri lanka
 
Sri Lanka Tourism
Sri Lanka Tourism Sri Lanka Tourism
Sri Lanka Tourism
 
Sri Lanka Presentation
Sri Lanka PresentationSri Lanka Presentation
Sri Lanka Presentation
 
SRILANKA
SRILANKASRILANKA
SRILANKA
 
Srilankan tourism
Srilankan tourismSrilankan tourism
Srilankan tourism
 
SRI LANKA presentation
SRI LANKA presentationSRI LANKA presentation
SRI LANKA presentation
 
Sri Lanka - a paradise for tourists
Sri Lanka -  a paradise for touristsSri Lanka -  a paradise for tourists
Sri Lanka - a paradise for tourists
 
Sri lanka power point
Sri lanka power pointSri lanka power point
Sri lanka power point
 
Tourism in srilanka
Tourism in srilankaTourism in srilanka
Tourism in srilanka
 
Kanataka Tourism
Kanataka TourismKanataka Tourism
Kanataka Tourism
 
Places to Visit in Sri Lanka
Places to Visit in Sri LankaPlaces to Visit in Sri Lanka
Places to Visit in Sri Lanka
 
Ppt on cultural and natural tourist centers in kerala
Ppt on cultural and natural tourist centers in keralaPpt on cultural and natural tourist centers in kerala
Ppt on cultural and natural tourist centers in kerala
 
Sri lankan culture
Sri lankan culture  Sri lankan culture
Sri lankan culture
 
Coffee hour about Sri Lanka
Coffee hour about Sri LankaCoffee hour about Sri Lanka
Coffee hour about Sri Lanka
 
Interesting Facts About Kerala
Interesting Facts About KeralaInteresting Facts About Kerala
Interesting Facts About Kerala
 
Unknown Destinatios in India
Unknown Destinatios in IndiaUnknown Destinatios in India
Unknown Destinatios in India
 
Shillong destination knowledge
Shillong destination knowledgeShillong destination knowledge
Shillong destination knowledge
 
Ladakh
LadakhLadakh
Ladakh
 

Viewers also liked

Bangladesh
BangladeshBangladesh
Bangladesh
ahabib10
 

Viewers also liked (14)

The Study and Practice of Environmental Law
The Study and Practice of Environmental LawThe Study and Practice of Environmental Law
The Study and Practice of Environmental Law
 
Whaling and International Relations: Challenges and Prospects for Cooperation
Whaling and International Relations: Challenges and Prospects for CooperationWhaling and International Relations: Challenges and Prospects for Cooperation
Whaling and International Relations: Challenges and Prospects for Cooperation
 
Nepal: A Brief History
Nepal: A Brief HistoryNepal: A Brief History
Nepal: A Brief History
 
Poverty, Environmental Degradation, and Human Rights: Exploring the Nexus
Poverty, Environmental Degradation, and Human Rights: Exploring the NexusPoverty, Environmental Degradation, and Human Rights: Exploring the Nexus
Poverty, Environmental Degradation, and Human Rights: Exploring the Nexus
 
Introduction sri lanka
Introduction   sri lankaIntroduction   sri lanka
Introduction sri lanka
 
Sri lanka
Sri lankaSri lanka
Sri lanka
 
How to Be a Smart Consumer of News
How to Be a Smart Consumer of NewsHow to Be a Smart Consumer of News
How to Be a Smart Consumer of News
 
Climate Refugees: Uncertainty and Insecurity
Climate Refugees: Uncertainty and InsecurityClimate Refugees: Uncertainty and Insecurity
Climate Refugees: Uncertainty and Insecurity
 
Beautiful bangladesh
Beautiful bangladeshBeautiful bangladesh
Beautiful bangladesh
 
Sri lanka economy View - My view
Sri lanka economy View - My viewSri lanka economy View - My view
Sri lanka economy View - My view
 
Culture of Bangladesh
Culture of BangladeshCulture of Bangladesh
Culture of Bangladesh
 
Thinking About Bangladesh
Thinking About BangladeshThinking About Bangladesh
Thinking About Bangladesh
 
