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Yugantar Quiz- Finals

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Yugantar Quiz- Finals

  1. 1. 1) X was an Indian mathematician, statistician, Marxist historian, and polymath who contributed to genetics by introducing _____s map function. He is well known for his work in numismatics and for compiling critical editions of ancient Sanskrit texts. His father Y, had studied ancient Indian texts with a particular emphasis on Buddhism and its literature in the Pali language. X was also a Marxist historian specializing in ancient India who employed the historical materialist approach in his work. He is described as "the patriarch of the Marxist school of Indian historiography". Id X and Y.
  2. 2. Damodar DharmanandaDharmananda Kosambi Damodar Kosambi
  3. 3. 2) X was a noted historian and indologist and author of a numberof books. As a Professor at the School of Oriental and AfricanStudies, London in the 1950s and the 1960s, he taught a numberof famous Indian historians, including Professors R.S. Sharma andRomila Thapar.Possibly his most popular book is Y (Sidgwick & Jackson, London,1954) - published seven years after the 1947 Independence ofIndia. Revised editions of the book were released in 1963 andthen 1967. Rupa & Co, New Delhi brought out a paperback editionin 1981. Macmillan Publishers Ltd., London, brought out apaperback edition in 1985. By 2001, the paperback version was inits 37th edition. Amazon.com staff review/book description reads"most widely used introduction to Indian civilization. Althoughfirst published in 1954, it has remained a classic interpretation."
  4. 4. 3) Whose Artwork?
  5. 5. Robert Crumb
  6. 6. 4) The Bubba ____ Shrimp Company Restaurant and Market is a seafoodrestaurant chain inspired by the 1994 film X. As of September 2010, thirty-two Bubba _____ restaurants operate worldwide. Twenty-two of theselocations are in the United States, three are in Japan, two are located inMexico, three are in Malaysia, and one each in the Philippines, Indonesiaand Hong Kong. The company is based in San Clemente, California, and hasbeen a division of Landrys Restaurants since 2010.Give me X.
  7. 7. 5) Where are these two Shakti Peeths located?Shivaharkaray Hinglaj Mata
  8. 8. 6) X is a Canadian musician. A multi-instrumentalist, he was knownprimarily for playing electric violin and mandolin, as well asharmonica, keyboards, glockenspiel, and other instruments(sometimes described as "devices" on album notes).X worked as a solo artist beginning in 1975, then founded theprogressive rock band FM in 1976. After the release of FMs firstalbum, Black Noise (FM album) he left in 1977 to resume his solocareer, which he relaunched in February 1978. (It was not untilafter Xs departure that the album was widely issued andpromoted, eventually charting and receiving a gold record award.He later rejoined FM from 1983 to 1996, concurrent with his solowork.
  9. 9. Nash the Slash
  10. 10. 7) X also referred to as biophysical economics, is a schoolof heterodox economics that applies the laws ofthermodynamics to economic theory. The term X wascoined in 1962 by American engineer Myron Tribus, anddeveloped by the statistician and economist NicholasGeorgescu-Roegen. X can be thought of as the statisticalphysics of economic value.
  11. 11. 8) X is a term used, usually pejoratively, to refer to belief in theuniversal applicability of the scientific method and approach, and theview that empirical science constitutes the most authoritativeworldview or most valuable part of human learning to the exclusion ofother viewpoints. It has been defined as "the view that thecharacteristic inductive methods of the natural sciences are the onlysource of genuine factual knowledge and, in particular, that theyalone can yield true knowledge about man and society." The termfrequently implies a critique of the more extreme expressions oflogical positivism and has been used by social scientists such asFriedrich Hayek, philosophers of science such as Karl Popper, andphilosophers such as Hilary Putnam and Tzvetan Todorov to describethe dogmatic endorsement of scientific methodology and thereduction of all knowledge to only that which is measurable.
  12. 12. 9) The X-Y debate is a dispute concerning whether Xsideas of "power analytics" and "genealogy" or Ys ideas of"communicative rationality" and "discourse ethics" providea better critique of the nature of power within society. Thedebate compares and evaluates the central ideas of Y and Xas they pertain to questions of power, reason, ethics,modernity, democracy, civil society, and social action.The debate was a dialogue between texts and followers; Xand Y did not actually debate in person, though they wereconsidering a formal one in the U.S. before Xs death in1984. Y‘s essay, Taking Aim at the Heart of the Present(1984) was altered before release in order to account forXs inability to reply.
