Principles of the_constitution-


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Principles of the_constitution-

  1. 1. The foundation of ourThe foundation of our government and the supreme lawgovernment and the supreme law of the landof the land
  2. 2. TheThe structurestructure andand functionfunction ofof our governmentour government are based onare based on seven basicseven basic principles.principles.
  3. 3. Seven Basic Principles ofSeven Basic Principles of the Constitutionthe Constitution Limited powers of governmentgovernment Separation of powersSeparation of powers Popular sovereigntyPopular sovereignty Checks and balancesChecks and balances Individual rightsIndividual rights RepublicanismRepublicanism FederalismFederalism
  4. 4. Since King George IIISince King George III hadhad unlimitedunlimited power, thepower, the writers of the U.S.writers of the U.S. Constitution wanted “weConstitution wanted “we the people” to putthe people” to put limits on the government. The Constitution outlinedThe Constitution outlined exactly what theexactly what the government could do.government could do.
  5. 5. Separation of powersSeparation of powers divides the operationdivides the operation of government intoof government into three equal branches.three equal branches.
  6. 6. ““Sovereignty”Sovereignty” comescomes from “sovereign” whichfrom “sovereign” which means ruler.means ruler. ““Popular”Popular” means people.means people... Popular sovereigntyPopular sovereignty == people choosepeople choose
  7. 7. Each branch ofEach branch of the governmentthe government checks and balances, or, or monitors, themonitors, the power of thepower of the other twoother two branches.branches.
  8. 8. Individual rightsIndividual rights are the basicare the basic liberties and rights that areliberties and rights that are guaranteed in the first 10guaranteed in the first 10 amendments to the Constitution,amendments to the Constitution, the Bill of Rights. Thesethe Bill of Rights. These individual rights have beenindividual rights have been extended through subsequentextended through subsequent amendments to the Constitution.amendments to the Constitution. ExamplesExamples Freedom of speechFreedom of speech Freedom of pressFreedom of press Freedom of religionFreedom of religion Right to a trial byRight to a trial by juryjury
  9. 9. RepublicanismRepublicanism is a philosophy ofis a philosophy of limited government in whichlimited government in which elected representatives serve atelected representatives serve at the will of the people.the will of the people. ExamplesExamples State legislaturesState legislatures CongressCongress
  10. 10. FederalismFederalism is the division andis the division and sharing of powers between thesharing of powers between the state and national government.state and national government. National PowersNational Powers •maintain armed forcesmaintain armed forces •coin moneycoin money •declare wardeclare war •make foreign policymake foreign policy State PowersState Powers •provide for educationprovide for education •conduct electionsconduct elections •provide public safetyprovide public safety •regulate trade inregulate trade in statestate
  11. 11. Powers Shared by National andPowers Shared by National and State GovernmentsState Governments •raise taxesraise taxes •administer criminal justiceadminister criminal justice •provide for public welfareprovide for public welfare •charter bankscharter banks •borrow moneyborrow money
  12. 12. Rooted in theseRooted in these seven principles,seven principles, the U.S.the U.S. Constitution hasConstitution has endured sinceendured since 1787.1787. This living documentThis living document protectsprotects thethe rights of the individuals byrights of the individuals by limiting thelimiting the powerpower of the government.of the government.