Yugantar Quiz- Prelims

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Yugantar Quiz- Prelims

  1. 1. 1) The film title X is originally a Gujarati phrase thatmeans "I have cut the kite" which refers to a kitecompetition where one of the competitors uses his kiteto cut off another competitors kite and yells “X!"
  2. 2. 2) Film critic Roger Ebert, who named X the best film of 1969, liked thescreenplay and its message, and wrote, “[X] is a film of our time. It is about howeven moral victories are corrupted. It will make you weep and will make youangry. It will tear your guts out...When the Army junta staged its coup in 1967, theright-wing generals and the police chief were cleared of all charges and‘rehabilitated.’ Those responsible for unmasking the assassination now becamepolitical criminals. These would seem to be completely political events, but theyoung director Costa-Gavras has told them in a style that is almost unbearablyexciting. X is at the same time a political cry of rage and a brilliant suspensethriller. It even ends in a chase: Not through the streets but through a maze offacts, alibis and official corruption.”X was remade into which Bollywood film?
  3. 3. 3) There have been many suggestions as to what the bands namereally means. The band has repeatedly stated a story corroborated ontheir official website that X "Started at school in 1980, originally calledX _____ in order to confuse the public (name was invented for itsmeaninglessness; all other stories are fabrications) in west Glasgow,Scotland."The liner notes of one album state: "...if you ask us what the namemeans - expect violence", strongly suggesting that the band have longsince tired of this question. Speculation about the names origins haveincluded the Greek for "from the womb", and a handbag brand name.
  4. 4. *4) X was born to a couple who worked in Jupiter Circus astrapeze artists. He received most of his martial art, acrobaticand stunt training in the circus itself. At the age of 14, havinglost his parents to a conspiracy that rose out of a businessrivalry, he swore to fight against crime for the rest of his life.Eventually he was adopted by the then Superintendent of PoliceRajan Mehra (later promoted to the rank of Inspector-general).Like Batman, X has no superpowers.
  5. 5. **5) Sheikh Muhammad Ibrahim was a noted Urdu poet . He wrotepoetry under nom de plume X, and was appointed poet laureate ofthe Mughal Court in Delhi.He was a poor youth, with only ordinary education, who went on toacquire quite some learning in history, tradition and astrology in hislater years. X was a prominent contemporary of Ghalib and in thehistory of Urdu poetry the rivalry of the two poets is quite wellknown. During his lifetime X was more popular than Ghalib for thecritical values in those days were mainly confined to judging a pieceof poetry on the basis of usage of words, phrases and idioms.Content and style were barely taken into account while appreciatingpoetry
  6. 6. 6) X was founded in 1785 and is named after the Bundela Rajputleader Chhatrasal, the founder of Bundelkhand independence, andcontains his cenotaph. The state was ruled by his descendants until1785. At that time the Ponwar clan of the Rajputs took control of X.The state was guaranteed to Kunwar Sone Singh Ponwar in 1806 by theBritish Raj. In 1854 X would have lapsed to the British government forwant of direct heirs under the doctrine of lapse, but was conferred onJagat Raj as a special act of grace. The Ponwar Rajas ruled a princelystate with an area of 1,118 square miles (2,900 km2), and populationof 156,139 in 1901, which was part of the Bundelkhand agency ofCentral India. Incidentally, a fringe locality in Delhi is also called X.
  7. 7. *7) This 1958 film is set in the era of the Roman Empireover 2000 years ago. It centres around the point ofpersecution of Jews at the time in the empire’s centre -Rome.A vengeful Jew (Ezra) adopts an abducted Roman child(Lydia, later renamed as Hannah) who grows up andunknowingly falls in love with a Roman.The plot bears similarities to Jacques Fromental Halévysopera La Juive.Which film?
  8. 8. 8) What has been blanked out?
  9. 9. 9) X is a form of government in which experts intechnology would be in control of all decisionmaking. Scientists, engineers, and technologists whohave knowledge, expertise, or skills, would composethe governing body, instead ofpoliticians, businessmen, and economists. In aX, decision makers are selected based upon howknowledgeable and skillful they are in their field.
  10. 10. 10) Which incident is being depicted here?
  11. 11. 11) X is a 1992, Indian Hindi film directed by Shyam Benegaland based on a novel of the same name by DharmavirBharati. It won the 1993 National Film Award for BestFeature Film in Hindi. The movie has also been known for itssubversive take on the Devdas syndrome.This movie stars Rajit Kapur, Rajeshwari Sachdev, PallaviJoshi, Neena Gupta and Amrish Puri.