  13. 13. 10) X is the largest town in the central Afghan regionof Hazarajat, and lies approximately 240 kilometresnorth-west of Kabul, the national capital. X was thesite of an early Hindu–Buddhist monastery fromwhich X takes its name. Xs name is translated as ‘ThePlace of Shining Light.’ In 2008, X was found to be thehome of the worlds oldest oil paintings.
  14. 14. Bamyan
  15. 15. 11) The X Conventions were two international treaties negotiated atinternational peace conferences at X. The First X Conference in 1899 andthe Second X Conference in 1907. Along with the Geneva Conventions,the X Conventions were among the first formal statements of the laws ofwar and war crimes in the body of secular international law. A thirdconference was planned for 1914 and later rescheduled for 1915, butnever took place due to the start of World War I. The Germaninternational law scholar and neo-Kantian pacifist Walther Schückingcalled the assemblies the "international union of X conferences". and sawthem as a nucleus of an international federation that was to meet atregular intervals to administer justice and develop international lawprocedures for the peaceful settlement of disputes, asserting "that adefinite political union of the states of the world has been created withthe First and Second Conferences."
  16. 16. The Hague
  17. 17. 12) Jalalpur Sharif is a small town located in Jhelum, and is a UnionCouncil of Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil in Jhelum District, Punjab province,Pakistan. Jalalpur’s modern name came from the renaming of itsancient name, Girjakh, by its king Malik Darwesh Khan Janjua who wasalso a high ranking General of the Imperial Mughal Army underEmperor Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar’s reign. It is stated that MalikDarwesh ordered the renaming of Girjakh to Jalalpur, when EmperorAkbar visited him. This was done in honour of the Emperor and theJanjua familys relationship.The town is the burial site of X, one of the most colourful charactersfrom history; X’s “best friend” even built a city (Phalia) tocommemorate his valiant death.Id X.
  18. 18. Bucephalus
  19. 19. 13) On the films title sequence, X has said:The sequence for Y did very important non-narrative things; in the originalscript there was a title sequence that had Z buying a house out in the middle ofnowhere and then travelling back on a train. He was making his way back to theunnamed city from the unnamed suburban sprawl, and thats where the titlewas supposed to be—"insert title sequence here"—but we didnt have themoney to do that. We also lacked the feeling of John Doe, the villain, who justappeared 90 minutes into the movie. It was oddly problematic, you just neededa sense of what these guys were up against. Kyle Cooper, the designer of thetitle sequence, came to me and said, "You know, you have these amazing booksthat you spent tens of thousands of dollars to make for the John Doe interiorprops. Id like to see them featured." And I said, "Well, that would be neat, butthats kind of a 2D glimpse. Figure out a way for it to involve John Doe, to showthat somewhere across town somebody is working on some really evil shit. Idont want it to be just flipping through pages, as beautiful as they are." So Kylecame up with a great storyboard, and then we got Angus Wall and HarrisSavides—Harris to shoot it and Angus to cut it—and the rest, as they say, isinternet history
  20. 20. 14) Frank Lloyd Wright was an American architect, interiordesigner, writer and educator, who designed more than1,000 structures and completed 532 works. Wright believedin designing structures which were in harmony withhumanity and its environment, a philosophy he calledorganic architecture. This philosophy was best exemplifiedby his design for Fallingwater (1935), which has been called"the best all-time work of American architecture“. Wrightwas a leader of the Prairie School movement of architectureand developed the concept of the Usonian home, his uniquevision for urban planning in the United States.Which famous literary character is partly inspired from hislife?
  21. 21. Howard Roark
  22. 22. 15) Date- April 14, ____ (Ford’s Theater)Halfway through Act III, Scene 2Asa Trenchard- "Dont know the manners of good society, eh?Well, I guess I know enough to turn you inside out, old gal —you sockdologizing old man-trap.” (directed at Mrs.Mountchessington)Considered to be the funniest lines of the play, these lines hadthe audience going into laughter seizures; precisely thesituation X (an actor, not in the scene) wanted to complete histask.X- “Sic semper tyrannis” (after completing his task)What did X do? (Hints- one of the major characters style ofbeard — long, bushy sideburns — gave the English languagethe word "dundrearies".)
