Simple past

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An easy way to understand the Simple past tense.

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Simple past

  1. 1. CONTENTS 8-1 Using be: past time 8-2 Past of be: negative 8-3 Past of be: questions 8-4 The simple past tense: using -ed 8-5 The simple past: irregular verbs (Group 1) 8-7 The simple past: negative 8-8 The simple past: yes/no questions 8-9 Irregular verbs (Group 2) 8-10 Irregular verbs (Group 3) 8-11 Irregular verbs (Group 4)
  2. 2. 2 I am in class today. I was in class yesterday. 8-1 USING BE: PAST TIME
  3. 3. 3 PRESENT TIME PAST TIME (a) I am in class today. (b) I was in class yesterday. (c) Jun is here today. (d) Jun was here yesterday. (e) We are happy today. (f) We were happy yesterday. 8-1 USING BE: PAST TIME
  4. 4. 4 Singular Plural I was we were you were you were she was he was it was they were SIMPLE PAST TENSE OF BE 8-1 USING BE: PAST TIME
  5. 5. 5 SIMPLE PAST TENSE OF BE 8-1 USING BE: PAST TIME I she he it + was we you they + were
  6. 6. 6 at workI ____ yesterday.was past 8-1 Let’s Practice be
  7. 7. 7 He ___in the poolwas last week. past 8-1 Let’s Practice be
  8. 8. 8 The moon ____ huge last night.was past 8-1 Let’s Practice be
  9. 9. 9 I was not in class yesterday. 8-2 PAST OF BE: NEGATIVE
  10. 10. 10 (a) I was not in class yesterday. (b) She wasn’t in class yesterday. 8-2 PAST OF BE: NEGATIVE was + not = wasn’t + wasn’t I she he it
  11. 11. 11 (c) You were not home last night. (d) You weren’t home last night. 8-2 PAST OF BE: NEGATIVE were + not = weren’t + weren’t we you they
  12. 12. 12 ________ in class yesterday morning. Jared is in class this morning, but he wasn’t 8-2 Let’s Practice
  13. 13. 13 They are in London tonight, but they weren’t___________ in London last night. 8-2 Let’s Practice
  14. 14. 14 I am happy today, but I wasn’t happy____________ yesterday. 8-2 Let’s Practice
  15. 15. 15 The weather is nice this week, but it wasn’t nice___________ last week. 8-2 Let’s Practice
  16. 16. 16 Were you in class yesterday? 8-3 PAST OF BE: QUESTIONS
  17. 17. 17 We were in class yesterday. + LONG ANSWER YES/NO QUESTIONS (a) Were you in class yesterday? Yes, we were. 8-3 PAST OF BE: QUESTIONS (be) + (subject) SHORT ANSWER
  18. 18. 18 We weren’t in class yesterday.No, we weren’t. + LONG ANSWER YES/NO QUESTIONS (a) Were you in class yesterday? 8-3 PAST OF BE: QUESTIONS SHORT ANSWER (be) + (subject)
  19. 19. 19 She was at the library last week. + LONG ANSWER YES/NO QUESTIONS (b) Was Jean at the library last week? Yes, she was. 8-3 PAST OF BE: QUESTIONS (be) + (subject) SHORT ANSWER
  20. 20. 20 She wasn’t at the library last week.No, she wasn’t. + LONG ANSWER YES/NO QUESTIONS (b) Was Jean at the library last week? 8-3 PAST OF BE: QUESTIONS SHORT ANSWER (be) + (subject)
  21. 21. 21 He was in Mexico last winter. + LONG ANSWER INFORMATION QUESTIONS (c) Where was Bill last winter? In Mexico. 8-3 PAST OF BE: QUESTIONS Where + (be) + (subject) SHORT ANSWER
  22. 22. 22 They were on vacation last month. + LONG ANSWER INFORMATION QUESTIONS (d) Where were they last month? On vacation. 8-3 PAST OF BE: QUESTIONS Where + (be) + (subject) SHORT ANSWER
  23. 23. 23 No, she wasn’t. _____ Andrea in class on Friday?Was She 8-3 Let’s Practice wasn’t in class on Friday.
