Cuttings garden 2011


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This lecture was given in April, 2011 as part of the California native plant gardening series ‘Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden’

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Cuttings garden 2011

  1. 1. Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden Gardening with Western L.A. County Native Plants Project SOUND – 2011 (our 7th year) © Project SOUND
  2. 2. The Cuttings GardenC.M. Vadheim and T. DrakeCSUDH & Madrona Marsh PreserveMadrona Marsh PreserveApril 2 & 5, 2011 © Project SOUND
  3. 3. Do you like cut-flowers? © Project SOUND
  4. 4. Cut-flowers make our lives more colorful and interesting decorated-wildflowers-9_6401.html © Project SOUND
  5. 5. How do you want to use your cut- flowers  Light use  Occasional arrangements featuring plants that are currently blooming  To supplement non-native flowers  Won’t require as much planning  Heavy use  Regular (weekly) arrangements  Special occasions that require lots of flowers  ‘flower-laden’ bouquets  Will require you to think about supply requirements © Project SOUND
  6. 6. Should you have a cuttings garden? © Project SOUND
  7. 7. Advantages to creating a cuttings garden  Where flowers are used in large volume in the home, their removal from borders and other landscaped areas may detract from the intended effect.  By providing a special cut-flower garden, the gardener can plan for these needs without diminishing landscape plantings.  The well-planned cutting garden also offers another very practical advantage: annuals and perennials may be conveniently and efficiently grown in rows or raised beds/containers where they are easily gathered and maintained. © Project SOUND
  8. 8. Cuttings gardens need not be unattractive…  …but it’s sensible to locate them in an area where they are not a focal point when not at their peak.  Old-time gardeners often included cut-flowers in the vegetable garden where they could tend and harvest them easily.  Finer estates would sometimes have a separate area devoted to producing the favorite cut-flowers of the family. adventure/bring-bainbridge-home-00400000016341/ © Project SOUND
  9. 9. What makes a good cut-flower?  Interesting flowers  Nice shape  Large size  Pretty or unusual colors  Other characteristics  Scented flower or foliage  Interesting foliage  Good ‘holding power’  Look good for at least 3-4 days if not longer © Project SOUND
  10. 10. The ‘traditional’ home grown cut- flowers span the seasons  Winter and early spring  Daffodils: October to April  Cymbidium orchids: January to June  Late spring and summer  Tulips: May to June Agapanthus: June to August Lilies: June to August Delphiniums: June to July Roses: June to September Sweet peas: June to August Dahlias: July to September  Autumn  Chrysanthemums: Oct. to December © Project SOUND
  11. 11. An early spring bouquetInspiration from the past… © Project SOUND uets_the_scientific_method.html
  12. 12. Woolyleaf Ceanothus – Ceanothus tomentosus© 2010 Barry Breckling © Project SOUND
  13. 13. Woolyleaf Ceanothus – Ceanothus tomentosus  Foothills and lower (< 3500 ft) elevations of Sierra Nevada, South Coast, San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges  South into Baja  Scattered on dry, shrubby slopes in chaparral,6589,6649  Introduced into cultivation in California by Theodore Payne.  ‘"A medium sized shrub 4 to 8 feet high, with rather slender branches and reddish brown bark. “ © Project SOUND
  14. 14. Woolyleaf Ceanothus is a large shrub  Size:  6-12 ft tall  6-10 ft wide  Growth form:  Dense, woody shrub  Slender branches with reddish bark  Moderate growth rate  Foliage:© 2009 Thomas Stoughton  Leaves medium to gray- green; shiny above, hairy beneath  Evergreen © Project SOUND
  15. 15. Flowers: Ceanothus  Blooms:  Early spring - usually in Feb-Mar or Apr in western L.A. Co.  Flowers:  Color ranges from very light © 2009 Thomas Stoughton blue to bright blue – see it in bloom before purchasing  Typical small Ceanothus flowers in dense clusters – make a wonderful bouquet  Sweet scent  Attracts bees  Seeds: in sticky capsule that opens, releasing seeds© 2001 Michelle Cloud-Hughes © Project SOUND
