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    Constructivism Constructivism Presentation Transcript

    • Constructivism By Steve Gibbs
    • As compared to other theories Student Teacher Learning OTHER Teachers have a sphere of knowledge that they want to insert into the minds of their students Student Teacher CONSTRUCTIVISTS The sphere is created inside the mind of the student by creating a learning environment
    • Definition
      • Constructivism is a philosophy of learning founded on the premise that, by reflecting on our experiences , we color and construct our own understanding of the world we live in
    • Definition
      • Each of us generates "rules" to make sense of our experiences
      • Learning is adjusting our rules to accommodate new experiences
      • Students can learn different meanings from the same lesson
    • Definition
      • No knowledge can be transferred intact from one individual to another
    • Definition
      • Information received is reshaped inside the learner’s mind to fit within his or her frame of reference
    • Key player Key Player
    • Jerome S Bruner
      • “ I shall take it as self-evident that each generation must define afresh the nature, direction, and aims of education to assure such freedom and rationality as can be attainted for a future generation…
      © www.cocc.edu 2004
    • Jerome S Bruner
      • … It is in this sense that education is in constant process of invention.”
        • -- Jerome S. Bruner Toward a Theory of Instruction , 1966
      © www.cocc.edu 2004
    • Key issues Key Issues
    • How does learning occur?
      • The learner creates meaning from experience. The mind filters input from the external world to create its own singular version of reality
      • Teachers must start from where the students are to align learning with existing states of mind
    • Which factors influence learning?
      • Learning is a search for meaning
      • Learning must start with the issues around which students are actively trying to construct meaning
      • Meaning requires understanding wholes as well as parts
    • What is the role of memory?
      • Constructivists view memory as the repository not for intact knowledge, but for flexible threads of information that can be reorganized in an unending variety of ways
    • How does transfer occur?
      • Transfer can occur by involving learners in authentic tasks anchored within a meaningful context
    • What types of learning are best explained by this theory?
      • Not best for introductory knowledge
      • Not best for rote memorization of rules and facts
    • What types of learning are best explained by this theory?
      • However, for advanced knowledge acquisition, this learning theory works quite well
      • There are no preconceived limitations. The student is free to create their own construct
    • What basic assumptions/principles are relevant to instructional design?
      • Educators focus on making connections between facts and fostering new understanding in students
    • How to structure instruction?
      • Tailor strategies to student responses
      • Encourage analysis, interpretation, prediction
      • Use open-ended questions and discussion
      • Connect past experiences with new learning
      • Use project-based learning
      • Use problem-based learning
    • How to evaluate?
      • Learners to construct their own meaning, no memorized "right" answers; no regurgitation
      • Formative assessment ensures students are learning during the process
      • Use holistic evaluation
    • How to evaluate?
      • Constructivism calls for the elimination of grades and standardized testing
    • end