Tourism in-bangladesh ppt
Tourism in-bangladesh pptTourism in-bangladesh ppt
Tourism in-bangladesh ppt
 
Bangladesh
BangladeshBangladesh
Bangladesh
 

Similar to Sri Lanka: An Introduction

Similar to Sri Lanka: An Introduction (13)

Ethnic conflict in sri lanka
Ethnic conflict in sri lankaEthnic conflict in sri lanka
Ethnic conflict in sri lanka
 
Myanmar Midterm Presentation
Myanmar Midterm PresentationMyanmar Midterm Presentation
Myanmar Midterm Presentation
 
Myanmar
MyanmarMyanmar
Myanmar
 
Tamil_Tigers_of_Sri_Lanka_Liberators_or.pptx
Tamil_Tigers_of_Sri_Lanka_Liberators_or.pptxTamil_Tigers_of_Sri_Lanka_Liberators_or.pptx
Tamil_Tigers_of_Sri_Lanka_Liberators_or.pptx
 
Colombia
ColombiaColombia
Colombia
 
Murtutuppdpdppdpdp XD
Murtutuppdpdppdpdp XDMurtutuppdpdppdpdp XD
Murtutuppdpdppdpdp XD
 
difference between sri lanka and belgium and power sharing.
difference between sri lanka and belgium and power sharing.difference between sri lanka and belgium and power sharing.
difference between sri lanka and belgium and power sharing.
 
One island two nation
One island two nationOne island two nation
One island two nation
 
ashish malhotra
ashish malhotraashish malhotra
ashish malhotra
 
World Politics
World PoliticsWorld Politics
World Politics
 
UK Population 2016
UK Population 2016UK Population 2016
UK Population 2016
 
English england
English englandEnglish england
English england
 
English england-terminado
English england-terminadoEnglish england-terminado
English england-terminado
 

More from Josh Gellers

Socioeconomic Factors for Malaria
Socioeconomic Factors for MalariaSocioeconomic Factors for Malaria
Socioeconomic Factors for Malaria
Josh Gellers
 
Global Environmental Politics
Global Environmental PoliticsGlobal Environmental Politics
Global Environmental Politics
Josh Gellers
 
Climate Change And Environmental Security
Climate Change And Environmental SecurityClimate Change And Environmental Security
Climate Change And Environmental Security
Josh Gellers
 

More from Josh Gellers (17)

Artificial Intelligence, Design, and More-than-Human Justice
Artificial Intelligence, Design, and More-than-Human JusticeArtificial Intelligence, Design, and More-than-Human Justice
Artificial Intelligence, Design, and More-than-Human Justice
 
Legal Personhood for Nature: Purpose, Problems, and Proposals
Legal Personhood for Nature: Purpose, Problems, and ProposalsLegal Personhood for Nature: Purpose, Problems, and Proposals
Legal Personhood for Nature: Purpose, Problems, and Proposals
 
Designing Robots for More-than-Human Justice.pptx
Designing Robots for More-than-Human Justice.pptxDesigning Robots for More-than-Human Justice.pptx
Designing Robots for More-than-Human Justice.pptx
 
China in Africa
China in AfricaChina in Africa
China in Africa
 
Environmental Justice: History, Evolution, & Policy
Environmental Justice: History, Evolution, & PolicyEnvironmental Justice: History, Evolution, & Policy
Environmental Justice: History, Evolution, & Policy
 
Academic Writing Across Different Media
Academic Writing Across Different MediaAcademic Writing Across Different Media
Academic Writing Across Different Media
 
The Global Emergence of Constitutional Environmental Rights
The Global Emergence of Constitutional Environmental RightsThe Global Emergence of Constitutional Environmental Rights
The Global Emergence of Constitutional Environmental Rights
 
Two Years under President Trump: A Status Update on the United States
Two Years under President Trump: A Status Update on the United StatesTwo Years under President Trump: A Status Update on the United States
Two Years under President Trump: A Status Update on the United States
 
