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[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture
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[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture

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  • 1. Dafina Boja
  • 2. <ul><li>The main parts of computer </li></ul><ul><li>The Von Newman Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Software and hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Operating System </li></ul>
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  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15. 1 byte (B) 8 bit 1 kilobyte (K/Kb) 2 10 byte = 1024 byte 1 megabyte (M/Mb) 2 20 byte = 1024 Kb 1 gigabyte (G/Gb) 2 30 byte = 1024 Mb 1 terabyte (T/Tb) 2 40 byte = 1024 Gb 1 petabyte (P/Pb) 2 50 byte = 1024 Tb 1 exabyte (E/Eb) 2 60 byte = 1024 Pb 1 zettabyte (Z/Zb) 2 70 byte = 1024 Eb 1 yottabyte (Y/Yb) 2 80 byte = 1024 Zb
  • 16. <ul><li>Input and Output devices </li></ul><ul><li>Memory </li></ul><ul><li>Information processor (CPU) </li></ul>
  • 17.  
  • 18. <ul><li>Software are programs that run on the computer as various applications. </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware is the computer's physical devices such as screen, keyboard, monitor, printer,scanner, etc.. </li></ul>
  • 19. Dafina Boja
  • 20. <ul><li>To understand what is the operating system. </li></ul><ul><li>Become acquainted with some operating systems. </li></ul><ul><li>To learn some features of operating systems including the management of file sharers. </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the Unix operating system and tools that accompany it. </li></ul>
  • 21. <ul><li>To understand the relationship between hardware & software. </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the new operating systems emerge. </li></ul><ul><li>Become acquainted with powerful tools that help us when using computers </li></ul>
  • 22. <ul><li>Operating systems with commands such as: </li></ul><ul><li>MS DOS </li></ul><ul><li>UNIX </li></ul><ul><li>With graphical operating systems such as: </li></ul><ul><li>Windows </li></ul><ul><li>Linux </li></ul><ul><li>MAC Leopard </li></ul>
  • 23. <ul><li>Controls the actions of entry exit and processing on the computer. </li></ul><ul><li>An operating system of high quality can make your computer more efficient and more capable. </li></ul><ul><li>A good operating system makes the computer easier to use. </li></ul>
  • 24. <ul><li>It is a traffic policeman. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a communication system. </li></ul><ul><li>It's a tool box. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a self-your line-up. </li></ul>
  • 25. <ul><li>The computer controls the resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Resources include: memory of Words and CPU. </li></ul><ul><li>In a new PC is available multi action. </li></ul>
  • 26. <ul><li>It helps all the hardware components to communicate with each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Helps software communicates with the hardware. </li></ul>
  • 27. <ul><li>Some programs included in the operating systems services. </li></ul><ul><li>Management of file sharers. Memory management . </li></ul><ul><li>Management presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>Tools for the network. </li></ul>
  • 28. <ul><li>Take ownership immediately after boot. </li></ul><ul><li>Controls whether all hardware is present. </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanisms for Hard & Soft Boot Boot. </li></ul>
  • 29. <ul><li>UNIX </li></ul><ul><li>Linux </li></ul><ul><li>MS DOS </li></ul><ul><li>Windows </li></ul>
  • 30. <ul><li>Basic Commands in UNIX </li></ul><ul><li>ls – lists all files and directories. </li></ul><ul><li>dir – shows data for the file or directory, such as permissions, owner, size and last modification. </li></ul><ul><li>mkdir – creates a directory . </li></ul><ul><li>cd – used to enter into any directory. </li></ul><ul><li>cd .. – used to go back . </li></ul><ul><li>mrdir – used to hide the empty directory. </li></ul>
  • 31. <ul><li>Basic Commands in UNIX </li></ul><ul><li>cp – used for copying a file . </li></ul><ul><li>rm – used to hide file . </li></ul><ul><li>mv – used for the rebranding of the file . </li></ul><ul><li>pwd – location tells us where we are . </li></ul><ul><li>m v – used to move the file . </li></ul><ul><li>chmod – to give permission a file. </li></ul>
  • 32. Permissions Binary O c tal - - - 000 0 - - x 001 1 - w - 010 2 - w x 011 3 r - - 100 4 r – x 101 5 r w - 110 6 r w x 111 7

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