The Supreme Court 8 3

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The Supreme Court 8 3

  1. 1. The Supreme Court Chapter 8 Section 3
  2. 2. Jurisdiction and Powers <ul><li>Jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><li>Organization and Duties </li></ul><ul><li>Selecting the Justices </li></ul><ul><li>Background of the Justices </li></ul>
  3. 3. Jurisdiction <ul><li>Original jurisdiction (only in 2 instances) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diplomats from foreign countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disputes between states </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Appellate Jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every other time </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Which Cases? They pick YES!!! We will look at this Case NO!!! We don’t Want to look at this case <ul><li>Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Acts of Congress (Checks and Balances) </li></ul><ul><li>Treaties with other Nations </li></ul>The decision from the lower court stands
  5. 5. Organization and Duties <ul><li>8 Associate Judges </li></ul><ul><li>1 Chief Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Main duty: to hear and rule on cases. Hand picked out of 1000s each year. </li></ul><ul><li>Write an “opinion” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Selecting the Justices <ul><li>Appointed by President, confirmed by Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Death and resignation </li></ul><ul><li>“ likely to be approved” </li></ul><ul><li>“ legal philosophy” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Background of the Justices <ul><li>Always lawyers –just a coincidence </li></ul><ul><li>Practicing/teaching/judging/other public posts </li></ul><ul><li>Political Support and Agreement…but just for the time being….. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Powers of the Court <ul><li>Judicial Review </li></ul><ul><li>Limits on the Supreme Court </li></ul>
  9. 9. Judicial Review <ul><li>Means they can review ANY federal, state, or local perceived violation of Constitutional rights. </li></ul><ul><li>If they deem necessary – they can cancel a law or act </li></ul><ul><li>Checks and balances – prevents from straying from the Constitution. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Marbury vs. Madison <ul><li>See homework answer #3 </li></ul>

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