Underlying Principles of the Constitution

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Underlying Principles of the Constitution

  1. 1. Principles Underlying the Constitution Bridge to AP – Applied Civics Mr. Veliz
  2. 2. Five Fundamental Principles <ul><li>Popular Sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>Rule of Law
  3. 3. Separation of Powers
  4. 4. Checks and Balances
  5. 5. Federalism </li></ul>
  6. 6. Popular Sovereignty <ul>“. . . from the consent of the governed.” “We the People . . .” What does popular sovereignty look like under the Constitution? Representative Democracy </ul>
  7. 7. Rule of Law <ul>A stronger government, but not too strong. The law applies to everyone, even those who govern. </ul>
  8. 8. Separation of Powers & Checks and Balances <ul>Montesquieu argued that the best way to secure liberty and prevent a government from becoming corrupted was to divide the powers of government among different actors who would check each other. Three Branches Legislative – Executive – Judicial </ul>
  9. 10. Federalism <ul><li>Power is shared between the federal government and the state governments.
  10. 11. Who holds the power?
  11. 12. Expressed Powers
  12. 13. Reserved Powers
  13. 14. Concurrent Powers </li></ul>
  14. 15. The Supremacy Clause <ul><li>What happens when national and state laws conflict?
  15. 16. Article VI
  16. 17. “. . . shall be the supreme Law of the Land.” </li></ul>

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