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Teaching lessonpowerpoint

  1. 1. The Food Pyramid<br />4th Grade Nutrition<br />Ms. Favaro<br />
  2. 2. Grains<br />Grains are represented by the orange part on the pyramid<br />What are they? <br />Food made from wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley and cereal grains.<br />Why do we need them?<br />Reduces risk of heart disease<br />Weight management<br />Sources of nutrients like fiber, vitamin B and minerals<br />
  3. 3. How Much Do You Need?<br />Boys<br />6 ounces daily<br />Girls<br />5 ounces daily<br />What is considered an ounce?<br />One slice of bread<br />1 cup of cereal<br /><ul><li>Examples of Grains:
  4. 4. Refined Grains
  5. 5. White bread, spaghetti, crackers and corn tortillas
  6. 6. Whole Grains
  7. 7. Brown rice, oatmeal, popcorn and whole wheat cereal flakes</li></li></ul><li>Vegetables<br />Vegetables are represented by the green part on the pyramid<br />Why do we need them?<br />Reduce the risk of Stroke and other cardiovascular diseases<br />Rich in nutrients including Potassium, fiber, and vitamins A, E and C<br />Don’t like vegetables? <br />Try them with a dip or dressing!<br />Try a lot of different ones, you’re bound to like one!<br />
  8. 8. How Much Do You Need?<br />Boys<br />2 ½ cups daily<br />Girls<br />2 cups daily<br />Examples of vegetables<br />Broccoli<br />Corn<br />Artichokes<br />Asparagus<br />Cucumbers<br />Sweet Potato<br />Beans- black, kidney, lima, pinto, soy, kidney<br />
  9. 9. Fruits<br />Fruits are represented by the red part of the pyramid<br />Why do we need them?<br />Reduces risk for Stroke and type 2 Diabetes<br />Protects against certain cancers<br />They contain nutrients including Potassium, fiber and vitamin C<br />Don’t like fruit?<br />Mix them in a smoothie<br />Try them in yogurt or with a dip<br />Try different textures of fruits<br />
  10. 10. How Much Do You Need?<br />Boys<br />1 ½ cups daily<br />Girls<br />1 ½ cup daily<br />Examples of fruit<br />Bananas<br />Apples<br />Berries- Strawberries, Blueberries, Raspberries<br />Apricots<br />Avocado<br />Plums<br />
  11. 11. Dairy<br />Dairy/Milk is represented by the blue part of the pyramid<br />Why do you need it?<br />Maintains bone mass throughout our life<br />Calcium helps build bones and teeth<br />It also includes Potassium which helps maintain healthy blood pressure<br />Milk products tend to have a higher overall nutritional quality<br />
  12. 12. How Much Do You Need?<br />Boys<br />3 cups daily<br />Girls<br />3 cups daily<br />Examples of dairy products<br />All fluid milk-low fat, reduced fat, whole and fat-free<br />Hard natural cheeses- Swiss, Cheddar, Mozzarella<br />All yogurt<br />Ice cream<br />Lactose intolerant?<br />Choose lactose-free alternatives such as lactose-free milk or yogurt<br />
  13. 13. Meat and Beans<br />Meat and beans is represented by the purple part of the pyramid<br />Why do we need them?<br />Proteins function as building blocks for bones, muscles, cartilage, skin and blood<br />They help the body release energy<br />Nutrients including vitamin B and E, zinc, iron and magnesium<br />Vegetarian?<br />You can still eat plant-based food like beans and nuts, even milk products and eggs are good sources of protein<br />
  14. 14. How Much Do You Need?<br />Boys<br />5 ounces daily<br />Girls<br />5 ounces daily<br />Examples of Protein<br />Meats- Beef, Ham, Veal and Pork<br />Beans and peas<br />Fish- catfish, cod, herring, tuna<br />Poultry- chicken, goose, turkey, duck<br />Eggs<br />Nuts and Seeds- almonds, pecans, walnuts<br />
  15. 15. Oils<br />Although oils aren’t considered a food group anymore, they are still important to maintain a healthy diet<br />What are they?<br />Oils are fats that are liquid at room temperature<br />Why do we need them?<br />They contain monounsaturated for polyunsaturated fats, which are essential for a healthy diet<br />Polyunsaturated contain “essential fatty acids”<br />They are a major source of vitamin E<br />Cottonseed Oils<br />
  16. 16. How Much Do You Need?<br />Boys<br />5 teaspoons daily<br />Girls<br />5 teaspoons daily<br />Examples of oils<br />Canola<br />Corn<br />Olive<br />You can also get oils from foods like nuts, olives, some fish and avocados<br />
  17. 17. Why Follow the Food Pyramid?<br />It makes sure all your nutritional needs are met in a variety of ways<br />If you follow the Food Pyramid then you will have a healthy diet and you’ll stay within daily calorie needs, while getting the most nutrition out of those calories<br />
  18. 18. Staying Healthy<br />Along with following the Food Pyramid, you should make sure you exercise regularly to stay healthy and fit<br />Diet and exercise are both important to maintaining a healthy lifestyle<br />
  19. 19. Citations<br />Lain Buchanan, “Nuts!”, March 11, 2006 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />Cottonseedoil, “Cottonseed Oil”, January 18, 2008 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />TheCulinaryGeek, “Strawberry Ice Cream Cone”, September 10, 2010 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />