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Chinese musical instruments

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  • 彩埙 (Painted ocarina) 颊型:吹奏乐器 民族:汉族 制作年代:清代 (1644-1911) 收藏年代:传世品。原为京剧大师梅兰芳收藏,并於 1953 年捐赠本所。 乐器说明:陶制容器状边棱类。形体为平底卵形。六音孔 ( 前四後二 ) 。通体髹红漆,描绘金龙和云纹。是清代宫廷所使用的乐器。高 8 . 5 厘米,腹径 7 厘米。 演奏方法:直接吹奏,指法有颤音、打音、抹音等技巧。 功能:先民用以诱捕猎物,现成为旋律乐器。
  • Transcript

    • 1. 中国乐器 Zhong guo yue qi Chinese musical instrument
    • 2. 中国古代乐器代表 zhong guo gu dai yue qi dai biao Representatives of Ancient Chinese instruments
    • 3.  
    • 4. 琴 Seven-stringed zither
    • 5. 潇湘水云 xiao xiang shui yun Mist and Cloud over the Xiao and Xiang Rivers
      • Representative piece of guqin
      • It expresses patriotism and worry about the future of the country.
    • 6.  
    • 7.  
    • 8. 埙 Xun
      • ☆ Caixun(Painted ocarina)
      • ☆ Found among the Han people
      • ☆ Made in the Qing dynasty(1644 一 1911) H : 8 . 5 cm , D of belly : 7cm
      • ☆ Used for solo and ensemble music , or to accompany singing
    • 9. 楚歌 chu ge
      • Xiang Yu
      • Liu Bei
      • desolate situation of Xiang Yu
    • 10.  
    • 11.  
    • 12.  
    • 13.  
    • 14. 编钟 Bian zhong 65 bronze bells hung on a rack, struck using poles, Bronze Chimes Unearthed from the Tomb of Marquis Yi of the Zeng State ( Hubei Provincial Museum )
    • 15. 编磬 biān qìng A rack of hung stone tablets struck using a mallet
    • 16.  
    • 17. 二胡 Two-stringed fiddle
    • 18. 二泉映月 er quan ying yue The Moon Reflected In Er-quan
      • Masterpiece of musician A bing
      • Blind man with hard life
      • Play beside Er-quan
      • Awarded the Prize for Chinese Classic
    • 19.  
    • 20.  
    • 21. 琵琶 4 or 5 stringed pear-shaped lute
    • 22. 十面埋伏 shi mian mai fu House of Flying Daggers
      • It describes the situation when two armies are in battle.
      • Sound made by men, horses, metals, drums, etc.
    • 23.  
    • 24. 筝 Zheng 16-26 stringed zither with movable bridges
    • 25. 渔舟唱晚 yu zhou chang wan
      • It describes the scenery of setting sun and the happiness of fishermen coming back with many fish.
    • 26.  
    • 27. 扬琴 yang qin Hammered dulcimer of varying strings struck using two bamboo hammers
      • 将军令 (jiang jun ling)
      • It reflects dignity,solemnness,and tension in the army.
    • 28. 月琴 A plucked lute with a wooden body, a short fretted neck, and four strings tuned in pairs
    • 29. 阮 Ruan Moon-shaped lute in five sizes: gaoyin-, xiao-, zhong-, da-, diyin-
    • 30.  
    • 31. 笛 Transverse bamboo flute with buzzing membrane
    • 32. 箫 Xiao End-blown flute
    • 33.  
    • 34. A free reed mouth organ consisting of varying number of bamboo pipes inserted into a gourd chamber with finger holes 笙
    • 35.  
    • 36. 唢呐 A double reed wind instrument with a flaring metal bell
    • 37.  
    • 38. 葫芦丝 Hu lu si ※ A free reed wind instrument with three bamboo pipes which pass through a gourd wind chest; ※ one pipe has finger holes and the other two are drone pipes; ※ used primarily in Yunnan province
    • 39. 木鱼 A rounded woodblock carved in the shape of a fish, struck with a wooden stick. Often used in Buddhist chanting
    • 40. 锣 Luo Gong
    • 41. 新民乐 xin min yue New Folk Music

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