  16. 16. Woolyleaf Ceanothus:  Soils: Chaparral species  Texture: well-drained, rocky  pH: any local  Light:  Full sun  Water:  Winter: needs good winter rains; supplement if needed© 2008 Chris Winchell  Summer: best with occasional water (Zone 1-2; maybe 2 in very well-drained soils)  Fertilizer: use an organic mulch to supply additional nutrients  Other: prune after blooming period if needed/desired; can be trained to tree or hedge-sheared © Project SOUND
  17. 17. Many ways to use  As a large evergreen accent shrub  Trained as a small tree  Espaliered along a wall  In a hedge or hedgerow  Etc.© 2010 Barry Breckling © 2001 George W. Hartwell © Project SOUND
  18. 18. Ceanothus is striking with other spring bloomers © Project SOUND
  19. 19. The same color tricks we learned in garden design also apply to floral arrangements © Project SOUND
  20. 20. Purples theme – late spring  Eriogonum fasciculatum (or any white-flowered buckwheat)  Eriogonum grande rubescens  Salvia clevelandii (or any Salvia) © Project SOUND
  21. 21. Common perennials have long been popular as cut flowers  Achillea millefolia  Aster species  Allium species  Aquilegia  Ascepias species  Coreopsis species  Dryopteris & other ferns  Helianthus species  Iris species  Lilium species  Penstemon species  Spring bulbs © Project SOUND
  22. 22. Bluedicks – Dichelostemma capitatum ssp. capitatum
  23. 23. * Wild Hyacinth – Dichelostemma multiflorum J.S. Peterson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database © Project SOUND
  24. 24. * Wild Hyacinth – Dichelostemma multiflorum  NW California, n Sierra Nevada, uncommon in San Francisco Bay Area  Open woodlands, foothill grasslands, scrublands  Formerly Brodiaea multiflora ; AKA Wildtooth Snakelily © Project SOUND,8535,8541
  25. 25. Wild Hyacinth is a typical Dichelostema  Size:  1-2 ft tall  < 1 ft wide  Growth form:  Perennial from a corm  Dies back to corn kin dry summers; re-sprouts with the fall/winter rains  Foliage:  Strap-like leaves  Leaves start to die back before spring flowering  Corm: can bed baked & eaten like new potatoesMark W. Skinner @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database © Project SOUND
  26. 26. Dichelostema are easy & reliable from corms  Plant bigger corms 3-4 inches deep and smaller corms 1-2 inches deep  Plant in  well-drained soil; garden or pot  in full sun (plants can tolerate afternoon sun)© 2002 Christina Raving  in the autumn – just before the rains  Space the corms 1-6 inches apart.  If gophers are a problem, dig a hole and line it with chicken wire mesh or make a cage for corms.  Water the plants (wet, not soggy) and then wait for the winter rains. © Project SOUND
  27. 27. Flowers: showier than Blue Dicks  Blooms: in spring - usually Mar- April (but may be as early as Feb & late as May)  Flowers:  Typical small, trumpet-shaped flowers of Dichelostema  Flowers in ball-like clusters at ends of long stalks  Color: lavender or purple; may be more pink  Loved by Skipper butterflies  Light sweet scent Charles Webber © California Academy of Sciences © Project SOUND
  28. 28. Dichelostema are very easy to grow from seed  Use seed collected from local sources  Best planted in fall – stratify (cold exposure) if other  Scatter seeds and rake them lightly into well-drained soil ; full or partial sunlight.  Water the seeds after planting and water again when the surface is dry to the touch. Water the seeds gently so you don’t exhume the seed.  Protect the seeds from animals and cold, dry winds, and from weed competition
  29. 29. Dichelostema (and other bulbs) can be started in pots  Plant as usual; cover lightly  Water seedlings through the spring.  At the beginning of hot weather, when leaves start to yellow, cease watering  During summer:  Move pots to a darker area, such as a carport, garage or dry shady spot outdoors  Keep a screen on pots to keep out foraging animals.  When the weather cools down again, move the pots back outside and go through a full rain or watering cycle once again.  Will take several years (usually 3) to reach flowering size
