Misconception #3:• Xeriscape means dry landscaping only.
Seven fundamentals1. Plan and design2. Consider improving the soil3. Use appropriate plants and zone the landscape4. Create practical turf areas5. Consider using mulches6. Irrigate efficiently7. Maintain the landscape appropriately
Plan & Design• Begin with a well- thought-out design
Plan & Design• Start with a site analysis . . . – Assess factors that influence water as well as good or bad views
Plan & Design• . . . and inventory – Existing structures, trees, shrubs, and turf areas, etc.
Plan & Design • Consider- – Budget, – Appearance, – Function, – Maintenance, – Water needs
Plan & Design• Hard surfaces and the use of heat barriers – Shade – Organic materials – Fences or hedges – Control air movement
Improve Soil• Add organic matter to soil of shrub and flower beds – Improves plant health & conserves water • By absorbing and storing water in a form available to plants• Till in 4 inches of organic material• Not practical for trees and grass areas
Use Appropriate Plants and Zone Landscape• Use native plants when possible• Well-adapted exotic plants may also be used• Drought tolerant does not mean “plant and forget”
Use Appropriate Plants and Zone Landscape • Low water use zones • Moderate water use zones • High water use zones
Create Practical Turf Areas• Turf areas should be based on life style, site conditions, and water needs• Traditional turf areas require more water
Create Practical Turf Areas• Turfgrasses vary in their need for irrigation – Fescue, bluegrass, ryegrass (use the most water) – Hybrid bermudas like Tifway – Zoysiagrass – Common bermudagrass, U-3 – Buffalograss (uses the least water)
Create Practical Turf Areas• Consider: – Reducing the size of water-sensitive lawns through the use of patios, decks, shrub beds and groundcovers – The ease or difficulty of watering the proposed area • Long narrow and small odd-shaped areas are difficult to irrigate efficiently