Assistive technology


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  • Why IDEA: Students with disabilities have been discriminated against, so IDEA and 504 protect themIDEA: Must fit under one of the identified labelsPakistan exampleIDEA- support for students ages 3-21 meaning until they complete high-school. College is different – no mandate law – Americans with disabilities Act – give students accommodations…First Court Case to start desegregation of Education (ie inclusion for everyone) between IDEA 1990 and 2006 – IDEA now includes support for ages 3-21!NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND Act 2002 (Bill Clinton) to today – Every child must perform to same level. (video on NCLB to date) recognition of students with learning disabilities and the need to include them in education / in society begun AFTER the American Civil Rights Movement. 1954. Brown v Board of Education Of Topeka (Kansas) case : Whereby a child had to walk 1 mile through railway roads to get to her segregated Black Elementary School while a white Elementary School was only 7 blocks away; was the first of many court cases that WON recognition for the need to overcome Racial Segregation in Education. TO give EVERYONE an Equal Education. Special Education was not recognized until 1975!Following cases (see below) emphasized the need for inclusion and support. 3 important dates in the evolution of IDEA are 1975, 1990 ad 2006.1967. Hobson v Handsen (Washington, DC)1970. Diana v State Board of Education (California) 1972. Mills v Board of Education of the District of Columbia1972. Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Citizens v. the common wealth of Pennsylvania1972.Wyatt v. Stickney (Alabama)1975- IDEA is introduced.Etc…..Special EducationIDEA Act in detail:Zero Project – Schools must educate all students with disabilities, regardless of severity;Non-discriminatory identification and evaluation-Schools must use non biased, multifactored methods of evaluation to determine if child has a disability.Free appropriate public education – an IEPLeast Restrictive Environment – meaning inclusive classroomsDue process safeguards – schools provide safeguards to protect child’s and parents rightsParent and student participation and shared decision making – schools must collaborate with parents and students with disabilitiesHistory on the law of IDEA: – videoFurther Questions try out: to IDEA Law an IEP (Individualized Education Program) must be developed by a TEAM:Parent(s) of the child1 or more regular teacher of childIf appropriate special education provider of the childLiason representing public agency (represents the child’s needs& understands public resources )An individual who can interpret evaluation results (1 of the people listed above)The child (if appropriate)According to IDEA Law – UNIVERSAL DESIGNAccommodating everyone, to take away emphasis on individual learning disabilities, need to provide everyone equal access.Universal Design for Learning (UDL) detailed information: www.cast.orgOn the one hand we need to design classroom activities that are inclusive of learning disabilities, and on the other hand we can not disenfranchise students without learning disabilities. Therefore its best to design classes that include Universal Design –
  • IEP is a LEGAL document – Legally binding which provide certain rights to the studentCan be changed – IEP meetings occur annuallySpecific requirements may be determined by state – NY Secondary level teachers elected a representative. In Indiana, the parents can request/select the teacher representative.
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  • Assistive technology

    2. 2. INTRODUCTION • All of you will have classes in your program that will deal with special needs, and the purpose of session today is not to teach you everything about assistive technologies (AT), but to introduce them from a tech integration perspective • Everyone of you will have to deal special needs as teachers, and will be legally mandated to do so • There are tools that can make all of the difference in what and how we learn, and this week is about some of those tools EDUC W200 Week 14
    3. 3. LEGAL BACKGROUND FOR ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGIES IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act o Provide appropriate public education, designed to meet individual needs of students aged 3-21 to anyone, regardless of special needs • Because of IDEA, all students with special needs, in order to receive support, are required to have an IEP: Individualized Education Plan. o Teachers, administrators, and school/district staff work as a team to help student’s individual needs. o Selecting, justifying best technology can be part of the plan. • Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of that provides support for learning modifications to some students who do not fall under IDEA (such as ADHD/ADD students) EDUC W200 Week 14
    4. 4. IDEA OVERVIEW • According to IDEA an IEP (Individualized Education Program) must be developed by a TEAM: • Parent(s)/guardian of the child • 1 or more classroom teacher for that student • If appropriate, special education teacher/provider for the student/child • Liaison representing a public agency (represents the child’s needs and understands public resources), such as a social worker or social service provider • An individual who can interpret evaluation results (1 of the people listed above can fulfill this role) • Administrators representing the school or school corporation • The student/child (if appropriate) EDUC W200 Week 14
    5. 5. WHY ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY Key Concept: Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) o Minimize limitations by a special need o Promote inclusive classrooms/minimize separating special needs students from the general population • This is where technology can help students have the appropriate LRE EDUC W200 Week 14
    6. 6. RECAP: AN EXAMPLE OF IEP, LRE EDUC W200 Week 14
    7. 7. IDEA OVERVIEW • Equal access and IDEA • The point is to accommodate everyone, to take away emphasis on individual learning disabilities, need to provide everyone equal access. • That’s where Universal Design for Learning (UDL) comes in EDUC W200 Week 14
    8. 8. UNIVERSAL DESIGN FOR LEARNING (UDL) • The role of Universal Design for Learning: A flexible curriculum for all types of learning o Link to 4min video. (2:32) o Teachers and schools are being expected to apply a UDL approach in their classrooms and school buildings/environments • Here’s the basics: o What works for students with special needs could help many others o It is a more inclusive approach o It has a focus on improving the learning of everyone, and not just a few EDUC W200 Week 14
    9. 9. UNIVERSAL DESIGN The inspiration for Universal Design for Learning: • Universal Design for Learning was inspired by the Universal Design movement in architecture. • The idea behind Universal Design for learning is the same: design learning activities so they are accessible to everyone. EDUC W200 Week 14
    10. 10. UDL PRINCIPLES • What are the goals? What are the barriers? • Multiple means of Representation • Multiple means of Action and Expression • Multiple means of Engagement EDUC W200 Week 14