  30. 30.  Soils:Summer dry - required  Texture: any well-drained  pH: any local  Light:  Full sun & warm; thrives on hot, sunny conditions, can plant near rocks, rock mulch  Water:  Winter/spring: needs adequate water through blooming period; taper off watering as blooms wane  After blooming: Zone 1; must have summer dry for corm health & good seed set  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other: thin corms every 3 years (or when become crowded) in fall© 2008 Steve Matson © Project SOUND
  31. 31. Dichelostema brighten the spring garden  As an attractive pot plant  Tucked around summer-dry shrubs  In prairie/grassland planting  Be sure to include in spring bouquets © 2004 Carol W. WithamCA native bulbs are perfectfor those difficult to waterareas of the garden © Project SOUND
  32. 32. CA native bulb  Feb-Mar  Blue Dicks/Wild Hyacinth calendar  Local Oniona (Allium)  Sisyrinchium begins  Early Calochortus  Mar-April  Sisyrinchium  N. Coastal Onions  Meadow Onion  Coastal Onion  Goldenstars  Calochortus  May-June  Calochortus  Lilies © Project SOUND
  33. 33. Some onions make good cut flowersUnfortunately, our local Allium haematochiton is not one of them © Project SOUND
  34. 34. The Wild Onions – genus Allium  Over fifty species of Alliums growing in CA.  Most are easy to grow & multiply rapidly in the garden.  Species that are native to the mountains or moist meadows, such as Allium unifolium, prefer full sun and regular watering all season.  The majority of wild onions are from dry, rocky habitats and need good drainage with summer drought.  Most Alliums are well-suited to rock gardens, where they can be planted in colonies among short-growing Brodiaeas.  Their lovely pompom blooms can also be displayed to advantage when planted in groups towards the front of the mixed, dry perennial border. © Project SOUND
  35. 35. Two types of Alliums Allium species can be lumped into two types, those that have true bulbs, and those that grow from rhizomes with less-developed vestigial bulbs attached to them. The bulbous alliums tend to grow and flower early, then go completely dormant afterwards. The "rhizomatous" alliums tend to be season-long growers and flower much later in summer. © Project SOUND
  36. 36. Meadow Onion – Allium unifolium © Project SOUND
  37. 37. Meadow Onion – Allium unifolium  Native to NW and western central CA (down to Santa Barbara co.) – lower elevations  Grassy stream banks in pine or mixed evergreen forest in the coastal ranges  Sometimes on cliffs near the ocean  Usually in moist clay or serpentine soils © Project SOUND,8354,8422
  38. 38. Meadow Onion: looks like an ornamentalonion  Size:  1-2 ft tall; may need to stake  < 2 ft wide  Growth form: herbaceous perennial from a bulb  Foliage:  Medium to gray-green  Leaves strap-like; remain green through flowering (tips may yellow)  Bulbs: not what you usually think of as an onion; small & rounded – at ends of short rhizomes  Plant bulbs 2” deep in fall © Project SOUND
  39. 39. Flowers: ooh-la-la!!  Blooms:  Spring-summer; usually May- June but varies with weather (heat; rains)  Blooms for ~ 3 weeks  Flowers:  Super-showy; pink or lavender, pastel  Typical for onions; small star- shaped flowers in open cluster  Makes a lovely cut flower – sweet fragrance  Seeds:  Small, black seeds in papery capsule  Easy to collect & grow© 2007 Neal Kramer © Project SOUND
  40. 40. Easy even in  Soils:conventional gardens  Texture: well-drained  pH: any local  Light: full sun to light shade; ½ day sun works just fine  Water:  Winter: needs good winter rains; supplement if needed  Summer: takes some summer water © 2007 Mike Ireland (Zone 2 or 2-3; let dry out in late summer/fall); other bulb species for summer water include Allium validum (Pacific/ Swamp Onion) and Triteleia peduncularis (Marsh Triteleia)  Fertilizer: fine with some fertilizer & organic amendments  Other: may need to thin occasionally © Project SOUND