Media and Foreign Policy
Media and Foreign PolicyMedia and Foreign Policy
Media and Foreign Policy
 
Land Conservation and Climate Change
Land Conservation and Climate ChangeLand Conservation and Climate Change
Land Conservation and Climate Change
 
Understanding Academic Expectations and Academic Integrity
Understanding Academic Expectations and Academic IntegrityUnderstanding Academic Expectations and Academic Integrity
Understanding Academic Expectations and Academic Integrity
 
Environmental Impact Assessment in Sri Lanka: State of Knowledge and New Dire...
Environmental Impact Assessment in Sri Lanka: State of Knowledge and New Dire...Environmental Impact Assessment in Sri Lanka: State of Knowledge and New Dire...
Environmental Impact Assessment in Sri Lanka: State of Knowledge and New Dire...
 
Chinese Investment in the Developing World
Chinese Investment in the Developing WorldChinese Investment in the Developing World
Chinese Investment in the Developing World
 
Tweaks, Nudges, and Disruptions: How Innovation Can Help Solve Environmental ...
Tweaks, Nudges, and Disruptions: How Innovation Can Help Solve Environmental ...Tweaks, Nudges, and Disruptions: How Innovation Can Help Solve Environmental ...
Tweaks, Nudges, and Disruptions: How Innovation Can Help Solve Environmental ...
 
Socioeconomic Factors for Malaria
Socioeconomic Factors for MalariaSocioeconomic Factors for Malaria
Socioeconomic Factors for Malaria
 
Global Environmental Politics
Global Environmental PoliticsGlobal Environmental Politics
Global Environmental Politics
 
Climate Change And Environmental Security
Climate Change And Environmental SecurityClimate Change And Environmental Security
Climate Change And Environmental Security
 

Recently uploaded

World Politics as Black & White Iran and Israel or how people fall victims of...
World Politics as Black & White Iran and Israel or how people fall victims of...World Politics as Black & White Iran and Israel or how people fall victims of...
World Politics as Black & White Iran and Israel or how people fall victims of...
Muhammad Shamsaddin Megalommatis
 
PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...
PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...
PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...
Faga1939
 
R$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatórios
R$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatóriosR$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatórios
R$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatórios
Maurílio Júnior
 
CaseThe legal victory in the turmeric patent case safeguarded traditional kno...
CaseThe legal victory in the turmeric patent case safeguarded traditional kno...CaseThe legal victory in the turmeric patent case safeguarded traditional kno...
CaseThe legal victory in the turmeric patent case safeguarded traditional kno...
alpha012343210
 

Recently uploaded (17)

Embed-4-1-1.pdf vm ;sdkp[kdp[kpdkpodp;p;j
Embed-4-1-1.pdf vm ;sdkp[kdp[kpdkpodp;p;jEmbed-4-1-1.pdf vm ;sdkp[kdp[kpdkpodp;p;j
Embed-4-1-1.pdf vm ;sdkp[kdp[kpdkpodp;p;j
 
israeil_bnetaniahou_panel_report_eng.pdf
israeil_bnetaniahou_panel_report_eng.pdfisraeil_bnetaniahou_panel_report_eng.pdf
israeil_bnetaniahou_panel_report_eng.pdf
 
Positive Effects Of Social Media On Mental Health
Positive Effects Of Social Media On Mental HealthPositive Effects Of Social Media On Mental Health
Positive Effects Of Social Media On Mental Health
 
Have A Complimentary Cheat Sheet, On Us!!!
Have A Complimentary Cheat Sheet, On Us!!!Have A Complimentary Cheat Sheet, On Us!!!
Have A Complimentary Cheat Sheet, On Us!!!
 
Minnesota Timberwolves Bring Ya Ass T Shirt
Minnesota Timberwolves Bring Ya Ass T ShirtMinnesota Timberwolves Bring Ya Ass T Shirt
Minnesota Timberwolves Bring Ya Ass T Shirt
 
World Politics as Black & White Iran and Israel or how people fall victims of...
World Politics as Black & White Iran and Israel or how people fall victims of...World Politics as Black & White Iran and Israel or how people fall victims of...
World Politics as Black & White Iran and Israel or how people fall victims of...
 
PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...
PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...
PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...
 
Embed-3-1-1.pdf The ECI direction on April 2, 2024 can be read here:
Embed-3-1-1.pdf  The ECI direction on April 2, 2024 can be read here:Embed-3-1-1.pdf  The ECI direction on April 2, 2024 can be read here:
Embed-3-1-1.pdf The ECI direction on April 2, 2024 can be read here:
 
R$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatórios
R$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatóriosR$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatórios
R$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatórios
 
Dominican American Coalition PAC Executive Summary
Dominican American Coalition PAC Executive SummaryDominican American Coalition PAC Executive Summary
Dominican American Coalition PAC Executive Summary
 
21052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
21052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf21052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
21052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
May 2024 - Crypto Market Report_FINAL.pdf
May 2024 - Crypto Market Report_FINAL.pdfMay 2024 - Crypto Market Report_FINAL.pdf
May 2024 - Crypto Market Report_FINAL.pdf
 
Encore portal Project PPt on live portal
Encore portal Project PPt on live portalEncore portal Project PPt on live portal
Encore portal Project PPt on live portal
 
Embed-4-3 (1).pdf cvxx'f['df[p'lf][l][fl][fl][][l[
Embed-4-3 (1).pdf cvxx'f['df[p'lf][l][fl][fl][][l[Embed-4-3 (1).pdf cvxx'f['df[p'lf][l][fl][fl][][l[
Embed-4-3 (1).pdf cvxx'f['df[p'lf][l][fl][fl][][l[
 
Meta_AI_ads_investigation.pdfldoljjwejolejolol
Meta_AI_ads_investigation.pdfldoljjwejolejololMeta_AI_ads_investigation.pdfldoljjwejolejolol
Meta_AI_ads_investigation.pdfldoljjwejolejolol
 
CaseThe legal victory in the turmeric patent case safeguarded traditional kno...
CaseThe legal victory in the turmeric patent case safeguarded traditional kno...CaseThe legal victory in the turmeric patent case safeguarded traditional kno...
CaseThe legal victory in the turmeric patent case safeguarded traditional kno...
 
19052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
19052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf19052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
19052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 

Sri Lanka: An Introduction

  • 1. Sri Lanka: An Introduction Josh Gellers, PhD October 12, 2016
  • 3. Vital Statistics • Population: 20 million (2015) • GDP per capita: $3,912 (2015) • Life expectancy: 75 (2014) • % with access to electricity: 89% (2012) • Adult literacy rate: 91% (2010) • Human Development Index: 73/188 (2015) • Diversity: 4 major ethnic groups (Sinhalese, Tamils, Muslims, Burghers) 3
  • 4. Modern History • Three Kingdoms (1500s-1800) – Portuguese, Dutch, and British all vie for supremacy on the island, which consisted of 3 kingdoms: Jaffna (north), Kotte (west), and Kandy (central) • Ceylon: A British Colony (1802-1947) – British led a wave of reforms, including administrative centralization and establishing branches of government • Independence and Conflict (1948-present) – Ceylon becomes independent member of British commonwealth, and renamed Sri Lanka in 1972 – Civil war between Tamils and Sinhalese raged from 1983-2009 4
  • 5. The Sri Lankan Conflict • British favored the Tamils over the Sinhalese, and once the British left Sinhala was made the national language, Buddhism named state religion • 1972: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) formed • 1997: State Department lists LTTE on terrorist list • 2002: Norway brokers a cease-fire • 2005: Sri Lankan foreign minister assassinated, conflict reignites • 2009: Sri Lankan government defeat LTTE after 70,000+ are killed in the struggle 5
  • 6. Sri Lanka Today: Reform, Reconciliation, Regionalism • New president, new constitution in the works • Addressing Tamil displacement, disappearance • Balancing development assistance and trade with China, India, Pakistan, and the US 6 Colombo Financial City