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Ppt chapter 10

  1. 1. Chapter 10The Inmate World:Living Behind BarsMcGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2013 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
  2. 2. Total Institution A place where the same people work, play, eat, sleep, and recreate together on a continuous basis The term was developed by the sociologist Erving Goffman to describe prisons and other similar facilities Life within total institutions is closely planned by those in control, and activities are strictly scheduled 10-2
  3. 3. Modes Of Adaptation Some inmates convert to life within the institutions, taking on the staff’s view of themselves and of institutional society. Some inmates withdraw. Some inmates make attempts at colonization – they strike a balance between values and habits brought from home and those dictated by the social environment of the prison. Some inmates rebel, rejecting the demands of their surroundings and often ending up in trouble with authorities. 10-3
  4. 4. The Inmate Subculture The habits, customs, mores, values, beliefs, or superstitions of the body of inmates incarcerated in correctional institutions; also, the inmate social world. Prisonization - The process by which inmates adapt to prison society; the taking on of the ways, mores, customs, and general culture of the penitentiary.  Donald Clemmer – “The Prison Community” 10-4
  5. 5. In Addition Pains of Imprisonment - Major problems that inmates face, such as loss of liberty and personal autonomy, lack of material possessions, loss of heterosexual relationships, and reduced personal security.  Gresham Sykes – “The Society of Captives” 10-5
  6. 6. The Forming Of The Inmate Subculture Deprivation Theory - The belief that inmate subcultures develop in response to the deprivations in prison life Importation Theory - The belief that inmate subcultures are brought into prisons from the outside world Integration Model - combination of the importation and deprivation theories; the belief that, in childhood, some inmates acquired, usually from peers, values that support law- violating behavior but that the norms and standards in prison also affect inmates 10-6
  7. 7. Prison Code A set of norms and values among prison inmates. It is generally antagonistic to the official administration and rehabilitation programs of the prison.  Don’t interfere with the interests of other inmates. Never rat on a con. Don’t have loose lips.  Don’t lose your head. Don’t quarrel with other inmates. Play it cool. Do your own time.  Don’t exploit other inmates. Don’t steal. Don’t break your word. Pay your debts.  Don’t whine. Be tough. Be a man.  Don’t be a sucker. Don’t trust the guards or staff. Remember that prison officials are wrong and inmates are right. 10-7
  8. 8. Prison Argot The special language of the inmate subculture. Some examples:  Peckerwood – a white prisoner  Ball busters – violent inmates  Croaker – physician or doctor  Wolf – a male inmate who assumes an aggressive role during homosexual relations 10-8
  9. 9. Inmate Roles The Real Man  The Retreatist The Mean Dude  The Legalist The Bully  The Radical The Agitator  The Colonist The Hedonist  The Religious Inmate The Opportunist  The Punk  The Gang-banger 10-9
  10. 10. Sexuality in Men’s Prisons Violence and victimization occur in men’s prisons  A good deal of prison violence has sexual overtones. Punks are “owned” by powerful inmates, who protect them from sexual violence. Many punks fill the role of a wife and can often be found doing their Man’s laundry, ironing, and housekeeping. Affectionate relationships often develop between Men and their punks.  Some even “marry” in imitation ceremonies. Highest rate of alleged incidents was close to 4 per 1,000 prisoners. 10-10
  11. 11. Women in Prison In the U.S., there are far fewer women’s prisons than men’s prisons.  Incarcerated males outnumber incarcerated females 12 to 1. Prisoner programs in women’s prisons are often criticized as being inferior to the same types of programs in men’s prisons. Security in women’s prisons is generally more relaxed than in men’s prisons. Many women’s prisons consist of cottages arranged in groupings called pods. 10-11
  12. 12. Women Inmates Female prisoners largely resemble male prisoners in race, ethnic background, and age Have shorter criminal records than males  2/3 of all women in federal prisons are serving time on drug charges Usually have shorter maximum sentences than men. 10-12
  13. 13. Women Inmates At the start of 2011, women comprised 7.0 percent of sentenced prisoners in the nation. Since 2000, the female prison population has grown 28 percent. More likely to be serving time for a drug offense About 54 percent of imprisoned women have used drugs in the month before the offense for which they were arrested, compared with 50 percent of the men. 10-13
  14. 14. Female Inmate Roles The Cool Inmate: Cools usually have previous criminal records; are in the know; and do not cause trouble for other inmates while in prison. The Square Inmate: Squares are not familiar with criminal lifestyles; have few, if any, criminal experiences other than the one for which they were imprisoned; and tend to hold the values and roles of conventional society. The Life Inmate: Lifers are habitual or career offenders generally well socialized into lives of crime; they support inmate values and subculture. 10-14
  15. 15. Male Inmates vs. Female Inmates The social roles in women’s prisons place greater emphasis on homosexual relations as a mode of adaptation to prison life. The mode of adaptation a female inmate selects is best assessed by studying the inmate’s pre-institutional experience. 10-15
  16. 16. Pseudofamilies Unique family-like structures, common in women’s prisons, in which inmates assume roles similar to those of family members in free society. Inmates derive emotional and social support from their membership in a pseudofamily. Pseudofamilies are to women’s prisons what gangs are to men’s. 10-16
  17. 17. Mothers In Prison According to one BJS study, 57 an estimated 6.7 percent of black women, 5.9 percent of Hispanic women, and 5.2 percent of white women are pregnant at the time of incarceration. An estimated 4,000 women prisoners give birth each year, even though most women’s prisons have no special facilities for pregnant inmates. Some experts recommend that women’s prisons should routinely make counseling available to pregnant inmates, and that they should fully inform these women of the options available to them, including abortion and adoption. 10-17
  18. 18. Cocorrectional Facilities Cocorrections – the incarceration and interaction of female and male offenders under a single institutional administration Coed Prison – a prison housing both male and female offenders  They have been touted as potential solutions to a wide variety of corrections problems 10-18