  41. 41. For garden or bouquet  As an showy container plant  With non-native bulbs or natives that require a little water  In rain garden, swale or veg. garden  Sunny edges in a woodland garden  Will naturalize – lovely massed © Project SOUND
  42. 42. Tricks for maintaining CA native bulbs Maintenance tip: In early summer, remove the dried stalks for neatness. Be sure to collect the seeds for propagation or for trading with fellow gardeners. © Project SOUND
  43. 43. Harvesting & preparing your cut-flowers  Harvest during the coolest time of day when they are crisp and turgid—early morning or late evening.  Remove lower foliage that would remain underwater in the storage container.  Cut stems with a sharp instrument, making the cuts underwater if possible. This prevents air bubbles from clogging the stems.e-of-lavender.aspx  Place the materials in clean containers of lukewarm water with preservative added (room temperature up to 100 degrees F.). © Project SOUND
  44. 44. Keys to Keeping Cut Flowers Fresh  Give them water.  Give them food.  Protect them from decay or infection.  Keep them cool and out of direct sunlight. © Project SOUND
  45. 45. Cut-flower preservatives  Contain nutrients, preservatives & disinfectants  Can be purchased (probably better) or made at home (cheaper & probably OK)  Mix the floral preservative using warm water (100-110°F or 38- 40°C) because it will move into the stems more effectively than cold water. Chlorine in tap water is fine, since it acts as a natural disinfectant. © Project SOUND
  46. 46. Making your own floral preservative – experiment to see what works with different species Cut Flower Preservative Recipe #1  2 cups lemon-lime carbonated beverage (e.g., Sprite™ or 7-Up™)  1/2 teaspoon household chlorine bleach  2 cups warm water Cut Flower Preservative Recipe #2  2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice or white vinegar  1 to 2 tablespoon sugar (use 2 with vinegar)  1/2 teaspoon household chlorine bleach  1 quart warm water © Project SOUND
  47. 47. Managing your cut-flowers: cleanliness  Always keep cut material in water while designing. This will prevent wilt due to the loss of water through transpiration.  Always design in clean containers that have been filled with preservative water.  After each use, clean storage containers, vases, liners, and needle point holders with a soapy Clorox solution, to kill all bacteria.  Use a floral preservative to provide nutrients and to prevent bacterial growth. © Project SOUND
  48. 48. Designing flower arrangement is a course in itself Good on-line resources, books and courses © Project SOUND
  49. 49. A few simple tips from the pros  A standard, mixed floral arrangement will have four main components:  Focal flowers : usually tall, large or unique flowers to grab your attention. Generally use only a few of these – one to five, depending on the size of your container.  Intermediate flowers: one-third shorter than the focal flowers or have smaller flowers that fit the chosen color scheme. Use approximately two times the number of these flowers in the arrangement. © Project SOUND
  50. 50. A few simple tips from the pros  Four main components:  Filler flowers: used to edge the container or fill in any gaps in the arrangement. These flowers solidify the color scheme and hide unattractive stems. Use as many as necessary to complete the desired shape and balance.  Filler plant materials: attractive foliage pieces, grasses or even feather and bark pieces are used to fill in any gaps and provide balance to the arrangement. does this arrangement lack? © Project SOUND
  51. 51. White Fairy-lantern – Calochortus albus © Project SOUND
  52. 52. *Diogenes lantern (Yellow globelily) – Calochortus amabilis © Project SOUND
  53. 53. *Diogenes lantern (Yellow globelily) – Calochortus amabilis  Native to mountains north of the San Francisco Bay Area - < 3000 ft. elevation  Isolated pocket of survivors on Vulcan Peak in San Diego County.  Common, grassy hillsides and in open oak woodlands _id=1&taxon_id=242101453,8461,8463 © Project SOUND
