Stakeholder processes for assessment of extension systems: comparative analysis of three country experiences.
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Stakeholder processes for assessment of extension systems: comparative analysis of three country experiences.

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May Hani

May Hani

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  • Core Questions: How to avoid mistakes of copying ready models from outside that prevailed in the past and ensure that advisory services respond to the needs and demands of smallholders? How to enable farmers to participate in assessing the existing system and contribute to the design of a new system that matches their needs and aspirations? Who are the key players in today’s rural advisory services? What are the roles of the various stakeholders and service provider, public and non-public, in future extension systems? How can accountability to smallholders and their organizations be achieved? How can POs be involved in governance and decision making of the new extension systems?
  • The external and internal influencing factors, and distinct strengths and weaknesses of the process implemented in each country demonstrate the fundamental need for country-specific processes that respond to the actual challenges smallholders are facing and to their priority needs, while observing common guidelines of good practice. Country-specific processes are fundamental – respond to actual challenges while observing common guidelines of good practice Active presence of multiple players providing RAS – new roles, partnerships and coordination National government’s commitment and openness - enabling environment and facilitative role Stakeholder participation and involvement of farmers and POs are crucial – ownership, commitment and relevance Increased investment and different funding modalities are needed: sub-contracting, co-funding and cost sharing – sustainability and effectiveness

Stakeholder processes for assessment of extension systems: comparative analysis of three country experiences. Stakeholder processes for assessment of extension systems: comparative analysis of three country experiences. Presentation Transcript

  • Stakeholder Processes for Reviewing Extension Systems May Hani & Magdalena Blum Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
  • Stakeholder Processes for Reviewing Extension Systems: comparative analysis of 3 country experiences
    • Lebanon, Niger and Mauritania
    • May Hani,
    • Magdalena Blum,
    • Abdoulaye Mbaye,
    • Aliou Diop
  • Background
    • Declined national extension systems – various reasons
    • Weakness of the public extension services
    • Involvement of multiple actors providing advisory services
    • Fragmented efforts, no coordination and limited effectiveness
    View slide
  • Background
    • Governments recognized the negative impact on small producers - majority of farmers
    • Farmers, POs and civil society advocated for better advisory services.
    • National strategy documents prioritized strengthening advisory services - immediate action
    • Governments requested FAO technical assistance
    View slide
  • Core Questions:
    • How to avoid mistakes of the past – copying ready models
    • Who are the key players in today’s advisory services?
    • What are the roles of the various stakeholders?
    • How can accountability to smallholders and their organizations be achieved?
    • Need for country-specific processes – context and diversity
  • The process
    • Emphasis on a participatory and consultative approach
    • Crucial role for farmers and POs as clients and partners
    • Principles of pluralistic and demand driven services
    • Capacity development as an overarching principle
  • The process
    • Analysis and assessment
    • Designing a new advisory system
    • Developing a proposal, including resources requirements
    • Active participation of all stakeholders throughout the process
  • Constraints
    • Niger
    • Conservatism – reluctance to open up
    • Delay of the process/overload on SDR secretariat
    • Weakness of national federations of POs and rivalry among them.
    • Weak analytical level of national consultants.
    • Lebanon
    • Process interruptions – 2006 war and other
    • Several changes of project consultants
    • Several ministerial changes during the lifetime of the project
    • Weakness of POs and lack of national federations
  • Strengths
    • Niger
    • Commitment of the government and RDS secretariat
    • Representation of stakeholders in the NSC
    • Participatory process involving NGOs and POs
    • Capacity development process for POs
    • Commitment of POs - financial contributions
    • Legal framework allowed a pluralistic advisory system
    • Consultations with the donor community - RDS
    • Lebanon
    • Commitment of the Government to strengthening extension
    • Stakeholder dialogue initiated by the MoA within ADS
    • Participatory process involving all stakeholders
    • Systematic needs assessment of farmers/ survey of SP
    • Dynamic NGOs and private firms - long experience
    • High interest of all stakeholders and SP in collaboration
  • Weaknesses
    • Niger
    • No systematic assessment of farmers’ needs &priorities
    • Need for review of research and education system
    • Low capacity of POs
    • Insufficient experience of most NGOs
    • Poor perception of different roles of POs and the Chambers of Agriculture
    • Lebanon
    • Limited budget / delays & interruptions
    • Weak status and understaffing of public extension
    • Weak involvement of research
    • Low capacity of POs &federations
    • Fragmented donor support to the extension system
  • Results
    • Niger
    • Proposal for a pluralistic and DD advisory system.
    • Budget and plan for implementation
    • Mechanism for defining POs’ priorities and demands for services.
    • Development fund plan managed by POs
    • Pilot phase is already under way
    • Lebanon
    • Proposal for a pluralistic, DD advisory system
    • Legal framework for implementation
    • Cost calculations and proposals for funding
    • Maps at Caza level for effective resource planning
    • Extension database at the MoA - networking and facilitation
  • Conclusions & guiding principles
    • Multiple players providing RAS – new roles, partnerships and coordination
    • National government’s commitment and openness - enabling environment and facilitative role
    • Stakeholder participation and involvement of farmers and POs – ownership, commitment and relevance
    • Increased investment and different funding modalities are needed – sustainability and effectiveness
  • Conclusions & guiding principles
    • Organizational development and change management for SPs and POs
    • Weak organization of farmers limit their contribution & influence – measures to address PO capacities are needed
    • Review of the role and capacity of research its and linkages with RAS
    • National leadership of the process, and adequate delegation of authority
    • Stability and consistency are essential for the maturity and success of the process
  • THANK YOU