Lab 6


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Lab 6

  1. 1. The First Amendment and Communications professionals
  2. 2. What is the 1 st Amendment?
  3. 3. Well the 1 st Amendment is part of this… but there is more to it than that
  4. 4. What it really means: <ul><li>The first Amendment is part of the Bill of Rights, and it guarantees a certain number of freedoms to American citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the freedoms promised by the 1 st Amendment include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of Press </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of Religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of Speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The right to assemble peacefully </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The 1 st Amendment also protects religious freedoms <ul><li>The 1 st Amendment also guarantees that, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion” this is known as the Establishment Clause </li></ul><ul><li>This was added to ensure that Congress would not create any laws that would favor one religion over another </li></ul><ul><li>The founders were wise enough to be able to predict the massive immigration that would ultimately affect our culture over 200 years later </li></ul>
  6. 6. A Brief History <ul><li>Of the 1 st Amendment </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ratification <ul><li>The 1 st Amendment is part of the Bill of Rights, a piece of legislation that was put into effect on December 15 th , 1791 </li></ul><ul><li>The Bill of Rights succeeded the Articles of Confederation, and gave more power to the federal government so that it was able to effectively run the country </li></ul><ul><li>Many Americans were concerned that the Bill of Rights would give the Federal government too much power </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fears of the Bill of Rights <ul><li>The citizens of America were very cautious in giving more power to the centralized government, </li></ul><ul><li>They were afraid that politicians would use the Bill of Rights to form a type of Oligarchy, and abuse their power </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimately, 75% of the states agreed to ratify the Bill of Rights, and ever since 1891 the country has been using it, occasionally adding or modifying the Amendments as the times change </li></ul>
  9. 9. The 1 st Amendment in today’s world
  10. 10. The Internet <ul><li>The Internet was first created in the early 70’s by scientists, but was not available for commercial use until 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>Since it’s origin in 1992, the Internet has exploded into popularity, quickly becoming one of the most used methods to obtain information </li></ul><ul><li>As the potential of the World Wide Web grew, more controversy grew with it which prompted government action </li></ul>
  11. 11. The many uses of the Internet <ul><li>The Internet can be used for nearly anything. From obtaining news, watching music videos, to even purchasing goods, the Internet has proven it’s versatility </li></ul>
  12. 12. Communications Decency Act of 1996 <ul><li>Introduced as an amendment to the telecommunications act of 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Had two affects on Internet and online communication: wanted to regulate indecency and obscenity </li></ul><ul><li>The Supreme Court ultimately ruled that this was unconstitutional, and agreed that the 1 st Amendment did apply to all aspects of the Internet </li></ul>
  13. 13. How to avoid trouble with the 1 st Amendment
  14. 14. Ways to break the 1 st Amendment <ul><li>There are only a few things that the 1 st Amendment does not protect. They are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defamation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Words that cause panic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fighting Words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Words that incite others to crime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sedition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obscenity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revealing Military/Government information deemed confidential </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. In simpler terms <ul><li>No spreading outrageous lies about people that damage their well being or reputation </li></ul><ul><li>No screaming things like ‘Fire’ in a crowded place </li></ul><ul><li>No screaming profanity/slurs to urge people to violence, or to break laws </li></ul><ul><li>No trying to convince people to violently overthrow the government </li></ul><ul><li>No revealing the positions of troops through journalism or other information that puts soldiers at unnecessary risk </li></ul>
  16. 16. In conclusion <ul><li>The 1 st Amendment is very vague on purpose. It leaves room for interpretation by the current courts. Things that may have made sense in the 1800’s probably won’t be relevant now </li></ul><ul><li>Even for things like Defamation, Obscenity, or Sedition, it is very difficult to prove in court so there shouldn’t be too much of a hassle </li></ul>
  17. 17. Credits <ul><li>All images were obtained through Google image search </li></ul><ul><li>Information was gathered through Wikipedia searches </li></ul>