  12. 12. 12) X Studies Collective is a group of South Asian scholars interested in the postcolonial and post-imperial societies with a particular focus on those of South Asia while also covering the developing world in general sense. The term X Studies is sometimes also applied more broadly to others who share many of their views.Scholars associated with X Studies include:Shahid AminDavid ArnoldGautam BhadraDipesh ChakrabartyPartha ChatterjeeRanajit GuhaDavid HardimanSudipta KavirajLata ManiShail MayaramGyanendra PandeyM.S.S PandianGyan PrakashEdward SaidSumit Sarkar (later dissented)Ajay SkariaGayatri Chakravorty Spivak and others
  13. 13. 13) X is a multi-billion dollar Walt Disney Companyfranchise encompassing a series of films, two themepark attractions, and spin-off novels as well asnumerous video games and other media publications.The franchise originated with the X theme rideattraction, which opened at Disneyland in 1967, thelast Disney theme park attraction overseen by WaltDisney.
  14. 14. 14) Which is the only film character to feature in AFI’s Listof 100 Greatest Heroes and Villains, in both the categories?
  15. 15. 15) X was founded in 1967 in New York City. The label was born out ofKama Sutra Records, an MGM Records-distributed label, which remaineda key imprint following X’s founding. X handled a variety of musicgenres, including bubblegum pop (the Ohio Express and the 1910Fruitgum Company), folk-rock (Melanie), experimental music (CaptainBeefheart), and soul (Gladys Knight and the Pips).In addition to the X imprint, the company distributed many otherindependent labels, including Kama Sutra Records (after Kama Sutra cuttheir distribution ties with MGM in 1969), Curtom Records (CurtisMayfield), T-Neck Records (the Isley Brothers), Charisma Records(Genesis, Monty Python), Sussex Records (Bill Withers), Hot Wax Records(Holland-Dozier-Holland post-Motown productions) and smallersubsidiaries.
  16. 16. **16) X was a non-violent revolution inCzechoslovakia that took place from November 17to December 29, 1989. Dominated by student andother popular demonstrations against the one-party government of the Communist Party ofCzechoslovakia, it saw to the collapse of thepartys control of the country, and the subsequentconversion to a parliamentary republic.
  17. 17. 17) Venus in Furs is a novella by the Austrian author X, and the best known of his works. The novel was to be part of an epic series that X envisioned called Legacy of Cain. Venus in Furs was part of Love, the first volume of the series. It was published in 1870. The novel draws themes and character inspiration heavily from X’s own life. Wanda von Dunajew, the novels central female character, was modelled after Fanny Pistor, who was an emerging literary writer. The two met when Pistor contacted X, under assumed name and fictitious title of Baroness Bogdanoff, for suggestions on improving her writing to make it suitable for publication.Which word does this novel lend to the English language?
  18. 18. 18) The term first appeared in print at the suggestion of "HankHarrison": author of The Dead Trilogy on the sleeve of Grateful Dead(also known as Skull & Roses), the bands second live album,released in 1971. It read:“DEAD FREAKS UNITE: Who are you? Where are you? How are you?Send us your name and address and well keep you informed.X, P.O. Box 1065, San Rafael, California 94901.”This phenomenon was first touched on in print by Village Voicemusic critic Robert Christgau at a Felt Forum show in 1971, noting"how many regulars seemed to be in attendance, and how, fromthe way they compared notes, theyd obviously made a determinedeffort to see as many shows as possible.
  19. 19. *19) X was a Canadian world champion badminton player. X wasthe Canadian National Badminton Champion in 1929 and 1930and declared as world champion in 1933. He retired in 1945, andpursued a career as a stockbroker.The Canadian Badminton Association claimed that his TorontoStar articles made him a paid professional. As a professionalbadminton player, however, X beat all the leading players in theworld by 1932. He was declared world champion in 1933 basedon his beating the top Canadian, American and Britishbadminton players. His world championship status waschallenged numerous times, but X remained unbeaten until hisretirement in 1945.However, X is more popular in the world of footwear.
  20. 20. **20) X was a French Marxist theorist, writer, filmmaker, memberof the Letterist International, founder of a Letterist faction, andfounding member of the Situationist International (SI). He wasalso briefly a member of Socialisme ou Barbarie. X joined theLetterist International when he was 19. The Letterists were leddictatorially by Isidore Isou until a widely agreed upon schismended Isous authority. This schism birthed several factions ofLetterists, one of which was decidedly led by X upon Gil Wolmansunequivocal recommendation. In the 1960s, X led the SituationistInternational group, which influenced the Paris Uprising of 1968.Some consider his book The Society of the Spectacle (1967) to bea catalyst for the uprising.
