Lesson 1

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Lesson 1

  1. 1. Minerals and rocks
  2. 2. What are Minerals
  3. 3. What are Minerals• Minerals: are a solid, natural material made form nonliving substances in the ground
  4. 4. What are Minerals• Minerals: are a solid, natural material made form nonliving substances in the ground• Minerals are made up of elements
  5. 5. What are Minerals• Minerals: are a solid, natural material made form nonliving substances in the ground• Minerals are made up of elements• Element is a pure substance that can’t be broken down any more
  6. 6. Properties of Minerals
  7. 7. Properties of Minerals• Luster: The way a mineral reflects light from its surface
  8. 8. Properties of Minerals• Luster: The way a mineral reflects light from its surface• 2 General kinds of luster: • Metallic: Looks Shiny • Non-Metallic: Looks Dull
  9. 9. Properties of Minerals• Luster: The way a mineral reflects light from its surface• 2 General kinds of luster: • Metallic: Looks Shiny • Non-Metallic: Looks Dull• Hardness: • Moh’s Hardness Scale • Cleavage: Even breaks • Frature: Uneven Brakes or Rough surfaces
  10. 10. What are the shapes of a mineral
  11. 11. What are the shapes of a mineral• Minerals form patterns
  12. 12. What are the shapes of a mineral• Minerals form patterns• crystal is a solid whose shape forms a fixed pattern
  13. 13. What are the shapes of a mineral• Minerals form patterns• crystal is a solid whose shape forms a fixed pattern• Gems: Minerals that are rare and beautiful
  14. 14. Rock Cycle
  15. 15. Rock Cycle• Rock Cycle
  16. 16. Rock Cycle• Rock Cycle• A Rock is a solid object made naturally in the Earths Crust
  17. 17. Rock Cycle• Rock Cycle• A Rock is a solid object made naturally in the Earths Crust• Most rocks are mixtures of materials
  18. 18. Rock Cycle• Rock Cycle• A Rock is a solid object made naturally in the Earths Crust• Most rocks are mixtures of materials
  19. 19. Rock Cycle• Rock Cycle• A Rock is a solid object made naturally in the Earths Crust• Most rocks are mixtures of materials• 3 types of Rocks
  20. 20. Sedimentary
  21. 21. Sedimentary• Pressure cements the sediments together and makes them stick together
  22. 22. Igneous
  23. 23. Igneous• When Lava cools and hardens
  24. 24. Metamorphic
  25. 25. Metamorphic• Rock that forms when sedimentary and igneous rocks change under heat and pressure

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