  23. 23. 16) Shig Murao, a City Lights clerk was arrested on June 3, 1957,alongwith Lawrence Ferlinghetti, by an undercover San Francisco policeofficer for selling X. They were later exonerated and Y was judgedprotected under the First Amendment
  24. 24. 17) Dastak (The Knock) is a classic Hindi film made in1970.The film is still known for its award-winningperformances by its leading cast, Sanjeev Kumar, andthe newcomer, Rehana Sultan, and for its memorablesongs by Madan Mohan, who won his first NationalFilm Award for it, and the lyrics of Majrooh Sultanpuri.Hrishikesh Mukherjee, the editor, won a FilmfareAward, his second after Madhumati in 1958.Which famous personality made his directorial debutwith this film?
  25. 25. Rajinder Singh Bedi
  26. 26. 18) X Combat, also known as X War or Euro War films, is a nicknamefor a broad sub-genre of war film that emerged in the mid-1960s, sonamed because most were produced and directed by European co-productions, notably Italians. The typical team was made up of anItalian director, Italo-Spanish technical staff, and a cast of Italian andSpanish actors and sometimes German and French, sometimes afading Hollywood star. The films were primarily shot in Europe andlater, the Philippines. Much like the Italian spaghetti western, the XCombat film mimicked the success of American films such as TheDirty Dozen and Where Eagles Dare. Like spaghetti westerns, EuroWar films were characterized by their production in the Italianlanguage, low budgets, added violence, and a recognizable highlyfluid and minimalist cinematography.
  27. 27. Macaroni Combat
  28. 28. 19) It’s a German propaganda film about a single German sniper wardingoff an entire contingent of Allied forces. Who directed the movie; and,where have we come across this film?
  29. 29. 20) Adaptation. is a 2002 American semi-autobiographical drama metafilm directed by Spike Jonzeand written by Charlie Kaufman. The film is based onSusan Orleans non-fiction book The Orchid Thief, withnumerous self-referential events added. Though the filmis billed as an adaptation of The Orchid Thief, its primarynarrative focus is Charlie Kaufmans difficult struggle toadapt The Orchid Thief into a film, while dramatizing theevents of the book in parallel.Which film is Kaufman trying to make?
  30. 30. 21) The X novel is a popular sub-genre of prosefiction which is usually satirical and depicts, inrealistic and often humorous detail, the adventuresof a roguish hero of low social class who lives by hiswits in a corrupt society. This style of noveloriginated in sixteenth century Spain and flourishedthroughout Europe in the seventeenth andeighteenth centuries.
  31. 31. 22) The collection of short stories that makes up thisanthology was written during the 1940s for a privateclient known simply as "Collector". This "Collector"commissioned X, along with other now well-knownwriters (including Henry Miller), to produce erotic fictionfor his private consumption. Despite being told to leavepoetic language aside and concentrate on graphic,sexually explicit scenarios, X was able to give thesestories a literary flourish and a layer of images and ideasbeyond the pornographic. In the introduction, she calledherself "the madam of this snobbish literary house ofprostitution".Id X and the novel.
  32. 32. 23) X is an English-language idiom that commonly refers to a logicalfallacy that misleads or detracts from the actual issue. It is also aliterary device employed by writers that leads readers or characterstowards a false conclusion, often used in mystery or detective fiction.The origin of the expression has a number of theories. Conventionalwisdom has long attributed it to a technique of training hounds tofollow a scent, or of distracting hounds during a fox hunt; howevermodern linguistic research suggests that it was most likely a literarydevice invented in 1807 by English polemicist William Cobbett, andnever an actual practice of hunters. The phrase was later borrowed toprovide a formal name for the logical fallacy, and is also a formal namefor a literary device or technique.
  33. 33. 24) X is a paradox that raises the question of whether an object which has had all its component parts replaced remains fundamentally the same object. The paradox is most notably recorded by Plutarch in Life of ______ from the late 1st century. Plutarch asked whether a ship which was restored by replacing all its wooden parts, remained the same ship."The ship wherein ______ and the youth of Athens returned [from Crete] had thirty oars, and was preserved by the Athenians down even to the time of Demetrius Phalereus, for they took away the old planks as they decayed, putting in new and stronger timber in their place, insomuch that this ship became a standing example among the philosophers, for the logical question of things that grow; one side holding that the ship remained the same, and the other contending that it was not the same."—Plutarch, _______
  34. 34. 25) X is a book by American journalist and socialist Y about the October Revolution in Russia in 1917, which Y experienced firsthand. Y followed many of the prominent Bolshevik leaders, especially Grigory Zinoviev and Karl Radek, closely during his time in Russia. Y died in 1920, shortly after the book was finished, and he is one of the few Americans buried at the Kremlin Wall Necropolis in Moscow, a site normally reserved only for the most prominent Soviet leaders.