  21. 21. ANSWERS
  22. 22. 1) The film title X is originally a Gujarati phrase thatmeans "I have cut the kite" which refers to a kitecompetition where one of the competitors uses his kiteto cut off another competitors kite and yells “X!"
  23. 23. 2) Film critic Roger Ebert, who named X the best film of 1969, liked thescreenplay and its message, and wrote, “[X] is a film of our time. It is about howeven moral victories are corrupted. It will make you weep and will make youangry. It will tear your guts out...When the Army junta staged its coup in 1967, theright-wing generals and the police chief were cleared of all charges and‘rehabilitated.’ Those responsible for unmasking the assassination now becamepolitical criminals. These would seem to be completely political events, but theyoung director Costa-Gavras has told them in a style that is almost unbearablyexciting. X is at the same time a political cry of rage and a brilliant suspensethriller. It even ends in a chase: Not through the streets but through a maze offacts, alibis and official corruption.”X was remade into which Bollywood film?
  24. 24. 3) There have been many suggestions as to what the bands namereally means. The band has repeatedly stated a story corroborated ontheir official website that X "Started at school in 1980, originally calledX _____ in order to confuse the public (name was invented for itsmeaninglessness; all other stories are fabrications) in west Glasgow,Scotland."The liner notes of one album state: "...if you ask us what the namemeans - expect violence", strongly suggesting that the band have longsince tired of this question. Speculation about the names origins haveincluded the Greek for "from the womb", and a handbag brand name.
  25. 25. 4) X was born to a couple who worked in Jupiter Circus astrapeze artists. He received most of his martial art, acrobaticand stunt training in the circus itself. At the age of 14, havinglost his parents to a conspiracy that rose out of a businessrivalry, he swore to fight against crime for the rest of his life.Eventually he was adopted by the then Superintendent of PoliceRajan Mehra (later promoted to the rank of Inspector-general).Like Batman, X has no superpowers.
  26. 26. 5) Sheikh Muhammad Ibrahim was a noted Urdu poet . He wrotepoetry under nom de plume X, and was appointed poet laureate ofthe Mughal Court in Delhi.He was a poor youth, with only ordinary education, who went on toacquire quite some learning in history, tradition and astrology in hislater years. X was a prominent contemporary of Ghalib and in thehistory of Urdu poetry the rivalry of the two poets is quite wellknown. During his lifetime X was more popular than Ghalib for thecritical values in those days were mainly confined to judging a pieceof poetry on the basis of usage of words, phrases and idioms.Content and style were barely taken into account while appreciatingpoetry
  27. 27. zauq
  28. 28. 6) X was founded in 1785 and is named after the Bundela Rajputleader Chhatrasal, the founder of Bundelkhand independence, andcontains his cenotaph. The state was ruled by his descendants until1785. At that time the Ponwar clan of the Rajputs took control of X.The state was guaranteed to Kunwar Sone Singh Ponwar in 1806 by theBritish Raj. In 1854 X would have lapsed to the British government forwant of direct heirs under the doctrine of lapse, but was conferred onJagat Raj as a special act of grace. The Ponwar Rajas ruled a princelystate with an area of 1,118 square miles (2,900 km2), and populationof 156,139 in 1901, which was part of the Bundelkhand agency ofCentral India. Incidentally, a fringe locality in Delhi is also called X.
  29. 29. 7) This 1958 film is set in the era of the Roman Empireover 2000 years ago. It centres around the point ofpersecution of Jews at the time in the empire’s centre -Rome.A vengeful Jew (Ezra) adopts an abducted Roman child(Lydia, later renamed as Hannah) who grows up andunknowingly falls in love with a Roman.The plot bears similarities to Jacques Fromental Halévysopera La Juive.Which film?
  30. 30. 8) What has been blanked out?
  31. 31. 9) X is a form of government in which experts intechnology would be in control of all decisionmaking. Scientists, engineers, and technologists whohave knowledge, expertise, or skills, would composethe governing body, instead of politicians,businessmen, and economists. In a X, decisionmakers are selected based upon how knowledgeableand skillful they are in their field.
  32. 32. 10) Which incident is being depicted here?
  33. 33. 11) X is a 1992, Indian Hindi film directed by Shyam Benegaland based on a novel of the same name by DharmavirBharati. It won the 1993 National Film Award for BestFeature Film in Hindi. The movie has also been known for itssubversive take on the Devdas syndrome.This movie stars Rajit Kapur, Rajeshwari Sachdev, PallaviJoshi, Neena Gupta and Amrish Puri.
