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Branches of Government


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Branches of Government

  1. 1. Branches of government<br />What are they and What do they do<br />
  2. 2. What Am I going to and do today?<br />Understand the why the branches of government were formed.<br />Learn the definition of each branch of government.<br />Know the roles and responsibilities of each branch of government.<br />Understand how the three branches interact.<br />
  3. 3. What is the 3 branches of government?<br />Executive<br />Judicial<br />Legislative<br />
  4. 4. A cool diagram<br />Executive Branch<br />The President enforces laws<br />Legislative Branch<br />Congress makes laws<br />Judicial Branch<br />The Supreme Court <br />interprets laws<br />
  5. 5. Purpose of 3 branches<br />In the United States of America, a democracy, a system of checks and balances makes sure that no one branch of government holds too much power. Our founding fathers had an idea to form the executive, the legislative, and the judicial branches to see that this goal was achieved.<br />
  6. 6. Why 3 branches?<br />Limitation of Powers<br />Reduce Control<br />Separation of Power<br />Divide Control<br />Checks and Balances<br />Share Control<br />
  7. 7. Executive<br />Who:<br />President<br />What do they do:<br />Makes sure laws are carried out <br />
  8. 8. More about Executive<br />The President is the head of the executive branch at the federal level. He is helped by the Vice President and his cabinet, a group of advisors<br />
  9. 9. Do you know?<br />Do you know who are current president and vice president are?<br />
  10. 10. State level<br />The Governor is the head of the state government. The Lieutenant Governor helps him.<br />
  11. 11. Do you know?<br />Do you know who your Governor is?<br />
  12. 12. Local level<br />At the local level the head of the Executive branch is either the Mayor or Town Supervisor.<br />
  13. 13. Do you know?<br />Do you know who your mayor is?<br />
  14. 14. review<br />EXECUTIVE BRANCH<br />FEDERAL LEVEL<br />President<br />Vice President<br />Cabinet<br />STATE LEVEL <br />Governor<br />Lieutenant Governor<br />Local Government<br />Mayor<br />Town Supervisor<br />
  15. 15. Judicial<br />Who:<br />Supreme Court<br />What do they do:<br />Interprets the law and makes sure they are in line with the Constitution <br />
  16. 16. More about judicial<br />The highest court in the land has nine appointed judges<br />The head judge is called the Chief Justice<br />
  17. 17. Do you know?<br />Do you know who is on the current Supreme Court?<br />Do you know who the Chief Justice is?<br />
  18. 18. State level<br />The highest court in the state has six Associate Judges and one Chief Judge appointed by the governor<br />
  19. 19. Do you know?<br />Do you know who is on you state Court of Appeals?<br />
  20. 20. Local level<br />City and town judges are chosen by the people in their communities through an election <br />
  21. 21. Do you know?<br />DO you know who you local judge is?<br />
  22. 22. Review<br />Judicial BRANCH<br />FEDERAL LEVEL <br />Supreme Court<br />9 Judges<br />STATE LEVEL <br />Court of Appeals<br />7 Judges<br />Local Government<br />Town and City Courts<br />Elected Judges<br />
  23. 23. legislative<br />Who:<br />Congress<br />House of Representatives<br />Senate<br />What do they do?<br />Makes the law<br />
  24. 24. More ABOUT LEGISLATIVE<br />Every state has at least one representative. The number ofrepresentatives is based on the population of the state.<br />Two lawmakers from each state serve in Senate.<br />
  25. 25. DO YOU KNOW?<br />Do you know who is in charge of the House of Representatives?<br />Do you know who is in charge of the Senate?<br />
  26. 26. STATE LEVEL<br />Senate<br />The Senate passes uponlegislative proposals and constitutional amendments. The Senate confirms or rejects nominations made by the Governor.<br />Assembly<br />The Assembly is the other part of the state legislature. It meets and works in the Capitol. <br />
  27. 27. DO YOU KNOW?<br />DO you know who your state Senators and Representatives are?<br />
  28. 28. LOCAL LEVEL<br />City Council and Town Boards<br />Both of these groups work like the Congress in the Federal Government. Both groups make laws for the city or town<br />
  29. 29. DO YOU KNOW?<br />Do you know who is on your local city council?<br />
  30. 30. Review<br />Legislative BRANCH<br />FEDERAL LEVEL <br />Congress<br />Senate<br />House of Representatives<br />STATE LEVEL <br />Assembly<br />Senate<br />Local Government<br />City Council<br />Town Board<br />
  31. 31. The United states government<br />Executive<br />Judicial<br />Legislative<br />
  32. 32. In a nutshell<br />
  33. 33. Checks and balances<br />A system that gives each branch of government different powers so that each branch can check the authority of the others<br />
  34. 34. How it works…<br />
  35. 35.
  36. 36. That’s all folks<br />