population demographictransitionmodeldtm 091119104246-phpapp02

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population demographictransitionmodeldtm 091119104246-phpapp02

  1. 1.  A geographical model used to explain… ∆ high birth/high death rates ⋎ low birth/low death rates as countries develop from Pre-industrial (LLDC) ⋎ Industrial (LDC/MDC) 2
  2. 2. 3
  3. 3. 4
  4. 4. High birth rates  high death rates  population growth is slow and fluctuating.  5
  5. 5. Need for workers in agriculture  Lack of clean water, sanitation, medical care, education  Religious beliefs and culture  Lack of family planning (use, access or need)  6
  6. 6. Typical of Britain in the 18th century,  although NO country is currently in stage one.  7
  7. 7. 8
  8. 8. Birth rate remains high  death rate is falling  population begins to rise steadily.  9
  9. 9. Beginnings of industrialization  Improvements in food supply  Improvements in medical care (smallpox vaccine) and sanitation  Cultural lag – attitudes about large families not changing  Family planning still not widely used  10
  10. 10. Countries in this stage include Bangladesh, Yemen, Afghanistan and much of Sub-Saharan African  Do not include South Africa, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Swaziland, Lesotho, Namibia, Kenya and Ghana, which have begun to move into stage 3.  11
  11. 11. 12
  12. 12. Birth rate starts to fall  death rate continues to fall  population is rising.  13
  13. 13.  Industrialization continues ◦ increase in urbanization Cultural attitudes favoring small families take hold  Family planning available  Healthcare and sanitation continue to improve (lower Infant Mortality Rate)  Increased standard of living  Changing status of women  14
  14. 14.  China, Brazil and Egypt  REMEMBER - South Africa, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Swaziland, Lesotho, Namibia, Kenya and Ghana, which have begun to move into stage 3. 15
  15. 15. 16
  16. 16. Birth rate and death rate are both low.  Population remains steady.  17
  17. 17. Excellent standard of living  Universal access to healthcare and sanitation (long life expectancy)  High percentage of individuals accessing birth control  More women in the labor force = fewer children  Cultural attitudes favor smaller families  Education more readily accessible  18
  18. 18. Canada  United States  Japan  Most of Europe  19
  19. 19. 20
  20. 20. Currently entering into the negative growth rate meaning that there are:  less births than deaths = country's population size is decreasing  21
  21. 21. Germany  Italy  Spain  Portugal  Greece  the United Kingdom  22
  22. 22. 23
  23. 23. http://www.geographyalltheway.com/igcse_geography/population_settlement/population/imagesetc/demographic_transition_detailed.jpg

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