  24. 24. 24 We were at the lake last week.Yes, . _____ you and Simi at the lake last week?Were we were 8-3 Let’s Practice
  25. 25. 25 _____ Nina with you last week? No, . Was she wasn’t She wasn’t with me. 8-3 Let’s Practice
  26. 26. 26 We walked to school. 8-4 THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE: USING -ED
  27. 27. 27 verb + -ed = the simple past I you she he it we they + walked (verb + -ed) 8-4 THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE: USING -ED
  28. 28. 28 Yesterday _______________.I brushed my teeth Every day I brush my teeth. 8-4 Let’s Practice
  29. 29. 29 Yesterday she _____________.played the piano Every day Julie plays the piano. 8-4 Let’s Practice
  30. 30. 30 YESTERDAY (a) Bob was here ... 8-5 PAST TIME WORDS: YESTERDAY, LAST, AND AGO yesterday. yesterday morning. yesterday afternoon. yesterday evening.
  31. 31. 31 (b) Eve was here ... 8-5 PAST TIME WORDS: YESTERDAY, LAST, AND AGO last night. last week. last month. last year. last spring. last summer. last Monday. last Friday. LAST
  32. 32. 32 (c) Omar was here … 8-5 PAST TIME WORDS: YESTERDAY, LAST, AND AGO AGO five minutes ago. two hours ago. six days ago. a month ago. a year ago. ten years ago.
  33. 33. 33 morning afternoon evening yesterday with 8-5 PAST TIME WORDS: YESTERDAY, LAST, AND AGO
  34. 34. 34 night long periods of time seasons days of the week 8-5 PAST TIME WORDS: YESTERDAY, LAST, AND AGO last with
  35. 35. 35 five minutes two hours six days a month five months one year ten years + ago (in the past) 8-5 PAST TIME WORDS: YESTERDAY, LAST, AND AGO length of time
  36. 36. 36 yesterday last We went to the movies ________ afternoon. yesterday 8-5 Let’s Practice
  37. 37. 37 I called you ________ week.last 8-5 Let’s Practice yesterday last
  38. 38. 38 Janice left for South America ________ morning.yesterday 8-5 Let’s Practice yesterday last
  39. 39. 39 The sky was beautiful ______ night.last 8-5 Let’s Practice yesterday last
  40. 40. 40 eat ate 8-6 THE SIMPLE PAST: IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 1)
  41. 41. 41 PRESENT PAST come came I come home every afternoon. I came home this afternoon. 8-6 THE SIMPLE PAST: IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 1)
  42. 42. 42 I went swimming last Tuesday. PRESENT PAST go went I go swimming every Tuesday. 8-6 THE SIMPLE PAST: IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 1)
  43. 43. 43 I wrote a letter to her last week. PRESENT PAST write wrote I write a letter to my grandmother every week. 8-6 THE SIMPLE PAST: IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 1)
  44. 44. 44 8-6 Let’s Practice I have ice cream every Sunday. I had ice cream last Sunday.
  45. 45. 45 You ___ ice cream. 8-6 Let’s Practice What did I do last Sunday? had have had
  46. 46. 46 8-6 Let’s Practice She sits at her desk to study every night. She sat at her desk last night.
  47. 47. 47 She ___ at her desk. 8-6 Let’s Practice What did she do last night? sat sit sat
  48. 48. 48 8-6 Let’s Practice She sees her best friend every weekend. She saw her last weekend.
  49. 49. 49 8-6 Let’s Practice She ____ her best friend. What did she do last weekend? saw see saw
  50. 50. 50 I did not walk to school yesterday. 8-7 THE SIMPLE PAST: NEGATIVE
  51. 51. 51 SUBJECT + DID + NOT + MAIN VERB (a) I did not drive to work yesterday. (b) You did not drive to work yesterday. (c) Mike did not cook dinner yesterday. (d) They did not drive to work yesterday. 8-7 THE SIMPLE PAST: NEGATIVE
  52. 52. 52 I you she he it we they + did not + main verb 8-7 THE SIMPLE PAST: NEGATIVE
  53. 53. 53 (e) I didn’t watch a movie last night. (f) Ade didn’t play soccer yesterday. 8-7 THE SIMPLE PAST: NEGATIVE NEGATIVE CONTRACTION did + not = didn’t
  54. 54. 54 We ate breakfast Monday, but we ________ breakfast Tuesday. didn’t eat We don’t eat breakfast every day. 8-7 Let’s Practice
  55. 55. 55 well last night, but I __________ well on Thursday night. didn’t sleep I don’t sleep well every night. I slept 8-7 Let’s Practice
  56. 56. 56 Did Laurie walk to work? 8-8 THE SIMPLE PAST: YES/NO QUESTIONS
  57. 57. 57 DID + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB (a) Did Laurie walk to work? She walked to work. 8-8 THE SIMPLE PAST: YES/NO QUESTIONS Yes, she did.
