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[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
 

[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture

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    [Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture [Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture Presentation Transcript

    • Dafina Boja
      • The main parts of computer
      • The Von Newman Architecture
      • Software and hardware
      • Operating System
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    • 1 byte (B) 8 bit 1 kilobyte (K/Kb) 2 10 byte = 1024 byte 1 megabyte (M/Mb) 2 20 byte = 1024 Kb 1 gigabyte (G/Gb) 2 30 byte = 1024 Mb 1 terabyte (T/Tb) 2 40 byte = 1024 Gb 1 petabyte (P/Pb) 2 50 byte = 1024 Tb 1 exabyte (E/Eb) 2 60 byte = 1024 Pb 1 zettabyte (Z/Zb) 2 70 byte = 1024 Eb 1 yottabyte (Y/Yb) 2 80 byte = 1024 Zb
      • Input and Output devices
      • Memory
      • Information processor (CPU)
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      • Software are programs that run on the computer as various applications.
      • Hardware is the computer's physical devices such as screen, keyboard, monitor, printer,scanner, etc..
    • Dafina Boja
      • To understand what is the operating system.
      • Become acquainted with some operating systems.
      • To learn some features of operating systems including the management of file sharers.
      • To understand the Unix operating system and tools that accompany it.
      • To understand the relationship between hardware & software.
      • To understand the new operating systems emerge.
      • Become acquainted with powerful tools that help us when using computers
      • Operating systems with commands such as:
      • MS DOS
      • UNIX
      • With graphical operating systems such as:
      • Windows
      • Linux
      • MAC Leopard
      • Controls the actions of entry exit and processing on the computer.
      • An operating system of high quality can make your computer more efficient and more capable.
      • A good operating system makes the computer easier to use.
      • It is a traffic policeman.
      • It is a communication system.
      • It's a tool box.
      • It is a self-your line-up.
      • The computer controls the resources.
      • Resources include: memory of Words and CPU.
      • In a new PC is available multi action.
      • It helps all the hardware components to communicate with each other.
      • Helps software communicates with the hardware.
      • Some programs included in the operating systems services.
      • Management of file sharers. Memory management .
      • Management presentation.
      • Tools for the network.
      • Take ownership immediately after boot.
      • Controls whether all hardware is present.
      • Mechanisms for Hard & Soft Boot Boot.
      • UNIX
      • Linux
      • MS DOS
      • Windows
      • Basic Commands in UNIX
      • ls – lists all files and directories.
      • dir – shows data for the file or directory, such as permissions, owner, size and last modification.
      • mkdir – creates a directory .
      • cd – used to enter into any directory.
      • cd .. – used to go back .
      • mrdir – used to hide the empty directory.
      • Basic Commands in UNIX
      • cp – used for copying a file .
      • rm – used to hide file .
      • mv – used for the rebranding of the file .
      • pwd – location tells us where we are .
      • m v – used to move the file .
      • chmod – to give permission a file.
    • Permissions Binary O c tal - - - 000 0 - - x 001 1 - w - 010 2 - w x 011 3 r - - 100 4 r – x 101 5 r w - 110 6 r w x 111 7