Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance II Project (FANTA-2)<br />Academy for Educational Development    1825 Connecticut ...
PLAN<br />Background<br />Analytical framework for integration<br />Integration CMAM into national health systems:  countr...
BACKGROUND<br />Review CMAM program implementation and its integration into national health systems <br />Countries : Burk...
ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK<br />4<br />KEY ELEMENTS OF CMAM FALL IN FIVE DOMAINS<br />
ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK (2)<br />5<br />COMPONENTS OF CMAM<br />
Integration into routine health and nutrition services:  Examples<br />Burkina Faso <br />Essential Nutrition Actions (ENA...
Integration into routine health and nutrition services:  Examples (2)<br />Mauritania<br />CMAM linked with Child Survival...
Integration into routine health and nutrition services:  Challenges<br /><ul><li>Weak health systems
Insufficient training for health workers
Inadequate supply flow
Need to integrate at clinical levels as well as Community-IMCI</li></ul>8<br />
KEY LESSONS LEARNED<br />Enabling Environment<br />High level commitment not yet translated into concrete action plans for...
KEY LESSONS LEARNED (2)<br />Competencies for CMAM<br />Training skills, quality of training tools, mentoring to be improv...
KEY LESSONS LEARNED (3)<br />Access to CMAM services <br />Sustainable and affordable community outreach is still missing....
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Lessons in the Integration of CMAM & IMCI Activities_Diene_5.12.11

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Lessons in the Integration of CMAM & IMCI Activities_Diene_5.12.11

  1. 1. Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance II Project (FANTA-2)<br />Academy for Educational Development 1825 Connecticut Ave., NW Washington, DC 20009<br />Tel: 202-884-8000 Fax: 202-884-8432 E-mail: fanta2@aed.org Website: www.fanta-2.org<br />Integration CMAM into National Health Systems<br />Serigne M. Diene<br />FANTA-2 Senior HIV and Nutrition Advisor<br />
  2. 2. PLAN<br />Background<br />Analytical framework for integration<br />Integration CMAM into national health systems: country experiences and challenges<br />Key lessons learned<br />Enabling environment <br />Competencies for CMAM<br />Access to CMAM services<br />Access to CMAM equipments and supplies<br />Quality of CMAM services<br />Way forward<br />2<br />
  3. 3. BACKGROUND<br />Review CMAM program implementation and its integration into national health systems <br />Countries : Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger<br />Highlight lessons learned and make recommendations on challenges, best practices, gaps<br />Methods : documents review, country visits<br />3<br />
  4. 4. ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK<br />4<br />KEY ELEMENTS OF CMAM FALL IN FIVE DOMAINS<br />
  5. 5. ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK (2)<br />5<br />COMPONENTS OF CMAM<br />
  6. 6. Integration into routine health and nutrition services: Examples<br />Burkina Faso <br />Essential Nutrition Actions (ENA) (same CHW)<br />Growth Monitoring and Promotion (GMP)<br />Community IMCI not evident<br />Mali<br />ENA<br />12 Family Practices<br />GMP (?!)<br />SIAN (Week of Intensified Nutrition Activities)<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Integration into routine health and nutrition services: Examples (2)<br />Mauritania<br />CMAM linked with Child Survival Weeks<br />CMAM linked with IMCI<br />CMAM linked with Reproductive Health initiatives<br />Niger<br />Great political will and support for integration<br />Focus on activities only (not yet resources not)<br />GMP (?!)<br />Baby Friendly Hospital Initiatives (BFHI)<br />IMCI<br />7<br />
  8. 8. Integration into routine health and nutrition services: Challenges<br /><ul><li>Weak health systems
  9. 9. Insufficient training for health workers
  10. 10. Inadequate supply flow
  11. 11. Need to integrate at clinical levels as well as Community-IMCI</li></ul>8<br />
  12. 12. KEY LESSONS LEARNED<br />Enabling Environment<br />High level commitment not yet translated into concrete action plans for scale up and quality improvement<br />Community outreach components to be strengthened: role of community health workers to be defined and structured<br />Specific CMAM technical expert/unit/system needed for strong institutional capacity and quality services, including MOH technical leadership<br />9<br />
  13. 13. KEY LESSONS LEARNED (2)<br />Competencies for CMAM<br />Training skills, quality of training tools, mentoring to be improved for in-service training<br />Financial and technical support for pre-service training<br />Need for effective learning sites and national high-level expertise for CMAM quality improvement<br />Formalized documentation and dissemination of Best practices and lessons learned<br />10<br />
  14. 14. KEY LESSONS LEARNED (3)<br />Access to CMAM services <br />Sustainable and affordable community outreach is still missing. Need for shared experiences on most promising approaches<br />M-MAM increasingly linked to food security and prevention services and not always with M-SAM<br />Human resource shortage limits high coverage in Outpatient Care <br />Importance of good referral and counter referral system, need to be part of training <br />Linkage with informal health sector as part of training, supervision and mentoring <br />
  15. 15. KEY LESSONS LEARNED (4)<br />Access to CMAM equipment and supplies<br />Improving and integrating CMAM procurement and supply systems should be a priority<br />Quality of CMAM services<br />Support of national and international experts (academic and practical) for standardized guidelines based on best practices (Ex : Issues of use of MUAC as admission criteria, Vitamin A administration, early referral to outpatient care after stabilization )<br /> Standardized training materials and job aids to be made available<br />Systems of quality improvement to consider<br />
  16. 16. WAY FORWARD<br />Improve quality of services delivery and access, building on decentralization of process<br />Use of integrated approach is gaining momentum that should be boosted<br />Linking in-service to pre-service training resources and competencies should be a more common practice<br />13<br />
  17. 17. This presentation is made possible by the generous support of the American people through the support of the Office of Health, Infectious Disease, and Nutrition, Bureau for Global Health, and the Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) under terms of Cooperative Agreement No. GHN-A-00-08-00001-00, through the Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance II Project (FANTA-2), managed by the Academy for Educational Development (AED). The contents are the responsibility of AED and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government.<br />Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance II Project (FANTA-2)<br />Academy for Educational Development 1825 Connecticut Ave., NW Washington, DC 20009<br />Tel: 202-884-8000 Fax: 202-884-8432 E-mail: fanta2@aed.org Website: www.fanta-2.org<br />

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