Chinese musical instruments


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  • 彩埙 (Painted ocarina) 颊型:吹奏乐器 民族:汉族 制作年代:清代 (1644-1911) 收藏年代:传世品。原为京剧大师梅兰芳收藏,并於 1953 年捐赠本所。 乐器说明:陶制容器状边棱类。形体为平底卵形。六音孔 ( 前四後二 ) 。通体髹红漆,描绘金龙和云纹。是清代宫廷所使用的乐器。高 8 . 5 厘米,腹径 7 厘米。 演奏方法:直接吹奏,指法有颤音、打音、抹音等技巧。 功能:先民用以诱捕猎物,现成为旋律乐器。
  • Chinese musical instruments

    1. 1. 中国乐器 Zhong guo yue qi Chinese musical instrument
    2. 2. 中国古代乐器代表 zhong guo gu dai yue qi dai biao Representatives of Ancient Chinese instruments
    3. 4. 琴 Seven-stringed zither
    4. 5. 潇湘水云 xiao xiang shui yun Mist and Cloud over the Xiao and Xiang Rivers <ul><li>Representative piece of guqin </li></ul><ul><li>It expresses patriotism and worry about the future of the country. </li></ul>
    5. 8. 埙 Xun <ul><li>☆ Caixun(Painted ocarina) </li></ul><ul><li>☆ Found among the Han people </li></ul><ul><li>☆ Made in the Qing dynasty(1644 一 1911) H : 8 . 5 cm , D of belly : 7cm </li></ul><ul><li>☆ Used for solo and ensemble music , or to accompany singing </li></ul>
    6. 9. 楚歌 chu ge <ul><li>Xiang Yu </li></ul><ul><li>Liu Bei </li></ul><ul><li>desolate situation of Xiang Yu </li></ul>
    7. 14. 编钟 Bian zhong 65 bronze bells hung on a rack, struck using poles, Bronze Chimes Unearthed from the Tomb of Marquis Yi of the Zeng State ( Hubei Provincial Museum )
    8. 15. 编磬 biān qìng A rack of hung stone tablets struck using a mallet
    9. 17. 二胡 Two-stringed fiddle
    10. 18. 二泉映月 er quan ying yue The Moon Reflected In Er-quan <ul><li>Masterpiece of musician A bing </li></ul><ul><li>Blind man with hard life </li></ul><ul><li>Play beside Er-quan </li></ul><ul><li>Awarded the Prize for Chinese Classic </li></ul>
    11. 21. 琵琶 4 or 5 stringed pear-shaped lute
    12. 22. 十面埋伏 shi mian mai fu House of Flying Daggers <ul><li>It describes the situation when two armies are in battle. </li></ul><ul><li>Sound made by men, horses, metals, drums, etc. </li></ul>
    13. 24. 筝 Zheng 16-26 stringed zither with movable bridges
    14. 25. 渔舟唱晚 yu zhou chang wan <ul><li>It describes the scenery of setting sun and the happiness of fishermen coming back with many fish. </li></ul>
    15. 27. 扬琴 yang qin Hammered dulcimer of varying strings struck using two bamboo hammers <ul><li>将军令 (jiang jun ling) </li></ul><ul><li>It reflects dignity,solemnness,and tension in the army. </li></ul>
    16. 28. 月琴 A plucked lute with a wooden body, a short fretted neck, and four strings tuned in pairs
    17. 29. 阮 Ruan Moon-shaped lute in five sizes: gaoyin-, xiao-, zhong-, da-, diyin-
    18. 31. 笛 Transverse bamboo flute with buzzing membrane
    19. 32. 箫 Xiao End-blown flute
    20. 34. A free reed mouth organ consisting of varying number of bamboo pipes inserted into a gourd chamber with finger holes 笙
    21. 36. 唢呐 A double reed wind instrument with a flaring metal bell
    22. 38. 葫芦丝 Hu lu si ※ A free reed wind instrument with three bamboo pipes which pass through a gourd wind chest; ※ one pipe has finger holes and the other two are drone pipes; ※ used primarily in Yunnan province
    23. 39. 木鱼 A rounded woodblock carved in the shape of a fish, struck with a wooden stick. Often used in Buddhist chanting
    24. 40. 锣 Luo Gong
    25. 41. 新民乐 xin min yue New Folk Music