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  • 1. Equal Justiceunder the Law
  • 2. Laws for the Good of• A system of law provides citizens with predictable rules by which they must live.• Laws usually represent majority rule• People believe strongly that something should or should not be done, a law is passed on this issue• Every U.S. citizen has the duty to know and obey the laws• Law-abiding citizens understand that laws are passed for the good of all
  • 3. Kinds of Law• The four principal types • Statutory law • Common law • Administrative law • Constitutional law
  • 4. Statutory Law• Laws that are passed by lawmaking bodies are known as statutory laws• Congress and state and local governments pass these laws
  • 5. Common Law• Some of these rules are based on common sense• Most judges might follow the same precedent, or earlier decision• Common law is a type of law that comes from judges decisions
  • 6. Administrative Law• Laws that affect our daily lives are created by government agencies
  • 7. Constitutional Laws• Based on the Constitution of the United States and on Supreme Court decisions interpreting the Constitution• `
  • 8. Right to a Fair Trial• Right to have a Lawyer• Right to Be Released on Bail• Right to a Jury Trial • A trial jury is also called a petit jury • Made up of between 6 and 12 persons—known as jurors • Ordering the people to report for jury duty • jury must try to reach a decision, or verdict • Cannot reach a verdict, it is called a hung jury
  • 9. Right to a Fair Trial Cont.• People are considered Innocent until proven guilty• Accused persons cannot be forced to testify against themselves• Lawyers have the right to cross-examine, or question• Testimony, or evidence given in court, is accurate• Convicted individuals may appeal, or ask for a review of the courts decision