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Lab 6
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Lab 6


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for my public relations class!

for my public relations class!

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  • 1. The First Amendment and Communications professionals
  • 2. What is the 1 st Amendment?
  • 3. Well the 1 st Amendment is part of this… but there is more to it than that
  • 4. What it really means:
    • The first Amendment is part of the Bill of Rights, and it guarantees a certain number of freedoms to American citizens
    • Some of the freedoms promised by the 1 st Amendment include:
      • Freedom of Press
      • Freedom of Religion
      • Freedom of Speech
      • The right to assemble peacefully
  • 5. The 1 st Amendment also protects religious freedoms
    • The 1 st Amendment also guarantees that, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion” this is known as the Establishment Clause
    • This was added to ensure that Congress would not create any laws that would favor one religion over another
    • The founders were wise enough to be able to predict the massive immigration that would ultimately affect our culture over 200 years later
  • 6. A Brief History
    • Of the 1 st Amendment
  • 7. Ratification
    • The 1 st Amendment is part of the Bill of Rights, a piece of legislation that was put into effect on December 15 th , 1791
    • The Bill of Rights succeeded the Articles of Confederation, and gave more power to the federal government so that it was able to effectively run the country
    • Many Americans were concerned that the Bill of Rights would give the Federal government too much power
  • 8. Fears of the Bill of Rights
    • The citizens of America were very cautious in giving more power to the centralized government,
    • They were afraid that politicians would use the Bill of Rights to form a type of Oligarchy, and abuse their power
    • Ultimately, 75% of the states agreed to ratify the Bill of Rights, and ever since 1891 the country has been using it, occasionally adding or modifying the Amendments as the times change
  • 9. The 1 st Amendment in today’s world
  • 10. The Internet
    • The Internet was first created in the early 70’s by scientists, but was not available for commercial use until 1992
    • Since it’s origin in 1992, the Internet has exploded into popularity, quickly becoming one of the most used methods to obtain information
    • As the potential of the World Wide Web grew, more controversy grew with it which prompted government action
  • 11. The many uses of the Internet
    • The Internet can be used for nearly anything. From obtaining news, watching music videos, to even purchasing goods, the Internet has proven it’s versatility
  • 12. Communications Decency Act of 1996
    • Introduced as an amendment to the telecommunications act of 1996
    • Had two affects on Internet and online communication: wanted to regulate indecency and obscenity
    • The Supreme Court ultimately ruled that this was unconstitutional, and agreed that the 1 st Amendment did apply to all aspects of the Internet
  • 13. How to avoid trouble with the 1 st Amendment
  • 14. Ways to break the 1 st Amendment
    • There are only a few things that the 1 st Amendment does not protect. They are:
      • Defamation
      • Words that cause panic
      • Fighting Words
      • Words that incite others to crime
      • Sedition
      • Obscenity
      • Revealing Military/Government information deemed confidential
  • 15. In simpler terms
    • No spreading outrageous lies about people that damage their well being or reputation
    • No screaming things like ‘Fire’ in a crowded place
    • No screaming profanity/slurs to urge people to violence, or to break laws
    • No trying to convince people to violently overthrow the government
    • No revealing the positions of troops through journalism or other information that puts soldiers at unnecessary risk
  • 16. In conclusion
    • The 1 st Amendment is very vague on purpose. It leaves room for interpretation by the current courts. Things that may have made sense in the 1800’s probably won’t be relevant now
    • Even for things like Defamation, Obscenity, or Sedition, it is very difficult to prove in court so there shouldn’t be too much of a hassle
  • 17. Credits
    • All images were obtained through Google image search
    • Information was gathered through Wikipedia searches