Chapter 8 – Canada in the 1970’s1968 - 19821968 - 1982Politics are Cool?
Pierre Elliott TrudeauPierre Elliott Trudeau His Policies and actions shapedby the 1960s Was charismatic, media smart,and intellectual, millionairebachelor Marries Margaret Sinclair (23years old) in 1971 Stuck to principles, but alsoadapted his style while in power Liberal, PM - 1968 – 1979, 1980- 1984
Federalism v. RegionalismFederalism v. Regionalism Emergence of Quebec Separatistgovernment Strong Anti-Ottawa sentiment in West Wanted more power to provinces then inCentral (Federal) government
Federalism v. RegionalismFederalism v. RegionalismTrudeau believed in Centralized gov’t1976 – Parti Quebecois elected (ReneLevesque)Alberta resented Ottawa’s attempt toregulate Oil industryBoth regions wanted decentralizationWould later result in constitutional crises inthe 80s and 90s
““A Just Society”A Just Society”Trudeau campaigned for and achievedlaw reforms on divorce, abortion,homosexuality and birth controlHe believed “the state has no place in thebedrooms of the nation.”His government passed the O fficialLang uag e s Act (1 9 6 9 ), recognizing bothFrench and English as Canada’s officiallanguages`
A Just SocietyA Just Society Centralized power inPM’s office, seemedto show favouritismfor francophones Increased spendingon social welfare,secured NDP supportafter 1972 minorityvictory
Image is Everything (pImage is Everything (p325)325)
Joe ClarkJoe Clark 36 year old from Alberta whochallenged Trudeau in 1976 and1979 elections, leader of theProgressive Conservatives Promised to restore harmonybetween provinces and Ottawa Elected youngest PM (1979), butminority government failed on anon-confidence budget vote Trudeau would win the 1980election