Ancient Chinese Music

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Ancient Chinese Music

  1. 1. CHINESE FOLKTALES 中国古代音乐 Ancient Chinese Music By~ Kira, Nick, Will, KK
  2. 2. The Beginning~ Chinese music started at the dawn of Chinese civilization. Bone Flute~ traced back 7,000-8,000 years Zhou Dynasty (1122BC-256BC): Well developed musical culture. *Flute*
  3. 3. Ling Lun 伶倫 ~ Legendary founder of music in ancient China. Official in the court of Huang Di (true?) Folktale~ traveled to Tibetan Himalayas Tuned bamboo flutes to birds (6 male-6 female) Bells caste in tune with flutes Basis of Chinese traditional music
  4. 4. Shi Jing 诗经 ~ The “Book of Songs”~ Part of the 5 classics Earliest collection of songs/poems (1000BC) Half likely set to music~ [music hasn't survived] Thousands to select from [Confucius(?) picked 305] Shi Jing today~ Very Important!!!!
  5. 5. Shi Jing 诗经 Ode 52~ An ode about a rat! 相鼠有皮 (Xiang shu you pi) 人而无仪 (Ren er wu yi!) 人而无仪 (Ren er wu yi) 相鼠有体 (Xiang shu you ti) 不死何为 (Bu si he wei?) 人而无礼 (Ren er wu li) 人而无礼 (Ren er wu li) 相鼠有齿 (Xiang shu you chi) 胡不遄死 (Hu bu chuan si?) 人而无止 (Ren er wu zhi) 人而无止 (Ren er wu zhi) 不死何俟 (bu si he si?)
  6. 6. Imperial Music Bureau 乐府 ~ Attested to as early as Warring States Period Expanded in Qin Dynasty~ Emperor Han Wu Di Directly under Lesser Treasury- Emperor's personal needs Supervised: court/military music, folk music
  7. 7. Music Development~ From the beginning until today! * Xia * Shang * Zhou * - royal families/dignitaries * Tang * - dancing/singing~ common people * Song * - original opera (Zaju/Nanxi) * Yuan * - traditional instruments developed * Qing * Ming * - traditional opera (Beijing Opera) [Throughout the dynasties peasants continued to create folk music ]
  8. 8. Traditional Instruments~ Four categories- stringed, percussion, plucked, wind 8 sounds 八音 : silk – bamboo – wood – stone – metal – clay – gourd – hide
  9. 9. Traditional Instruments~ Examples of the 八音 silk ( 絲 )– wood ( 木 )– Yu 敔 Guqin 古琴 bamboo ( 竹 )– stone ( 石 )– Bianqing 编磬 Dizi 笛子
  10. 10. Traditional Instruments~ Examples of the 八音 metal ( 金 )– gourd ( 匏 )– Sheng 笙 clay ( 土 ) – hide ( 革 ) – Xun 埙 Dagu 大鼓
  11. 11. 12 Girls Band~ 女子十二乐坊 12 Girls~ play traditional Chinese instruments erhu – guzheng – yangqin – pipa – diza http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w4oztWFJQ-c

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