  54. 54. Diogenes lantern: typical globelily  Size:  1-2 ft tall – usually ~ 1 ft  < 1 ft wide  Growth form:  Herbaceous perennial from a bulb  Dies back to bulb after flowering  Leaves grow back with winter rains  Foliage:  A few strap-like leaves  Leaves persist through flowering  Bulbs:  Elongated to teardrop shape  Can be baked or boiled and eaten© 2002 George Jackson © Project SOUND
  55. 55. Flowers are super  Blooms: in spring: April- June in our area  Flowers:  Bright, clear yellow withJo-Ann Ordano © California Academy of Sciences orange-red markings  Shaped like a globelily; globe with wings (looks like a lantern, hence the common name) - ~ 1 inch  In loose clusters – very unique, showy  Seeds: in 4-chambered pod; more oval than most calochtus © Project SOUND
  56. 56. Plant Requirements  Soils:  Texture: well-drained (most local)  pH: any local except > 8.0  Light:  Part-shade best; morning sun or dappled shade ideal  Water:  Winter: needs adequate for growth  Summer: needs summer dry after flowering – taper to Zone 1  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils. Organic mulches are fine. © Project SOUND
  57. 57. Let Diogenes’ Lantern spread a little light..  In native prairie with summer-dry grasses, annual wildflowers  Under oaks and other summer- dry trees  Lovely massed or naturalized  As an attractive pot plant; may need support  Useful accent or filler flower Frithjof Holmboe © California Academy of Sciences © 2009 Barry Rice © Project SOUND
  58. 58. Let’s create a spring/ early summer bouquet to celebrate our CA heritage  Suncups  Penstemons  Clarkias  Globe Gilia  Monardellas © Project SOUND
  59. 59. *Willow Mint – Monardella linoides ssp. viminea © 2005 Jasmine J. Watts © Project SOUND
  60. 60. Mountain Monardella – Monardella odoratissimaJ. E.(Jed) and Bonnie McClellan © California Academy of Sciences © Project SOUND
  61. 61. Mountain Monardella – Monardella odoratissima  Foothills and mountains of northern and central CA, incl. Klamath, N. Coast, Sierra, White and Inyo Mountains  ? San Gabriels  Wet or dry, rocky, forest openings from 3500-11,000 ft. in Sagebrush scrub, montane forests © Project SOUND
  62. 62. The name (odoratissima) say it all  Size:  1-2 (sometimes 3) ft tall  2-3 ft wide  Growth form:  Herbaceous perennial from stout woody taproot  Many upright stems  Foliage:  Color: green to gray-green (hairy)  Simple leaves  Strong minty scent – great© 2009 Terry Dye tea (medicinal or ‘sipping tea’) Al Schneider @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database © Project SOUND
  63. 63. A showy Monardella  Blooms:  Summer in the wilds  Likely June-July in our area  Flowers:  Pale pink to light magenta – good colors for garden  Flowers small – typical for Monardellas  Flowers in ball-like clusters at ends of flowering stems  Really showy  Attracts butterflies, hummingbirds, many others  Seeds: small, typical for Mint family © Project SOUND© 2009 Terry Dye © 2011 Wynn Anderson
  64. 64.  Soils: Likes a little shade  Texture: well-drained; sandy or rocky are fine  pH: any local  Light:  Part-shade (morning sun) works well  Dappled shade under trees is ideal  Water:  Winter: good soakings© 2010 Julie Kierstead Nelson  Summer: happy with occasional summer water Happiest at higher elevations, (Zone 2, even 2-3 in well- but worth a try drained soils)  Fertilizer: fine with organic amendments, mulches © Project SOUND
  65. 65. Mountain Monardella: lovely filler flower  Under trees, as a groundcover  Along partly shady walkways  Shady edges of the vegetable garden  As an accent in large© 2010 Steven Thorsted containers  In a rock or butterfly garden a_ssp._pallida&redirect=no Ssp. pallida © Project SOUND
  66. 66. A spring/summer native bouquet celebrating our CA heritage  Camissonia - Suncups  Penstemons  Clarkias  Monardellas, how about some brightcolors to jazz up ourarrangement? © Project SOUND
  67. 67. Annual springbounty: Clarkias Godetia/Farewell to Spring Clarkia amoena © Project SOUND
  68. 68. Clarkias – your choice for a showy bouquet © Project SOUND
  69. 69. Who says cutting’s garden have to be boring?  Use bright colored annuals in swaths to provide cut-flowers – and at a cheap price, too!  Plant with perennials and grasses to provide year-round interest © Project SOUND
