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INDONESIA
INDONESIA
Indonesia is an archipelago in Southeast Asia
comprising approximately 17, 500 islands. With over
238 million people, Indonesia is the world’s fourth
most populous country and is the fourth biggest
nation in the world.
INDONESIA
Through interaction with other cultures such as
Indian, Arabic, Chinese and European, a wide range
of musical styles has been developed. Today, the
contemporary music of Indonesia is popular not only
in the region but also in the neighboring countries.
INDONESIA
There are two basic kinds of Indonesian
music scale:
•Slendro – pentatonic scale
•Pelog – heptatonic scale
SLENDRO
•Slendro (called Salendro by the
Sundanese) is the older of the
two most common scales used
in Indonesian Gamelan scale.
PELOG
Pelog is one of the two essential
scales of Gamelan. In Javanese the
term is said to be a variant of the
word “pelag” meaning fine or
beautiful. Pelog has seven notes,
but many gamelan ensembles only
have keys for five of the pitches.
Even in ensembles that have all
seven notes, many pieces only use
a subset of five notes.
INDONESIA
Both vocal and instrumental music
in Indonesia use slendro or pelog.
INDONESIA
•Polyphonic Stratification kind of
melody is a result of hocket/interlock.
•Irama – is an Indonesian term for
tempo.
GAMELAN
GAMELAN
The gamelan or gamelan orchestra is the most
popular form of music in Indonesia. It is a generic
term for traditional musical
ensembles of Java and Bali which comprises
predominantly of percussive instruments.
GAMELAN
Instruments used in gamelan:
• Metallophones
• Kendang and Gongs
• Bamboo Flutes (Suling)
• Bonang
METALLOPHONES
A metallophone is any musical
instrument consisting of tuned metal bars
which are struck to make sound, usually with
a mallet.
METALLOPHONES
Mallet
KENDANG AND GONGS
Kendang is a two-headed drum used by
peoples from Maritime Southeast Asia.
Kendang is one of the primary instruments
used in the Gamelan ensembles of Java and
Bali.
KENDANG
KENDANG AND GONGS
Gongs are broadly of three types.
'Suspended gongs are more or less flat,
circular discs of metal suspended vertically
by means of a cord passed through holes
near to the top rim. Bossed gongs have a
raised centre boss and are often suspended
and played horizontally. Bowl gongs are
bowl-shaped, and rest on cushions and
belong more to bells than gongs. Gongs are
made mainly from bronze or brass but there
are many other alloys in use.
KENDANG AND GONGS
Indonesian gongs are percussion instruments that
have a unique, bowl-like appearance, and a round
knob in the center. They're commonly used in
traditional gamelan music ensembles.
GONGS
BAMBOO FLUTES (SULING)
Suling or Seruling is
an Indonesian bamboo ring flute. It is used
in gamelan ensembles. Depending on the regional
genre, a suling can be tuned into different scales.
Sulings are made mainly of "tamiang" bamboo, a
long, thin-walled bamboo tube. The mouthpiece of
the suling is circled with a thin band made
of rattan near a small hole.
BAMBOO FLUTES
BONANG
The bonang is a musical instrument used in
the Javanese gamelan. It is a collection of small
gongs (sometimes called "kettles" or "pots") placed
horizontally onto strings in a wooden frame (rancak),
either one or two rows wide. All of the kettles have a
central boss, but around it the lower-pitched ones
have a flattened head, while the higher ones have
an arched one. They are typically hit with padded
sticks (tabuh).
BONANG
INDONESIA
• Pesindhen – is a female soloist singer who sings with
a gamelan.
• Gerong – refers to the unison male chorus that sings
with the gamelan.

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Grade 8 Music: Indonesian Music

  • 2. INDONESIA Indonesia is an archipelago in Southeast Asia comprising approximately 17, 500 islands. With over 238 million people, Indonesia is the world’s fourth most populous country and is the fourth biggest nation in the world.
  • 3. INDONESIA Through interaction with other cultures such as Indian, Arabic, Chinese and European, a wide range of musical styles has been developed. Today, the contemporary music of Indonesia is popular not only in the region but also in the neighboring countries.
  • 4. INDONESIA There are two basic kinds of Indonesian music scale: •Slendro – pentatonic scale •Pelog – heptatonic scale
  • 5. SLENDRO •Slendro (called Salendro by the Sundanese) is the older of the two most common scales used in Indonesian Gamelan scale.
  • 6. PELOG Pelog is one of the two essential scales of Gamelan. In Javanese the term is said to be a variant of the word “pelag” meaning fine or beautiful. Pelog has seven notes, but many gamelan ensembles only have keys for five of the pitches. Even in ensembles that have all seven notes, many pieces only use a subset of five notes.
  • 7. INDONESIA Both vocal and instrumental music in Indonesia use slendro or pelog.
  • 8. INDONESIA •Polyphonic Stratification kind of melody is a result of hocket/interlock. •Irama – is an Indonesian term for tempo.
  • 10. GAMELAN The gamelan or gamelan orchestra is the most popular form of music in Indonesia. It is a generic term for traditional musical ensembles of Java and Bali which comprises predominantly of percussive instruments.
  • 11. GAMELAN Instruments used in gamelan: • Metallophones • Kendang and Gongs • Bamboo Flutes (Suling) • Bonang
  • 12. METALLOPHONES A metallophone is any musical instrument consisting of tuned metal bars which are struck to make sound, usually with a mallet.
  • 14. KENDANG AND GONGS Kendang is a two-headed drum used by peoples from Maritime Southeast Asia. Kendang is one of the primary instruments used in the Gamelan ensembles of Java and Bali.
  • 16. KENDANG AND GONGS Gongs are broadly of three types. 'Suspended gongs are more or less flat, circular discs of metal suspended vertically by means of a cord passed through holes near to the top rim. Bossed gongs have a raised centre boss and are often suspended and played horizontally. Bowl gongs are bowl-shaped, and rest on cushions and belong more to bells than gongs. Gongs are made mainly from bronze or brass but there are many other alloys in use.
  • 17. KENDANG AND GONGS Indonesian gongs are percussion instruments that have a unique, bowl-like appearance, and a round knob in the center. They're commonly used in traditional gamelan music ensembles.
  • 18. GONGS
  • 19. BAMBOO FLUTES (SULING) Suling or Seruling is an Indonesian bamboo ring flute. It is used in gamelan ensembles. Depending on the regional genre, a suling can be tuned into different scales. Sulings are made mainly of "tamiang" bamboo, a long, thin-walled bamboo tube. The mouthpiece of the suling is circled with a thin band made of rattan near a small hole.
  • 21. BONANG The bonang is a musical instrument used in the Javanese gamelan. It is a collection of small gongs (sometimes called "kettles" or "pots") placed horizontally onto strings in a wooden frame (rancak), either one or two rows wide. All of the kettles have a central boss, but around it the lower-pitched ones have a flattened head, while the higher ones have an arched one. They are typically hit with padded sticks (tabuh).
  • 23. INDONESIA • Pesindhen – is a female soloist singer who sings with a gamelan. • Gerong – refers to the unison male chorus that sings with the gamelan.