  35. 35. 26) The husband and wife team of A and B developed the story thatwould eventually become C as a way of understanding why somechildren cannot conform to a conventional educational system. Theirinitial work began as a short story that evolved into a screenplayover seven years. B later stated in an interview with The Hindu thather original inspiration was not D but rather the childhood offilmmaker E, who performed poorly in school.F, a highly acclaimed Indian painter, had a guest appearance in thisfilm (her first acting experience). F is the sister of G, a filmmaker,sometimes referred to as "Indias Orson Welles". F’s daughter H isalso a filmmaker; she was also the manager ofsinger/lyricist/writer/film-maker I.
  36. 36. Answers• A- Amol Gupte• B- Deepa Bhatia• C- Taare Zameen Par• D- Dyslexia• E- Akira Kurosawa• F- Lalita Lajmi• G- Guru Dutt• H- Kalpana Lajmi• I- Bhupen Hazarika
  37. 37. 27) X is a supernatural being in Norse mythology and Scandinavianfolklore. In origin, X may have been a negative synonym for a jötunn(plural jötnar), a being in Norse mythology. In Old Norse sources, beingsdescribed as Xs dwell in isolated rocks, mountains, or caves, livetogether in small family units, and are rarely helpful to human beings.Later, in Scandinavian folklore, Xs became beings in their own right,where they live far from human habitation, are not Christianized, andare considered dangerous to human beings. Depending on the regionfrom which accounts of Xs stem, their appearance varies greatly; Xsmay be ugly and slow-witted or look and behave exactly like humanbeings, with no particularly grotesque characteristic about them. Xs aresometimes associated with particular landmarks, which at times maybe explained as formed from a troll exposed to sunlight. One of themost famous elements of Scandinavian folklore, Xs are depicted in avariety of media in modern popular culture.
  38. 38. Troll
  39. 39. 28) X was a German-born American poet, novelist andshort story writer. His writing was influenced by thesocial, cultural and economic ambience of his home cityof Los Angeles. It is marked by an emphasis on theordinary lives of poor Americans, the act of writing,alcohol, relationships with women and the drudgery ofwork. X wrote thousands of poems, hundreds of shortstories and six novels, eventually publishing over sixtybooks. In 1986 Time called X a "laureate of Americanlowlife“. Regarding Xs enduring popular appeal, AdamKirsch of The New Yorker wrote, "the secret of Xs appeal.. . [is that] he combines the confessional poets promiseof intimacy with the larger-than-life aplomb of a pulp-fiction hero."
  40. 40. Charles Bukowski
  41. 41. 29) The cover art for X was inspired by the ending of Arthur C.Clarkes novel Childhoods End. (The ending involves severalhundred million naked children, only slightly and physicallyresembling the human race in basic forms.) It is a collage of severalphotographs which were taken at the Giants Causeway, NorthernIreland, by Aubrey Powell of Hipgnosis. This location was chosenahead of an alternative one in Peru which was being considered.The two children who modelled for the cover were siblings Stefanand Samanatha Gates. The photoshoot was a frustrating affair overthe course of ten days. Shooting was done first thing in the morningand at sunset in order to capture the light at dawn and dusk, but thedesired effect was never achieved due to constant rain and clouds.The photos of the two children were taken in black and white andwere multi-printed to create the effect of 11 individuals that can beseen on the album cover. The results of the shoot were less thansatisfactory, but some accidental tinting effects in post-productioncreated an unexpectedly striking album cover.
  42. 42. Houses of the Holy
  43. 43. 30) X is a book by avant-garde filmmaker Kenneth Anger whichdetails the sordid scandals of many famous and infamous Hollywooddenizens from the 1900s to the 1950s. First published in the US in1965, it was banned ten days later and would not be republisheduntil 1975. Upon its second release, the New York Times said of it, "Ifa book such as this can be said to have charm, it lies in the fact thathere is a book without one single redeeming merit.“The book details the stories of Hollywood stars from the silent filmera to stars of the 1960s including stories about Lupe Vélez, RudolphValentino, Olive Thomas, Thelma Todd, Frances Farmer, JuanitaHansen, Mae Murray, Alma Rubens, Barbara La Marr, and MarilynMonroe. X also featured chapters on the Fatty Arbuckle-VirginiaRappe scandal, the murder of William Desmond Taylor, theHollywood Blacklist, the murder of Sharon Tate, and the Confidentialmagazine lawsuits.

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