  70. 70. Some choices for tall accent flowers  Clarkias  Sidalceas – ‘Dwarf Hollyhocks’  Penstemons  Lilies © Project SOUND
  71. 71. The Checkerblooms – the genus Sidalcea  ~ 25 Western U. S. mallow species  Most species 2-4 ft tall  Perennials  Showy spikes of 2-inch-wide blooms in shades from pale pink to bright rosy purple.  Great cottage-garden plant that has the look Hollyhocks, but not the dominating height or aggressive self-seeding.  Most Checkerblooms grown in today’s gardens are hybrids © Project SOUND
  72. 72. Dwarf Checkerbloom – Sidalcea malviflora ssp. malviflora© 2007 Neal Kramer © Project SOUND
  73. 73. *Oregon Checkerbloom – Sidalcea oregana © Project SOUND
  74. 74. *Oregon Checkerbloom – Sidalcea oregana  Northern & Central Ranges, Great Basin Province, to WA, WY, UT  Meadows, marshes, stream sides & other wet places,5095,5122  Also in ponderosa pine forests and sagebrush  Low to high elevations – to 10,000 ft© 1991, Clayton J. Antieau © Project SOUND
  75. 75. Oregon Checkerbloom: often called ‘miniature hollyhock’ in the trade  Size:  2-4 ft tall  ~ 2 ft wide  Growth form:  Herbaceous perennial wildflower  Upright stems from stout woody taproot  Foliage:  Primarily at base  Leaves usually medium green, deeply-lobed – may be hairy  Roots: stout taproot; no rhizomes © Project SOUNDGary A. Monroe @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
  76. 76. Flowers are fantastic!  Blooms: mid- to late Spring; usually April-June in Western L.A. Co.  Flowers:  Typical Checkermallow flowers – mallow-like but almost translucent  Size: ~ 1 inch  Colors: dark to light pink; sometimes more lilac/ magenta  Clustered along blooming stalk like a hollyhock – super showy  Seeds: small; can buy & grow from seedGary A. Monroe @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database © Project SOUND
  77. 77.  Soils: Garden-friendly  Texture: likes well-drained  pH: any local  Light:  Full sun to part-shade; dappled sun  Does not like high temperatures, winds  Water:  Winter: plenty  Summer: probably best with regular water (Zone 2-3 or 3) but can take Zone 2 (will die back)  Fertilizer: fine with organic amendments, mulches  Other: prune back to basal foliage in late fall© 2005 Christopher L. Christie © Project SOUND
  78. 78. Loved by gardeners for many years  In natural meadow gardens w/native grasses, annuals, etc.  In cottage gardens; lovely with other flowering an annuals & perennials, giving some height  In pink/purple-themed gardens w/ Heuchera, Woodmints, etc.  In woodland gardens, with pines, ferns, etc.  As a lovely accent flower in floral arrangements© 2007 Dianne Fristrom © Project SOUND
  79. 79. Sidalcea oregana: parent of many garden hybrids, cultivars ‘Party Girl’ Some of these are called ‘Sidalcea malvaflora’ in the horticulture trade – almost all are actually S. oregana © Project SOUND
  80. 80. ‘Elsie Heugh’ hybrid  Old hybrid cultivar – around at least 30 years  Lovely pastel pinks  Hybrids – especially the bright-colored ones -may revert over time (become more pale) 6-Bareroot-Plants.html Project SOUND ©
  81. 81. ‘Brilliant’ hybrid  Aka: S. hybrida ‘Brilliant’  Bright reds & pinks © Project SOUND
  82. 82. ‘Party Girl’ hybrid © Project SOUND
  83. 83. ‘Rosanna’ hybrid © Project SOUND
  84. 84. Deadheading keeps Sidalceas (and otherflower plants) blooming  Deadheading: cutting off spent blooms before they go to seed  Effect: plants keep producing more blooms, increasing the bloom season  Why? – plants will keep trying to produce seeds – you’re tricking the plant  Consequences: may decrease life of plant © Project SOUND
  85. 85. Simple arrangements - with careful choice of shapes, colors - can be very effective © Project SOUND
  86. 86. © Project SOUND
  87. 87. Ikebana – a Japanese tradition well suited to CA native flowers  Ikebana, or “the way of flowers,” dates back more than 500 years and first blossomed among male artisans and aristocrats.  Aimed at creating harmony between man and nature as well as heightening the appreciation of the rhythms of the universe  Arrangements are conducted in silence using only organic elements put together in a minimalist style. © Project SOUND