  34. 34. 12) X Studies Collective is a group of South Asian scholars interested in the postcolonial and post-imperial societies with a particular focus on those of South Asia while also covering the developing world in general sense. The term X Studies is sometimes also applied more broadly to others who share many of their views.Scholars associated with X Studies include:Shahid AminDavid ArnoldGautam BhadraDipesh ChakrabartyPartha ChatterjeeRanajit GuhaDavid HardimanSudipta KavirajLata ManiShail MayaramGyanendra PandeyM.S.S PandianGyan PrakashEdward SaidSumit Sarkar (later dissented)Ajay SkariaGayatri Chakravorty Spivak and others
  35. 35. 13) X is a multi-billion dollar Walt Disney Companyfranchise encompassing a series of films, two themepark attractions, and spin-off novels as well asnumerous video games and other media publications.The franchise originated with the X theme rideattraction, which opened at Disneyland in 1967, thelast Disney theme park attraction overseen by WaltDisney.
  36. 36. 14) Which is the only film character to feature in AFI’s Listof 100 Greatest Heroes and Villains, in both the categories?
  37. 37. 15) X was founded in 1967 in New York City. The label was born out ofKama Sutra Records, an MGM Records-distributed label, which remaineda key imprint following X’s founding. X handled a variety of music genres,including bubblegum pop (the Ohio Express and the 1910 FruitgumCompany), folk-rock (Melanie), experimental music (Captain Beefheart),and soul (Gladys Knight and the Pips).In addition to the X imprint, the company distributed many otherindependent labels, including Kama Sutra Records (after Kama Sutra cuttheir distribution ties with MGM in 1969), Curtom Records (CurtisMayfield), T-Neck Records (the Isley Brothers), Charisma Records(Genesis, Monty Python), Sussex Records (Bill Withers), Hot Wax Records(Holland-Dozier-Holland post-Motown productions) and smallersubsidiaries.
  38. 38. 16) X was a non-violent revolution inCzechoslovakia that took place from November 17to December 29, 1989. Dominated by student andother popular demonstrations against the one-party government of the Communist Party ofCzechoslovakia, it saw to the collapse of thepartys control of the country, and the subsequentconversion to a parliamentary republic.
  39. 39. Velvet revolution
  40. 40. 17) Venus in Furs is a novella by the Austrian author X, and the best known of his works. The novel was to be part of an epic series that X envisioned called Legacy of Cain. Venus in Furs was part of Love, the first volume of the series. It was published in 1870. The novel draws themes and character inspiration heavily from X’s own life. Wanda von Dunajew, the novels central female character, was modelled after Fanny Pistor, who was an emerging literary writer. The two met when Pistor contacted X, under assumed name and fictitious title of Baroness Bogdanoff, for suggestions on improving her writing to make it suitable for publication.Which word does this novel lend to the English language?
  41. 41. 18) The term first appeared in print at the suggestion of "HankHarrison": author of The Dead Trilogy on the sleeve of Grateful Dead(also known as Skull & Roses), the bands second live album,released in 1971. It read:“DEAD FREAKS UNITE: Who are you? Where are you? How are you?Send us your name and address and well keep you informed.X, P.O. Box 1065, San Rafael, California 94901.”This phenomenon was first touched on in print by Village Voicemusic critic Robert Christgau at a Felt Forum show in 1971, noting"how many regulars seemed to be in attendance, and how, fromthe way they compared notes, theyd obviously made a determinedeffort to see as many shows as possible.
  42. 42. Deadheads
  43. 43. 19) X was a Canadian world champion badminton player. X wasthe Canadian National Badminton Champion in 1929 and 1930and declared as world champion in 1933. He retired in 1945, andpursued a career as a stockbroker.The Canadian Badminton Association claimed that his TorontoStar articles made him a paid professional. As a professionalbadminton player, however, X beat all the leading players in theworld by 1932. He was declared world champion in 1933 basedon his beating the top Canadian, American and Britishbadminton players. His world championship status waschallenged numerous times, but X remained unbeaten until hisretirement in 1945.However, X is more popular in the world of footwear.
  44. 44. Jack purcell
  45. 45. **20) X was a French Marxist theorist, writer,filmmaker, member of the Letterist International,founder of a Letterist faction, and founding member ofthe Situationist International (SI). He was also briefly amember of Socialisme ou Barbarie. X joined theLetterist International when he was 19. The Letteristswere led dictatorially by Isidore Isou until a widelyagreed upon schism ended Isous authority. This schismbirthed several factions of Letterists, one of which wasdecidedly led by X upon Gil Wolmans unequivocalrecommendation. In the 1960s, X led the SituationistInternational group, which influenced the ParisUprising of 1968. Some consider his book The Societyof the Spectacle (1967) to be a catalyst for the uprising.
  46. 46. Guy Debord

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