  58. 58. 58 DID + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB (a) Did Laurie walk to school? She didn’t walk to school. 8-8 THE SIMPLE PAST: YES/NO QUESTIONS No, she didn’t.
  59. 59. 59 DID + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB (b) Did you practice the violin? I practiced the violin. 8-8 THE SIMPLE PAST: YES/NO QUESTIONS Yes, I did.
  60. 60. 60 (b) Did you practice the violin? DID + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB I didn’t practice the violin. 8-8 THE SIMPLE PAST: YES/NO QUESTIONS No, I didn’t.
  61. 61. 61 8-8 Let’s Practice I saw my dad today Yes, I did. _________ ________. Did you see your dad today?
  62. 62. 62 Did you see your brother today 8-8 Let’s Practice Yes, I did. I saw my brother today. ____________ ____________ _?
  63. 63. 63 did you do last night What 8-8 Let’s Practice We went to a party last night. ___________ __________?
  64. 64. 64 Did Andrea go on vacation 8-8 Let’s Practice Yes, she did. Andrea went on vacation. ___________ __________?
  65. 65. 65 bring brought 8-9 IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 2)
  66. 66. 66 PRESENT PAST bring brought I always bring gifts to birthday parties. I brought a gift to your party yesterday. 8-9 IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 2)
  67. 67. 67 PRESENT PAST drive drove She drives to school. She drove to school today. 8-9 IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 2)
  68. 68. 68 PRESENT PAST run ran He runs to school. He ran to school this morning. 8-9 IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 2)
  69. 69. 69 PRESENT PAST buy bought catch caught drink drank read read ride rode shut shut teach taught think thought 8-9 IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 2)
  70. 70. 70 Someone broke the window. 8-10 IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 3)
  71. 71. 71 PRESENT PAST break broke That child breaks everything. She broke my coffee cup. 8-10 IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 3)
  72. 72. 72 PRESENT PAST meet met I can meet you after school. They met in their English class. 8-10 IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 3)
  73. 73. 73 PRESENT PAST sing sang I like to sing new songs. I sang a new song last night. 8-10 IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 3)
  74. 74. 74 PRESENT PAST wake up woke up Sometimes I wake up very early. Today I woke up late. 8-10 IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 3)
  75. 75. 75 PRESENT PAST fly flew hear heard leave left pay paid ring rang send sent speak spoke take took 8-10 IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 3)
  76. 76. 76 8-10 Let’s Practice What did I do yesterday? You sang a new song sing sang _________ ________.
  77. 77. 77 begin began 8-11 IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 4)
  78. 78. 78 PRESENT PAST begin began People usually begin college at age 18. She began college at age 25. 8-11 IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 4)
  79. 79. 79 I wear a uniform at my new job. I wore regular clothes at my old job. PRESENT PAST wear wore 8-11 IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 4)
  80. 80. 80 PRESENT PAST find found lose lost hang hung say said sell sold steal stole tell told tear tore 8-11 IRREGULAR VERBS (GROUP 4)
  81. 81. 81 8-11 Let’s Practice I like to ____ things I don’t use any more. Yesterday I ____ my old baseball. sell sold sell sold
  82. 82. 82 8-11 Let’s Practice What did I do yesterday? You sold your old baseball sell sold __________ __________ _.
  83. 83. 83 8-11 Let’s Practice I always _____ my tools on my garage wall. Last weekend I _____ the rake on the garage wall. hang hung hang hung

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