Elements and principle

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Elements and principle

  1. 1. Line Path made by a moving point
  2. 2. Vertical Line • Vertical lines in art represent strength and stability
  3. 3. Horizontal Line • Horizontal lines represent calm in an artwork.
  4. 4. Diagonal Lines • In artwork diagonal lines represent energy or movement.
  5. 5. Shape The area enclosed by a line 2-D
  6. 6. Organic Shapes • Shapes found in nature or have a natural flow.
  7. 7. Geometric Shapes • Man made shapes found in mathematics
  8. 8. Form Area enclosed by shapes (3D)
  9. 9. Like shapes there are organic and geometric forms • Organic • Geometric
  10. 10. Value Relationship between lights and darks.
  11. 11. Value • In a 2 dimensional work (painting, drawing, photograph, etc.) Value is used to show form and depth. Also called shading.
  12. 12. Texture • Surface quality of an object, how it feels.
  13. 13. Space Area in or around an object
  14. 14. Positive Space • The space that is the subject of an image.
  15. 15. Negative Space • The area between or around an object
  16. 16. Color • How light reflects off of an object. Has intensity, hue, and value
  17. 17. Primary Colors • Can not be made by mixing other colors. – Primary = 1st
  18. 18. Secondary Colors • Colors made by mixing 2 primary colors – Secondary = 2nd
  19. 19. Tertiary Colors • The third tier of colors, comes from mixing a primary color with a near secondary color. Names are primary first then secondary. – Example : Red-violet
  20. 20. Red – Facts about red • Red is the universal sign for stop. • Red is a color of extremes, extreme love and extreme anger. • Red is a very powerful color and should be used sparingly in artwork.
  21. 21. Yellow – Facts about yellow • Yellow is the first color your eye sees • In most cultures yellow symbolizes happiness, sunshine, and warmth. • Yellow is the only color that reacts badly to black.
  22. 22. Blue • Facts about blue. • Blue is the number one favorite color in the world. • Where red is an appetite stimulant blue is an appetite suppressant. • Blue in artwork can evoke sadness or depression.
  23. 23. Principles of Design • How you use the elements in a composition • Composition- layout • If the elements are of an artwork. the tools, principles are the rules for using them.
  24. 24. Balance • Symmetrical – In symmetrical balance both sides of the image are the same. • Asymmetrical – In symmetrical balance both sides of the image are different, but have equal visual weight.
  25. 25. Leonardo Da Vinci, The Last Supper, 1495-1498
  26. 26. • Salvador Dali, Persistence of Memory, 1931
  27. 27. Repetition • Repeating of the elements in an artwork.
  28. 28. Variation • The changing of elements in an artwork. Piet Mondrian, Diagonal Composition, 1921
  29. 29. Scale • Size relationships of objects in an artwork.
  30. 30. Emphasis • Focusing the viewer to one or some areas of an artwork. Leonardo Da Vinci, The Last Supper, 1495-1498
  31. 31. Pattern • Structured repetition of elements in an artwork.
  32. 32. Unity • Feeling of togetherness or completeness in an artwork.

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