E-Learning

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E-Learning

  1. 1. Luis Segura Development of Business Applications University of Applied Sciences Fulda, Germany 11.12.2007
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Communication technologies used in e-Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Management Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative Software </li></ul><ul><li>Pedagogical Approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction and Training Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Architectural examples: Service-oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Demo of a Virtual Learning Environment(VLE) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>E-Learning is associated with advanced learning technology (ALT), which deals with the technologies and associated methodologies in learning using networked and/or multimedia technologies. </li></ul><ul><li>It is referred also to computer-based training ,On-line Learning(web-base learning) and M-learning (where mobile technologies are used). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Introduction <ul><li>It focuses on research, networks and learning technology. </li></ul><ul><li>It is associated with multimedia computing, instructional design, evaluation and video for learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative distance learning methodology. </li></ul><ul><li>Developing course designs that support e-groups and online communities of learning. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Advantages <ul><li>Who wants to learn is not restricted by her/his geographical location or time limitation. </li></ul><ul><li>Person who can quickly learn , does not need to wait for others to understand. At the same time , who learns slowly can take her/his own time. </li></ul><ul><li>A growing number of physical universities began to offer a select set of academic degree and certificate programs via the Internet at a wide range of disciplines. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Communication technologies used in e-learning <ul><li>Communication technologies are generally categorized as asynchronous or synchronous. </li></ul><ul><li>Asynchronous activities use technologies such as blogs, email and discussion boards. The participants exchange information without the dependency of other participants at the same time. </li></ul><ul><li>Synchronous activities use technologies such as chat session or a virtual classroom. The participants exchange information with one or more participants during the same period of time. A face to face discussion is an example of synchronous communications. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Communication technologies used in eLearning <ul><li>Learning management systems </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative software </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile devices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Voting systems in a classroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning in museums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dictionaries for language learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assist navigation with GPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multimedia CD-ROMs </li></ul>
  8. 8. Communication technologies used in eLearning <ul><li>Simulation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Training: live, virtual, constructive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthcare: Medical procedures, active models. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military: war games </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finance: Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight Simulators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robotics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wikis: It allows to create, edit and link web pages easily. </li></ul><ul><li>Web-based teaching materials </li></ul><ul><li>Web sites </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion boards: Forums </li></ul><ul><li>Educational animation </li></ul><ul><li>Games </li></ul>
  9. 9. Learning Management Systems <ul><li>LMS is known also as Virtual Learning Environments(VLE) and Course Management System(CMS). </li></ul><ul><li>It is designed to help teachers by facilitating the management of educational courses for their students. </li></ul><ul><li>The system can often track the learners' progress, which can be monitored by both teachers and learners. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Learning Management Systems <ul><li>These systems usually run on servers, and give the information to the courses through Multimedia and/or web pages. </li></ul><ul><li>Components of these systems usually include templates for content pages, discussion forums, chat, quizzes and exercises . Teachers fill in these templates and then release them for learners to use. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Collaborative Software <ul><li>This software is part of Computer Supported collaborative Learning (CSCL). </li></ul><ul><li>It includes the study of this software and social phenomena associated with it. </li></ul><ul><li>Such software systems are for example email, calendars, text chat, social netwoks like Facebook, Studivz, and webseites like Wikipedia created with wikis. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Pedagogical approaches <ul><li>Instructional design - the traditional pedagogy of instruction which is curriculum focused, and is developed by a centralized educating group or a single teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>social-constructivist - It is a collaborative approach by the use of discussion forums, blogs and on-line collaborative activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive perspective focuses on the cognitive processes involved in learning as well as how the brain works. </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional perspective focuses on the emotional aspects of learning, like motivation, engagement, fun, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral perspective focuses on the skills and behavioral situations of the learning process. </li></ul><ul><li>Contextual perspective focuses on the environmental and social aspects which can stimulate learning. Interaction with other people. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Interaction in E-Learning and Training Systems Zongmin Ma(2005). Web-based Intelligent E-learning systems: Technologies and applications. Northeastern University, China.
  14. 14. Interaction in E-Learning and Training Systems <ul><li>Learning and training interaction: Learning is about the acquisition of knowledge or skills. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge: In this case is referred to what is often called declarative knowledge, facts, &quot;knowing of&quot; . The objective of the learner is to be able to understand about knowledge. The style of learning is usually classical studying. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skills: In this case is referred to what is often called procedural knowledge, instructions, &quot;know-how&quot;. The objective of the learner is the ability to perform instructions and procedures. The style of learning is training. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Interaction in E-Learning and Training Systems <ul><li>Human-computer interaction: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The interface between learner and multimedia system is defined by three models: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cognitive models and architectures represent the user’s knowledge, intentions, and abilities. Production of plans of activities are required. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Task-goal-model structures the user goals and the corresponding tasks that have to be executed to accomplish the goals. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Linguistic models ( automatic pattern recognition ) introduce a vocabulary, and control the interaction through a user-system grammar. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Interaction in E-Learning and Training Systems <ul><li>Multimedia implementation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia systems are characterized by the channels provided to access and communicate knowledge and to enable activities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A channel is considered as an abstraction of a connection device used to communicate encoded information. Examples are text or audio. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. General View on an E-Learning System http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~kb95/papers/109.pdf
  18. 18. Service-oriented Architecture for e-Learning <ul><li>Many of the existing architectures of e-learning systems are mainly based on plain client-server or peer-to-peer architectures and are therefore suffering from drawbacks like poor scalability or complicated interchange of content. There is another view which presents a distributed, service-oriented architecture for e-learning systems based on Web services and software agents. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Example 1: Service-oriented Architecture for e-Learning http://ftp.informatik.rwth-aachen.de/Publications/CEUR-WS/Vol-238/paper4.pdf Instituto de Informática – Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil
  20. 20. Example 1: Service-oriented Architecture for e-Learning http://ftp.informatik.rwth-aachen.de/Publications/CEUR-WS/Vol-238/paper4.pdf Instituto de Informática – Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil
  21. 21. Example 2: Service-oriented Architecture for e-Learning http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~kb95/papers/109.pdf
  22. 22. Virtual Learning Environments (VLE) <ul><li>Claroline </li></ul><ul><li>ATutor </li></ul><ul><li>Dokeos </li></ul><ul><li>KEWL </li></ul><ul><li>LON-CAPA </li></ul><ul><li>Moodle </li></ul><ul><li>Sakai Project </li></ul><ul><li>OLAT </li></ul>
  23. 23. Claroline <ul><li>It allows teachers to create and administer course websites through a browser (Internet Explorer, Netscape, Mozilla, ...). </li></ul><ul><li>It helps to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Publish documents in any format (PDF, HTML, Office, Video...). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Run public or private discussion forums. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage a list of links. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create student groups. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compose exercises. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structure an agenda with tasks and deadlines. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make announcements (also via e-mail). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have students submit papers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consult statistics of frequenting and success in the exercises. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. References <ul><li>Zongmin Ma(2005). Web-based Intelligent E-learning systems: Technologies and applications. Northeastern University, China. </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E-learning#Goals_of_e-learning </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advanced_learning_technology </li></ul><ul><li>Bower, G. H. & Hilgard, E. R. (1981). Theories of learning. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. </li></ul><ul><li>Claroline download program at http://www.claroline.net/download/stable.html </li></ul><ul><li>Claroline online demo at http://www.claroline.net/demo/demo.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://ftp.informatik.rwth-aachen.de/Publications/CEUR-WS/Vol-238/paper4.pdf </li></ul>

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