2007 - Honors Presentation about Venezuela - Fidel and Chavez

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Presentation - Undergraduate Studies
Ouachita Baptist University
Honors Day Presentation

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2007 - Honors Presentation about Venezuela - Fidel and Chavez

  1. 1. Simon Saez Merida (October 30, 1928 - 29 May 2005) <ul><li>Secretary General of AD </li></ul><ul><li>Took part in “El Carupanazo” </li></ul><ul><li>Founder of MIR (Leftist Revolutionary Movement) </li></ul><ul><li>Imprisoned and tortured by Gen. Perez Jimenez </li></ul><ul><li>Professor of the Universidad Central de Venezuela </li></ul><ul><li>Had meetings with Hugo Chavez and Fidel Castro </li></ul><ul><li>Died from an attempted assault on his car while driving down the highway </li></ul>
  2. 2. In Castro’s Shadow? <ul><li>This paper attempts to compare Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez’s and Policies , Internationalism , and Rhetoric to Cuban Leader Fidel Castro’s and evaluates its relevance in world affairs. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Methodology <ul><li>Newspapers and Television </li></ul><ul><li>Documentaries </li></ul><ul><li>Speeches (Castro Database and Alo Presidente!) </li></ul><ul><li>Books and related papers </li></ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Visited Venezuela </li></ul>
  4. 4. Theories <ul><li>Teodoro Petkoff – “ Bourbonic Left” </li></ul><ul><li>Andres Oppenheimer – “Venezuela and Beirut” </li></ul><ul><li>Simon Saez Merida – “A Rhetorical Revolution” </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Gott – “A Democratic Revolution” </li></ul><ul><li>“Different Rate of Transition” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why is this Research Important <ul><li>Demographics </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration (Mariel Boatlift 1980) </li></ul><ul><li>Trade and Remittances </li></ul><ul><li>Oil </li></ul><ul><li>If its important to Latin Americans, then it is important to the United States. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Their Relationship <ul><li>Personal Friendship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Baseball, birthdays, sickness , and gifts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Political Friendship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil, missions, doctors, policies , and socialism </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Two Countries and Two Eras <ul><li>Proximity to the United States </li></ul><ul><li>History and economics </li></ul><ul><li>Allies – Bipolar vs. Multi-polar World </li></ul>
  8. 8. Policies <ul><li>Nationalization of Industries </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Land Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Militarization of Society </li></ul><ul><li>Social Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Aid to other socialist countries </li></ul>
  9. 9. Internationalism <ul><li>Pan-American Unity (CAN, Mercosur and ALBA) </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement in the Neighbors Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships with Rogue States </li></ul><ul><li>Military vs. Economic Aid </li></ul>
  10. 10. Road To Power <ul><li>Failed Coup </li></ul><ul><li>Prison </li></ul><ul><li>Pardoned </li></ul><ul><li>Ran for Office / Won a Revolution </li></ul>
  11. 11. Rhetorical Devises <ul><li>Personality Cult </li></ul><ul><li>Lengthy Speeches </li></ul><ul><li>For (or) Of The Common Man </li></ul><ul><li>Independence Heroes </li></ul><ul><li>Radical and Confrontational – “Socialism or Death” </li></ul>
  12. 12. Conclusions <ul><li>Gradual military strengthening </li></ul><ul><li>Gradual political strengthening </li></ul><ul><li>Gradual policy changes </li></ul><ul><li>“ A Radical with Deep Pockets” </li></ul><ul><li>Influential in the region </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of preventing countries from reaching critical situations </li></ul><ul><li>Not yet a security concern </li></ul>
  13. 13. Four Horseman of the Apocalypse
  14. 14. Poor Areas in Caracas
  15. 36. Chavez is reelected with 62,89% of the vote Dec 3, 2006 Chavez avoids a referendum with 59% of the vote August 16, 2004 Chavez Wins Elections under new constitution with 59% of the Vote July 30, 2000 The New Constitution is ratified with 88% of the Vote April 25, 1999 Wins Elections with 56,2% of the Vote Dec 6, 1998 Elections and Results during Chavez Government
  16. 37. Currently being drafted – Abolishes private property “ Ley de Inmuebles” PDVSA, CANTV (Feb, 2007) Nationalization of Industries Allows the President to rule by decree for 18 months “ Ley Habilitante” – Feb 1, 2007 Auto-Censoring of Media Networks Law of Content and Social Responsibility – Nov 2004 Chavez faces a coup and also a general strike, his transitional to socialism slows down April 2002 – To Dec 2002 Legislature approves 49 laws including the Law of Hidrocarbons, and the Law of Lands. November 13, 2001 New Constitution is ratified April 25, 1999 Gradual Changes by the Chavez Government
  17. 39. <ul><li>Castro was involved in: </li></ul><ul><li>Grenada </li></ul><ul><li>Panama </li></ul><ul><li>Nicaragua </li></ul><ul><li>Venezuela </li></ul><ul><li>Chile </li></ul><ul><li>Bolivia </li></ul>Current Latin American Leaders Associated with Chavez
  18. 40. Chavez in Iraq (2000) and Iran (2006) <ul><li>Castro was the head of the Non-Aligned Movement – 1979-1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Soviet invasion of Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>Sent troops to Angola, and the Congo </li></ul>

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