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How to make a film
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  • 1. How to make a film Tom manston
  • 2. Step 1• The idea comes from the producer reading books,films,newspapers,plays and other people.• The most important person in film making is the producer as he makes the film in to a reality.• A director can visualise a scripted and make it reality they know how to put a story on a screen.• The writer defines and clarifies the idea. The plot and main characters and turns it in to something that can be achieved.• Treatment (the writer will then write the treatment a one page description of the main story and characters of the film.• The pitch contains all the information the producer needs in order to sell the idea to the finance to commotion a scripted.
  • 3. Step 2• Pitching the producers uses the treatment and the pitch, plus her powers of persuasion to get money to sell the scripted.• The producer approaches film production for companies for development and money, but they have projects of there own.• The producer can offer on the future sales and broadcast rights to the film in return for money to develop the scripted.• The producer can also apply to a public funding body such as the uk film coucil for a development grant.• The producer can even pitch the film to private investors in hope that they will support the project.
  • 4. Step 3• First the writer produces a synopsis and he and the producer agree or not the key scenes and events in the film.• There is as many ways of writing as there are writers but most writers create a step outline to plan there scripted.• Part of the writers fee is Conditional on delivery of the first draft this can be the hardest part of screenwriting.• Once the writer and the producer are happy , the draft is sent to the financers , all of witch will have there own ideas.• When everyone is happy with the scripted it gets lock off and becomes a final draft then the writer gets paid.• The final stage of the script development process is the creation of a sales treatment.
  • 5. Step 4• The producer and director must now package the script into the full commercial proposition ready for financing.• One common way to make the project more commercial is to attach well known stars to the script.• Respected commercially successful heads of department carry considerable clout with knowledgeable financers.• To turn the film into a proper business proposition the producer must know how much it will actually cost to make.• Potential investors will want to know how the producer plans to raise money and how she plans to pay them back.• The producer has packaged into a viable commercial proposition. Now its time to see what people think of it.• The producer has packaged the film into a visible commercial proposition now its time to see what the people think of it.
  • 6. Step 5• Financers can be anywhere in the world . To secure the investment she needs to make the film the producer must travel.• Privet individuals production companies and public bodies all invest in films. The producers lawyer draws up contracts to seal the deals.• The producer can also raise money from pre-sales selling the rights to the film before it has been made.
  • 7. Step 6• The kick off meeting, to welcome everyone• Casting is picking the actors to play the different parts• Storyboarding is where you work out and sort out all the scenes.• Production design is when they star designing the sets, like miniature models and things.• Special effects planning is where you add special effects to your planning to make it better.• The production unit is deciding who does what in production unit.
  • 8. Step 7• 1st day of principle photography is where it’s the first day of actually filming.• Camera people filming there first scenes.• Lighting and sound doing what they need to do on the film set, catching the light and sound.• Acting the actors act out the scenes and deliver the lines in the script.• Special physical effects stunt men doing the bits that the actors cant do.• Chain of command having a list of whos the director producer and camera man so everybody on the set knows who there boss is.
  • 9. Step 8• As the processed footage comes in the editor assembles it into scenes and creates a narrative sequence for the film.• Once the picture is locked the sound department works on the audio track laying creating and editing every sound.• Digital effects are added by specialist effects compositors and titles and credits are added in a composting suite.• The final stage of the picture edit is to adjust the colour and establish the fine aesthetic of the film.• After picture lock the rough sound mix goes to a dubbing theatre where the sound mixer sets the final levels.• After the final cut the film reaches ‘full lock’ it is now finished and ready for duplication but who gets the final cut?
  • 10. Step 9• To help her sell the film to distributors the producer secures the services of a sales agent a specialist in film sales.• To help sell the film a trailer is made to show busy film buyers the most marketable aspects of the film.• The producer and the sales agent collect everything they will need to sell the film to distributors.• The market is saturated with films so the producer must go to great lengths to attract attention for her product.• A high-profile screening at one of the top films festivals can be great for generating ‘heat’ around a film.• The producer now has a hot product and can negotiate good deals with distributors around the world.
  • 11. Step 10• Knowing the audience is essential and the marketing team runs test screenings to see how the film is received.• The potential audience for the films is targeted with posters cinema trailers tv sports and other marketing materials.• Television radio newspapers and magazines can all help create positive word of mouth about a film.• The birth of digital media and the internet has flooded the world with information but also made niche marketing possible.• In order to get the film to audiences the distributor must negotiate a deal with the cinemas to screen it.
  • 12. Step 11• A high profile star-studded premiere is used to launch the film to the public with an explosion of media coverage.• The UK has more than 3,500 cinema screens. Although not all are British owned or show British films.• Distributors supply the exhibitors with prints of the film the more screens the film is shown on the more prints are needed.• The exhibitors take their share of the box office receipts after which the distributors recoup their marketing costs.• Once the distributors have been paid the financiers can recover their investments, as laid out in the recoupment schedule.
  • 13. Step 12• Hospitality sales for hotel channels and in-flight entertainment can bring in millions in additional revenue.• UK audiences spend more on DVD’s than on cinema tickets so success on DVD can compensate for box office failure.• Televisions on the final source of revenue rights are sold separately for pay-tv showings and terrestrial broadcast.• Rights for computer games and other product licenses can be extremely lucrative sources of additional revenue.• Once the film has made a profit the producer and key creative people can reap their rewards or so the theory goes..• The final income from a film is never known distribution continues in perpetuity and it may even be re-released in the future.