An Integrated Extension and Education Program to Reduce Mastitis and Antimicrobial Use

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An overview of the efforts of the Quality Milk Alliance to cut antibiotic use in half and mastitis by a third in targeted dairy herds in the next five years. Presented by Dr. Ronald Erskine of Michigan State University, USDA-NIFA grant #

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An Integrated Extension and Education Program to Reduce Mastitis and Antimicrobial Use

  1. 1. An Integrated Extension and EducationProgram to Reduce Mastitis andAntimicrobial UseThis project was supported by Agriculture and Food Research InitiativeCompetitive Grant no. 2013-68004-20439 from the USDA National Instituteof Food and Agriculture
  2. 2. An Integrated Extension and EducationProgram to Reduce Mastitis andAntimicrobial Use• Michigan State University• The Pennsylvania State University• Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University• Mississippi State University• 5 years• Start date- Feb 1, 2013• End date- Jan 31, 2018
  3. 3. Aim 1- Develop Quality Milk Alliance(QMA)Leader : MartinezSchewe, Erskine, ConterasStations: MissSU, MSU, PSU, FAMUAim 2- Develop and TestQuality Milk SpecialistCertificate programLeader: HovinghErskine, Wolfgang, RadhakrishnaStations: PSU, MSU, FAMUAim 3- Implement andevaluate QMA farminterventionLeader: ErskineContreras, Kayitsinga, WolfStations: MSU, PSU, FAMUStakeholderand AdvisorInputIncreased dairyfood securityand qualityQMA farmintervention to reducemastitis andantimicrobial useQuality MilkSpecialistscertified to performQMA farmintervention
  4. 4. Aim 1 Developing the QMA Team ApproachSub-aim 1a• Pre-evaluation survey• Focus groupsSub-aim 1b• Develop QMA with Expert AdvisoryPanelSub-aim 1c• Test of QMA-intervention in pilot herds• Focus Groups
  5. 5. Units 1-3: Milking Practices and Equipment,Cow Management, Infectious EtiologyQualityMilkAllianceUnit 5: Behavioral and Attitude VariablesAssessed from Sub-Aim 1aUnit 4: Antimicrobial StewardshipTherapeutic DecisionsAccount for mastitis-related drug useApply HAACPModelSub-aim 1b: Development of the QMA- Sub-aim 1b
  6. 6. Sub-aim 1c: Pilot study of QMA• 8 to 12 herds in Michigan• 3 months• Apply QMA team approach• Feedback (Focus groups)– Producers– Employees– Veterinarians
  7. 7. Sub-aim 1c: Pilot model for QMA-based intervention in dairy herdsQMA assessment inherdIdentify critical controlpoint (behavioral)deficienciesImplementantimicrobial useprogram(Leg bands, on-farmculture, drugcontainers)Recommend farmspecific changes withherd quality milkteamMonitor goalswith herd qualitymilk team
  8. 8. Phase I- MSU-CVMEnrollment open all semestersAll Students (BS, Ag Tech, DVM) and DairyIndustry ProfessionalsOnline : Fundamentals of QMAPhase II- PSUSummer enrollmentUndergradsPractical – “hands on”Phase II – PSUSummer enrollmentDVM studentsPractical – “handson”Phase II- PSUSummer enrollmentDairy ProfessionalsPractical - “handson”ExaminationAIM 2 : Quality Milk Specialist Certificate
  9. 9. Aim 3: QMA Intervention Trial FlowchartControl Herdsn = 80Pre-test Instrument(Mastitis behaviorsand attitudesAudit antimicrobial useand clinical mastitisrecords onlyNo further interventionPost-test instrument(Mastitis behaviors andattitudes)Treatment (Intervention) Herdsn = 80Pre-test Instrument(Mastitis behaviors and attitudes)QMA –based InterventionQuarterly audit with QMA,team meetings, adaptpractices as neededPost-test instrument(Mastitis behaviors andattitudes)
  10. 10. QMA, Goals,Team MeetingCollect drug containersRecord clinical mastitisCollect drug containersRecord clinical mastitisBTSCCStart 3 6 9 12 15(months)
  11. 11. Aim 1- Develop Quality Milk Alliance(QMA)Aim 2- Develop and TestQuality Milk SpecialistCertificate programAim 3- Implement andevaluate QMA farminterventionStakeholderand AdvisorInputIncreased dairyfood securityand qualityQMA farmintervention to reducemastitis andantimicrobial useQuality MilkSpecialistscertified to performQMA farmintervention

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