  88. 88. A vase full of lilies…how sublime! © Project SOUND
  89. 89. Leopard (Tiger) Lily – Lilium pardalinum © Project SOUND
  90. 90. Leopard (Tiger) Lily – Lilium pardalinum  California Floristic Province – though some ssp. are limited to N. CA & S. OR ssp. pardalinium  Ssp. pardalinium on Mt. Pinos & Laguna Mtns of,8592,8602,8603 San Diego Co.  Habitat tends to be stream banks, forming large colonies in bogs, woodlands, and sunny edges ect_id=8396&flora_id=1 © Project SOUND
  91. 91. Leopard Lily is tall & stately….  Size:  3-6 ft tall  1-2 ft wide; spreading clumps  Growth form:  Herbaceous perennial from a bulb  Very tall & upright  Foliage:  Medium green  Whorls of large leaves spaced along the stem; very woodsy looking  Roots: short rhizomes; bulbs develop along rhizomes © Project SOUND Gary A. Monroe @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
  92. 92. Flowers are glorious  Blooms: in late spring/summer; usually June & July  Flowers:  Drooping ‘Turk’s cap’ type lily flowers; up to 15 per stalk  Nice size: 2-4 in. across  Lovely colors: mostly reds, oranges or yellows with maroon spots  As pretty as any Asian lily  humming birds, butterflies love it  Seeds: flat seeds in tough, oblong pod (typical for lilies) © Project SOUND
  93. 93. A wetland lily  Soils:  Texture: well-drained  pH: any local incl. slightly acidic  Light:  Best in filtered sun, light shade or afternoon shade  Water:  Winter: plenty of water  Summer: likes soil moist – best Zone 2-3 but could use Zone 2  Fertilizer: fine with organic amendments and mulches – ‘forest floor’ soils  Other: easy to grow; divide occasionally in fall. © Project SOUND© Br. Alfred Brousseau, Saint Marys College
  94. 94. Wetland lilies for a woodsy garden  In dappled shade with ferns, Mimulus  For bog gardens, rain gardens  As an attractive pot plant  Shady moist areas around patios and sitting areas, arbors, etc.© 2009 Barry Rice © Project SOUND
  95. 95. ‘Giant Red’ Parentage unclear; may be a hybrid Large – 5-7 ft tall Red flowers Available from bulb companies © Project SOUND
  96. 96.  Plant mature bulbs 4–5 Lilies from inches deep in cool loose bulbs loamy soil.  The scales also sprout and grow easily, so when transplanting if any scales break off, plant them 1” deep and youll have lots of baby lilies  Grow well in pots & like to be crowded. When planting in containers cover the bulbs with only 2 inches of soil. © Project SOUND
  97. 97. But perhaps something a little more delicate… © Project SOUND
  98. 98. *Washington Lily – Lilium washingtonianum © 2008 Vernon Smith © Project SOUND
  99. 99. *Washington Lily – Lilium washingtonianum  Northern ranges – Sierras & Cascade Range into OR  Grows in dry woods, often through shrubs, at mid- to high elevations (1,300 to 7,200 feet)ssp purpurascens  Named for Martha Washington – not the statessp. washingtonia © Project SOUND
  100. 100. Fantastic Flowers  Blooms: late spring to summer  Flowers:  White (fading to pink), often with maroon spots  Very fragrant  1-25 flowers per stalk  Good for wedding bouquet! © Project SOUND
  101. 101. Dryland Lilies: more  Soils:  Texture: well-drained like local bulbs  pH: any local  Light:  Full sun to very light shade  Water:  Winter: plenty; even flooding  Summer: quite drought- tolerant once established; Zone 2 or 2-3 during flowering then taper off  Fertilizer: OK with organic mulches and soil amendments – fine in garden beds  Other: leave them in place in the garden – don’t like being moved© Br. Alfred Brousseau, Saint Marys College © Project SOUND
  102. 102. Hopefully we’ve convinced you that CA natives make interesting cut-flowers © Project SOUND
  103. 103. Get out and see flowering nativesCome to the Garden Party next Saturday © Project SOUND
  104. 104. Now is a good time for flower shows © Project SOUND
  105. 105. Now is a good time for flower shows  Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden sometimes has flower shows © Project SOUND
  106. 106. Would you like to have a flower show? © Project SOUND