EBP : what do we expect of 1st years in HE

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Presentation on evidence-based practice and the information literacy skills of new students, delivered by Hannah Spring at CILIP UCR Yorkshire & Humberside's School to HE Transitions event, 20th July 2011

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  • Attendees to come up with a defining statement.
  • A researcher is able to identify a need for information to address the research question A researcher can scope what information is available to support the information need and know how to access it. Plan the search strategies (specific to different information sources). Gather information – apply search strategies (and continue to stay up to day by using current awareness, online communities, email lists, RSS feeds, etc). A researcher can review the research process and compare and evaluate information and data. A researcher can manage - organise information professionally and ethically (referencing, plagiarism, copyright, etc) Present results of research (synthesis, presentation, dissemination)
  • Digital natives / digital immigrants
  • Digital natives / digital immigrants
  • University of Alberta
  • A lot of what is written on such resources are more opinion based than based on authoritative, research based evidence. Anecdotal
  • British Library research study – Information Behaviour of the Research of the Future (2008).
  • Students used to speed and immediacy of information. Power browsing – short stints online.
  • Students only want full-text now – won’t wait for interloans – only read abstracts Google facilitaties bad behaviour and poor scholarship / academic practice. Google does not encourage the discipline which is needed for academic practice.
  • Audience to consider this.
  • Example = student teachers ‘ Patient experience’ – ‘pupils / students’ ‘ Local data’ – areas where schools are situated – would the same thing work in an inner city area as would a rural area?
  • EBP : what do we expect of 1st years in HE

