Section 1

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Section 1

  1. 1. Equal Justiceunder the Law
  2. 2. Laws for the Good of• A system of law provides citizens with predictable rules by which they must live.• Laws usually represent majority rule• People believe strongly that something should or should not be done, a law is passed on this issue• Every U.S. citizen has the duty to know and obey the laws• Law-abiding citizens understand that laws are passed for the good of all
  3. 3. Kinds of Law• The four principal types • Statutory law • Common law • Administrative law • Constitutional law
  4. 4. Statutory Law• Laws that are passed by lawmaking bodies are known as statutory laws• Congress and state and local governments pass these laws
  5. 5. Common Law• Some of these rules are based on common sense• Most judges might follow the same precedent, or earlier decision• Common law is a type of law that comes from judges decisions
  6. 6. Administrative Law• Laws that affect our daily lives are created by government agencies
  7. 7. Constitutional Laws• Based on the Constitution of the United States and on Supreme Court decisions interpreting the Constitution• `
  8. 8. Right to a Fair Trial• Right to have a Lawyer• Right to Be Released on Bail• Right to a Jury Trial • A trial jury is also called a petit jury • Made up of between 6 and 12 persons—known as jurors • Ordering the people to report for jury duty • jury must try to reach a decision, or verdict • Cannot reach a verdict, it is called a hung jury
  9. 9. Right to a Fair Trial Cont.• People are considered Innocent until proven guilty• Accused persons cannot be forced to testify against themselves• Lawyers have the right to cross-examine, or question• Testimony, or evidence given in court, is accurate• Convicted individuals may appeal, or ask for a review of the courts decision

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