CHAPTER 11 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS1) How does Ohio State University handle crowd celebrations after victories?2) What policy did the SEC implement in 2004 regarding crowd control for football and mens &womens basketball games?3) Define "crowd management."4) What is festival seating & what problems can it create?5) Define "foreseeability."6) Summarize the case Bearman v. University of Notre Dame.7) What is "peer-group security?"8) In 1967, what company became the pioneer in peer-group security?9) One of the first documented sport event disasters took place in 1902 during a soccer matchbetween what 2 countries?10) What is the most popular sport in the world?11) What is violent crowd behavior known as?12) As a result of the Hillsborough disaster, Great Britain passed what stringent piece of legislationpertaining to crowd management?13) What is ViSAT?14) In determining if a search is reasonable & therefore legal, the courts look at what 3 factors?15) What is the only NFL city where pat-downs have been successfully challenged in court?16) What are 2 of the most recognized crowd management companies?17) What is RFID & how does the technology assist crowd managers?
WHAT IS CROWD MANAGEMENT?-AN ORGANIZATIONAL STRATEGY DESIGNED TO ASSISTFACILITY/EVENT MANAGERS IN PROVIDING A SAFE &ENJOYABLE ENVIRONMENT FOR GUESTS BYIMPLEMENTING THE FACILITY OR EVENT’S POLICIES &PROCEDURES.
HOW DOES OHIO STATE HANDLE CROWD CELEBRATIONS AFTER VICTORIES? “IT’S A FUTILE ATTEMPT TO KEEP A CROWD OF 20,000STUDENTS OFF THE FIELD. IF AN ON FIELD CELEBRATION HAPPENS, WE LET THEM GO OUT & CELEBRATE.” OSU CHIEF OF POLICE QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
WHAT POLICY DID THE SEC IMPLEMENT IN 2004 REGARDING CROWD CONTROL FOR FOOTBALL & BASKETBALL GAMES? -IF FANS SWARM ONTO THE COURT AFTER A GAME THE HOME SCHOOL IS FINED: 1ST OFFENSE: $5,000 2ND OFFENSE: $25,000 3RD OFFENSE: $50,000 QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTimeª and a decompressorare needed to see this picture.
WHAT ARE SOME CROWD-RELATED INCIDENTS THAT A PRUDENT FACILITY MANAGER NEEDS TO BE ABLE TO FORESEE & ANTICIPATE?• MANAGING THE MOVEMENT & ACTIVITIES OF GUESTS.• ASSISTING IN EMERGENCIES.• ASSISTING GUESTS WITH SPECIFIC CONCERNS RELATED TO THEIR ENJOYMENT/INVOLVEMENT WITH THE EVENT.
FESTIVAL SEATING‘SEATING’ UP NEXT TO THE BARRICADE IN FRONT OF THE STAGE. QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
BEARMAN V. NOTRE DAME QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
WHAT IS “PEER-GROUP” SECURITY PERSONNEL?-SECURITY PERSONNEL WHO ARE RECRUITED/HIREDFROM THE SAME DEMOGRAPHICS AS THE EVENT FANS. -PRO: CAN BETTER RELATE TO THE CROWD & UNDERSTAND THEIR ACTIONS. -CON: FACILITY WOULD HAVE TO HIRE DIFFERENT SECURITY FOR DIFFERENT EVENTS.
ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES TO OUTSOURCING EVENT SECURITY?ADVANTAGES:1) PROFESSIONAL EXPERTISE2) LIABILITY TRANSFERDISADVANTAGES:1) COST2) CONTROL
HOW HAS CROWD MANAGEMENT CHANGED POST 9/11?-INCREASE COSTS. -MORE SECURITY MEASURES (PERSONNEL & TECHNOLOGY) -INSURANCE.-BAG CHECKS.-ALCOHOL SALES STRATEGIES.-CREDENTIALING.-NATIONAL SPECIAL SECURITY EVENTS -2002 SUPER BOWL & WINTER OLYMPICS -SECRET SERVICE
VULNERABILITY SELF-ASSESSMENT TOOL AN ONLINE PROGRAM DESIGNED TO BE INTEGRATED WITH A FACILITY’S SOP’S.-ALLOWS SECURITY MANAGERS THE OPPORTUNITY TOASSESS THE VULNERABILITIES OF THEIR PUBLICASSEMBLY FACILITIES. QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
IN DETERMINING IF A SEARCH IS LEGAL, WHAT 3 CRITERIA DO THE COURTS LOOK AT?3) IF THE CONDUCT WAS CONSIDERED TO BE STATE ACTION.4) IF THE CONDUCT COULD BE CONSIDERED A SEARCH.5) IF THE SEARCH WAS REASONABLE.