Enlightenment- this movement, which
began in Europe, spread the idea that
knowledge, reason, science could improve
Reformation- A German priest named
Martin Luther, helped launch a movement
called the Reformation. This movement
lead to a new form of Christianity called
In the colonies, the enlightenment
increased interest in science. People
observe nature, staged
experiments, and published their
findings, much as Benjamin Franklin did.
He was born on April 5, 1588 in Westport
near Malmesbury Wiltshire, England.
Thomas was an English philosophy in the
17th century of England.
His interest were political
philosophy, history, ethics, and geometry.
He lived for 91 years and died on
December 4, 1679 in Derbyshire, England.
In the Enlightenment he upheld the power
He was born on August 29th, 1632 in England.
His thinking about government and people’s rights had a
major impact on the enlightenment.
He went to Westminister School then he went to the
University of Oxford.
He studied medicines while in Oxford.
His father was a country lawer and military man.
His parents were Puritans and John had a good
He earned his honor’s at Westminister School in London.
Sadly, he died October 29, 1704 in Essex, England.
In the Enlightenment, he campiagned the rights to life
, liberty, and poverty.
Baron de Montesquieu was born on
January 18, 1689 n Chateau de la Brede, La
Brede, Aquitaine, France.
He was a iwestern philosopher in the 18th
Baron was interested in political philosophy
while in France.
He died on February 10, 1755 in Paris
Voltaire (which his real name is Francois-
Marie Arouet) was born in 1694 in France.
He attended a Catholic Church in Paris and
earned his fame as a writer.
He attacked the French court and the
power of the Catholic Clergy to speak out
the right of free speech.
In court, he criticized intolerance and
oppression whenever he saw them.
He went to prison twice and was forced to
flee to another city or country several time.
Beccaria was born in Milan, Italy on March
He was a pioneer in the field of criminology.
He too attended a Catholic School and
received a degree in law from the University
of Paula in 1758.
Cesare was an Italian philosopher then
soon began to study of criminal law and
the justice system in 1763.
He later died on November 28, 1794 in his
home land, Milan, Italy.
1) What were the
movements of the
2) What president of
influenced by the
3) Name what Thomas
Hobbes did in the
4) Name what John
Locke did in the
5) Name the three
other people listed in
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