    1. 1. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk Evidence-based practice: What do we expect of 1st years in HE? 20th July 2011 Hannah Spring Senior Lecturer: Research and Evidence Based Practice Support
    2. 2. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk Evidence-based practice in HE What is evidence-based practice?
    3. 3. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk Evidence-based practice in HE <ul><li>In evidence based practice it is expected that practice based decisions will be based on sound and reliable information (evidence) </li></ul><ul><li>“ the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients’ (Sackett et al, 1996) </li></ul><ul><li>4 stages of EBP (medical model) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formulate a question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design and carry out a search for evidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate/appraise the evidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply evidence in practice </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk SCONUL 7 Pillars of Information Literacy
    5. 5. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk Evidence-based practice in HE So how can we ensure that HE students take a more evidence-based approach to their academic practice?
    6. 6. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk Evidence-based practice in HE Who are our students? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dGCJ46vyR9o
    7. 7. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk The Google Generation “ Those born after 1993… a cohort of young people with little or no recollection of life before the web” Rowlands et al (2007) Information behaviour of the researcher of the future: a ciber Briefing paper [Online] Available from: http://www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/programmes/reppres/gg_final_keynote_1 1012008.pdf [Accessed 15th July 2011] What is the Google Generation?
    8. 8. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk The Google Generation Digital Natives (Generation Y) & Digital Immigrants (Generation X) Prensky, M. Digital natives, digital immigrants. On the horizon 2001, 9, 1–6. Accessible at: http://www.marcprensky.com/writing/prensky%20-%20digital%20natives,%20digital%20immigrants%20-%20part1.pdf
    9. 9. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk Information seeking habits of the Google Generation <ul><li>The use of reliable and high quality information (evidence) to inform practice is an essential ingredient of evidence based practice </li></ul><ul><li>This requires an understanding of different information sources, how to use them, and knowing when it is appropriate to use different information types </li></ul><ul><li>How does the Google Generation do it? </li></ul>
    10. 10. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk Information seeking habits of the Google Generation “ Our students love the net, which is OK The problem is, they also trust it, which is not” Block, M (2002) Gullible’s travels [Online]. Library Journal . Available from: http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA210719.html [Accessed 3rd June 2010]
    11. 11. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk What information does the Google Generation choose? <ul><li>Information Authority V Infopreneurialism </li></ul><ul><li>The Web 2.0 influence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>User generated content and open contribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs & microblogs (Twitter) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social networking (Facebook) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open contribution (Wikipedia, YouTube) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implications for information quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates a quantity V quality issue </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk Information seeking habits of the Google Generation <ul><li>Common misconception that the ‘Google Generation’ is better skilled at searching for and using information </li></ul><ul><li>The Google Generation thinks it is! </li></ul><ul><li>Poorly formed mental maps of web based information architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inability to differentiate between a library catalogue and a generic search engine </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk Information seeking habits of the Google Generation <ul><li>Simple search interfaces (eg. Google) lead to poor formulation of search strategies. </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliographic databases – controlled vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Synonyms </li></ul>
    14. 14. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk Information use habits of the Google Generation <ul><li>Access to information less of a problem than using it </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Bouncing/flicking’ behaviour is common leading to horizontal searching rather than vertical searching </li></ul><ul><li>Power browsing and viewing is the norm for all </li></ul>
    15. 15. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk Information use habits of the Google Generation <ul><li>‘ Smash and grab’ approach to reading (Brabazon, 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>The Google Generation is used to speed and immediacy of information </li></ul><ul><li>Much digital activity involves navigating and not using </li></ul><ul><li>Google is not the problem – the way it is used is </li></ul>
    16. 16. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk Information seeking & using behaviour <ul><li>As a group of people involved with academic study we need to be aware of our tendency to use information this way </li></ul><ul><li>In an academic environment it is important to support our work with the most appropriate evidence, understand where to find it, and have enquiring minds in the use of this evidence </li></ul>
    17. 17. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk Evidence-based practice in HE What is ‘evidence’?
    18. 18. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk Definitions of Evidence <ul><li>“ 1. The available facts, circumstances, etc, indicating whether or not a thing is true or valid, 2. information tending to prove a fact or proposition”. (Oxford compact English dictionary, 1996) </li></ul>
    19. 19. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk What counts as evidence in EBP?
    20. 20. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk Quality issues and the Internet <ul><li>Wikipedia, Twitter – can it be evidence, and if so, when? </li></ul><ul><li>Original research articles – in some cases it may not be evidence? </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 and information behaviour of the Google Generation present challenges to EBP and the traditional concepts of evidence </li></ul>
    21. 21. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk Evidence-based practice in HE <ul><li>Key expectation in HE is for students to have the ability to assess whether something is evidence or not </li></ul><ul><li>Critical thinking / Critical appraisal – Internet Detective? http://www.vtstutorials.ac.uk/detective/ </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriateness, validity, reliability. </li></ul><ul><li>SCONUL 7 pillars </li></ul>
    22. 22. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk References <ul><li>Brabazon, T. The University of Google: Education in the (Post) Information Age. Hampshire: Ashgate, 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Prensky, M. Digital natives, digital immigrants. On the horizon 2001, 9, 1–6. Accessible at: http://www.marcprensky.com/writing/prensky%20-%20digital%20natives,%20digital%20immigrants%20-%20part1.pdf (accessed 15 July 2011) </li></ul><ul><li>Rowlands, I. & Nicholas, D. Information Behaviour of the Researcher of the Future: A Ciber Briefing Paper, 2008. Accessible at: http://www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/programmes/reppres/gg_final_keynote_11012008.pdf (accessed 15 July 2011) </li></ul><ul><li>Rowlands, I. & Nicholas, D. Information Behaviour of the Researcher of the Future: A British Library ⁄ JISC Study: The Literature on Young People and their Information Behaviour: Work Package II, 2007. Accessible at: http://www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/programmes/reppres/ggworkpackageii.pdf (accessed 15 July 2011). </li></ul>
    23. 23. York St John University | www.yorksj.ac.uk References <ul><li>Rycroft-Malone J, Seers K, Titchen A, Harvey G, Kitson A. (2004) What counts as evidence in evidence-based practice? Journal of Advanced Nursing, 47 (1), 81-90 </li></ul><ul><li>Sackett, D, L., Rosenberg, W. M. C., Muir Gray, J. A., Haynes, B. R. and Richardson, W. (1996) Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn’t. British Medical Journal, 312: 71-72 </li></ul><ul><li>Spring, H. (2010) Health professionals of the future: Teaching information skills to the Google generation. Health Information and Libraries Journal, 27 (2), 158-162 </li></ul><ul><li>Spring, H. (2011) If you cannot beat them, join them! Using Health 2.0 and popular internet applications to improve information literacy. Health Information and Libraries Journal, 28 (2), 148-151 </li></ul><ul><li>Society of College, National and University Libraries. (2011). The seven pillars of information literacy. Accessible at: http://www.sconul.ac.uk/groups/information_literacy/seven_pillars.html (accessed 15 July 2011) </li></ul>

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