Clean Ports Green Ports A Drayage Carrier Perspective
CLEAN PORTS - GREEN PORTS
A DRAYAGE CARRIER PERSPECTIVE
The purpose of this document is to outline a strategy and specific steps to
implemented in order to achieve our environmental objectives
As a drayage carrier we have two primary goals with regard to transportation activities
at the ports and rail ramp facilities within our operating area.
1. Improve air quality, by reducing greenhouse gasses, in the Port areas and rail
ramp areas, in particular and in the outlying areas, in general.
2. Reduce congestion in the port areas and in the rail ramp areas by reducing
the number of vehicles needed to service the shipping public.
WHO WE ARE
The Evans Network of Companies is comprised of seven affiliated companies providing
truck transportation services in the forty-eight contiguous states. The Evans Network
was founded in 1939 in Pottsville, Pennsylvania by Albert L. Evans, Sr. The company is
owned an operated by Albert L. Evans, Jr.
Here are some operating statistics for calendar year 2008
$230,000,000 Revenue Billed
301,000 Container Drayage Shipments
149,000 LTL Shipments
41,000 Van Truckload Shipments
500 Dry Van Trailers
76 Operating Service Centers
CLEAN PORTS – GREEN PORTS – A DRAYAGE CARRIER PERSPECTIVE 1
SERVICE CENTER LOCATIONS
CLEAN PORTS – GREEN PORTS – A DRAYAGE CARRIER PERSPECTIVE 2
The container drayage industry is largely handled by independent contractor fleets. It
is a highly competitive and price driven business. As a result, the independent
contractors, for the most part, purchase second hand equipment after it has served its
initial life with a larger over-the-road carrier.
The following are the EPA heavy duty engine standards starting with model year 1984.
Model Year EPA NOx EPA Particulate
Standards Matter (PM)
2007 0.2 PM .01
2004 2.4 PM .10
1998 4.0 PM .10
1994 5.0 PM .10
1991 5.0 PM .25
1984 10.7 PM .60
* US EPA heavy duty engine standards - Port Authority of NYNJ Publication
The Evans independent contractor fleet is no exception to the prevailing age
distribution. The following table shows the percentage of the independent contractor
fleet by model year and indicates the number of tractors which fall in to the respective
EPA Heavy Duty Engine Standards.
CLEAN PORTS – GREEN PORTS – A DRAYAGE CARRIER PERSPECTIVE 3
WHAT WE HAVE DONE
Company Owned Tractor Fleet
In 2008, we implemented a number of strategies aimed to reduce fuel consumption
and improve overall efficiencies. These included the following:
• All engine Electronic Control Modules (ECM) were reset to limit road speed to 65
• Engine idling was reduced to a five minute “hard” limit. A program to measure
and monitor idling time was implemented.
• A driver training program was implemented to improve driving skills with regard
to fuel efficiency.
• All tractors were fitted with ESPAR® cab heaters to reduce the need for engine
idling while loading, unloading or at rest stops.
• A comprehensive tire management system was implemented to insure proper
• A program to install Anderson ECO-flaps® on company owned vehicles was
CLEAN PORTS – GREEN PORTS – A DRAYAGE CARRIER PERSPECTIVE 4
• A program to install additional aero dynamic tractor fairing was implemented.
• Expanded the use of Idle-Aire® services at truck stops.
• Reduced the amount of deadhead miles by better load matching.
Independent Contractor Tractor Fleet
In addition to the steps we took with the company owned fleet, we initiated programs
specifically directed to the independent contractor fleet.
• Evans committed to spend up to $100,000, in matching funds, per port to
implement emission reduction technologies with respect to the independent
• Searched for an emission reduction technology which would provide an
effective yet feasible solution in reducing greenhouse gas emissions in and
around the ports.
• Identified the Donaldson Company’s Diesel Multistage Filter as the best
available technology for our application.
• Partnered with the Port of Virginia and the Hampton Roads Clean Cities
Coalition to install up to thirty DMFs on independent contractor’s tractors (1998
& newer) where Evans would match fifty percent of the cost, up to $100,000.
• Purchased Donaldson Data Loggers in order to perform on-site testing of
independent contractor’s tractors so that we could verify the effectiveness of
• Purchased the first ten DMFs and began the installation phase, in Virginia.
• Partnered with the South Carolina Ports to provide matching funds to install up
to sixty Donaldson DMFs in the Port of Charleston. This program is scheduled to
begin in July. Evans will fund up to $100,000 for this project.
• Implemented a program of awarding ESPAR® Cab Heaters to independent
contractors as safe driving awards.
IMPORT-EXPORT LOAD MATCHING
According to the American Association of Port Authorities statistics North American
ports handled 21,984,659 containers in 2007. Most of these containers were transported
on a “round-trip” basis and very few import shipments were matched with export
We believe that this represents an excellent opportunity for not only improving air
quality in general, but reducing highway congestion as well. While it is generally held
that matching import and export shipments is too difficult, our belief is that these
difficulties can be overcome.
CLEAN PORTS – GREEN PORTS – A DRAYAGE CARRIER PERSPECTIVE 5
Based on our own internal estimates we found that by matching just fifty percent of the
available loads could result in a savings in diesel fuel consumed of approximately
350,000,000 gallons annually. That’s almost 1,000,000 gallons per day.
This is, in fact, a complex process and there are a number of key elements involved.
The following chart graphically illustrates the components of load matching.
CLEAN PORTS – GREEN PORTS – A DRAYAGE CARRIER PERSPECTIVE 6
EXPORT CONTAINER AND LOAD OPTIMIZATION
Based upon the need to optimize export loads and containers we named this program
Export Container Optimization and Matching or ECO-MATCH™.
We have discussed this concept and program with a number of steamship lines,
importers, exporters and forwarders. Up to this point, our discussions have met with
mixed results. The importers, exporters and forwarders react positively while the
steamship lines are not overly receptive.
Many of the steamship lines conduct their business in a certain manner and our slow to
change to meet the needs of a comprehensive import-export load program.
However we firmly believe that this is an opportunity for the industry. By way of
example, based on our own records, we looked at specific traffic lanes originating and
terminating in the Port of Charleston, South Carolina.
CLEAN PORTS – GREEN PORTS – A DRAYAGE CARRIER PERSPECTIVE 7
Our records indicated that, during a twelve month period, Evans Delivery Company
transported 5,380 import loads and 3,786 export loads between the Port and three
specific destination areas (Atlanta, Spartanburg and Charlotte).
A match of seventy-five percent of these shipments would produce a savings of
242,691 gallons of diesel fuel and nearly 3,000 trips to the Port.
FUTURE STEPS TO BE TAKEN
• Continue retro fitting independent contractor’s tractors with emission reduction
• Pursue the ECO-MATCH™ program and promote the efficient use of
• Develop and implement a program designed to eliminate and replace the
oldest, heaviest polluting, independent contractor tractors from port operations.
• Explore and develop anti-idling practices in port operations, shipper locations
and importer locations.
There are a number of areas where we need assistance from SmartWay. These include:
Having the drayage transportation segment of the supply chain become part of
Create awareness among the SmartWay Shipper Partners to encourage the use of
SmartWay Drayage Carriers.
Work with Port, Marine Terminal and Rail Ramp Facility operators to improve terminal
processes in order to expedite transportation and reduce air pollution and congestion.
CLEAN PORTS – GREEN PORTS – A DRAYAGE CARRIER PERSPECTIVE 8