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  1. 1. Inhalants
  2. 2. What are inhalants? <ul><li>Drugs that are inhaled for a desired effect. Its volatile substance whose chemical vapors can be inhaled. </li></ul><ul><li>Inhalants are chemicals (gas form) that, when breathed in, decreased the flow of oxygen to the brain. </li></ul><ul><li>The effect of inhalants in the body is very fast because it enters the bloodstream directly through the lungs. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Misuse <ul><li>People unknowingly misuse or abuse inhalants </li></ul><ul><li>People should read the product labels carefully </li></ul><ul><li>Close the chemical container properly to avoid accidental inhalation. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sniffing <ul><li>Breathed in through the nose </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><li>Glue sniffing , the sniffed chemicals travel rapidly from the lungs through the blood to the brain and other organs. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Huffing <ul><li>Breathed in through the mouth </li></ul>
  6. 6. How do inhalants affect the body? Vapors are absorbed through the lungs Vapors then enter the bloodstream Once in the blood , they travel to the brain and other tissues in the body
  7. 7. How do inhalants affect the body? <ul><li>Inhalants depress the functions of the nervous system </li></ul><ul><li>Without oxygen , the heart is forced to beat more rapidly to get blood to the brain . </li></ul>
  8. 8. How many products can be abused? <ul><li>There are more than 1.400 inhalant products that have the potential to be abused. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What products could be inhalants? <ul><li>Glues/adhesives </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaning products (ammonia) </li></ul><ul><li>Paint and paint thinner </li></ul><ul><li>Markers </li></ul><ul><li>Gasoline and other fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Hair Sprays </li></ul><ul><li>White out </li></ul>
  10. 10. Some of the effects of inhalants include: <ul><li>Slurred speech </li></ul><ul><li>Hallucinations </li></ul><ul><li>Drowsiness </li></ul><ul><li>Dizziness </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea (headaches) </li></ul><ul><li>Vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>Blurred vision </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of coordination </li></ul><ul><li>DEATH </li></ul>
  11. 11. If someone uses inhalants for a long time <ul><li>Memory Loss </li></ul><ul><li>Concentration Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Blindness </li></ul><ul><li>Motor Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Nerve Damage </li></ul>
  12. 12. Example <ul><li>1. Volatile solvents- liquids that vaporize at room temperature </li></ul><ul><li>industrial or household products, including paint thinners or removers, degreasers, dry-cleaning fluids, gasoline and lighter fluid. </li></ul><ul><li>Art or office supply solvents, including correction fluid, felt-tip marker fluid. Electronic contact cleaners, and glue. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Example <ul><li>2. Aerosols- are sprays that contain propellants and solvents. </li></ul><ul><li>Household aerosol propellants in items such as spray paints, hair or deodorant sprays, fabric protector sprays, aerosol computer cleaning products, and vegetable oil sprays. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Example <ul><li>3. Gases- found in the household or commercial products and used as medical anesthetics. </li></ul><ul><li>Household or commercial products, including butane lighters and propane tanks, whipped cream aerosols or dispensers (whippets), and refrigerant gases </li></ul><ul><li>Medical anesthetics, such as ether, chloroform, halothane, nitrous oxide (laughing gas) </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrates- special class of inhalants that are used primarily as sexual enhancers. </li></ul><ul><li>Organic nitrates are volatiles that include cyclohexyl, butyl, and amyl nitrites, commonly knowna s poppers. </li></ul><ul><li>Amyl nitrite is still used in certain diagnostic medical procedures. When marketed for illicit use, organic nitrites are often sold in small brown bottles labeled as “video head cleaner” “room deodorizer”, “leather cleaner”, or liquid aroma. </li></ul>
  15. 15. THINK AND LEARN <ul><li>Check the statements or words below which you think are signs of drug abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Major changes in behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden changes in mood </li></ul><ul><li>Poor school performance </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Irresponsible decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Aggresiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Lying </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawn attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of memory </li></ul><ul><li>Denial of any problems </li></ul><ul><li>Poor coordination </li></ul>