[Challenge:Future] Introduction to computer archtecture

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  • 1. Dafina Boja
  • 2.
    • The main parts of computer
    • The Von Newman Architecture
    • Software and hardware
    • Operating System
  • 3.  
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  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15. 1 byte (B) 8 bit 1 kilobyte (K/Kb) 2 10 byte = 1024 byte 1 megabyte (M/Mb) 2 20 byte = 1024 Kb 1 gigabyte (G/Gb) 2 30 byte = 1024 Mb 1 terabyte (T/Tb) 2 40 byte = 1024 Gb 1 petabyte (P/Pb) 2 50 byte = 1024 Tb 1 exabyte (E/Eb) 2 60 byte = 1024 Pb 1 zettabyte (Z/Zb) 2 70 byte = 1024 Eb 1 yottabyte (Y/Yb) 2 80 byte = 1024 Zb
  • 16.
    • Input and Output devices
    • Memory
    • Information processor (CPU)
  • 17.  
  • 18.
    • Software are programs that run on the computer as various applications.
    • Hardware is the computer's physical devices such as screen, keyboard, monitor, printer,scanner, etc..
  • 19. Dafina Boja
  • 20.
    • To understand what is the operating system.
    • Become acquainted with some operating systems.
    • To learn some features of operating systems including the management of file sharers.
    • To understand the Unix operating system and tools that accompany it.
  • 21.
    • To understand the relationship between hardware & software.
    • To understand the new operating systems emerge.
    • Become acquainted with powerful tools that help us when using computers
  • 22.
    • Operating systems with commands such as:
    • MS DOS
    • UNIX
    • With graphical operating systems such as:
    • Windows
    • Linux
    • MAC Leopard
  • 23.
    • Controls the actions of entry exit and processing on the computer.
    • An operating system of high quality can make your computer more efficient and more capable.
    • A good operating system makes the computer easier to use.
  • 24.
    • It is a traffic policeman.
    • It is a communication system.
    • It's a tool box.
    • It is a self-your line-up.
  • 25.
    • The computer controls the resources.
    • Resources include: memory of Words and CPU.
    • In a new PC is available multi action.
  • 26.
    • It helps all the hardware components to communicate with each other.
    • Helps software communicates with the hardware.
  • 27.
    • Some programs included in the operating systems services.
    • Management of file sharers. Memory management .
    • Management presentation.
    • Tools for the network.
  • 28.
    • Take ownership immediately after boot.
    • Controls whether all hardware is present.
    • Mechanisms for Hard & Soft Boot Boot.
  • 29.
    • UNIX
    • Linux
    • MS DOS
    • Windows
  • 30.
    • Basic Commands in UNIX
    • ls – lists all files and directories.
    • dir – shows data for the file or directory, such as permissions, owner, size and last modification.
    • mkdir – creates a directory .
    • cd – used to enter into any directory.
    • cd .. – used to go back .
    • mrdir – used to hide the empty directory.
  • 31.
    • Basic Commands in UNIX
    • cp – used for copying a file .
    • rm – used to hide file .
    • mv – used for the rebranding of the file .
    • pwd – location tells us where we are .
    • m v – used to move the file .
    • chmod – to give permission a file.
  • 32. Permissions Binary O c tal - - - 000 0 - - x 001 1 - w - 010 2 - w x 011 3 r - - 100 4 r – x 101 5 r w - 110 6 r w x 111 7